cover
Contact Name
Hotimah
Contact Email
mhsj@unusa.ac.id
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
mhsj@unusa.ac.id
Editorial Address
-
Location
Unknown,
Unknown
INDONESIA
Medical and Health Science Journal
ISSN : 25497588     EISSN : 25497596     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Medical and Health Science (MHSJ) published peer-reviewed original articles research, case report or article review. This journal is published twice (February and August) by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 128 Documents
The Role Of Tea Tree Oil as A Skin Antimicrobial : A Literature Study Ardiana, Dian
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1921

Abstract

Background: Skin disease due to microorganism infection are still widely found in community. The infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasite. Tea tree oil often used as a herbal medicine in the treatment of skin diseases due to microorganisms. This literature study is conducted to review the role of tea tree oil as an antimicrobial in skin infections. Method: Fifteen indexed journals published from 2015 to 2020 about tea tree oil and skin infections, were included. From 15 journals, 9 journals discuss antibacterial activity of tea tree oil, 2 journals discuss antiviral activity, 9 journals discuss antifungal activity, and 1 journal discusses antiparasitic activity. All journals state that tea tree oil has an antimicrobial effect on microorganisms that cause skin infections. Result: From 9 journals, it was found that A. baumanni, P. aeruginosa, and C. acnes were the most sensitive bacteria to tea tree oil in terms of MIC and S. epidermidis was the most sensitive bacteria, seen from their inhibition zone. Eight journals state variations with significant differences in the activity of tea tree oil as an anti-fungal. Tea tree oil has stronger antibacterial activity than antifungal activity. It also has antiviral activity against HSV and antiparasitic on S. scabiei. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that tea tree oil has antimicrobial activity against microorganisms that cause skin disease, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasite.  
The Effect Of Giving Honey on The Process of Wound Healing in Burned Patients Pramesty, Intan
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1910

Abstract

Backgroud: Burns are one of the most dangerous injuries and the main cause of disability to death. Burns can be interpreted as one of the serious problems in society and are recorded to cause around 265,000 deaths each year. Honey can maintain the wound condition to keep it moist and in high viscosity to prevent infection. Method: This study was conducted to determine the effect of honey on the wound healing process in burn patients. This study uses a literature review method. The population in this study is a journal with a background in the health sector with 10 international journals on burns with the qualifications of 9 SCIMAGO indexed journals and 1 SINTA indexed journal published from 2015 to 2020. Results: Burns that treated in the form of pure honey can generate good results and heal in an average of 20 days. The healing process will be better, if the wound given a mixture of other ingredients which also have a low acidity such as garlic, chitosan and beeswax and olive oil. Honey has antimicrobial properties and a low pH level. The microbe most sensitive to honey is Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusion: The conclusion from this study, honey can be used as an alternative treatment for burns.
The Effect of High Dose Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) on Proinflammatory Cytokines in COVID-19 -, MD Ayu Mira Cyntia Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1884

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 is a new pandemic that has claimed many lives in many countries. This pandemic was caused by the SARSCoV2. Until now, there is no specific antiviral drug or vaccine against Covid-19 for potential therapy in humans. This virus can cause cytokine storms which can worsen symptoms in sufferers due to an imbalance between increased oxidant production and available antioxidants. Vitamin C is an important antioxidant that protects the body from various bad effects of free radicals. At high concentrations vitamin C plays an important role in immunomodulation. This study was conducted to determine the effect of high doses of vitamin C on levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in Covid-19. Method: This research type is literature study. The population in this study were journals about Covid-19, vitamin C, antioxidants and free radicals, inflammatory reactions due to viral infections with samples taken from indexed journals published from 2015 to 2020. There are also clinical trials of high doses of vitamin C against inflammation in Covid-19 from these journals. Results: The results of the study in a clinical trial conducted on 54 patients enrolled in 3 hospitals given a 1: 1 ratio for high-dose intravenous vitamin C (HDIVC) or placebo administration. The HDIVC group received 12 g of vitamin C / 50 ml every 12 hours for 7 days at a rate of 12 ml / hour, and the placebo group received bacteriostatic water for injection in the same way. HDIVC administration showed a reduction in inflammatory markers compared to placebo. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study shows that high doses of vitamin C play a role in reducing levels of proinflammatory cytokines.
Pre Clinic Grade and Clinic Periods Effect on Progress Test of UNISMA Medical Profession Students Ratri Dewi, Ariani
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1880

