cover
Contact Name
Nurul Ilmi Idrus
Contact Email
nurulilmiidrus@yahoo.com
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
emik@umma.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Dr. Ratulangi No. 62 Maros, Sulawesi Selatan 90511
Location
Kab. maros,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
ISSN : 2654394X     EISSN : 26544261     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Social,
Jurnal EMIK berisi artikel-artikel ilmiah dalam bidang ilmu-ilmu sosial yang didasarkan pada hasil-hasil penelitian yang relevan, teori dan review buku.
Articles 24 Documents
Varian Bahasa dan Kohesi Sosial Tanasy, Novalia
Emik Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

In the current era of globalization, there are often different tendencies arise. This seems to be incompatible with the use of good and correct Indonesian language rules. In addition, strange words are usually included in between, but they are still understandable. While many studies tend to deal with language variant on its linguistics components, this study is focused on sociolect and how it affects social relationship. The study was conducted between 2015 and 2016 at Kedai Kita Makassar. Data was collected using survey of 63 members of KOSEMA,  followed by interview of 13 respondents through face to face interview, mobile phone interview, and social media (Blackberry Messenger, Facebook and Whatsapp) as well as observing their interaction and content of their conversation in the social media group owned by KOSEMA. The study indicates that the two most dominant language variants used and influencing the social cohesion are sociolect acrolect and sociolect vulgar, proven by the high percentage of acquisition results in each indicator of social cohesion, 98,38% (for acrolect) and 83,87% (for vulgar). Although sociolect acroletc and sociolect vulgar are mutually contradictory, they play a significant role in enhancing social cohesion among KOSEMA members as long as it is used in the right situation and with the right person. The use of sociolect acrolect is generally favored by all members of KOSEMA because it is considered polite and respectful for speakers and listeners, especially by female members. Even so, the presence of sociolect vulgar is always looked forward as an atmosphere warmer, especially among male members.
Seks Onlen, Media Sosial, dan Gender Hildawati, Hildawati
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Normatively sexual relations are carried out directly by a pair of different sexes. However, now sex can be done in various ways, including by using communication technology to be able to have sex without physical contact and long distance, which is known as online sex. The research setting is focused on social media in the form of online sex service provider accounts. Fifteen participants get involved in this study, who offered their online sex service. I combined in-depth interview and observation as my data collection techniques. The study shows that online sex is different based on the type of technology used and can be categorized into three types, namely VCS (video call sex), PS (phone sex), and CS (chat sex). While VSC online sex is carried out through feature video call, PS online sex is carried out through voice telephone conversations, and CS online sex is done through chatting on social media Instagram or Whatsapp. Online sex providers use Instagram accounts not only as a medium to promote online sex services, but also as a media to find prospective online sex customers. The objective orientation between female online sex providers and male online sex service providers shows differences based on gender. Making money is the primary objective of of female sex online providers, while for male service providers, seeking sexual satisfaction is their primary objective with a slogan "we are equally satisfied". But, some customers can have their services for free as long as they both agree, others ask to have video or nude photo from their customers. Online sex is carried out not only in the form of sighing, speaking vulgarly, looking naked (either half naked or full body), to masturbating. This can also be continued with non-online sex through booking out (BO), depending on the agreement between sex online provider and the customer or between sex online service providers. It is argued in this article that social media has become a medium not only to run one?s business, but also to have online sex.
Etnografi Navigasi Bugis Karya Gene Ammarell Anwar, Anwar
