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k@ta
ISSN : 14112639     EISSN : 23026294     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 59 Documents
Identity Crisis in Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra Mansouri, Niloofar; Sasani, Samira
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTMigration, this multifaceted phenomenon, has always been a concept of importance in different domains such as art and literature. What impacts migration has on human psychology can be well elaborated on using the tool of characterization in stories. Among these impacts, the one regarding identity is probably of highest importance. Therefore, the literature of diaspora can be a field for exploring the process of identity refashioning. What the present study aims to elaborate on is Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra and the way identity crisis is manifested in and handled by the characters in this book. The analysis is grounded on Homi Bhabha’s concept of Third-Space but to specifically analyze the challenges that immigrant characters face in this liminal location, Yuri Lotman’s cultural idea of semiosphere is also incorporated. Keywords: Identity Crisis, Literature of Diaspora, Reza Ghasemi, Third-Space, Yuri Lotman
The Struggles of the Kretek Workers in Iksaka Banu’s Novel, Sang Raja (The King) Widyastuti, Thera
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

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Abstract

Novel is able to present the development of one character, complex social situations, relationships involving many or few characters, and complicated events that occurred several years ago in detail. Novel The King was written by Iksana Banu, an famous Indonesian author and artist. He published the novel in 2017. The King tell the story about people who work in Kretek Cigarette factory. They have to struggle how to defend the cigarette factory from competition with other factories, and worldwide economic depression. The main character, Philip Gerardus Rechterhand, a Dutch man who borned in Indonesia. Intrinsic (character and setting), and extrinsic (sociology of literature, personality theory, and history) approaches are using to analyze this research. Kretek become part of society life, and many people have economic dependence on the kretek factory.
Modern Rape-Revenge Movies and Shelley’s The Cenci Jamshidian, Sahar; Amjad, Fazel Asadi
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.22.2.70-78

Abstract

Viewing Shelley’s The Cenci from the political upheavals of the nineteenth century would limit one’s response to the play to the issues of that century. However, this play continues to be played in the twenty first century, which makes one wonder how a modern spectator with a feminist inclination might react to the theme of rape and revenge. The Cenci shares with a number of movies flourishing with the rise of the second wave feminism during the 1970s, the theme of a female victim transformed into a hero-avenger, who takes law into her own hands and avenges herself in the face of a dysfunctional legal state. As revisions of the archetypal narratives of violation-revenge-violation, these modern movies have been praised for depicting heroines who are no longer powerless, miserable and victimized, but strong enough to avenge themselves with impunity. Though The Cenci repeats the traditional pattern of violation-revenge-violation, it focuses on the corruption and irresponsibility of the patriarchal legal system as well as its reformation, which have been neglected by both mythical narratives and modern rape-revenge movies. By reading The Cenci along with William Blake’s “Visions of the Daughters of Albion” and Shelley’s “Prometheus Unbound,” we examine how The Cenci challenges the modern rape-revenge movies and how Beatrice could have used her agency and her anger in a more effective way to fight against tyranny.
Hedges and Boosters as Modality Markers: An Analysis of Nigerian and American Editorials Ojo, Oluwasola Emmanuel
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.22.2.55-62

Abstract

Many studies have been carried out on the use of hedges and boosters as persuasive strategies, but little is known about their employment when texts such as editorials are compared cross culturally. This study comparatively examined the employment of modality markers to express doubt and conviction in Nigerian and American editorials. Farrokhi and Emami’s (2008) classification of hedges and boosters was employed to analyze twenty editorials selected from two Nigerian newspapers and two American newspapers. Findings reveal that both sets of editorial writers made use of hedges and boosters a lot in their writings. However, lexical verbs were not employed as boosters in the analyzed editorials. The fact that the Nigerian editorial writers as ESL writers equally made great use of hedges and boosters implies that in texts such as editorials, writers from different cultures equally employ the same linguistic devices to express doubt and conviction.
In search of self: Navigating subjectivity amidst conflicts in Rainbow Rowell’s Eleanor & Park (2012) Fitriani, Azalea Ayu Dewinta; Gandana, Isti Siti Saleha; Nafisah, Nia
k@ta Vol 23 No 1 (2021): JUNE 2021
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.23.1.21-27

