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INDONESIA
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia
ISSN : 23556366     EISSN : 26559595     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia memuat karya tulis ilmiah (KTI) yang berasal dari penelitian, pengembangan, dan kajian bidang agroforestri, maupun bidang kehutanan - pertanian yang terkait. Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia direncanakan terbit dua kali dalam setahun yaitu bulan Juli dan Desember.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 29 Documents
Productivity and Quality of Three Varieties of Ginger on Many Light Intensity Levels Under Stand of Pine Gunawan, Gunawan -; Rohandi, Asep
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

The amount of medicinal plants needs and limitations of agricultural land to its development can be overcome through the use of land under forest stands by applying patterns of agroforestry. This study aimed to assess the effect of different varieties and shade stands of pine (P. merkusii) on the productivity and quality of ginger. The design used was a split plot design consisting of 3 replicates and using an area of 100 m2 for each plot at a spacing of 50 x 50 cm. The main plot in the form of light intensity that is 50-58% (age class I), 68-77% (age class II) and 87-92% (poor increment), whereas varieties of ginger is the subplot includes a small white ginger (emprit), large white ginger (gajah) and red ginger. The results showed that the light intensity does not significantly affect the parameters : percentage of growth, content of moisture, volatile oil, fiber, starch and ash. The light intensity significantly affected the high growth in the five months after planting and heavy rhizomes. Varieties of ginger has significant effect on the percentage of growth, high growth and rhizome weight, but did not significantly affect the analysis of chemical ingredients. Average yield of each variety of ginger is 5.54 tons/ha for small white ginger, 8.38 tons/ha for the large white ginger and 6.7 ton /ha for red ginger.
The analysis of Sap Water Yield and Palm Sugar (Arenga pinnata Merr.) Quality in Tasikmalaya District Natawijaya, Dedi; Suhartono, Suhartono; Undang, Undang
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Development of high quality palm tree is needed for fulfilling the raw material of palm sugar and other products based on palm tree. This study aims to analyze the sap water yield and palm sugar quality in Tasikmalaya District. The method used in this study was survey and direct measurement of water content, pH, colour, texture, smell, taste, and performance. The geographical indication approach was used to determine the location of the study. The result showed that the average of sap water for palm sugar was 14.13% or 1 kg palm sugar equivalent to 7 litre of sap water, meanwhile 1 kg palm sugar powder equivalent to 7.6 litre of sap water (13.07%). The water content of palm sugar and palm sugar powder were 3.5% and 2.2% respectively
Germination of Jamblang (Syzygium Cumini) Seeds on Three Treatments of Pre-Germination And Sowing Media Sudomo, Aris; Swestiani, Dila
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Generative propagation was needed as one of efforts in developing jamblang as a medicinal plant. This study aims to improve the percentage and germination rate of jamblang seeds through pre-germination and sowing media treatments. The combination of treatments were (1) soil (T) x water (AB), (2) soil (T) x coconut water (AK), (3) soil (T) x control (without soaking treatment) (K), (4) sand (P) x water (AB), (5) sand (P) x coconut water (AK), (6) sand (P) x control (K), (7) mixed soil-sand (TP) x water (AB), (8) mixed soil-sand (TP) x water (AB), and (9) mixed soil-sand (TP) x control (K). The results revealed that the treatments of sowing seeds with mixed media soil + sand and pre-germination treatments by soaking the seeds for 12 hours in coconut water gave the highest percentage (70%) and germination rate (4.96%). Percentage of germination more than 50% only can be reached by the seeds that sowed on mixed soil + sand with pre-germination treatments soaked in coconut water for 12 hours and in water for 12 hours. The improvement in the percentage and germination rate of jamblang were achieved by using mixed sowing media soil + sand and pre-germination treatment by soaking in coconut water.
Socio and Institutional Conditions of Farmers of the Private Forest in Tasikmalaya District Diniyati, Dian
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Socio and institutional conditions may affect the private forest development in Tasikmalaya District. This research was conducted in Tanjungkerta, Sepatnunggal, and Karyabakti villages from March to July 2011. The aim of the research was to identify the socio and institution conditions of farmers. The numbers of respondents involved were 60 persons.  Data were collected by implementing interview technique which was supported by questionnaires. The data consisted of the condition of social and the institution of farmers.  The data were analyzed by using Dependency Ratio (DR), Labour Force Participation Rate (TPK), and Dependency Rate of the farmers toward forest business (RK).  The result showed that the condition of social of farmers were characterized by age, sex, education, tribe, religion, marriage status, status in family, and family dependent. The values of DR and TPK toward private forest business were categorized as low, meanwhile the value of RK in Tanjungkerta, Sepatnunggal and Karyabakti Villages were 12.50 %, 16.42 % and 19.02 % respectively.  The institutions available at research location were grouped into three groups i.e. 1) economic institution (cooperation and regular social gathering), 2) social institution (farmer group, farmer group union and recitation) and 3) mutual cooperation.
Access and Control of Farm Households in the Management of Private Forest Resources Fauziyah, Eva
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Differences in access of natural resources between men and women is one of the causes of gender unequality.  This condition may have an impact on the lack of control, benefit, and participation of women on farming activities.  This study aims to analyze the gender relation pattern in private forest management in Banyumas and Banjarnegara Districts..  Data were collected by using questionnaire, interview with farmer (men and women) and farmer groups with Socio Economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) instrument. Total respondents were 64 private forest farmers who were randomly selected. Data were analzsed by tabulation, percentage dan Equality adn Equity Index (EEI). The results showed that acces in private forest management were dominated by men  e.g acces on land, crops cultivated, education, training, extension services, capital, credit, equipment, nursery, fertilization, cropping pattern, and pest and disease control. In contrary, women were more dominant in  post harvest processing, and marketing activities. In Banyumas District, women control were dominant in marketing, while in Banjarnegara Distric, there was no dominance in both resources and stage activities but  access and control were  undertaken jointly between men and women in crops cultivation, watering, fertilization and marketing.The pattern of gender relations in general was more dominant both in terms of resources and the stages activies of private forest as indicated by EEI value tha is less than 0,5.
The Diversity of Soil Macrofauna on Agroforestry Teak (Tectona grandis) and Polynesian Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides Winara, Aji
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

