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k@ta
ISSN : 14112639     EISSN : 23026294     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020" : 6 Documents clear
Racism in Roald Dahl’s The BFG: A Social Criticism or White Supremacy Tendency? Tanusy, Jeanyfer
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.22.2.63-69

Abstract

Children stories can be a powerful tool for a writer to present their views of the world around them, both positive or negative ones. This article attempts to examine the message beneath a children novel, The BFG by Roald Dahl by employing Barthes’ five systems of codes. Focusing on the writerly codes, this descriptive qualitative research emphasizes on analyzing the smallest units of the stories, or the lexias. Each lexia is categorized into the three writerly codes to reveal the underlying message in the story. The findings show that despite The BFG being a children book, it consists of some serious social issues like racism. Another thing found in the research is that the issue can lead to a double meaning—whether Dahl intends to raise social awareness or that he wants to subtly say that he himself thinks of other races as inferior.
The Dynamics of Hope in Unkrich and Molina’s Coco Chien, Chia-Chi; Wang, Ya-huei
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

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Abstract

This study analyzes how the characters in Lee Unkrich and Adrian Molina’s animated film Coco, mainly Mamá Imelda, Héctor, and Miguel, manage their emotional responses when they are facing loss, bereavement, or other significant changes in their lives. The study uses Elisabeth Kübler-Ross’s five-stage model of grief to analyze how these characters go through the grieving process. Moreover, in order to suggest how those who are grieving can enter into positive states of mind, the study expands on Kübler-Ross’s original model by incorporating a positive mindset of hope. In dialogue with Unkrich and Molina’s film, the study uses Kübler-Ross’s ideas to explore coping mechanisms that can help manage difficult times in life, while also suggesting the benefits of maintaining a positive mindset through hope.
Identity Crisis in Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra Mansouri, Niloofar; Sasani, Samira
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTMigration, this multifaceted phenomenon, has always been a concept of importance in different domains such as art and literature. What impacts migration has on human psychology can be well elaborated on using the tool of characterization in stories. Among these impacts, the one regarding identity is probably of highest importance. Therefore, the literature of diaspora can be a field for exploring the process of identity refashioning. What the present study aims to elaborate on is Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra and the way identity crisis is manifested in and handled by the characters in this book. The analysis is grounded on Homi Bhabha’s concept of Third-Space but to specifically analyze the challenges that immigrant characters face in this liminal location, Yuri Lotman’s cultural idea of semiosphere is also incorporated. Keywords: Identity Crisis, Literature of Diaspora, Reza Ghasemi, Third-Space, Yuri Lotman
The Struggles of the Kretek Workers in Iksaka Banu’s Novel, Sang Raja (The King) Widyastuti, Thera
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

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Abstract

Novel is able to present the development of one character, complex social situations, relationships involving many or few characters, and complicated events that occurred several years ago in detail. Novel The King was written by Iksana Banu, an famous Indonesian author and artist. He published the novel in 2017. The King tell the story about people who work in Kretek Cigarette factory. They have to struggle how to defend the cigarette factory from competition with other factories, and worldwide economic depression. The main character, Philip Gerardus Rechterhand, a Dutch man who borned in Indonesia. Intrinsic (character and setting), and extrinsic (sociology of literature, personality theory, and history) approaches are using to analyze this research. Kretek become part of society life, and many people have economic dependence on the kretek factory.
Modern Rape-Revenge Movies and Shelley’s The Cenci Jamshidian, Sahar; Amjad, Fazel Asadi
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.22.2.70-78

Abstract

Viewing Shelley’s The Cenci from the political upheavals of the nineteenth century would limit one’s response to the play to the issues of that century. However, this play continues to be played in the twenty first century, which makes one wonder how a modern spectator with a feminist inclination might react to the theme of rape and revenge. The Cenci shares with a number of movies flourishing with the rise of the second wave feminism during the 1970s, the theme of a female victim transformed into a hero-avenger, who takes law into her own hands and avenges herself in the face of a dysfunctional legal state. As revisions of the archetypal narratives of violation-revenge-violation, these modern movies have been praised for depicting heroines who are no longer powerless, miserable and victimized, but strong enough to avenge themselves with impunity. Though The Cenci repeats the traditional pattern of violation-revenge-violation, it focuses on the corruption and irresponsibility of the patriarchal legal system as well as its reformation, which have been neglected by both mythical narratives and modern rape-revenge movies. By reading The Cenci along with William Blake’s “Visions of the Daughters of Albion” and Shelley’s “Prometheus Unbound,” we examine how The Cenci challenges the modern rape-revenge movies and how Beatrice could have used her agency and her anger in a more effective way to fight against tyranny.
Hedges and Boosters as Modality Markers: An Analysis of Nigerian and American Editorials Ojo, Oluwasola Emmanuel
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.22.2.55-62

Abstract

Many studies have been carried out on the use of hedges and boosters as persuasive strategies, but little is known about their employment when texts such as editorials are compared cross culturally. This study comparatively examined the employment of modality markers to express doubt and conviction in Nigerian and American editorials. Farrokhi and Emami’s (2008) classification of hedges and boosters was employed to analyze twenty editorials selected from two Nigerian newspapers and two American newspapers. Findings reveal that both sets of editorial writers made use of hedges and boosters a lot in their writings. However, lexical verbs were not employed as boosters in the analyzed editorials. The fact that the Nigerian editorial writers as ESL writers equally made great use of hedges and boosters implies that in texts such as editorials, writers from different cultures equally employ the same linguistic devices to express doubt and conviction.

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