cover
Contact Name
Nurjazuli
Contact Email
nurjazulifkmundip@gmail.com
Phone
+6282133023107
Journal Mail Official
jkli@live.undip.ac.id
Editorial Address
Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275
Location
Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan indonesia
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 14124939     EISSN : 25027085     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Social,
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia (JKLI, p-ISSN: 1412-4939, e-ISSN:2502-7085, http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/jkli) provides a forum for publishing the original research articles related to: Environmental Health Environmental Epidemiology Environmental Health Risk Assessment Environmental Health Technology Environmental-Based Diseases Environmental Toxicology Water and Sanitation Waste Management Pesticides Exposure Vector Control Food Safety
Articles 259 Documents
Hubungan Faktor-Faktor Lingkungan Fisik Rumah dengan Kejadian Pneumonia pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Jatibarang Kabupaten Brebes Padmonobo, Heru; Setiani, Onny; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.194 - 198

Abstract

Background : Pneumonia is the leading killer of children under the age of five years (Toddlers) in the world. In theworld, from 9 million deaths of more than 2 million children under five die every year due Toddler pneumonia orequal to 4 Toddler dies every minute of it. Jatibarang health center in the working area of 2009 there were 709cases of children suffering from pneumonia and increased to 747 in 2010. On the other hand a healthy housecoverage is only 36.40%.Methode : The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical environmental factorswith the incidence of pneumonia at children under five years on PHC Jatibarang Brebes.This was an observational study with case control study design. The subjects were divided into two groups: case and control groups with 74 subjects in each group. Variables examined in this study were physical enviroment factors in housing with pneumonia on children under five years. Data was collected by interview, observation and measurement. Analysis of data using univariate analysis, bivariate with Chi-square and multivariate with logistic regression.Result : The result of bivariate analysis indicated that there was a correlation between the incidence ofpneumonia in children under five years with type of wall, type of floors, natural lighting, residential density, areaventilation, insulation kitchen, humidity room and toddler room temperature. With Odds Ratio (OR) in order:3.034 (p = 0.003); 2.635: 2.202: 2.234: 2.218: 2.517: 2.872 and 3.390. The results of logistic regression test showed that there was a significant association between the incidence of pneumonia in infants with room temperature, type of walls, spacious rooms with ventilation and humidity in sequence OR 4.380; 2.753; 2.734, and 2.671.Conclusion : The conclusion of this research indicated that the type of wall, type of floors, natural lighting,residential density, area ventilation, insulation kitchen, humidity room and toddler room temperature a riskfactor for pneumonia among children under fiveKeywords: Physical Environment of house, pneumonia, children under five years
Keluhan Sick Building Syndrome di Gedung PT. X Mawarni, Fahruniza Meiga; Lestari, Mona; Windusari, Yuanita; Andarini, Desheila; Camelia, Anita; Nandini, Rizka Faliria; Fujianti, Poppy
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.20.1.39-46

