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k@ta
ISSN : 14112639     EISSN : 23026294     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018" : 10 Documents clear
On the Acquisition of English Voiceless Stop VOT by Indonesian-English Bilinguals: Evidence of Input Frequency Zen, Evynurul Laily
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.45-52

Abstract

The paper attempted to investigate the acquisition of Voice Onset Time (VOT) of voiceless stop consonants of English /p/, /t/, and /k/ by Indonesian-English bilingual children in its close relation to how second language (L2) input shapes the L2 VOT production. It looked at two types of bilingual participants; (1) one 6-year-old participant receiving extensive input of English natives from YouTube in about 8 hours per day since she was two in addition to having an interactive communication in English with her family members (2) four students (aged 7-8 years old) of International Class Program with non-native environment of English. Both groups were residing in Malang, East Java, Indonesia at the time of data collection. The comparative analysis concluded that the VOT valued differ significantly across different inputs. The participants with non native input acquired much shorter VOTs falling within the average of 28 – 36 ms, while the one with native input could achieve native-like VOTs in the average of 69 ms for /p/ and /t/ and even longer for stop consonant /k/. Contributing factors of individual differences might arrive from input frequency levels, types of inputs, and complexities of phonological properties of Indonesian and English.
The Homeland of Stereotypes Keramatfar, Hossein
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.53-59

Abstract

Following the vigorous critique of orientalism, orientalist discourse had employed complex strategies to create ambivalent non-Western stereotypes. The earlier fixed oriental characters were often discarded; they were instead accorded certain amounts of flexibility. However, the fact was that despite such changes and these less negative images, orientalist discourse continued producing the Oriental other to perpetuate Western domination. In fact, it simply drew upon old repertoire of stereotypes, recycled them, and produced new ones; only care was taken that they did not sound as markedly negative as the old ones. The present paper sought to investigate how the American TV series Homeland (2011-) repeated the imperialist claims of the orientalist discourse by presenting a range of oriental character types, from the classic Muslim terrorist to some less negative characters. It employed “Negative formulas” to produce more ambivalent stereotypes to reinforce the alleged essential superiority of America. The series staged the character of the captive mind as the ideal oriental type to be imitated by all Orientals. The paper also demonstrated that how Homeland employed the orientalist theme of nativization, again only to prove the eventual un-contaminability and superiority of the West. Islam and Iran were the particular targets of Homeland’s stereotyping.
Women and Pleasure in Guillaume Apollinaire’s Calligram Collection Poèmes à Lou Agustin, Eva; Udasmoro, Wening
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.60-67

Abstract

This article attempted to examine the connections between poetry and the constructions of women and pleasure emphasized by the author. The works examined were those of Guillaume Apollinaire, a famous French poet whose calligramatic poetry collections specifically positioned women as objects of pleasure. Most interestingly, in Apollinaire's poetry, the depiction of women as objects of pleasure through connotative symbols that could only be given significance by decoding the highly cultural meanings contained in the connotative symbols. The theory of the male gaze was used here to examine how visual pleasure had been operated by the poet. Meanwhile, semiotics had been used to decode the calligrammatic aspects of Apollinaire's poems. This research found that symbols of exoticism, reproduction, and fantastic pleasures were utilized by Apollinaire in his poetry to emphasize his dominance of women by positioning them as objects of pleasure.
Rethinking Developmentally Appropriate Concept in Indonesian Picture Bible Story Book Primasanti, Kartika Bayu; Yoanita, Desi
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.68-75

Abstract

In Christian education, inheriting faith values to children since a young age was a pivotal responsibility for parents, the church, and Christian education institutions. According to a previous study, inheriting these values was applied through the tradition of reading illustrated Bible together with parents. In this study, illustrated Bible was not the Bible. It was illustrated literature that contained Bible stories. Using the perspective of Developmentally-Appropriate, the researchers elaborated how illustrated Bible in the marketplace had or had not used the developmentally appropriate concept for young children. This research would be a reference to design illustrated Bible for young children, in the form of printed book or application, and a reference for parents and educators to choose an illustrated children Bible which was appropriate for a child’s age, and for publishers to give age label for children Bible products.
King Lear: A Negatively Capable Outsider Rizi, Hossein Salimian
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.76-82

Abstract

Negative capability, John Keats’s coined term, defined the ideal poet as the one capable of being in uncertainties and mysteries without any reaching after fact and reason. He insisted poets let the mind be a thoroughfare for all thoughts, by holding on no fixed identity but metamorphic identities. Although, Keats found the ideal quality of a poet in Shakespeare, it did not appear far from logical to investigate it in the characters of his plays, specifically King Lear, since he underwent changes throughout the story. King Lear cut across his egoistic self to enrich his receptivity to the actual vastness of life experience after he became an outsider in his erstwhile kingdom. In this article, I would employ the concept of negative capability to take a step further ahead of its theoretically stipulated implications and investigate it on the character of King Lear.
Women and Pleasure in Guillaume Apollinaire’s Calligram Collection Poèmes à Lou Udasmoro, Wening Nk5LZq
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.32 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.60-67

