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INDONESIA
IHiS (Indonesian Historical Studies)
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25794213     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 43 Documents
Roles of KH. Abdul Wahab Syaroni and Syaikh Ali bin Ahmad Basalamah in the Development of Thariqoh Tijaniyah in Jatibarang, Brebes, Central Java Yusuf, Mustain; Rochwulaningsih, Yety; Sulistiyono, Singgih Tri
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1972

Abstract

The main purpose of this article is to examine the roles of K.H. Abdul Wahab Syaroni and Shaykh Ali bin Ahmad Basalamah in the development of Thariqoh At-Tijaniyah in Jatibarang Brebes, Central Java Province. This discussion is very interesting given that this thoriqoh is developing in the spreading area of other thariqoh that is Thariqoh Qoodiriyah Naqsyabandiyah. Therefore, its spreading faces some challenges. The spread of Thariqoh At-Tijaniyah in Jatibarang Brebes cannot be separated from the critical roles of Kyai Syaroni and Shaykh Ali bin Ahmad Basalamah. In the beginning, these two ulamas pioneered the establishment and development of thariqoh which is not only bounded to Jatibarang Brebes but also widen to the neighboring areas, especially in the Northern Coast of Java (Pantura). Nevertheless, the next development of this thariqoh is centered in Jatibarang, Brebes. Regarding to this matter, the development of Thariqoh At-Tijaniyah especially in Brebes and the roles of these kyai will be discussed. 
Contested Space of Transborder Fishing in Timor and Arafura Seas Prabawaningtyas, Shiskha
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i1.1233

Abstract

The continuity of Indonesian transborder fishing activities into Australian Fishing Zone (AFZ) highlights the rooted dispute of maritime border when contested space of boundary shared by local, state and international actor is confronted. Therefore, the prevailing of multilayer perspective of maritime boundary should not be easily neglected. The colonial project in early 19th century in Southeast Asia that initiated the foundation of modern state-formation had challenged the prior-political and economic construction of the region, specifically on the issue of territoriality. The modernization of shipping and fishing activities of which relied on technology and capitals had generated political and economic competitions and later persuaded state’s actors of applying the strategy of the territorialisation of the sea in order to ensure control. Unavoidably, securitization of transborder fishing became preferable solution. Transborder fishings are further subjected into state control relied on territorial sovereignty.This paper examines the transformation of transborder fishing in Timor and Arafura Sea to demonstrated the contested space of which interplayed by local, state and international actor. State regulations had transformed transborder fishing into political space of authority competition relied on territorial sovereignty, while socio-cultural heritage reminds exploited within fluid space of livelihood survival when state function is just absent.
Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda: Skilful Hand of KRT Jayadipura in Developing and Preserving the Javanese Culture, 1920s to 1930s Fibiona, Indra; Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1933

Abstract

Ethical politics proclaimed by the colonial Government especially in education has made a room for the society in colonial Territories to preserve their culture. In addition, the idea of restoring the Javanese culture as a noble culture is mainly raised by the educated Dutch-Javanese nationalists at the beginning of XX century. The condition then triggered the elite royal (keraton) as well as artists to compete in the restorations and refinements. One of the elite royals and keraton Yogyakarta artists with his skilful hand, KRT Jayadipura tried to restore and refine Javanese traditional art in order to return the noble value of Javanese culture. His contribution in traditional art flows through Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda. KRT Jayadipura KRT works enjoyed by both local and international public. Therefore, the Javanese culture especially the noble art can be widely known and raises the public awareness of Java to continue to preserve it.
Zuid Midden Timor under the Dutch Control 1905-1942 Sipa, Sarlota Naema; Suroyo, A. M. Djuliati; Susilowati, Endang
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i1.1240

Abstract

This study is aimed at retracing the Dutch colonial government  in South Middle Timor or Zuid Midden Timor in the beginning of 20th century. Intending to expand its controlled territories, to exploit the sandalwood trade and introduce Christianity, the colonial government then domiclied in Kupang entered the inland parts of Timor island, to be prescisely in Molo in 1905. The Ducth colonial government defeated the local meos (soldiers), the Molo meo, Amabuan meo and the Amanatun meo. These three regions were later formed as a governmental administration zone by the East Indies, equivalent to  a landschaap and were later combined in an onderafdelling-level administration unit called Zuid Midden Timor, with Molo as its capital city. As the capital city, Molo housed all public administration affairs, markets and shops, which were all centered in Molo. Until the end of the Dutch control in 1942, the Dutch colonial government had left its influences in culture, education, social aspects and governmental politics.
The Economic Policy of Japanese Naval Government in South Sulawesi in the Second World War 1942 -1945 Asba, Rasyid
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1163

