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International Review of Humanities Studies
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 25279416     EISSN : 24776866     DOI : -
nternational Review of Humanities Studies (IRHS) is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by Department Area Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia. The main objective of IRHS is to provide an intellectual platform for the scholars. IRHS aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of humanities studies as cross cultural studies, anthropology, education, ethics, history, philosophy, sociology, social welfare, linguistics, literature, performing arts, religious studies, visual arts, women studies and so on. The journal is published in online versions. IRHS publishes original papers, case studies, empirical research.
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Articles 272 Documents
CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCES: SOCIAL EPISTEMOLOGY OR PHILOSOPHY OF INFORMATION? Asmiyanto, Taufik
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (401.194 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.222

Abstract

This article reviews the shift in the theoretical foundations of library and information science (LIS) on social epistemology to the philosophy of information. This shift bids have been submitted more than a decade ago where Luciano Floridi sees that the LIS has close relations with the philosophy of information. Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics Phenomenology used to understand and interpret Jesse Shera and Luciano Floridi’s texts and to reveal the implicit and hidden meanings in the text. This reading indicates that the LIS is a discipline that not only deals with knowledge alone but rather takes care of the content that we understand as meaningful data. With that also, we understand the information not only as a matter of semantic and regarded as an epistemic prerequisite for the establishment of knowledge. However, beyond that, the information is placed as the ontological. Meaning of information, then, becomes important for LIS to place in the appropriate position. The foundation on the philosophy of information can break the chain of LIS dependence on another field theory and develop his theory. Therefore, this foundation does not only contribute praxis to produce solutions to technical problems that are commonly done regarding the improvement and development of library services. Although, this foundation can provide a 'new' space for scientists in this field to expand its epistemic motion.
THE POLEMICS OF LANGUAGE IN ESIABA IROBI’S CEMETERY ROAD Inegbe, Stephen E.; Bassey, Rebecca
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.2, July 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.256

Abstract

In the culture of any group of people, language, as a potent means of communication, cannot be relegated to the background. Every good play reflects the people for whom it is written. Esiaba Irobi’s Cemetery Road is not an exception. This essay, therefore, considers the employment of language as one of the major tools of revolt in Esiaba Irobi’s Cemetery Road in the dramatist’s attempt to restructure and build a new egalitarian society. The essence of this study is to reveal how Esiaba Irobi, has been able to deploy language as a revolutionary weapon in his play, Cemetery Road. The study, thus, showcases the ideological concern of the playwright in the play. The play is ideological because it takes a radical position on the issue of change in certain aspects of the Nigerian society. This essay, therefore, seeks to unveil the different aspects of language used in Cemetery Road. An examination of the text reveals that the dramatist employs macabre language or language of violence, persuasive language, wit, mockery and sarcasm, proverbial language, imagery, language of abuse and insensitivity, and language of despair.
WEST GERMANY AND EAST GERMANY IN ACCORDANCE TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SIGNS IN THE SONG LYRICS OF OVER DE MUUR (1984) Aksyana Amiartapura, Rolland Sadira; Nugraha, Fajar Muhammad
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (543.662 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.231

Abstract

This study discusses the lyrics of the song Over De Muur by Klein Orkest which was released in 1984. The purpose of this study is to discuss the situation of West Germany and East Germany in 1984 through the interpretation of the meaning of the signs contained in the Over De Muur song lyrics. The theory used in this research is the theory of myth by Roland Barthes. First, a selection of words, phrases or sentences is needed as a sign that reflected the state of West Germany and East Germany at that time. Then the analysis continued using the two steps semiosis process; The first is a primary analysis consisting of an analysis of denotative meanings and then in the secondary analysis consists of connotative meanings analysis to identify the myths that contained in the lyrics of Over De Muur . The results show that the song Over De Muur portrays that West Germany and East Germany have different ideologies, and although they have different ideologies, people in the two countries share a common goals that they both want to unite and are shown through the semantic aspects of the song's lyrics.
LOVE CONFESSIONS IN JAPANESE FROM STREET INTERVIEW Filia, Filia; Nurfitri, Rizki
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.2, July 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.265