Abstract

This article attempts to examine the connections between poetry and the constructions of women and pleasure emphasized by the author. The works examined are those of Gullaume Apollinaire, a famed French poet whose calligramatic poetry collections specifically positioned women as objects of pleasure. Most interestingly, in Apollinaire's poetry the depiction of women as objects of pleasure through connotative symbols that can only be given significance by decoding the highly cultural meanings they contain. The theory of the male gaze is used here to examine how visual pleasure has been operated by the poet. Meanwhile, semiotics has been used to decode the calligrammatic aspects of Apollinaire's poems. This research finds that symbols of exoticism, reproduction, and fantastic pleasures are utilized by Apollinaire in his poetry to emphasize his dominance of women by positioning them as objects of pleasure.
The Homeland of Stereotypes Keramatfar, Hossein
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.737 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.53-59

Abstract

Following the trenchant critique of orientalism, orientalist discourse has employed complex strategies to create ambivalent non- Western stereotypes. The earlier fixed oriental characters are often discarded; they are instead accorded certain amounts of flexibility. However, the fact is that despite such changes and these less negative images, orientalist discourse continues producing the Oriental other to perpetuate Western domination. In fact, it simply draws upon old repertoire of stereotypes, recycles them, and produces new ones; only care is taken that they do not sound as markedly negative as the old ones. The present paper seeks to investigate how the American TV series Homeland (2011-) repeats the imperialist claims of the orientalist discourse by presenting a range of oriental character types, from the classic Muslim terrorist to some less negative characters. It employs “Negative formulas” to produce more ambivalent stereotypes to reinforce the alleged essential superiority of America. The series stages the character of the captive mind as the ideal oriental type to be imitated by all Orientals. The paper also demonstrates that how Homeland employs the orientalist theme of nativization, again only to prove the eventual un-contaminability and superiority of the West. Islam and Iran are the particular targets of Homeland’s stereotyping.
Rethinking Developmentally Appropriate Concept in Indonesian Picture Bible Story Book Yoanita, Desi; Primasanti, Kartika B.
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.742 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.68-75

Abstract

In Christian education, inheriting faith values to children since a young age is a pivotal responsibility for parents, the church, and Christian education institutions. According to a previous study, inheriting these values is applied through the tradition of reading illustrated Bible together with parents. In this study, illustrated Bible is not the Bible. It is illustrated literature that contains Bible stories. Using the perspective of Developmentally-Appropriate, the researchers elaborated how illustrated Bible in the marketplace have or have not used the developmentally appropriate concept for young children. This research will be a reference to design illustrated Bible for young children, in the form of printed book or application, and a reference for parents and educators to choose an illustrated children Bible which is appropriate for a child’s age, and for publishers to give age label for children Bible products. Keywords: children Bible, illustrated Bible, developmentally appropriate  
On the Acquisition of English Voiceless Stop VOT by Indonesian-English Bilinguals: Evidence of Input Frequency Zen, Evynurul Laily
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.049 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.45-52

Abstract

The paper attempts to investigate the acquisition of Voice Onset Time (VOT) of voiceless stop consonants of English /p/, /t/, and /k/ by Indonesian-English bilingual children in its close relation to how second language (L2) input shapes the L2 VOT production. It looks at two different groups of children with native and non native input environment; (1) one 6-years-old girl receiving extensive exposures of English natives from YouTube in about 8 hours per day since she was two in addition to having interactive communication in English with her family members (2) four students (aged 7-8 years old) enrolling in English Partial Immersion Program with non-native environment of English. The comparative analysis concludes that the VOT values differ significantly across different inputs. The children with non native input acquired much shorter VOTs falling within the average of 28 – 36 ms, while those with native input could achieve native-like VOTs in the average of 69 ms for /p/ and /t/ and even longer for stop consonant /k/.
King Lear: A Negatively Capable Outsider Salimian Rizi, Hossein
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.272 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.76-82

Abstract

Negative capability, John Keats’s coined term, defines the ideal poet as being capable of being in uncertainties and mysteries without any irritable reaching after fact and reason. He insists that poets let the mind be a thoroughfare for all thoughts, by holding no fixed identity but metamorphic identities. Although Keats finds the ideal quality of a poet in Shakespeare the poet, it does not appear far from logical to investigate it in the characters of his plays, specifically king Lear, as he undergoes changes throughout the story and cuts across his enclosed self to enrich his receptivity to the actual vastness of life experience after he is estranged and labelled as an outsider in his erstwhile kingdom. In the present study I will employ the ongoing vigor of negative capability to take a step further ahead of its theoretically stipulated implications and investigate it on the character of king Lear.

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