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Abstract

Teak and polynesian arrowroot is a new pattern of agroforestry to support food security of communities around forests in coastal areas. The presence of polynesian arrowroot under teak stands is not only expected to be food sources but also to provide ecological benefits for biodiversity, especially soil macrofauna. The study aims is to determine the diversity of soil macrofauna in teak and polynesia arrowroot agroforestry patterns. The study was conducted in Garut Regency in April 2017. The method used in this study was monolithic technique and analyzed by calculating diversity and richness index. The object was an agroforestry demonstration plot with three polynesia arrowroot spacings under 7-years-old teak stand and monoculture teak. The results showed that there were 5 soil macrofaunas in teak and polynesian arrowroot agroforestry which are from five families and five orders. The dominance order was coleoptera with Important Value Index (IVI) = 133.93% -157.78% and opisthophora with IVI = 103.51%. The diversity and richness of soil macrofauna in teak and polynesian arrowroot agroforestry patterns is low (H = 0.28-0.55; R = 0.87-1.48). Although agroforestry cultivation is carried out intensively, there is no difference in the diversity of soil macrofauna when compared to teak monoculture.
Analysis of Benefits of Wood Products in Social Forestry Program in Perum Perhutani Widiyanto, Ary
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.999 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.103-113

Abstract

Share of timber is the benefits obtained by farmers from the Community-Based Forest Management Program (PHBM). The purpose of this study is to analyze the benefits obtained by farmers from teak and pine wood at harvest time. Data collection was conducted by interview and recording methods. Data analysis was done by calculating the value of the timber received by farmers. The results showed that, first, during the 30 years of cooperation, pine wood revenue-sharing received by farmers was four times, three times from thinning and once from harvesting. Second, during 40 years of cooperation, teak wood revenue sharing received by farmers is eight times, namely seven times from thinning and once from harvesting. Third, in normal conditions without forest disturbance and an increase in the price of wood for the value of inflation then the timber yield pine received by farmers in the 30th year for pine and 40th year for teak respectively is around Rp. 24,937,500 and Rp. 130,100,000. Share of timber received by farmers every 5-10 years causes low community participation in PHBM. Therefore, PHBM needs to be expanded, not only limited to timber but also to non-timber forest products, which generate income every year.
BUDAYA BERLADANG PETANI DI KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN PRODUKSI (KPHP) BATULANTEH, KABUPATEN SUMBAWA (The culture of farming by farmers in the Production Forest Management Unit (KPHP) of Batulanteh, Sumbawa regency) Diniyati, Dian; Achmad, Budiman
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2020.3.1.19-28

