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k@ta
ISSN : 14112639     EISSN : 23026294     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
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Articles 48 Documents
AHMAD TOHARI’S THE DANCER: REVISITED Setiawan, Dwi
k@ta Vol 19 No 2 (2017): DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (406.754 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.2.77-86

Abstract

As with many post-colonial countries, Indonesia has suffered from a long conflict between the military and civil society since its independence in 1945. This struggle is reflected in Ahmad Tohari?s novel entitled The dancer (2012), which has been largely credited as being critical towards the military regime. Using the theories of depoliticisation, I argue that the novel is 1) largely supportive of the military regime due to the oppressive situation as well as the author?s own political line, and 2) influenced by other powers besides the government. The fact that the novel dares to touch the once suppressed subjects of the Indonesian Communist Party (the arch enemy of the regime) and the anti-communist persecution shows a drive for politicisation. Nevertheless, further analysis shows that, by portraying it as highly political, The dancer actually depoliticises the party in that it only reinforces what has been said of the party and removes any alternative points of view. It also represses and depoliticises the military?s persecution and killing of the suspected communists through the pretexts of self-defence, ignorance, and guilt.
MEDIOCRITY MADNESS: THE DESTRUCTIVE EFFECTS OF ANTONIO SALIERI’S NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER IN AMADEUS Harsono, Ivonne Muliawati
k@ta Vol 19 No 2 (2017): DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.726 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.2.71-76

Abstract

Industriousness is generally perceived as a noble trait. Such mindset is firmly ingrained within the society through religious teachings and moral virtues. Since the foundation of identity is shaped through difference, many people endure tedious labour to either arrive at a socially-approved level or surpass that level. For individuals with Narcissistic Personality Disorder, the struggle to dismiss mediocrity may result in a form of madness conveyed through destructive actions towards both the subject and the object. The purpose of this paper is to identify the phases through which Antonio Salieri?s Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Amadeus triggers a series of destructive effects aimed at himself and others. This research concludes that the transition from the sense of mediocrity to mediocrity madness for people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder can be divided into three phases: the acknowledgment of mediocrity, the narcissistic wound, and the mediocrity madness.
TRANSCULTURAL HAMLET REPRESENTATIONS OF OPHELIA AND GERTRUD IN 21ST-CENTURY IRAN Jalayer, Robabeh; Anushiravani, Alireza
k@ta Vol 19 No 2 (2017): DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.028 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.2.55-62

Abstract

Multitudes of intermedial Shakespearean adaptations have captured Iranian theatrical stage, cinema or radio as the Bard?s texts are frequently modernized, transfigured and indigenized especially since 1975. Hamlet works well in the mechanisms of temporality, spatiality, power, control and sexuality, socio-political discourses, economic upheaval, female self and gender struggles even in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Hence, Iranian directors such as Varuzh Karim-Masihi and Arash Dadgar as well as the British director Gregory Doran have re-interpreted this text based on new ideological grounds in which the characters are at times similar or different. In this article, the transformation and characterization of major characters, especially female ones such as Gertrud/Mah-Tal?at and Ophelia/Mahtab, are analyzed based on Hutcheon?s Adaptation Theory and Foucault's surveillance to see how they are represented in an Asian society whose Islamic ideology necessitates a unique transcultural, transhistorical rendition. The comparative study of these works reveals that since Shakespeare?s era, women's social representations have gone under great changes although the governments' surveillance has largely increased.
A THEMATIC ANALYSIS OF PALAHNIUK’S FICTION IN LIGHT OF EPICUREANISM Shahriari, Hesamoddin; Toosi, Ghazal
k@ta Vol 19 No 1 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.59 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.1.25-31

Abstract

Chuck Palahniuk is a contemporary American writer whose novels have been adapted into acclaimed Hollywood motion pictures. Palahniuk?s literary style is often branded as modernist with nihilistic undertones. In spite of such views, in this article, we argue that through a close reading of Palahniuk and a critical interpretation of the recurrent themes in his novels, one can find traces of Epicurean philosophy echoed through the ages. Though different in means, both Palahniuk and Epicurus seem to highlight the importance of and the strive for achieving a state of ataraxia through overcoming fear and aponia through transcending physical pain and torment. After providing an introduction to Epicurean thought and Palahniuk?s style and works, connections will be established between the various shared elements and themes
PEOPLE AND NATURE IN ASIAN STORIES: READING AND WRITING MATERIALS FOR ECO EDUCATION Dewi, Novita
k@ta Vol 19 No 1 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.323 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.1.39-46

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to make parents/teachers/writers of children literature aware of eco education through stories about people and nature. Written through the eyes of a child, many conservation stories not only empower the young minds, but they also help adults change their attitude to respect environment. The first part of this article examines such environmental stories as fables, folklores, short stories from Asia, while the second part is a project report on writing eco education materials, i.e. a serial of 3 environmental stories for young adults. Using Ecocriticism and Postcolonial perspectives to analyze the stories, the study shows that the narrative strands found in the stories include (1) depletion of the earth and natural resources, (2) people?s greediness, and (3) preservation of the traditional wisdom. Some stories are still anthro­pocentric so as to provide no space to explore fully the human-nature relationship in a balanced way. Although animal stories dominate the narratives, it is the specific and philosophic depiction of place and nature that give the stories Asian characteristics in their shared campaign to save our planet. This study concludes that the call for environmental protection can be done through young adult literature in a non-condescending manner instead of the usual patronizing-colonizing method
REPRESENTATION OF ALONENESS IN FOREVER ALONE GUY COMIC STRIPS Chandra, Pricillia; Basuki, Ribut
k@ta Vol 19 No 1 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (894.352 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.1.15-24