Abstract

Latar Belakang : Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) merupakan kumpulan gejala yang dialami oleh seseorang atau perasaan tidak sehat tanpa penyebab yang jelas saat melakukan pekerjaan di dalam gedung dan akan menghilang saat seseorang meninggalkan gedung tersebut. Sirkulasi udara yang tidak baik, ditambah dengan adanya faktor fisik, kimia, biologi, dan individu, serta faktor lingkungan lainnya yang terdapat di dalam suatu bangungan dapat menjadi penyebab terjadinya SBS. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi keluhan SBS pada karyawan di gedung PT. X Palembang.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan desain studi cross sectional. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 107 karyawan yang terpilih sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi yang telah ditetapkan. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat untuk melihat gambaran keluhan SBS, usia, jenis kelamn, masa kerja, suhu, pencahayaan dan kembaban, serta analisis bivariat dengan menggunakan uji chi-square dan uji alternatif fisher exact untuk melihat pengaruh faktor risiko terhadap keluhan SBS.Hasil : Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa prevalensi keluhan SBS sebesar 75,7%, dengan usia terbanyak ≤40 tahun (80,4%), didominasi oleh laki-laki (60,7%), dengan masa kerja paling banyak ≥5 tahun (62,6%), serta lingkungan kerja dengan suhu, pencahayaan, dan kelembaban yang tidak memenuhi syarat secara berurutan sebesar 18,7%, 49,5%, dan 36,4%.Simpulan: Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukan bahwa kelembaban mempengaruhi terjadinya keluhan SBS pada karyawan PT. X Palembang (p-value = 0,005). Untuk menyeimbangkan kualitas udara di dalam ruangan, salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan meletakkan tanaman sanseviera sebagai menyeimbang dan penyerap polutan di dalam ruangan. ABSTRACT Tittle : Sick Building Syndrome Complain in PT. X BuildingBackground : Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) is a syndrome where people experience unexplained malaise symptoms while working in a building that will disappear once they leave the building.  Poor air circulation combined with the presence of physical, chemical, biological and individual factors, and other environmental factors  within a building may cause SBS.  This study aimed to determine factors that influence SBS complain among employees of PT.  X in Palembang.Method : This study used a qualitative approach with cross sectional study design.  The research sample was 107 employees selected according to inclusive and exclusive criteria.  The data analysis methods in the study are univariate analysis to describe SBS complain, age, sex, years of service, temperature, lighting and humidity. Bivariate analysis using the chi-square test and fisher exact alternative test to determine risk factors influence to SBS complain.Result : The prevalence of SBS complain in the study is 75,7%, with ≤40 as majority age (80,4%), dominated by male workers (60,7%), with ≥5 years as the largest portion of years of service (62,6%), and work environment with temperature, lighting, and humidity that is not adequate 18,7%, 49,5%, and 36,4% respectively.Conclusion : Bivariate analysis showed that humidity influenced the occurrence of SBS complain in PT.X Palembang (p-value = 0,005). To balance out indoor air quality, one of countermeasures that can be applied is to place sansevieria plant as indoor pollutants absorber.  
Hubungan Kondisi Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Reinfeksi Kecacingan pada Murid Sekolah Dasar Bandarharjo 02 - 04 Kota Semarang Suhartono, Suhartono; Budiyono, Budiyono; Rahfiludin, M. Zen
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2002): APRIL 2002
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.1.1.10 - 15

Abstract

In the same manner as the other developing countries, Indonesia also remains face the difficulties against the high prevalence rate of infectious diseases, particularly ones that related with bad environmental condition. One of them, which is usually occurred in elementary school children and have a negative effect on their growth and development, is soil transmitted helminthiasis, an infection of intestinal worm transmitted through soil or known as helminthic disease. Three kinds of them are Ascaris lumbricoides, whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworm (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale). Based on that background, this research tried to formulate the problem as follows: is there any relationship between house sanitation and the occurrence of helminthic disease reinfection on students of Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School? Conclusions taken from this research are: the occurrence rate of helminthic disease reinfection on Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School students in Semarang Regency was 48,3%, most of student’s houses (73,3%) were in a “not so good” environmental sanitation condition. There was no relationship between house sanitation and the occurrence of helminthic disease reinfection on students of Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School (p-value > 0,05) Key words : Environmental sanitation, reinfection, soil transmitted helminths
Autokorelasi Spasial Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kecamatan Samarinda Utara, Kota Samarinda Syamsir, Syamsir; Daramusseng, Andi; Rudiman, Rudiman
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.19.2.119-126

