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Contact Name
Putu Wira Sanggara
Contact Email
sputuwira@gmail.com
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jitpi-faterna@unram.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung C lantai II Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Mataram, Jl. Majapahit 62 Mataram Lombok Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia (83125)
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Kota mataram,
Nusa tenggara barat
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI)
Published by Universitas Mataram
ISSN : 24606669     EISSN : 2656464     DOI : -
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI) adalah Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Mataram. Memuat naskah ilmiah dalam bidang ilmu dan teknologi peternakan yang meliputi genetika ternak, nutrisi ternak, fisiologi ternak, produksi ternak, sosial ekonomi peternakan, kebijakan pembangunan peternakan, kesehatan ternak, teknologi pengolahan hasil ternak, dan bioteknologi peternakan. Diterbitkan secara berkala 2 kali setahun (Juni dan Desember).
Articles 66 Documents
Model Penguatan Kelompok Tani Ternak Makmur Dalam Meningkatkan Usaha Tenak Sapi Perah Desa Tambak Kecamatan Mojosongo Kabupaten Boyolali Ulfa, Kamalia; Sugihardjo, Sugihardjo; Winarno, Joko
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 6 No 2 (2020): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v6i2.59

Abstract

Pengembangan usaha ternak sapi perah tentunya tidak terlepas dari peranan kelompok peternak dalam mengupayakan usaha ternaknya agar mendapat nilai tambah serta efisien dalam pengelolaannya. Upaya yang perlu dikembangkan dalam membina dan memantapkan kelompok peternak adalah memperkuat kelembagaan ekonomi petani peternak di pedesaan. Melalui kelompok peternak sapi diharapkan para peternak dapat saling berinteraksi, sehingga mempunyai dampak saling membutuhkan, saling meningkatkan, saling memperkuat, sehingga akan meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kemampuan dalam mengelola sistem usaha peternakan sapi perah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor internal dan eksternal serta potensi dan upaya Kelompok Tani Ternak Makmur dalam mengembangkan usaha ternak sapi perahnya sehingga dapat mengkonstruksikan model pengutan Kelompok. Penentuan lokasi penelitian dilakukan secara sengaja di KTT Makmur Boyolali. Penelitian ini mengunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif. Penentuan informan dilakukan dengan teknik proposive sampling dan analisis data menggunakan model analisis data interaktif miles dan huberman. Validitas data diperoleh dengan teknik triangulasi sumber data dan triangulasi metode. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian terdapat fakor internal dan faktor eksternal yang mendukung maupun menghambat keberjalanan kelompok. Potensi yang dimiliki kelompok adalah kelompok sudah sejak lama berjalan aktif sehingga anggota sudah terbiasa dengan kegiatan pemeliharaan sapi perah, cukup tersedianya pakan hijauan serta sudah adanya petugas peternakan. Adapun upaya yang dilakukan kelompok adalah pembenahan sarana prasarana, peningkatan kapasitas melalui pembinaan peternak, pemeriksaan kesehatan ternak, dan evaluasi kegiatan usaha ternak. Konstruksi model penguatan kelompok disusun berdasarkan potensi, harapan dan kebutuhan kelompok. Konstruksi model yang didapat yaitu melalui restuktur kelembagaan kelompok dan pengembangan usaha melalui pembibitan sapi perah.
Analisis Potensi Ternak Kambing di Kabupaten Lombok Barat Ciptayasa, I Nyoman; Hermansyah, Hermansyah; Yasin, Muhamad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.136 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v2i1.20