Abstract

Farming is the main livelihood of farmers in Sumbawa which is culturally heritated in their live. The purpose of this study is to describe the culture of farming carried out by farmers so that the development policy making  can be more directed. This activity was carried out in the Sumbawa Batulanteh KPHP area in August and October 2016. Data were collected through open interviews with 34 respondents living in the area and 34 respondents living outside the area, while the collected data was analyzed descriptively. The total area of arable land by farmers living in the area was 1 hectare per head of household (hh),  while those living outside the area were 1.75 hectare / hh. The results of the study showed that farming activities were carried out on arable land and on private land. The longest distance of arable land to the location of residence was 3 km. Agroforestry patterns were chosen by farmers to meet economic and environmental goals. Farmers were not only trying to meet their daily consumption needs, but also their investment needs. Farming activities were influenced by the season, where during the rainy season the activities were planting, whereas during the dry season the activities were only in the form of land preparation. Farmer culture in clearing land was by chopping and burning because it was cheaper and easier, while at harvest time, the waste was returned to the field as compost to fertilize the soil.
KARBON TERSIMPAN DALAM PRODUK KAYU SENGON MENGGUNAKAN BEBERAPA MODEL OKSIDASI Indrajaya, Yonky
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.615 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2019.2.2.91-102

Abstract

Harvested wood product is one of the carbon pools that must be considered in calculating carbon emission from forestry sector. There are several models of wood product retirement : linear, logistic, and exponential. The type of model applied inthe calculation of wood product pool influence the estimated amount of carbon stored in wood product, and hence also influence the recommended management regime of a plantation forest. This study analyzed  how different models of wood product oxidation produced different estimates of carbon stored in sengon wood product and caused different management recommendation of sengon plantation. The models used in this paper include linear (VCS model), exponential (IPCC, 2006), and logistic (Miner model). The focus of the study is to evaluate only long term wood product that is oxidized up to 100 years. The study showed that the lowest carbon stored  from sengon  wood product are those estimated by linear, logistic, and exponential respectively. VCS model with 20 years linear decay is conservative.
KERAGAMAN MAKROFAUNA TANAH PADA AGROFORESTRI JATI (Tectona grandis) DAN KIMPUL (Xanthosoma sangittifolium) Winara, S.Hut., M.Si., Aji
Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia
Publisher : Balai Litbang Teknologi Agroforestry, Ciamis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jai.2020.3.1.9-18

Abstract

Soil macrofauna has an important role in the ecosystems and soil fertility. Agroforestry patterns have environmental benefits such as providing living space for biodiversity including soil macrofauna. This study aims to measure the influence of teak and kimpul agroforestry on the diversity of soil macrofauna. The study was conducted on teak and kimpul agroforestry demonstration plots in the KPH Yogyakarta in January 2019. The research method used was monolith and hand sorting techniques and the analysis was carried out descriptively using the species diversity index approach. The results showed that teak and kimpul agroforestry patterns did not affect on the diversity of species and density of soil macrofauna. The level of diversity of soil macrofauna in teak and kimpul agroforestry, teak monoculture and kimpul monoculture are low. The value of soil macrofauna diversity in teak and kimpul agroforests is higher than teak monoculture and kimpul monoculture. A total of five types of soil macrofauna were found in 12-year teak agroforestry, six types in 42-year teak agroforestry, five types in 12-year teak monoculture, eight types in 42-year teak monoculture and five types in kimpul monoculture. The dominant soil macrofauna are Microtermes sp. and Anomala sp.

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