Abstract

Latar belakang: Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat. Indonesia menjadi salah satu negara yang setiap tahunnya ditemukan kasus DBD. Program pengendalian DBD masih kurang maksimal karena puskesmas belum mampu memetakan wilayah rentan DBD. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola sebaran DBD di Kecamatan Samarinda Utara dengan menggunakan autokorelasi spasial.Metode: Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kelurahan yang berada pada wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lempake, Kecamatan Samarinda Utara. Sampel penelitian dipilih berdasarkan metode cluster sampling. Berdasarkan kriteria jumlah kasus tertinggi maka kelurahan di Kecamatan Samarinda Utara yang representatif untuk dijadikan cluster pada penelitian ini yaitu kelurahan yang berada pada wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lempake. Analisis yang digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis dengan menggunakan metode Moran’s I. Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis digunakan untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan antar titik dan arah hubungannya (postif atau negatif).Hasil: Nilai Z-score atau Z hitung = 3,651181 dengan nilai kritis (Z α/2) sebesar 2,58. Ini menunjukkan bahwa Z-score > Z α/2 (3,6511 > 2,58) sehingga Ho ditolak. Terdapat autokorelasi spasial pada sebaran kasus DBD di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lempake. Sebaran kasus DBD di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lempake termasuk kategori clustered atau berkelompok pada lokasi tertentu. Moran’s Index (I) = 0,124420 artinya I > 0. Ini menunjukkan bahwa pola sebaran DBD di wilayah kerja Puskesmaas Lempake merupakan autokorelasi positif.    Simpulan: Pola sebaran kasus DBD di Kecamatan Samarinda Utara yaitu clustered. Autokorelasi spasial yang dihasilkan yaitu autokorelasi positif.  ABSTRACTTitle: Spatial Autocorrelation of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever  in North Samarinda district, Samarinda CityBackground: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is still a public health problem. Indonesia is one of the countries where DHF cases are found every year. The DHF control program is still less than optimal because the public health center has not been able to map the DHF vulnerable areas. This study aims to determine the pattern of DHF distribution in the District of North Samarinda by using spatial autocorrelation.Method: This research was conducted in a village located in the working area of the Lempake Health Center, Samarinda Utara district. The research sample was chosen based on the cluster sampling method. Based on the criteria for the highest number of cases, the representative village to be clustered in this study are the village within the working area of the Lempake Health Center. The analysis used in this study is spatial autocorrelation nalysis using the Moran’s I. Spatial autocorrelation Analysis method is used to determine whether there is a relationship between the point and direction of the relationship (positive or negative).Result: Z-score or Z count = 3.651181 with a critical value (Z α / 2) of 2.58. This shows that Z-score> Z α / 2 (3.6511> 2.58) so that Ho is rejected. There is a spatial autocorrelation in the distribution of dengue cases in the working area of the Lempake Health Center. The distribution of dengue cases in the working area of Lempake Health Center is classified as clustered or grouped in certain locations. Moran’s Index (I) = 0.124420 means I> 0. This shows that the pattern of DHF distribution in the work area of Lempake Health Center is a positive autocorrelation.Conclusion: The pattern of distribution of dengue cases in the District of North Samarinda is clustered. The resulting spatial autocorrelation is positive autocorrelation. 
Analisis Faktor Risiko Kejadian Pneumonia Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidorejo Kota Pagar Alam Sugihartono, Sugihartono; Rahmatullah, Pasiyan; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.1.82-86

Abstract

Background : Pneumonia is an infectious disease that remains a public health problem in Indonesia, the third cause of death in Indonesia after cardiovascular and tuberculosis. The high incidence of pneumonia mainly attacks in the age group of infants and children under five years old. In Pagar Alam city in 2009, there were 671 cases (IR = 4.9%). The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between the house physical environment factor and individual faktor of children with pneumonia incidence in working area of Public Health Center, Sidorejo, Pagar Alam city. Method: This research was an observational study using case control design. While variables studied among other things are nutritional status, immunization status, history of breastfeeding, type of house flooring, proportion of bedroom ventilation, occupancy density, the presence of smoking family members, type of fuel used for cooking, the presence of family members suffering from respiratory tract infections. Subject of the research consists of two groups, namely case group and control group, each of which is consisting of 54 subjects. Data was collected by interview, observation, and measurement. Data analysis used analysis of univariate, bivariate with chi square, and multivariate with logistic regression, using a significant level of 0.05 (5%) to determine the risk of the independent variables on the dependent variables and the estimation of the risk (odds ratio) of the cause of pneumonia incidence on children under five years old. Result : The results of this research show that of the 9 risk factors studied, there are 3 variables with the risk of the incidence of pneumonia on children under five years old, namely a history of breastfeeding (OR = 8.958, 95% CI : 2.843 - 28.232), type of house floor (OR = 10.528, 95% CI : 2.612 - 42.441) and the presence of smoking family members (OR 8.888, 95% CI : 1.738 - 45.437). The variable at greatest risk of pneumonia incidence on children under five years old is type of house flooring. In conclusion, this research indicates that nutrition status, immunization status, breastfeeding history, type of house flooring, size of room ventilation, occupancy density, type of fuel used for cooking, and the presence of smoking family members are closely related to the incidence of pneumonia.   Key words: pneumonia, children under five years old, physical environment of housing, Pagar Alam city
Model Sistem Informasi Surveilans Kualitas Air Non Perpipaan (SISKA-NP) untuk Pengambilan Keputusan Program Air Bersih (Studi Kasus Pada Seksi Penyehatan Lingkungan Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi Jawa Tengah) Riyanto, Djalal Er; Mawarni, Atik; Agushybana, Farid; Purnama, Heri
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2003): APRIL 2003
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.2.1.1 - 5