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the sub-district basis goat development in West Lombok Regency, West NusaTenggara Province; identify development strategies of goat; as well as identify potential goat as the leadingcommodity in West Lombok. The research method is a survey and analysis of secondary data. Data analysiswas using with Location Quotient (LQ), Shift Share Analysis, Overlay Analysis and SWOT Analysis. Theresults showed by LQ analysis, there are four districts which are the basis of goats in West Lombok District isSekotong, Lembar, Gunungsari and Batu Layar. Value analysis LQ goats in the district is above 1. Regionsare encouraged to be a coating region goat development in West Lombok is Labuapi and Kediri. District ofless advisable become basis for the development of goat is Gerung, Kuripan, Narmada and District Lingsar.Based on the results of SWOT analysis, goat farming in West Lombok district tend to experience slowergrowth from year to year.
Analisis Efisiensi Reproduksi Domba Ekor Gemuk Di Kabupaten Lombok Timur Ashari, Muhamad; Suhardiani, Rr. Agustien; Andriati, Rina
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.048 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v3i1.32

Abstract

This research was conducted in the enclave of livestock production Fat-Tailed Sheep (DEG) in the district of East Lombok for the purposes to know the reproduction efficiency level of the DEG covering digits are Anestrus postpartum (APP), numbers service per conception (S/C), Service period (SP), days open (DO), Lambing Interval (LI) and body weight of the age at puberty. The location determination is done by purposive sampling based on the management system. Sampling livestock was done randomly as many as 30 DEG (15 tails at each location have been determined). Observations began from giving birth parent DEG until back pregnant. To determine differences in levels of reproductive efficiency of sheep tail fat at different management system the dates were analyzed using a t-test. The management system was a significant effect (P <0.05) to the reproductive efficiency of sheep tail fat. Parent DEG reared semi-intensively experiencing an estrus postpartum estrus, Days Open, and Lambing interval is longer than the parent DEG reared intensively.
Evaluasi Kecukupan Nutrisi Sapi Bali Dara Yang Dipelihara di BPT-HMT Serading Kabupaten Sumbawa Yanuarianto, Oscar; Hasan, Sofyan D; Amin, Muhammad; Dilaga, S. H.; Dahlanuddin, Dahlanuddin; Suhubdy, Suhubdy
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 7 No 1 (2021): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v7i1.87

Abstract

Penelitian berjudul Evaluasi Kecukupan Nutrisi sapi Bali dara yang dipelihara di BPT-HMT Serading Kabupaten Sumbawa ini telah dilaksanakan selama 3 bulan dari bulan April hingga Juni 2019 di BPT-HMT Serading. Penelitian menggunakan 10 ekor sapi dara dengan bobot badan rata-rata 146,86 ± 4,2 kg yang ditempatkan dalam sistem kandang kolektif yang dilengkapi bak pakan dan air minum. Pengambilan data untuk produksi hijauan menggunakan metode survey serta pengukuran dan pengamatan langsung dilapangan dengan menggunakan quadran dengan ukuran 1 m x 1 m. Penempatan quadran pada padang rumput dilakukan dengan cara acak sistematis sedangkan komposisi botani dilakukan, dengan metode pengukuran Summed Dominance Ratio (SDR) berdasarkan frekuensi (keseringan), berdasarkan density (kepadatan), berdasarkan area cover (penutupan tanah). Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian ini meliputi pengamatan sistem pemeliharaan, jumlah dan jenis pakan yang diberikan, Produksi hijauan dan komposisi botani di padang penggembalaan dan pertambahan bobot badan ternak. Data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini dianalisis secara deskriptif (Mean dan Standart Deviasi). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem pemeliharaan sapi dara bali yang dipelihara di HMT Serading adalah sistem semi intensif, pakan yang diberikan dalam kandang adalah rumput raja (50,6%), lamtoro (16,3%), jerami padi (22,6%), dan jerami jagung (10,5%). Pakan yang tersedia dipadang penggembalaan adalah rumput bintang, rumput para dan ilalang dan termasuk dalam komposisi botani padang penggembalaan yang kurang baik dengan kapasitas daya tampung 0,4 UT/Ha/Tahun.
Kandungan Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) dan Acid Detergent Fibre (ADF) Bahan Pakan Lokal Ternak Sapi yang Dipelihara pada Kandang Kelompok Sudirman, Sudirman; Suhubdy, Suhubdy; Hasan, Sofyan Damrah; Dilaga, Syamsul Hidayat; Karda, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.734 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v1i1.15

