cover
Contact Name
Dr. Herdis Herdiansyah
Contact Email
editor_ajce@ui.ac.id
Phone
+628562053791
Journal Mail Official
editor_ajce@ui.ac.id
Editorial Address
Administration, Azhar Firdaus ILRC Building, Mezzanine Fl. Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
Location
Kota depok,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 25809563     EISSN : 25810030     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement focuses on community engagement program to advance theories, research and practices related to all forms of outreach and engagement in South East Asia (ASEAN) Countries and also strengthens the collaboration between the developed and developing countries around the world especially in Asia. The word of "ASEAN" refers to people from the South East Asia area, regardless of where they live. Community engagement means services to society, applying science and technology based on their field, increasing the capacity of society and community empowerment. The journal draws on existing issues from those varieties of field. This includes highlighting innovation of community empowerment, and reporting on engaged research, community-based research, action research, and community services, as well as improving the knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community engagement.
Articles 51 Documents
FOREWORD FROM HANDLING EDITOR – 6TH EDITION Dwiranti, Astari
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019)
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We are delighted to present the 6th edition of AJCE, published in December 2019. We have selected eight of the best articles for this edition, consisted of five Research Articles, one Review Article, and two Case-Based Articles. These articles presented the valuable and interesting information with the broad ranges covering three sub-themes, i.e. education (parenting, urban community housing, assessment training, revolution 4.0-related teaching method, climate change), Economy (entrepreneurship capacity building), and Health (smartphone application for quality assurance). We want to express our thanks to the reviewers who gave inputs and contributions to improve the quality of the articles. Our greatest thanks are also due to Azhar Firdaus for helping us with the publication process and to the Research and Innovation Management Office Universitas Indonesia (KPPRI UI) for providing a journal development grant, mini-symposium supports, and proofread assistance through Enago. Finally, we hope that readers enjoy the articles that we present in this edition.
LIFE SKILLS PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH IN THE AFTERMATH MOUNT MERAPI ERUPTION, YOGYAKARTA-INDONESIA Kaligis, Fransiska; SW, Noorhana; Diatri, Hervita; Dharmono, Suryo
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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The ability of adolescents to cope with stressful life events has notbeen well developed. Facing stressfulsituations might trigger them to engage in many dangerous and self-destructivebehaviors. Life skills program in improving mental health of adolescents has been proven in many countries, as it has in Indonesia. In post-disaster situation, there is rarelyany community program which focuses on adolescent mental health. Life skillsprogram is a psychological intervention to teach adolescents to improve theirskill to cope with stress, develop self-esteem, deal with peer pressure, thinkcritically, communicate appropriately and act assertively. Teachers and localhealth professionals who have already been trained about life skills programapply this program in adolescents experiencing a stressful event, a naturaldisaster from the eruption of Mount Merapi in Yogyakarta-Indonesia. This studyattempts to apply and evaluate the effectiveness of the program for adolescentswho had survived a natural disaster in Yogyakarta-Indonesia. Three-weeks lifeskills training was conducted in 2012 on 40 junior and senior high schoolstudents, post Mount Merapi eruption in Yogyakarta and Magelang. Subjects wereassessed for their self-image using Rosenberg self-image questionnaire, andtheir emotional-behavioral problems and mental strength using Strength andDifficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), before and after the training. SPSS was usedfor the statistical analysis. The average age of the subjects was 14.48 +1.21 years old. There were significant differences on the self-esteem andmental strength aspects of the subjects before and after intervention. Score onlow self-esteem was improved (p=0.005), negative self perception also becamebetter (p<0.001), and prosocial behavior was increased (p=0.001). There werealso decreasing difficulties and emotional-behavioral problem score afterintervention, and other aspects of self-esteem such as instability andself-consciousness. Life skills training has several positive effects inimproving mental strength and self-image and decreasing emotional andbehavioral problems of adolescents post-disaster.
PEOPLE EMPOWERMENT: AN APPROACH TOWARDS INDIGENOUS EARLY CHILD-HOOD CURRICULUM Villaluz, RSCJ, Geraldine D.