Abstract

The Japanese economic policy in South Sulawesi seemed to have different policies when compared to the other colonies in Indonesia. It was indicated by leadership typology of Japanese Navy which based in Makassar, Bukittinggi, and Java. In South Sulawesi, the policy was more focused on the compliance of logistic materials by strengthening on clothing industry, plantation of cotton and castor oil, and fisheries. The important policy of the army was the agricultural massive production sector to support the war. In addition, the agricultural and industrial sectors were also developed such as salt, castor oil, textile, silk, handicrafts and the like. Those phenomena analyzed by historical method. It used archives such as Japanese occupation reports in Makassar, Romusha archives in Makassar, and Japanese local politic documents in South Sulawesi. The reports on Japanese economic activities in South Sulawesi were also consulted. Information from magazines and newspapers were also taken such as Pemberitaan Makassar, Bintang Timoer, Sinar Baroe, Soeara Asia, Hong Po, and Pemandangan. In addition to, it has complied oral history with direct interviews to the people who are still alive and experienced on the era. The Japanese economic policies in South Sulawesi influenced great changes in new economic structure on the emergence of the diversification of popular-based commodity especially clothing and foodstuff during the war. That was the reason why people in South Sulawesi directed to execute intensification of agriculture in a professional productive manner supported by communal industrial policy.  
Radio Republik Indonesia Surakarta, 1945-1960s:
 Its Role in Efforts to Maintain Indonesian Independence and 
the Formation of National Culture Puguh, Dhanang Respati
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1919

Abstract

This article discusses the role of Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI, The Radio of Republic of Indonesia) Surakarta in the period 1945-1960s. In that period RRI Surakarta had two roles in the context of decolonization. In the period 1945-1949, RRI Surakarta had a role in the effort to maintain the independence of Indonesia. The RRI Surakarta employees struggled to maintain the existence of RRI Surakarta with rescuing the station and transmitter so that the struggle of the Indonesian nation in defending the independence of Indonesia could be broadcasted to various parts. In the period 1950-1960s RRI Surakarta participated in efforts to the formation a national culture. When the discourse of national culture continued to be discussed by the elite of Indonesia, the Bureau of the Radio of the Republic of Indonesia had the establishment and set choice of ways to build a national culture since 1950. In this connection, RRI should be directed to build a national culture. Based on the policy of the Bureau of Radio of the Republic of Indonesia, RRI Surakarta realized that idea by organizing Javanese art broadcasts (gamelan, wayang wong, kethoprak, and shadow puppets), “local entertainment” and national music, and organizing Radio Star Competition. RRI Surakarta Radio Star made an important role in the creation of popular music in Indonesia. 
Banditry in Semarang, 1950-1958 Sadhyoko, Joseph Army; Supriyono, Agustinus; Puguh, Dhanang Respati
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i1.1239

Abstract

This article discusses about banditry that occurred in Semarang during the period of 1950-1958 with the problem focus on the causes of the banditry, types of banditry, and mitigation. Through the historical method, this article reconstructs those problems by using the approach of social reality of crime concept. In result, the banditry happened in the aftermath of the independence war, occurred due to economic difficulties, the reorganization and rationalization program, and the circulation of guns that was uncontrolled.
Konflik Etnisitas di Aceh Masa Reformasi, 1998-2005 Sutrisno, Imam Hadi
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v2i1.2863