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Nowdays, phenomenology as one of epistemologies in social science has contributed to the Anthropology. The phenomenological roots as a philosophy also enter and connected to the social science, especially in Anthropology. This journey was being started from Edmund Husserl to Alfred Schutz. Ethnoscience as part of the paradigms from phenomenology is a new identity in many Anthropological research. There are so many ethnographical researches which has using this perspective, but not many people who wants to focus and specific to explain the epistemology from that research. This article intends to fill that empty, in order to ethnographical research is not only we read and analyze as a practical reasons, but philosophical idea. This contribution has a big impact for Anthropology?s design in the future. Methodological research from this article based on literature study not fieldwork as a usual (like observation and interview). Etnografi Navigasi Bugis by Gene Ammarell becomes an example to study about the epistemology from ethnographical research. This ethnography is proven to be a phenomenological research and containing some assumptions that Bugis? fisherman in Balabaloang has local knowledge about ocean navigation. What Gene Ammarell doing can attain a knowledge and consciousness (collective) about fisherman?s navigation in Balabaloang. Therefore, he also called as phenomenologist.
“Ini Bukan Lelucon” Sakinah, Sakinah
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Technological advances have an impact on the spread of values that influence people's perspectives and attitudes towards something, including the standarization of an ideal body. Thi ideal standard then shape one's self perception in the eyes of others and when the ideal standard is not met, it may cause body shame. Nowadays, physical appearance that is considered not ideal is also often used as a joke or ridicule, known as body shaming. Although by way of joking, body shaming can be categorized as an act of bullying since it is considered as verbal and non-verbal violence. This article will discuss self body image in connection with one?s self acceptance, the forms of body shaming, the impact of body shaming, and how one deals with body shaming. The study was conducted through social media, namely Instagram. It involved eleven informants who had experienced body shaming. The data collection techniques are carried out through interviews and observations. The study indicates that body image is associated with body proportion, skin colour, condition of face skin, tooth and hair shape. When one?s body is not met social standard, the participants tend to face body shaming which can be through bad words (i.e. looks like Mrs. Puff, thin as a board, etc.), actions (i.e. cynical attitude, broken up by boyfriend, difficult to get a job, etc.). This impacted on one?s self confidence and a sense of insecurity, their effort to do anything to meet social expectation, including gaining/loosing weight, accepting themselves as the way they are, thinking positively, and getting away from people who often do body shaming. It is argued in this article that one?s physical performance can be socially controlled depending on one?s self acceptance.
Ruang Representasi Kampung Turis Riadi, Slamet
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Yogyakarta has become one of the main tourism destinies in Indonesia. There are so many policies which are being correlated to the development area. Tourism development in Yogyakarta has made some problems, especially about socio-economy aspect. Some of discourses to counter this conditionare arising in public space by some narrations like Jogja istimewa ketimpangannya, Jogja Ora Didol, Jogja Asat, and #GerakanMembunuhJogja. From historical point of view, Prawirotaman was a batik?s production area in 1960-1970s. Now, Prawirotaman has become one of tourism area in Yogyakarta. This study aims to understand how socio-economic transformations and how spatial production influences social relations in Prawirotaman. The study was conducted in Prawirotaman in Mei 2018. Data was collected using in-depth interview, observation, and maps spatial analysis. The participants in this studt consit of entrepreneurs (hotel, travel, and batik celup) and informal workers (tricycle driver, parking attendans, bus driver, online driver, and stall seller) in Prawirotaman. The research finding indicates: Firstly, some local people with their legacy and the new comer with their social relations can adapt with spatial transformation in Prawirotaman, then the others who are not have some legacy or social relations got enclosure from this development. Secondly, tourism expansion in Prawirotaman caused two types of inequality; social and uneven development.Two types of inequality in Prawirotaman come from spaces of representation as a kampung turis.In social side, local people in Prawirotaman had been enclosure to acces some jobs in hotels, because of there are many people sold their land to the new comer. Then, from uneven development side correlated to develop some infrastructures like road and lamp, where are only on tourism area in Prawirotaman. Thirdly, the spaces of representation make Prawirotaman become an abstract space, because has been to following capital and tourism industrial logic.
Potensi dan Kendala Kelembagaan dalam Pelaksanaan Program Penanggulangan HIV-AIDS di Kota Makassar Riskiyani, Shanti
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