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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This paper is aimed at presenting an implemented community engagementof the University of San Carlos School of Education with the communities ofAgusan del Sur, Philipines, in closepartnership with the Justice Peace andIntegrity of Creation-IDC, (JPIC-IDC) Incorporated of Agusan del Sur as aresponse to a felt need in the early childhood education program of theprovince. In 2004, JPIC pooled together concerted resources from provincial andlocal government units, non-government organization and academe to create anddevelop a culture-based curriculum guide for early childhood education that isappropriate and responsive to the needs of indigenous groups in Agusan del Sur,Southern Philippines. To address these needs, an ethnographic community engagement framework was utilized andinitiated by JPIC-IDC team and the University Of San Carlos School OfEducation. The community engagement framework facilitated the partnership ofAgusan del Sur government leaders, a non-government organization in Germany,community cultural masters, Day Care Teachers and the University of San CarlosSchool of Education to create a developmentally appropriate and culture-basedcurriculum for Day Care with a supporting handbook for mother-teachers in earlychildhood education. As a result of this framework, children drop-out decreasedfrom 80% to 10% while parent-community involvement increased from 30% to 90% in2009 (JPIC-IDC, 2007). Ongoing teachertrainings and community orientations on the culture-based curriculum have beenextended to 42 additional communities in 2012-2018 from 35 communities in 2007upon request from the provincial governor. Two editions of a culture-basedhandbook have been published and a third edition is currently prepared forDistrict 2 communities with guided participation by Day Care teachers as co-authors.This community engagement framework, initiated by the Justice Peace andIntegrity of Creation of Agusan del Sur Philippines involving all stakeholdersfrom the provincial leaders to the recipients of early childhood education,serves as a model to community extension service programs (CES) of schools anduniversities as well as to curriculum practitioners and administrators. Threeprinciples involved in this particular community engagement concretelydemonstrate that program sustainability is a product of partnership,sensitivity to culture and context and relevance to community’s need.
SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT ON COMMUNITY PARK REVITALIZATION Dewi, Ova Candra; Shanti, Lathiyfah Purnama; Atmoko, Teguh Utomo; Napitupulu, Andry Andreas; Anggraeni, Meri
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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Nowadays the green open spaces are becoming more difficult to find,especially in urban areas. Malls and other physical buildings tend to dominatepublic options for recreation. Thispaper describes the community engagement program in developing community parkin Bogor Regency that has been done within July-December 2016, which wasinitiated by American Red Cross in Indonesia. Implemented together withIndonesian Red Cross and Universitas Indonesia, the program highlighted thenecessity of community park revitalization as nature-based infrastructure thatalso functioned as refugee point when disaster occurs. The “Charrette” was usedas the method to collect information from the community and to make surebottom-up approach was applied. This way, the community park can be revitalizedbased on the needs of thecommunity. This paper accesses the process of green open spaces revitalizationin the 4 selected locations in Bogor Regency. It observes the sustainabilitypotentials based on the preconditions in each locations. In general, theprocesses show that community engagement in terms of enthusiasm, willingness tocontribute voluntary and financial capital highly influence the sustainabilityof the green open space. Based on the assessment, one of the four green openspaces hold the highest sustainability potential.
THE REVIVAL OF SANG HYANG DEDARI DANCE: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH TO SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN BALI Putri, LG. Saraswati
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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This research and community engagementinvestigates an ancient Balinese ritual known as Sang Hyang Dedari. Thedance is interrelated to an agricultural aspect of the traditional Balineseliving. As the Balinese struggle tomaintain their values from the constant threat of modernization andindustrialization, this dance reveals the powerful impact of creating anawareness of socio-ecological equilibrium. The effort made by the villagers ofGeriana Kauh, Karangasem, displays how local community rebuilds its environmentbased on their traditional ecological value. Analyzing Sang Hyang Dedaridance through phenomenological approach, thus, it can be discovered how theritual sustains the social relations. The bodies of the dancers are the centerof an elaborate nexus between people, nature and god. To understand how thedualism of sacred and profane bodies, this research utilizes the body theory byMaurice Merleau-Ponty. The importance of phenomenology as a theory relates tothe understanding on how the ritual works as an event in its totality.Understanding the unity between the presence of the divine, nature and human.The output of this research and community engagement is a museum built incooperation between University of Indonesia with the villagers of Geriana Kauh,Karangasem. As the performance and knowledge about Sang Hyang Dedari appearedto be scarce, this museum is a form of collaboration to retrace the history ofSang Hyang Dedari ritual, in an attempt to conserve the ancient knowledge.