Abstract

Abstract Background : The Department of Environmental Health is one of department in Central Java Provincial Health Office. This department is responsible to water supply program. Nowdays, the department has implemented the Surveillance Information System of Nonpipe Water Supply. But till now there are some weaknesses, the data and  information are used only by The Sub Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health. There aren’t other subdepartment used the data and information, so there isn’t integration or collaboration in using some similar data or information.    The objective of this research is to analyze the model of Surveillance Information System of Nonpipe Water Supply which is now implemented in The Department of Environmental Health. Methods : This is an operational research that use qualitative method and system development life cycle approach. The subjects are the chief of The Sub Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health, the chief of the section of environmental health and also the water quality surveillance officers. While the object of this research is The Surveillance Information System of Nonpipe Water Supply which is implemented. The data will be analyzed using the content analysis, descriptive analysis and the data flow diagram . Result : After analyzed the Surveillance Information System of Nonpipe  Water Supply, we found that there were some problems. The problems are rapidity, accuracy, completeness and accessibility of the data of water supply surveillance. We suggest a new system that there will be a new entity. The new entities are the provincial house of representative and the subdepartment of diseases prevention and elimination. Keywords: health information system, water quality
Factors Associated with Cholinesterase Level of Spraying Workers Using Paraquat Herbicide at Oil Palm Plantation in East Kalimantan, Indonesia Ramdan, Iwan Muhamad; Candra, Krishna Purnawan; Purwanto, Herry
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.19.1.16-20

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia pada tahun 2006 memperkirakan 1-5 juta kasus keracunan pestisida setiap tahun pada pekerja pertanian dengan kematian mencapai 220.000 korban. Sekitar 80% keracunan pestisida dilaporkan di negara-negara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Pada 10 tahun terakhir, luas perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kalimantan Timur meningkat sebesar 7,7%. Pada tahun 2017 perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kalimantan Timur mencapai 1,2 juta ha dengan jumlah pekerja mencapai 234 ribu orang. Hingga saat ini belum pernah ada kajian dampak paparan pestisida terhadap gangguan kesehatan dengan indikator kadar cholinesterase. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan tingkat keracunan penyemprot perkebunan kelapa sawit yang mengaplikasikan herbisida paraquat.Metode: Penelitian cross-sectionaldengan metoda sampling acak sederhana telah dilakukan pada 326 penyemprot dari 10 perkebunan kelapa sawit yang menggunakan herbisida paraquat, untuk mengidentifikasi prevalensi keracunan dan faktor risikonya. Tingkat keracunan pestisida diukur berdasarkan kadar enzim cholinesterase darah menggunakan Tintometer kit. Usia, masa kerja, dan area penyemprotan per hari dikumpulkan dengan wawancara langsung. Data dianalisis menggunakan Uji Spearman.Hasil:Penyemprot herbisida sebagian besar berusia >26-34 tahun (31,9%), mempunyai masa kerja < 5 tahun (76,1%), menyemprot area seluas < 4 ha per hari (84%). Toksisitas ringan dialami oleh 29 orang penyemprot (8,9%). Keracunan ringan herbisida tersebut berkorelasi signifikan dengan usia (p=0,000) dan area penyemprotan per hari (p=0,014).Kesimpulan: Prevalensi keracunan paraquat di kalangan pekerja penyemprot herbisida di perkebunan kelapa sawit relatif rendah. Penggunaan herbisida dengan dosis yang lebih rendah dan pengurangan area semprot menjadi faktor penting untuk dipertimbangkan dalam usaha pencegahan keracunan herbisida yang lebih buruk.ABSTRACTBackground: In 2006, World Health Organization estimates a number of 1-5 million cases of pesticide poisoning per year in agricultural workers with deaths reaching of 220,000 casualties. About 80% of pesticide poisoning was reported in developing countries, including Indonesia. In the last ten years, palm oil plantation area in East Kalimantan increased at 7.7%. In 2017, palm oil plantation covered an area of 1,2 billion ha with 234.000 workers. Until now, there is no study on pesticide exposure on health disorder with indicator using cholinesterase level.Methods: A cross-sectional study has been conducted using simple random sampling on 326 sprayers from 10 oil palm plantations using paraquat herbicide to identify herbicide poisoning prevalence, and its risk factor. The pesticide poisoning rate was measured based on blood cholinesterase enzyme level using a Tintometer kit. Age, working period, and spraying area per day were collected by direct interview. Data were analysed by Spearman test.Result: The most sprayer workers was at age of > 26-34 years (31.9%), having working experience <5 years (76.1%), implementing a spray area per day of <4 ha (84%). A mild toxicity was experienced by 29 sprayers (8.9%). The prevalence of paraquat herbicide was correlated significantly with age (p=0.000) and spraying area per day (p=0.014).Conclusion: The prevalence of paraquat among herbicide sprayer at oil palm plantation was relative low. Application of herbicide with lower doses and reducing the spraying area are the necessary factors to be considered in order to prevent the herbicide poisoning become worst.
Analisis faktor Risiko Kejadian Filariasis di Dusun Tanjung Bayur Desa Sungai Asam Kecamatan Sungai Raya Kabupaten Pontianak. Anshari, Rudi; Suhartono, Suhartono; Setiani, Onny
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2004): OKTOBER 2004
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.3.2.54 - 60