Abstract

Introduction: Pre clinic grade point is often seen as predictor of good performance in professional education whose short term goal is to pass national examination which command progress test to evaluate the preparation. Purpose: To know the effect of pre clinic grade point and clinical study periods in progress test result of medical profession students. Methods: 135 students of medical profession programme completed computer based progress test of 200 national standardized questions in 200 minutes using siPENA software. Progress test result then analysed based on how long they have been studied and their pre clinic grade point using ANOVA – Tukey HSD and Pearson correlation in SPSS for Windows ver 19 Results: Although students with pre clinic grade 2,50-2,74 have lower progress test result, but it’s not statistically significant (p>0,05). The same happen in clinic study periods with the longer the students in their clinical rotation, the better their result (p>0,05). The trends which showing better result in higher pre clinic grade point and time they spend in clinical rotation agrees with previous studies. Conclusion: Pre clinic grade point and clinic study periods has little to no effect on progress test result of medical profession students in UNISMA.
A Systematic Review: Comparison of triple drug therapy versus double drug therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis Yana, I Gusti Agung Ari Kusuma
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1878

Abstract

Background: Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic infection caused by nematodes such as filaria Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. These parasites can be transmitted through mosquito bites such as several species of mosquitoes, particularly Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, and Mansonia with geographical variations in the dominant vector identity. The main strategy used consists of community-wide mass drug administration (MDA) for the entire population at risk to stop disease transmission and prevent infectious morbidity. WHO recommends the use of annual medication in combination with the triple drug ivermectin therapy. Objective: To compare DEC and albendazole (IDA) versus the two drugs albendazole and diethycarbamazine or albendazole and ivermectin therapy. Methods: The literature search was carried out independently by the researcher using the Sciencedirect, Pubmed, and Cochrane online databases without limiting the type of study or the year of publication. The keywords used in this study were combined with the Boolean operator, namely "AND" namely ((((Lymphatic filariasis) AND (albendazole)) AND (diethylcarbamazine)) AND (ivermectin)) AND (compare). Results: Where triple drug therapy was significantly better in reducing and clearing microfilariae and worm nests in patients with lymphatic filariasis compared to two drug therapy alone. However, side effects occur more frequently in the combination of three therapies. The average side effects were low, such as headaches, joint pain, fatigue, and nausea. Conclusion: although it has relatively low side effects that occur in three drug combinations rather than two drug combination therapy, triple therapy combination therapy is more effective than two drug therapy in treating lymphatic filariasis disease.
The Effect of Tomate Juice On Trigliserida Levels Of Male White Rats Induced by Alloxan HANDAJANI, FITRI; Shihatta, Ibrahim
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1740

Abstract

Background: Tomato juice is believed to affect triglyceride levels in the blood because it contains lycopene. This study aims to determine the effect of tomato juice (Solanum lycopersicum) on blood triglyceride levels in the wistar strain of male Rattus norvegicus induced by alloxan. Methods: 24 were divided into 3 groups, (1) Group K (-) experimental animals without treatment, (2) Group K (+) experimental animals induced by alloxan 150 mg / kgBB, (3) Treatment group K (P) animals tried alloxan induced 150 mg / kg and got 1.75 ml / head of tomato juice. Results: There was a significant difference in mean triglyceride levels between groups K (-) and group K (+). This indicates that the induction of alloxan increases blood triglyceride levels. There were significant differences in the mean triglyceride levels between the K (+) and K (P) groups because tomato juice contained lycopene which could reduce triglyceride synthesis. Conclusions: Tomato juice (solanum lycopersicum) reduced wistar strain male Rattus novergicus triglyceride levels induced by alloxan.  
The Labor-Induced Pregnancy Cases In Dr Soetomo General Hospital: A Descriptive Study Firasy, Alfin
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1673

Abstract

Background: Labor induction is a procedure to stimulate uterine contractions during pregnancy before labor begins on its own to achieve a vaginal birth with medical or mechanical intervention to start the labor. This procedure aims to stimulate more extensive contraction in the uterus. The labor induction can reduce the caesarean rate. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and misoprostol are the commonest medicine used to ripen the cervix in the Dr. Soetomo Hospital. Objective: Our study aim to evaluate the success rate of induction of labor patient. Methods: This study was a descriptive study using the medical record in 2018 in the Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya. A total of 183 patient’s medical record data who underwent induced labor were used in this study. Inclusion criteria were the women with indication to deliver and have no cephalo-pelvic disproportion. Women with contraindication labor induction were excluded. Data was described using table and narrative approach. Results: The most range of gestational age was 21-36 weeks (53.01%) followed by 37-42 weeks (42.07%). There were 68 patients (37,1%) primigravida and 115 patients (62,8%) were multipara. The major induced labor was conducted with misoprostol (78.6%), and the most pelvic scores were 2 (58.46%) before underwent induced labor. Vertex delivery was the preferred mode of delivery after the induction of labor with 89 patients (48,62%). The labor induction failure followed with the caesarean operation were 27 patients (14,7%) and one patient (0,54%) with hysterotomy, most of them caused by failure to progress and fetal distress. There were 78 babies (43%) with the weight over 2500 g, 28 babies (31%) were over 2000 g, and the other was below 2000 g. A total of 84.71% with labor induction can be delivered vaginally, and It is a good number to reduce the rate of caesarean operations. Conclusion: This study concludes that misoprostol uses for the induction of labor than the other. Delivery abdominal is less percentage than the additional delivery finds that as a failure of induction of labor. The Labor induction success to delivered vaginally can reduce the rate of caesarean operation.
The Effect of Caulerpa Cylindracea Extract on Histopathology Depiction of Male Rattus Norvegicus Gaster Mucosa Induced by Indomethacin HANDAJANI, FITRI; Hidayatullah, Adya; Pranitasari, Nita
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2021): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v5i1.1671