Abstract

This paper examines expressions of love confession in Japanese. Love confession is expressed not only verbally but also nonverbally. Sometimes it needs to be communicated both verbally and nonverbally. It seems the variations of love confession not limited to the common phrases (such as suki desu 'I love you', tsukiatte kudasai 'can we have a relationship?'). In preliminary observation, we found love confession declared not only in common phrases but also in indirect expressions of love confession. This is become a point of departure to overview expression of love confession in Japanese.The data are collected from 12 street interview videos. Street interview videos are used as corpus because those videos are impromptu and no language editing. Based on observations of 79 data of love confessions in Japanese, there are 16 expressions of love confessions. There are expressions of love confession closely related to culural context, such as oishii gohan o tsukutte kudasai 'please make delicious rice for me', ore no kakigori o issho ni tskutte kudasai 'please make shaving ice for me together', kono hanabi no yoo ni, atsui natsu o sugosoo ze 'let's have a hot summer like this firework'. These love confessions have cultural context related to sustainability and togetherness. Sustainability and togetherness are the values of love relationship.
HISTORICITY AND GENDER HEROISM IN OLA ROTIMI’S HOPES OF THE LIVING DEAD Azeez, Tunji; Babatope, Babafemi
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.892 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.217

Abstract

The intercourse of history and Drama is an age long phenomenon. On one hand, the evolution and the various developmental stages of drama find expression in history. On the other hand, historical occurrences provided and still provide raw materials for drama. Historically, women have been represented in drama since the beginning of literary tradition. Aristophanes (410 BC) represented Greek women, reflecting the strength and weakness of women and more importantly the role of women in nation building. Shakespeare and Webster portray women substantially in their plays. Nigerian playwrights are not left out in the scheme, as they employ the instrumentality of history to dramatise traits of legendry Nigeria women and thus preserve their heroic deeds for the prosperity of posterity. This paper interrogates the interplay of history and gender heroism in Ola Rotimi’s play, Hopes of the Living Dead. The framework for this discourse is “Stiwanism”, the African expression of feminism. The paper argues that Ola Rotimi, in a bid to celebrate African women does not create a fictitious personality with fabricated legendary deeds, but falls back on history to showcase the legendary and heroic nature of African women. History, therefore, enhances the tangibility of gender heroism as dramatised by Ola Rotimi in the play. We conclude that, in Hopes of the Living Dead, Ola Rotimi employs history to unearth the past, thereby reconstructing the present and taking a peep into the future about what is expected of the African women as leaders and co-workers in social and political re-engineering.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNTERTERRORISM IN THE RED ZONE OF TERRORISM IN INDONESIA (CASE STUDY IN BIMA, WEST NUSA TENGGARA) Ikhwanuddin, Ikhwanuddin; Irwansyah, Irwansyah; Sinaga, Saut Panggabean; Nababan, Pahala Martua; Santoso, Edy
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (681.722 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.226

Abstract

Terrorism in Indonesia originated from the rebellion of Islamic groups, which fought for the establishment of an Islamic state. They consider the war against the government as jihad. As was done by Darul Islam (DI) or the Islamic State of Indonesia/Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) in 1950, with a base of resistance in West Java. The government foiled this movement through military operations. In the next era, acts of terror often occurred in Indonesia, such as the Christmas Eve bombing, attempted assassination of President Soekarno's family, the Bali bombings 1 and 2, JW bomb. Marriot and the most horrendous was the Surabaya Bombing incident, which was carried out by two families against several churches and the Surabaya Police Headquarters. The most recent was the attack on the Coordinating Minister of Politics and Security, Wiranto, and the bomb in Medan Regional Police. Some acts of terror also occurred in areas of interreligious conflict in Indonesia, such as in Poso and Ambon. Several acts of terror that occurred in various regions in Indonesia and foreign countries such as Mindanao and Afghanistan, among them, involving some Bima citizens as perpetrators, not to mention the terrorist acts against the Police that occurred in the Bima Region. Responding to several acts of terror that occurred, the Government, through the Counter-Terrorism Agency (BNPT), established 12 (twelve) Regions as the Red Zone of terrorism in Indonesia, one of which was the Bima Region. It makes the phenomenon interesting to be investigated because, on the one hand, various efforts to counter terrorism are intensified, but on the other hand, acts of terror continue to occur. In this article, the author would focus on countering terrorism carried out by BNPT, the National Police, and how the community's participation.
ASPECTS OF PRECOLONIAL ISOKO SOCIO-POLITICAL RELATIONS WITH THEIR NEIGHBOURS IN SOUTH CENTRAL NIGERIA Okpevra, Uwomano Benjamin
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.2, July 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.260

Abstract

This work focused on aspects of pre-colonial Isoko socio-political relations with their neighbours in the Niger Delta region of South Central Nigeria. It attempts to illuminate the nexus between internal and external dynamics and the concomitant changes and continuities in Isoko relations with their Urhobo, Ijaw, Ukwuani and Aboh neighbours. The work is premised on the historical method and interpretations deploying primary and secondary data to achieve its objective. The study concludes that intergroup relations in the region is largely influenced by their somewhat common ancestral origin; geographical contiguity; a shared common environmental and cultural practices; and the experience of similar external influences. This is done within the context of contemporary trajectory of the socio-political conflicts in the Niger Delta with serious implications for both National and International interests.
MAJORITY MUSLIMS AND FATWA SESAT OF MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA (MUI): CASE STUDY OF MAJELIS TAKLIM HDH (HIDUP DI BALIK HIDUP) Apipudin, Apipudin
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (505.93 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.235