HIV-AIDS program in Indonesia until now cannot be separated from global health initiatives carried out through various program and funding schemes. Although the financing of these global initiatives tends to decline over the years, funding for HIV-AIDS program still depends on bilateral and multilateral grants. This article examines institutional potency and constraints in the implementation of the HIV-AIDS prevention program in Makassar. Data was collected using in depth-interviews with five stakeholders and also a focus group discussion with twelve participants represented their institution as service providers and some beneficiaries. The study shows that the process of drafting local regulation (Perda) also involved NGOs and community organizations, particularly those engaged in the issue of HIV-AIDS in South Sulawesi. However, the existence of this regulation needs to be supported by technical policies at the regional level. Provincial AIDS Commission as a non-structural institution had poor power to encourage other instition under provincial government. Central government and donors still the main funding for the program. A financing support from local government is more on prevention activities. Furthermore, in some non-health institutions, they ?wrap-up? HIV-AIDS issues with other activities that connected to their core business. According to their main task and function, HIV issues is not part of their business, so financial support for this activity should not be shown on their program. Several primary health cares in Makassar already had a service for HIV-AIDS program. Public health services were a routine program for health institution, while non-health institutions only involved in prevention activities and is only implemented occasionally as a part of national health ceremony. Other activities for HIV-AIDS program is implemented by NGOs through outreach program and community support. Meanwhile, the program still lacks of well-trained and skillful human resources since most of related training is held by central government, and this creates regional dependence on the central government. The strength of personalization in HIV program in Makassar is a leverage for the success of the program. Those who care about people living with HIV, will had a maximum effort in their job. However, this can be a ?double-edged knife? if the those person is no longer working on a HIV program.
Fanwar Lastriani, Lastriani
Emik Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

At present, the use of social media tends to be an inseparable need from humans. In addition to getting daily news, social media also provides information about artists/idols. People who are looking for information about their idols are fans who are generally teenagers, including Indonesian teenagers. There are several idols who are idolized by Indonesian teenagers, including idols from South Korea. This article deals with war between K-Pop idol?s fans in cyber space. The study was conducted through social media, namely Instagram and Twitter that not only fans, but also their idol use Instagram and Twitter as their media of interaction. Therefore, fanwar is also carried out in both social media. Eleven participants get involved in this study. They are Indonesian teenagers who use both social media, consisting of five fans and six who have participated in and/or have carried out fanwar through social media. Data was collected using observation in social media and in-depth interview. The study indicates that fanwar is generally caused by the number of idol voting in the competition, the number of idol?s sold performance tickets, rating of drama, style between idols, and dating style between idols. Fans can be an individual and can also be a group of fans (fandom). But membership can be more than one fandom (multi-fandom). When a fanwar takes place, a person or fandom must choose on which side he/she is taking. However, if someone has more than one fandom (multi-fandom), then usually he/she experiences a dilemma to whom he/she is taking part in fanwar. Therefore, they are usually being passive in fanwar to secure themselves from any of their fandom, Fanwar itself has impacted on the lives of idol fans, both online and in the real world, and both positively and negatively. Positive impact includes relieving stress, getting new friends with fellow fandom (in different cities and/or countries), and feeling satisfaction when defending their idols. Fans who defend their idols are desperately considered by the same fandom members as "true fans". However, fanwar also has negative impacts, namely disrupting the school (due to staying up late to "fight" on social media), wasting their time, having no benefits, and behaving and talking rudely, so they are shunned by friends in the real world. It is argued that the participation of fans in the fanwar reflects their authenticity towards their idols, but fanwar is also a reflection of idol himself/herself. Releasing in the fanwar indicates fans weakness and their idol does not deserve to be idolized.
Hijrah Yunus, Andi Hikmawati
Emik Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