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: A lot of food can repair gastric mucosal damage. For example, sea grapes or the Caulerpa cylindracea with its flavonoid content. Anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer effect can reduce gastric lesions due to ulcerogenic agents. Indomethacin is used to induce gastric ulcers in experimental animals. Based on this background, this study was conducted to analyze the effect of Caulerpa cylindracea extract, on the histopathological picture of gastric mucosal damage of Rattus norvegicus male rats.   Method: 32 male Rattus norvegicus rats were divided into 4 groups, (1) Group K(-), the untreated group, (2) Group K(+) induced by indomethacin 30mg/kgBB per head (3) Group P1 induced by indomethacin 30 mg/kgBB and Caulerpa cylindracea extract 1gr/100grBB per head, (4) Group P2, induced by indometacin 30mg/kgBB and 2gr/100grBB of Caulerpa cylindracea extract per head.   Result: There was a significant difference (p = 0.001) between the degree of gastric mucosal damage in group K(+) given only indomethacin and group P1 given Indomethacin and 1gr/100grBB Caulerpa cylindracea extract. There was a significant difference (p = 0.001) between group K(+) and group P2 that given Indomethacin and 2g/100grBB Caulerpa cylindracea extract. There was a significant difference (p = 0.004) between group P1 and group P2. Data revealed on group K(-) without any treatment did not obtain significant results (p = 0.060) with group P2.    Conclusion: Giving Caulerpa cylindracea extract with 1 gr/100grBB dose and 2gr/100grBB dose can repair mucosal damage in Rattus norvegicus male rats induced by indomethacin.   
COMPARISON THE SUCCESS RATE OF VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA REPAIR SURGICAL WITH TRANSVAGINAL AND TRANSABDOMINAL PROCEDURE : META ANALYSIS Pattinama, Norma; Hardianto, Gatut
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AUGUST
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v4i2.1663

Abstract

Objective: This paper aims to evaluate the success rate of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair surgery by transvaginal (TVAG) and transabdominal (TPA) procedure. Method: Literatures were searched on the online database, PUBMED and Google Scholar. All of the studies should be belonging on to inclusion criteria. The literatures had qualitative analyze by the authors and bias criteria based on Review Manager 5.3 application. It also had quantitative analyzed by the same application. Results: The literatures have 191 patients (transvaginal-n=107; transabdominal-n=84). The data was homogen (Chi2<df; P>0,05). The forest plot showed that TPA has a higher success rate than TVAG, still not statistically significant (test overall effect P>0,05; 95%CI was 0,59 to 5,30). Conclusion: Transabdominal procedure has a higher success rate.
PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AMONG COMMUNITY REMOTE AREAS IN SABAH: POPULATION-BASED STUDY Mior Nizam, Nor Ain; Noh, Malehah Mohd; Shamsuddin, Shamsul Bahari
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AUGUST
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v4i2.1669

Abstract

In this population-based study, we determined the prevalence of chronic kidney disease of community in remote areas of Ranau, Sabah to have accurate information for health-care planning. It also investigated the association of risk factors with the prevalence of CKD. A sample of 270 individuals, compared to the study of the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011, of the adult population (over 18 years old) undertaken in West Malaysia. We measured the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using this CKD-EPI equation. The total prevalence of chronic kidney disease in this group was 53%. An estimated 3.3% had stage 1 chronic kidney disease (eGFR >90 ml/min per 1.73m2), 32.6% had stage 2 (eGFR 60–89 ml/min per 1.73m2), 4.1% had stage 3 (eGFR 30–59 ml/min per 1.73m2), 7% had stage 4 (eGFR 15–29 ml/min per 1.73m2), and 6% had stage 5 chronic kidney disease (eGFR <15 ml/min per 1.73m2). Only 4% of respondents with chronic kidney disease were aware of their diagnosis. The significant risk factors included family history of kidney disease, alcohol consumption, smoking status, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. Thus, chronic kidney disease in East Malaysia is common and warrants early detection, and treatment to potentially improve outcomes can be implemented.

Page 1 of 13 | Total Record : 128