Abstract

Sejarah Aceh selalu lekat dengan konflik dengan latar politik baik pada masa kolonial maupun Indonesia kontemporer seperti Perang Aceh, Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia (DI/TII), dan Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM), tetapi tulisan ini lebih memfokuskan pada konflik dengan latar  etnisitas yang muncul pada masa reformasi 1998-2005. Dengan metode sejarah kritis dapat diketahui, bahwa konflik etnisitas di Aceh masa reformasi itu lebih dipengaruhi oleh euphoria reformasi dan menguatnya semangat otonomi daerah yang direpresentasi sebagai ‘kekuasaan’ yang harus ditangan orang daerah-etnik local dan merupakan konflik harisontal sesama warga bangsa dengan latar etnik yang berbeda. Dalam konflik horisontal ini yang cukup menonjol terjadi antara etnik lokal dengan etnik pendatang terutama etnik Jawa yang dianggap telah menguasai etnik local terutama secara ekonomi dan sosiokultural. Sebagai etnik pendatang, orang-orang Jawa di Aceh secara ekonomi lebih maju dibandingkan penduduk local yang notabene berasal dari etnik setempat. Selain itu, secara sosiokultural orang Jawa di Aceh juga menempati posisi social yang penting dan lebih baik dibandingkan dengan penduduk Aceh. Konflik dengan latar etnik di Aceh tentu berbeda dengan konflik dengan latar dan tujuan politik seperti Tengku Daud Beureureh yang memimpin DI/TII, Tengku Hasan Tiro yang memimpin Gerakan Aceh Merdeka/GAM.
The Changing of Political Orientation of Masyumi Party During 1950-1959 Ishaqro, Alfi Hafidh; Alamsyah, Alamsyah; Yuliati, Dewi
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i1.1179

Abstract

Through historical method, this article studies the Shifts in Political Ideological Orientation of Masyumi Party during the Liberal Democracy Era 1950–1959. The shifted orientations of Masyumi Party included a shif of orientation in its principle, form of government and the government executive system.The establishment of Masyumi Party was the apex of the Japanese concern in trying to map the axis of the powers of various groups in Indonesia. The formations of PUTERA, which bore the nationalist inclination and MIAI, which tended to accommodate urban Muslims were not attractive enough to win the hearts and empathy from the Indonesian native communities for its occupation in Indonesia. Masyumi Party made Islam as a its struggling principle, not only as a symbol  but also tha ideology and spirits in conducting the various siyasah preaches within the scope of political struggles. Numerous internal dynamics were then occuring in the body Masymi Party. The Party’s change in its orientation began to be visible, indicated by the idea suggested by M. Natsir to formulate the Constitution or Law of General Election.The formation of the General Election Law made M. Natsir and Masyumi the symbol of the establishment and growth of democracy in the Republic of Indonesia, which became more evident when M. Natsir was ousted and the subsequent working cabinet heads failed to hold a General Election. And finally, at the end of 1955 under the leadership of Burhanuddin Harahap, who was himself a Masyumi figure, a general election was held for the first time. The political attitude shown by Masyumi indicated that Masumi Party had shifted its political orientation. Masyumi Party, which originally struggled to implement Islam by employing the Syura in forming a government was helplessly compromising its principle by following and combining itself into a democracy model the initiator of which was the leader of Masyumi Party itself. Such political behavioral changes were associated with the reasoning of the then leaders of Masyumi Party, who tended to accommodative and excessively compromising. 
Confirming the Existence of the Kingdom: The Efforts of Territorial Consolidation and Formation of Cultural Identity During the Reign of Hamengku Buwana I, 1755 – 1792 Sutarwinarmo, Sutarwinarmo; Supriyono, Agustinus; Puguh, Dhanang Respati
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1928

Abstract

This article discusses the efforts of territorial Consolidation and formation of cultural identity during the reign of Hamengku Buwana I. This article is written using the historical method and utilizing primary sources in the form of VOC archives stored in the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia and Java manuscripts stored in Yogyakarta Sultanate, as well as secondary sources in the form of articles and books. After Giyanti Agreement in 1755, Sultan Hamengku Buwana I attempted to consolidate his territory through negotiation, dispute settlement and law enforcement in order to preserve the sovereignty and territorial integrity of his kingdom. He also developed Ringgit Swargen, Yogyakarta style leather puppets that have the different shape from Surakarta style leather puppets developed by Surakarta Sunanate as one of the cultural identity of Yogyakarta Sultanate. The leather puppet show was used to control the areas that were in the territory of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, as the leather puppet show performed outside the palace must obtain permission from the palace puppet master. The efforts of Sultan Hamengku Buwana I failed, due to the conflict that caused the war destroyed the boundaries and the peace agreement that had been made.