In Indonesia, the word hijrah today is no longer identified with the movement of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medinah, the meaning of hijrah is nowadays increasingly widespread, including human spiritual transformation. Although there are a number of literatures on the meaning of hijrah and its transformation that follow, this study focuses on how students  interpret hijrah and how and why they transform themselves.  This studi was conducted at Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Using phenomenological approach, I combined in-depth interview and observation as my data collection methods. Fourteen students participated in this study, consisting of seven women and men respectively who are actively involved in religious studies and/or da?wah (proselytizing) organization. The studi shows that hijrah for students is interpreted in terms of transforming in terms of physical appearance through styles of dress and ways of behaving, as well as efforts to increase religious knowledge. If the style of dress is the main indicator of the physical appearance of women who are hijrah, then for men, growing beard and wearinf shorter pants are related to individual preferences. Therefore, for women, changes in behavior are closely related to changes in appearance, while for men changes in behavior are interwoven with efforts to increase religious knowledge through various media (such as religious studies, preaching, etc.). This indicates that this meaning does not stand alone, there are interrelationships, but they are differed by gender. Three underlying reasons why someone spiritually transform him/herself, namely romance experience, the influence of  family environment, the influence of social environment, the influence of campus environment with its specific rules on student organizations.
Medan Identitas Seniman Kontemporer Faisal, Muh.
Emik Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Ideological differentiation in the field of art in the city of Makassar is about the search for identity in contemporary culture. In this region, there are many turbulent art discourses that try to present art identities in line with changes at the cultural level. One of its ideological domains is the discourse of modern art and the postmodern art discourse that is displayed through the process of creation and presentation patterns of art. The ideological knowledge of artists is closely related to the knowledge and symbolic abilities that they create through art. Upheaval between artists was also shown through economic conditions that influenced the orientation of the creation of works of art. While the identity of artists is classified based on 1). Individual art identity as a characteristic from birth or formed based on life history, 2). Group art identity in recognition of group ideas, and 3). National art identity as a binding cultural identity. Furthermore, the characteristics of contemporary art in Makassar are marked by the development of industries and art institutions that are presented based on the process of disseminating values ??(diffusion). In responding to changes in contemporary art; hence there is repetition and differentiation in presenting cultural-industrial-based artistic identities. These concepts are practiced based on the differentiation of artists in presenting discourse on contemporary art in Makassar as part of an aesthetic regime. Art upheaval is also displayed through art presentation events (exhibitions) which can not be separated from the discourse system, ideological ideas, and visual experiences between artists. In the presentation of art (exhibition), industrial power also influences how the artwork is treated and discourse in accordance with cultural events faced by humans; as displayed at the Makassar Biennale exhibition in 2015 and in 2017. At the biennial vulnerability, repitition and differentiation of art can be read and evaluated. That the extent of representation of the artwork is culturally constructed.   Keywords: Artist identity, repetition, differentiation, and contemporary art.
Ha'i Bou Ibrahim, Nur Laila; Idrus, Nurul Ilmi
Emik Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Emik : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Maros

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Abstract

Filariasis, which is locally termed as ha?i bou, is one of the potential infectious disease found in the tropical areas. The existing literatures disputes the problem of elephantiasis from a medical perspective, while rarely (if any) the debate about how filariasis is perceived locally (emic perspective) and this is related to how they seek, care for, prevent and treat it. This article fills this gap. This ethnographic study was conducted in Maukaro Subdistrict, Ende, NTT since the area is filariasis endemic with 60% of cases of filariasis sufferers found in some villages. There sixteen informants who participated in this study, consisting of eleven filariasis sufferers, the rest were Puskesmas and Dinas Kesehatan staf, a community leader, and a family member of filariasis sufferer. Data was collected using in-depth interview to explore the local knowledge of the community about filariasis, its etiology, the symptoms and characteristics of filariasis, and how they respond; while observations were made to see how the daily lives of the Maukaro people, especially those who suffer from filariasis, their interactions and the conditions of their surrounding environment. The study indicates that filariasis is socially understood as a curse from God and ancestors (embu mamo nitu pa'i) for intentionally killing animals during the process of searching for food in the forest or in the fields. Filariasis is locally divided into two characteristics, namely ha'i bou fai (female elephantiasis disease) and ha'i bou aki (male elephantiasis disease). Despite the fact that the characteristics of the disease differ by gender, this difference is more associated with whether or not the disease is chronic rather than differences based on gender, and how they deal with it is also genderless. Ha?i bou can be experienced by anyone regardless of gender. While ha?i bou aki is relatively curable as long as it is adequately treated with good self care, ha'i bou fai has so far non curable yet. However, ha'i bou aki can be increased to ha?i bou fai depending on how the patient maintains and takes care of his/her personal hygiene. The Maukaro people believe that the cause of the disease consists of two, namely rangka atas (relating to God / Du'a ngga'e and air / angi) and rangka bawah (related to land, water and environmental conditions). In relation to ha?i bou, the latter is more dominant than the former, and it is believed that the land, water, and environment each have positive and negative characteristics. Not maintaining the environment is likened to "inviting disease".

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