Abstract

Entrance into adulthood has often been seen as a phase marked by self-exploration, instability, and struggles to overcome tensions and conflicts. Eleanor & Park (2012) is a novel that explores issues of growing up and tells the story of how the two main characters go through the struggles of their adolescent lives. This study analyzes how Eleanor and Park construct and navigate their subjectivities amidst the various conflicts they face. It does so by, first, identifying and classifying the conflicts the characters encounter and then locating their provisional subject positions that draw on how they react to and deal with the conflicts. While the study confirms the dynamic nature of subject positions, both Eleanor and Park tend to bring to the fore their active subject position in dealing with the conflicts. Moreover, their subject positions further indicate that Eleanor and Park are empowered agents who are capable of deliberating thoughts and actions consciously. In navigating their subjectivities, both characters, in the end, are able to achieve personal growth and empowerment.
Reimagining Peter Pan: The Postmodern Childhood Portrayal in Wendy (2020) Hapsarani, Dhita; Lutfiputri, Nadia Farah
k@ta Vol 23 No 1 (2021): JUNE 2021
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.23.1.1-9

Abstract

As a social construct, the view towards childhood remains to change over time. Literary works, such as films or novels from different periods of time which feature children's characters as the protagonists can be the right medium to identify those shifts. This article analyzes Wendy (2020) film as the latest adaptation of J.M. Barrie’s classic children's novel Peter Pan (1911). This film has made some transformations from the original novel to make the story more relevant in today’s context, including how it showcases childhood that is experienced by the children’s characters. Using textual and comparative analysis, this study attempts to see the transformations in the film adaptation and how it shows a different childhood construction from the one appearing in the source novel. Referring to the concept of postmodern childhood, Linda Hutcheon’s adaptation theory, and Bordwell and Thompson’s elements of film analysis, this study reveals how Wendy (2020) has exemplified the concept of postmodern childhood through the portrayal of children’s roles, children’s agency, and children-adults relationship.
A Clash of Two Generations: A Comparative Deconstructive Discourse Analysis of Three News Reports on Megawati’s Critique for Indonesian Millennials Khadafi, Bima Iqbal
k@ta Vol 23 No 1 (2021): JUNE 2021
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.23.1.38-46

Abstract

Written in the spirit of critical tradition, this paper aims to demystify the hegemony induced in the media coverages about the critique of Indonesian former president, Megawati Soekarnoputri, towards its millennials for ‘lacking contribution to the country’. By applying genre, deconstruction and dynamic perspective of ideological tension analyses, this article reveals how three different medias report the phenomenon differently by bringing up different topics to be discussed for their own purposes. While scrutinizing the relationship between the phenomenon and its news reports, this paper sees a need for a transvaluation to the concept of nationalism which in the end negates itself since the conception of nationalism itself has to do with power struggle that has the potential to degenerate the Self and harm the Other.
Representations of Girlhood and Girl Stereotypes in Victoria Aveyards’ The Red Queen Collection Soltani, Masoumeh; Atashi, Laleh
k@ta Vol 23 No 1 (2021): JUNE 2021
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.23.1.10-20

Abstract

Given the fact that girlhood studies is a new area of investigation which intriguingly demonstrates various ways through which girlhood is structured by different social and cultural codes, we intend to examine girl characters in The Red Queen collection as it was the New York Times Best Selling series. This investigation reveals the way cultural and social norms prescribe specific gender roles and shape different versions of girl characters in this series. To find girl stereotypes in The Red Queen collection, such girlhood theories as Girl Power, Reviving Ophelia, #LIKEAGIRL, Girl Effect and Girl Up have been taken into consideration. Various depictions of girlhood in The Red Queen collection are represented through characters who have different ethnic backgrounds and come from different social classes. This implies that the formation of girl identity has a lot to do with social, economic, political and cultural structures. However, identity formation, as we see in the collection, is an ongoing process and can change in the course of an individual’s self-development.
Unpacking Multilingualism in Tourism Peripheries in Bali: Taking a Look into Private Shop-fronts Khazanah, Dewianti; Kusumaningputri, Reni
k@ta Vol 23 No 1 (2021): JUNE 2021
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/kata.23.1.28-37

Abstract

This article reports on the discussion of linguistic landscape in the course of tourism peripheries. The central aim is to unravel the salience and visibility of language practices manifested in the shop-fronts in Bali tourism peripherals. Drawing on Bourdieu’s language as social power (1983; 1993), presentation-of-self (Goffman, 1963; 1981), and good-reasons perspective (Boudon, 1990) we explore the language choices made by the local shop owners and the principles driving these choices. The findings conclude that English is the dominant language Bali tourism peripheries, and it is driven by the perceived power attributed to English and the economy benefits associated to English; the principle of presentation-of-self is not prioritized. We argue that local shop owners’ perception of targeted clients is the determining factor influencing it. Mandarin language need to be present more to cater the Chinese tourists for they constitute a big portion to the body of international tourists in Bali.