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : Filariasis is a contagious disease that caused by Fillaria parasite and is flued by mosquito bite. Indonesia has 23 mosquito species such as Monsonia, Anopheles, Culex, Aedes, and Armigeres genus which are potential vectors of elephantiasis. 2,5 billion people at risk with elephantiasis cases in the world. Indonesia has 6.233 Fillariasis chronic cases, West Kalimantan has 156 chronic cases (MF Rate 4,5 %). In Tanjung Bayur Orchard was found 17 cases 13 chronic cases (MF Rate 17,8 %) and in 4 mortality case. Tanjung Bayur is a marsh area with field , ditch, water plant which can be prepared as growing vector place. The objective is to determine the risk factors that influence fillariasis in Tanjung Bayur orchard, Sungai Asam Village. Methods : this research used case control design or retrospective study with 13 cases and 27 control. Risk factor that include in this research were vector species, vector density, ditch, water plant, marsh, rice field, pool, underbrush, livestock cage, clothes hanging, temperature, dampness, lighting, existence of gauze at ventilation, wall construction, existence livestock in a home, habit to use curtain, habit to use remedy agains gnats, habit to stay out of  the house in the night. Research location has done at Tanjung Bayur Orchard on Sungai Asam Village, District of Sungai Raya. Data analysis use univariat technique, bivariat analysis with Chi-Square Test and multivariate analysis with Logistic Regression Test. Results: Research result, shows that existence ditch variable (OR = 8,0 ; 95 % CI = 1,5 -  43,4), existence water plant variable (OR = 4,6; 95 % Cl = 1,1 – 44,9) and habit to use curtain (OR = 0,04; 95 % Cl = 0,006 – 0,23) is meaningful for fillariasis infection. Conclusions : existence of water plant (OR = 4,6; 95 % Cl = 1,1 – 18,7), is risk factor that the most dominant for fillariasis infection. Suggestion, the regular illumination from health worker for people to give information about environmental and fillariasis dangerous.   Key word: Risk factor, fillariasis water plant, kinds Sungai asam village
Analisis Faktor Risiko Pencemaran Bahan Toksik Boraks Dan Pewarna Pada Makanan Jajanan Tradisional Yang Dijual Di Pasar-Pasar Kota Semarang Tahun 2006 Sugiyatmi, Sri; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Hanani D., Yusniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2006): APRIL 2006
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.5.1.29 - 38