Abstract

A research had been conducted in order to determine the Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) of local forages given to 20 cattle raised in communal stalls/cages of “Batu Ngompal”, West Lombok Regency. Sampling was taken hierarchically. First, forage samples were collected from each feedbag containing 30-kg forages. Every bag was sampled 6-kg for determining their botanical composition. The total botanical sample bags were 120. The forage varieties identified from each bag were pooled and ranked to be 28 dominant kinds of forages. The second determination was conducted for analyzing the cell wall (ADF and NDF) contents from the total botanical composition of forages indentified. The results showed that the contents of NDF and ADF were 51.76 ± 15.18 % and 35.95 ± 10.38 %, respectively. The forages ADF contents were then converted to be energy in terms of net energy maintenance (NEm, Mcal/kg), net energy gain (NEg, Mcal/kg), and Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN, %) with the results of 0.59 Mcal/kg, 0.31 Mcal/kg, and 58.74 %, respectively.
Polimorfisme Protein Darah Ayam Kedu Jengger Merah dan Jengger Hitam di Satuan Kerja Non Ruminansia Temanggung Nugroho, Bagus Praditya Setyo; Sutopo, Sutopo; Kurnianto, Edy
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.123 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v2i1.27

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine the blood protein diversity first generation of Kedu chickens (G0)at Satuan Kerja Non Ruminansia Maron, Temanggung. The materials used in this study were each of 14 red andblack comb Kedu chickens. The methods of this study were observational and electrophoresis PAGE(Polyacrylamid Gel Electrophoresis). The observed parameters were loci of pre albumin (Palb), albumin (Alb),ceruloplasmin (Cp), transferrin (Tf), post transferrin (Ptf) and amylase-I (Amy-I). Gene structures were observedto characterize genetic diversity. Characterization of genetic diversity based on individual heterozygosity, meanheterozygosity and chi-square values for testing Hardy Weinberg equilibrium for each observed loci. The resultsshowed that red comb Kedu chickens had the highest gene frequencies of pre albumin, ceruloplasmin, transferrin,post transferrin and amylase-I those were 0,714; 0,714; 0,643; 0,643 and 0,536 respectively. The highestindividual heterozygosity of red comb Kedu chickens found in amylase-I (0,497) and also post transferrin (0,500),and amylase-I (0,500) for black comb Kedu chickens. The highest mean heterozygosity was found in black combKedu chickens (0,458). The chi-square calculation showed that the whole loci were at Hardy Weinbergequilibrium except pre albumin at red comb Kedu chickens.
Identifikasi Keragaman Genetik Gen Growth Hormon Receptor Dengan Enzim Restriksi Mbo Ii (Ghr|Mbo Ii) pada Sapi Bali Huda, Nurul; Sriasih, Made; Maskur, Maskur
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (404.407 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v1i1.7

Abstract

Growth Hormone Receptor (GHR) gene is a member of the super familycytokine/hematopoietin receptor. GHR plays a role in mediating the biological activity of growth hormone on target cells that lead to the affection of the nature ofgrowth in beef cattle carcasses and the nature of milk production in dairy cows. This study was designed to identify the genetic diversity of GHR genes exon 10 in Bali cattle. Genotype variation of gene candidates was identified using PCR-RFLP technique. The results showed that mutation at position of 755bp exon 10 of GHR gene as determined by Maskur (2012) can be identified using MBO II restriction enzymes at position of 125bp or at position of 282bp base nucleotidescaused by transition mutation of C/T and substitution of amino acid threonine to isoleucine.Genotype identification of GHR gene exon 10 resulted in three individual genotypes in Bali cattle population namely CC, TT and CT with frequency of 0.1931; 0.5455 and 0.2614respectively. The result of X² test and heterozygosity observationas well as heterozygosity expectation indicate that the genotypedistribution on Bali cattle population in this study were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium/ HWE). The value of GHR|MBO II gene Polymorphic Informative Content was 0.342051, might be used for genetic identifier, and was quite informative as gene identifier for linkage analysis in the population.
Analisis Tingkat Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Peternak Unggas Terhadap Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Flu Burung Effendi, Rusman; Dradjat, Adji Santoso; Sriasih, Made
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.527 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v2i1.21