Abstract

This study aims to discuss the representation of aloneness in Forever Alone Guy comic strips. The purpose of this research is to find out how the meaning of aloneness is constructed in the representation of Forever Alone Guy through the theory of representation described by Stuart Hall (1997, 2013). In the theory suggested by Hall, it is described that there are two ways to be done in creating representation. Those ways are through language/sign and mental representation. The mental representation is the only way used in this research with a reason that this analysis focuses to the stigmas attached to the concept of aloneness. The analysis shows that the construction of meaning is done through embedding clusters of negative stigmas to the three entities: single, alone and lonely. Thus, through the analysis, it can be concluded that the dominant meaning which represents being single and alone as the ?imperfect? condition plays an important role in the construction of the meaning
THE ROLE OF GIRLS AS MOTHERS IN HARRY POTTER SERIES Fransisca, Marcelina; Mochtar, Jenny
k@ta Vol 19 No 1 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.762 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.1.1-7

Abstract

This study focuses on the role of the female characters in Harry Potter series. It aims to find out the ways the female characters, Hermione Granger, Ginny Weasley, and Luna Lovegood take a mother role for Harry, whereas they are in their teenage years. Using Barthes? theory on myths, this study identifies that there are two myths that are in operation, the myth that girls are supposed to be mothers and the myth that mothers are supposed to protect, nurture, and educate. As the agents of the myths,the three teenage girls willingly take their role as  mothers  role that are assigned to them. These three female characters take their roles as mothers to Harry in how they protect, nurture, and educate Harry. In response to this, Harry also succumbs to the position of being protected, nurtured and educated by these three girls. Despite Rowling?s claims on her being a feminist when she said that ?I?ve always considered myself as a feminist? (Rowling, 2011), she cannot escape the myths on girls and women. Rowling sees that  being a mother is the most powerful role for girls and women
THE OMNIPRESENCE OF TELEVISION AND THE ASCENDANCY OF SURVEILLANCE/SOUSVEILLANCE IN RAY BRADBURY’S FAHRENHEIT 451 Abootalebi, Hassan
k@ta Vol 19 No 1 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.433 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.1.8-14

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to analyze Ray Bradbury?s Fahrenheit 451(1953) under the light of Jean Baudrillard?s notions on the media and the influences it exerts on people?s daily lives, and with an eye to Michel Foucault?s surveillance as well. The title-mentioned work, it is suggested, portrays a representative sample of a culture where different fields including books, education, and history fall under the influence of the media. Bradbury presents a society in which its inhabitants are bombarded with excessive data transmitted through television most of which is detrimental and not reliable. It is concluded that the presented culture in the novel is a microcosm of contemporary societies where authorities keep their subjects under control, engendering an atmosphere of anxiety, trepidation and apprehension for subversive forces and therefore preclude any disturbance on the part of them
SETTINGS TRANSPOSITION OF THE SCIENTIFIC ELEMENTS IN HIROSHI TESHIGAHARA’S ADAPTATION OF KOBO ABE’S THE FACE OF ANOTHER Sutandio, Anton
k@ta Vol 19 No 2 (2017): DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.612 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.2.63-70

Abstract

This article focuses on Hiroshi Teshigahara?s film adaptation of the famous Kobo Abe?s The Face of Another with special attention on the transposition of the scientific elements of the novel in the film.  This article observes how Teshigahara, through cinematic techniques, transposes Abe?s scientific language into visual forms.  Abe himself involved in the film adaptation by writing the screenplay, in which he prioritized the literary aspects over the filmic aspect.  This makes the adaptation become more interesting because Teshigahara is known as a stylish filmmaker.  Another noteworthy aspect is the internal dialogues domination within the novel narration.  It is written in an epistolary-like narration, placing the protagonist as a single narrator which consequently raises subjectivity.  The way Teshigahara externalizes the stream-of-consciousness narration-like into the medium of film is another significant topic of this essay.   Keywords: transposition, scientific element, adaptation, The Face of Another
THE PHONOLOGICAL ERRORS BY DUTCH EXCHANGE STUDENTS IN READING INDONESIAN TEXTS Wijaya, Henny Putri Saking; Mustamu, Yohanes Theodorus
k@ta Vol 19 No 2 (2017): DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.638 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.19.2.48-54

Abstract

In this study, the five non-existing Indonesian sounds in Dutch sound system was observed because these sounds cause a problem. Moreover, the writers analyzed the phonological errors produced by the Dutch exchange students. The theories were from Moeliono and Darwowidjojo (2003) for the Indonesian consonants and from Mennen, Levelt and Gerrits (2006) for the Dutch consonants. The findings show that there were five Indonesian sounds that do not exist in Dutch sound system. Furthermore, the Dutch exchange students produced phonological errors in initial, medial and final positions. Also, from the observed sounds, thirteen deviations occurred. In conclusion, the phonological errors in five observed sounds produced by the Dutch exchange students happened because of the L1 transfer and the lack of knowledge of Indonesian consonants.