WHAT DRIVE STUDENTS TO BEHAVE MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TOWARDS WASTE? Halimatussadiah, Alin; Muhammad, Fikri; Indraswari, Kenny Devita
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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Students’ behaviortowards waste takes a crucial role to successful sustainable waste managementat school level. As many scholars mentioned, a proper waste management shouldnot only environmentally effective and economically efficient, but alsosocially acceptable. Therefore, it is important to know how to drive studentsto behave more environmental friendly. Using eco-friendly behavior survey forstudents as part of community engagement program titled “Creating Healthy, Fitand Productive Generation through Comprehensive Mental Revolution Model”, thispaper aims to identify factors that determine students’ eco-friendly behavior.This survey was administered to 797 students from three high schools in thecity of Bekasi, SMA N 1 Bekasi, SMA N 2 Bekasi and SMK Korpri. We divided threebroad characteristics in determining student’s eco-friendly behavior, namelyindividual characteristics, household characteristics and communitycharacteristics, as mentioned in various researches. The result shows that outof three broad characteristics, individual characteristics play significantrole in determining the level of student’s eco-friendly behavior. In terms ofindividual characteristics, knowledge about waste and school course playspositive and significant role in determining the level. For the study course,we conclude that students in the science course have a relatively higher eco-friendlybehavior level compared to social course or others. Female students are alsomore likely to have higher level of eco-friendly behavior rather than malestudents. Finally, daily expenditure significantly determines the level. On theother hand, we found that environmental concern and class rank do not havesignificant effect to student’s behavior. In addition, none of the householdand community characteristics variables were significant in determining thebehavior. This result emphasizes the importance of individual characteristicsimprovement, especially waste knowledge and environmental education, to drivestudents in dealing waste appropriately.
COMMUNITY ORGANIZING PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH (COPAR) IN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Malata-Silva, Janette H.
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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Using Community Organizing Participatory Action Research(COPAR) as the main framework for the multiple data-gathering methods utilizedin the study, the researcher addressed the following objectives: (1) to assessthe educational needs of the Lumad and peasant communities in light of theimplementation of Republic Act 10533, and (2) to developa curriculum that addresses the needs of the Lumad and peasant communitiesconsidering the learning competencies stipulated by RA 10533. Freire’s methodof education was maximized as participants in the research included men, women,and children who learned toassess their role in their community as agents of change with the goal ofachieving social transformation through education. Still adhering to Freire’smethod of education, the intended curriculum that was designed is simple andeasy to understand, integrative, and perceptive of the social realitiessurrounding the Lumads and other peasant learners. From the state-approvedcurriculum, the new alternative curriculum ensured the presence of lessons andactivities with a positive influence on all the aspects of a child’sdevelopment: physical, emotional, social, linguistic, aesthetic, and cognitivethrough the application of the outcomes-based education (OBE) framework. Curriculumdesign also utilized the Makabayan (nationalist), Makamasa (mass-oriented), andSiyentipiko (scientific) (MMS) orientation, which is based on rooted assessmentof the needs of the community learners. The integration of OBE with MMSframework is expected to result in transformative education that can producelifelong learners who will aspire to be part of national development whilepromoting their identity and the good of their communities. The researchprocess undertaken proved that community immersion provides an opportunity forself-reflexivity that can result in a more inclusive curriculum design. Lastly,it can be concluded that community organizing in education is a painstaking andendless process of collaborations, which, if purposeful and sustained, canpositively impact the communities.