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: The home industry of traditional food is potentially in community economic growth. However, on the other hand, it could bring on a health disorder caused by toxic material contamination such as borax and coloring agent. The aim this research is to find out risk factors that caused material toxic contamination borax and coloring agent of traditional food that be sold at traditional market in Semarang city. Methods: The research was classified as an observational research with a cross sectional approach. The  population were producer of traditional food at traditional market in Semarang City. The samples were 48 persons from eight markets. They were taken by cluster random sampling method from 47 markets in Semarang City. Data were taken based on a chemical analysis and interview method. Data analysis using cross tabulation (Chi-square test) and a multivariate analysis. Results: The bivariate analysis showed that there were significant association between the degree of education, knowledge, attitude, practice, and the toxic material borax and coloring agent contamination of traditional food that was sold at the traditional market in Semarang City. The multivariate analysis showed that OR of education (OR = 33; 95% CI 3.73-292.42), knowledge (OR = 20.7; 95% CI = 4.41 – 92.16), attitude (OR = 31; 95% CI = 6.84 – 140.46), and practice (OR = 68.2; 95% CI = 7.156 – 650.00) as  the risk factors of the toxic material borax and coloring agent contamination of traditional food that be sold at the traditional market of Semarang City. Conclusions: Education, knowledge, attitude, and practice are the risk factors of the toxic material borax and coloring agent contamination of traditional food that be sold at the traditional market of Semarang City. Keyword: risk factor; traditional food; additive material; borax; coloring agent.
Analisis Spasial dan Temporal Persebaran Kasus Baru TB Paru BTA (+) di Kabupaten Batang Siwiendrayanti, Arum; Sukendra, Dyah Mahendrasari; Arofah, Dwi
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 17, No 2 (2018): Oktober 2018
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.17.2.95-103

Abstract

Latar belakang: Case Notification Rate (CNR) Kabupaten Batang tahun 2013 sebesar 73,8/100.000 penduduk. Berdasarkan CNR-nya Kabupaten Batang masuk peringkat ke-9 dari 35 kabupaten/kota di Jawa Tengah. Selain itu, pada tahun 2012-2014 tren kasus baru TB paru BTA positif selalu menurun, kemudian meningkat tahun 2015, dan turun kembali di tahun 2016. Namun, tren tersebut tidak menggambarkan tren kasus baru di tiap kecamatan yang ada di Kabupaten Batang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran secara spasial dan temporal persebaran kasus baru Tb paru BTA positif ditinjau dari kepadatan penduduk, ketinggian wilayah, cakupan rumah sehat, dan cure rate tahun 2012-2016.Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analitik kuantitatif dengan studi ekologis menggunakan pendekatan spasial dan temporal. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah semua kasus baru TB paru BTA positif dari tahun 2012-2016. Hasil: Penyebaran kasus baru tidak menunjukkan pola khusus pada pemetaan berdasarkan ketinggian dan kepadatan penduduk. Sebagian penyebaran kasus baru menunjukkan pola penyebaran mengikuti pola cure rate, dan hampir seluruhnya mengikuti pola cakupan rumah sehat. Cure rate tinggi tidak diikuti oleh penurunan jumlah kasus baru pada wilayah dengan cakupan rumah sehat rendah.Simpulan: Persebaran kasus baru TB paru BTA positif dipengaruhi oleh faktor cakupan rumah sehat. Sedangkan faktor yang lainnya tidak mempengaruhi persebaran kasus baru Tb paru BTA positif di Kabupaten Batang Tahun 2012-2016. ABSTRACTTitle: Spatial and Temporal Analysis of AFB Smear-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis New Cases Distribution in Batang RegencyBackground: Case Notification Rate (CNR) of Batang Regency in 2013 is 73.8 / 100.000 population. Based on its CNR, Batang regency is ranked 9th of 35 regencies / cities in Central Java. In addition, in 2012-2014, the trend of new AFB smear-positive cases of pulmonary tuberculosis always decrease, then increase in 2015, and decrease again in 2016. However, the trend does not reflect the trend of new cases in each sub-district. The purpose of this research is to descript the spread of new cases of AFB smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis spatially and temporally in terms of population density, altitude, coverage of healthy house, and cure rate of 2012-2016.Method: The type of research used in this study is analytic quantitative with ecological studies using spatial and temporal approach. The samples in this study were all new cases of AFB smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in 2012-2016. Result: The distribution of new cases did not indicate a specific pattern on mapping based on altitude and population density. Some of the new case distributions showed the pattern of distribution following a cure rate pattern, and almost entirely following the pattern of healthy house coverage. High cure rates were not followed by a decrease in the number of new cases in areas with low coverage of healthy house.Conclusion: The distribution of new cases of AFB smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis is influenced by healthy house coverage factor. While other factors did not affect the distribution of new cases of AFB smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Batang Regency in 2012-2016

Page 1 of 26 | Total Record : 259