Abstract

The aim of this research was to describe and to correlate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of thepoultry breeders in preventing Avian Influenza (AI). This research used face-to-face interview, cross sectionaldesign study with a questionnaire for 100 respondentsand data were analyzed with Rho Spearman. The resultshowed that 82% of respondents washed their hands with soap after handling poultry but only 5% ofrespondents used mask when contacting with poultry. Chickens were kept by respondents most. The cagelocation near to the house accounted for 71%, most of respondents cleaned the cage routinely but there were11% of respondents who did not keep their poultry into the cage. All respondents revealed that the poultrywere not vaccinated periodically. It was about 37.3% of respondents burned dead poultry, and 55.2% and 22.4% buried and throw away to the river respectively. They disagreed with stamping out accounted for 48% andonly 16% of respondents agreed to sell their unhealthy poultry. No respondents informed to the authority ofsub-village when suddent death of the chickens was found. Respondent’s knowledge, attitude and practicewere suffient in preventing Avian Influenza and there was significant correlation between knowledge, attitudeand practice (P<0,05).
Pengaruh Pemberian Kapsul Bawang Putih (Allium Sativum L.) Terhadap Kandungan Kolesterol, Trigliserida, HDL Dan LDL Darah Ayam Arab Haryani, Ni Ketut Dewi; Jaya, I Nyoman Sukartha; Binetra, Tjokorda Suwhendra
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.519 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v3i1.33

Abstract

The objective of this research was an evaluation of cholesterol total, triglyceride, HDL, and LDL concentration in blood of Arab chicken. Eighty (80) layer of Arab chicken were used to divided five treatment. Each treatment consisted of four replicates, so twenty experimental unit and each experimental unit consisted of four-layer Arab chicken. Doses of garlic capsules were 0 mg (control), 600 mg, 900 mg, 1200 mg, and 1500 mg. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance from CRD (Completely Randomized Design). When the difference exists among treatment, data obtained were further analyzed using Orthogonal Polynomial Contrast. The result of research showed that garlic (Allium sativum L.) capsules concentrations of blood Arab chicken, without significant effect on cholesterol total and LDL. 150 mg garlic capsules increased (P ≤ 0.01) 3.25 mg/dl HDL, and 33.0 mg/dl triglyceride concentrations of blood. Regression of HDL and triglyceride concentrations of blood was Y = 233.929 - 0.107 X, it means that increased 1 mg/dl HDL decreased 0.107 mg/dl triglyceride concentrations blood of Arab chicken.
Promosi Pertumbuhan Sapi Bali pada Penggemukan Pakan Kurung dengan Addisi Ionophore-Polyether Dalam Ransum Pribadi, Lalu Wira
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.335 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v1i1.13

Abstract

The optimum level of using Ionophore-polyether (Salinomycin) to promote Bali cattle growth has been investigated by treating dietary containing 0; 50; 100; and 150 mg Salinomycin to 40 heads of uniformly Bali cattle. Variables measured were feed consumption, growth rate, and fattening efficiency. Data were analysed by using Analysis of Variance and further test by using Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. The optimum level of using Ionophore-polyether (Salinomycin) was determined by a treatement showing the highest fattening efficiency values. Results of the experiment showed that adding Salinomycin in diet for male Bali cattle fattening promote 19,2% daily gain. Adding the Salinomycin in basal diet which consisted of 83,0% natural grasses and 13,0% rice bran, were “optimum” at the level of 100,0 mg/head/day on both growth rate and fattening efficiency of male Bali cattle.