EXPLORING THE MOTIVATION TOWARD AND PERCEIVED USEFULNESS OF A FINANCIAL EDUCATION: PROGRAM OFFERED TO LOW-INCOME WOMEN IN INDONESIA Hati, Sri Rahayu Hijrah; Wibowo, Sigit Sulistyo
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
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A previous study demonstrated that low-incomewomen tend to have lower financial literacy. This low level of financialliteracy affects the manner in which they manage their daily finances, as wellas their ability to save for long-term needs. Currently, the statistics show that financialliteracy in Indonesia is relatively low. Tosupport Indonesian government in improving financial literacy, especially among the mostmarginalized group – women of low income – Universitas Indonesia launched acommunity engagement initiative conducted in the form of financial literacytraining targeted at low-income women working as streetsweepers around the university. This study investigates the motivation toward andperceived usefulness of the financial education program to improve the financial literacy of low-income women working as street sweepers aroundUniversitas Indonesia. A mixed research method is applied in the study. The data were collected from in-depthinterviews and a mini survey conducted to 23 low-income female street sweepers who joined the 10weeks financial education program. Both quantitative and qualitative data wereanalyzed to produce a comprehensive descriptionof the participants’ perceptions and attitudes toward the financial literacyprogram. The study demonstrates that the majority of low-income women have lowmotivation toward financial literacy education, and they also have a negative perceptionof the usefulness of such program. Thus, it is very important that alleducators and trainers examine the characteristics of the trainees and assessthe relevancy of the education program before they design certain communityengagement program.
INEQUALITY IN EDUCATION: EXPERIENCE OF ERITICAL PEDAGOGY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT WITH ORANG SUNGAI IN PAITAN, SABAH Mohamad, Mohd. Suhamimi; Ali, Manisah Mohd.
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
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The level of literacy among rural communities is still relatively low in Malaysia even though the overall country’s literacy rate is considerably high. Literacy rates among indigenous people are lowest in remote community especially in Sabah and Sarawak. Reasons include low literacy of the parents and poor school attendance. Initiatives for the indigenous community like the Accelerated Literacy Program attempts to bring literacy to a similar level to that of their non-indigenous peers. This study aims to develop and implement a community engagement project through the Literacy Advocacy Program among Orang Sungai who dwells in remote area in Sabah. This is study adopted Community Participation Action Research. Data were gathered through community asset-mapping form on 187 community members and focus group discussion with the community teachers (n=6) . The findings of the asset mapping exercise showed that almost 40% of the Orang Sungai did not attend any formal education. A total of 66% of household heads have no formal occupation and mostly they were farmers. Reasons include they were unable to read, write or count. The findings also showed that there is a need for community literacy program so as to empower the community in the development of the nation. Therefore, the Literacy Advocacy Program was planned using a set of Literacy Advocacy Module. The module consist of 13 sub-modules which require a total of 42-hours of adult learning hours. This program which was conducted in the community hall was participated by 21 community members. The community teachers to carry out the program learning activities were appointed among local trained teachers. Upon completion of the program, participants underwent an oral assessment to measure the effectiveness of the program. The program has showed effective impacts in the adult learning process and the community at large. It has implications on extending similar format to other marginalised communities in Malaysia.
EFFORTS TO INCREASE CARICA DIENG SUPERIOR DRINK PRODUCTS THROUGH IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTION AND MARKETING SYSTEM TO ACHIEVE LOCAL ECONOMIC POTENTIAL Hakim, Inaki Maulida; Listiani, Wuri; Adiweno, Latu
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
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Dieng is a plateau in Central Java Province where most of the land is managed for agriculture. Peoples cultivate potato and holticultural plant as the main comodities. In addition, they also began to cultivate fruit crops, carica. The cultivation and utilization of carica is a form of Dieng plateau area erotion conservation. For the past few years, carica has begun to be processed by farmers into a variety of processed foods and drinks, such as jam, sweets, chips, and carica syrup. Our partners in the Community Engagement Grants program here is a collection of home industries in the field of carica drink which is then named as Carica Dieng Production House (CDPH). One of the problem that they are faced is about production system. In addition, this community experienced a loss of opportunity due to the media for marketing. This Community Engagement Program has a purpose on process improvement. Improvements are divided into several aspects, such as product innovation, manufacturing process improvement, financial planning and accounting, and marketing. Improvements in the waste disposal system are also made to benefit. The methodology that we used in this paper is divided into 3 main areas, which areas are pre-action phase, core phase, and monitoring and evaluations. The output of this activity is to make a good product in all process aspects. All of this can not be separated from the main goal in creating superior products that can compete in national and global markets.