Abstract

Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) is the institution who plays important role in contributing scholar’s (ulama) outlook of problems which occur in Indonesia. Since it is established in 1975, MUI exist as the the extension of state to control religious life in society. The establishment of MUI cannot be separated from political dynamic of New Order under the leadership of President Suharto in controlling political Islam. After the decline of Suharto in 1998, MUI cannot fully be independent yet in mediating religious conflict in Indonesia. This paper explains the role of MUI in mediating religious conflict of Majelis Taklim HDH (Hidup di balik Hidup) in Kabupaten Cirebon. Author argues that MUI has issued fatwa sesat of Majelis Taklim Hidup di balik Hidup. In issuing the fatwa sesat, MUI tended to be influenced by society pressure from Nahdliyin people (NU) because they are the majority in Kabupaten Cirebon.
DEATH AND ONE OF ITS MANY NARRATIVES: THE STORY OF THE STOLPERSTEINE-PROJECT IN GERMANY Suganda, Sonya Puspasari
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.2, July 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.269

Abstract

Within the contemporary German society, there is an initiative that has been ongoing for over 25 years. This initiative is called the Stolperschwelle which is conducted to commemorate the falling victims of the Nazi. An artist named Gunter Demnig started the whole project in 1992, and in 2017 – with the support of the society – he succeeded to place the 70.000th stumbling stone (in German; Stolpersteine), a 96 mm x 96 mm x 100mm brass plaques in the pavement of the last victim’s address. At first, it was meant to remember the death of the Jewish during the Nazi era, but nowadays the stumbling stones also represent the death of the marginalized groups including the Gipsy, the homosexuals, people with physical disability, and people who are falsely accused because of their religious and political belief. In the Stolpersteine-project, anybody can show their respect for the victims of the Nazi by sponsoring a stumbling stone – its manufacture and its installation for 120 euro – dedicated to one victim. This article analyses how this Stolpersteine-project can be viewed from various perspectives by using socio-cultural, historical, and urban landscape perspectives. The study is conducted using a qualitative approach through literature review. The findings show that the main story evolving around the Stolperstein project is the death of someone, caused by extremely terrible matter. By engaging in the Stolperstein, the modern German society tries to commemorate someone’s death, even someone they do not personally know. The historical perspective looks at the difference of microhistory and macrohistory when it comes to one nation’s history. In the Stolpersteine project, people deal greatly with microhistory. Finally, the urban landscape perspective emphasizes that the construction of space can contribute to reliving the past as well as building a better understanding for a nation’s generation.
IBIBIO WORLDVIEW ON PARENTING AND CHILDCARE IN EFFIONG JOHNSON'S SON OF THE LAND Inegbe, Stephen E.; Morison, Gideon Ime
International Review of Humanities Studies Vol. 5, No.1, January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.355 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/irhs.v0i0.221

Abstract

Several traditional African cultures share the worldview that children are special gifts from the gods to the land and so attach enormous attention to their up-keep and upbringing. They are not entirely the sole responsibility of the parents only but are effectively conceived of as belonging to the community. This worldview specifically places the child under the guardianship or tutelage of a parent, a step-parent or any adult with familial connections or ties to the child, who must raise him/ her in line with community values and mores, to be a responsible son or daughter of the land. As such, the welfare, well-being as well as training of children from infancy or childhood to adulthood is shaped both by the parent or guardian, (nuclei or extended) family, and the community at large. These institutions -family and community- work hand-in-hand in determining the child's nurturance and socialization experiences. While the community sets the standards in terms of moral and acceptable codes of behaviour and/ or taboos; the family ensures that the child lives up to these societal set patterns, norms and values. The parent or guardian, thus, functions as an interface or compass that directs, links, and molds the child’s behaviour within the family unit to the expected standards of the community. Failure in this regard or deviance does not only earn the parent, guardian or family overt social criticism but the community, as well, shares the opprobrium and also bears the consequences of such deviation. This complex process of interaction and learning is what sociologists have come to define as the "Socialization process". Thus, as drama is basically a social art which imitates or mirrors the society in which it is written or produced either overtly or covertly, this paper shall examine this sociological issue as portrayed in Effiong Johnson's play Son of the Land, using the textual analysis methodology. The paper shall recommend a more inclusive-exclusive, dynamic and multifarious approach to parenting and child care in the context of deeply-held cultural notions and praxis.

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