cover
Contact Name
Barahima Abbas
Contact Email
b.abbas@unipa.ac.id
Phone
+6285244696549
Journal Mail Official
cassowary@journalpasca.unipa.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung Pascasarjana Lantai 1. Jalan Gunung Salju Amban, Manokwari, Papua Barat, Kode pos 98314, Indonesia
Location
Kab. manokwari,
Papua barat
INDONESIA
Cassowary
Published by Universitas Papua
ISSN : 26148900     EISSN : 26226545     DOI : 10.30862
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
Cassowary is a Scientific Journal of Management of Natural Resources and Environment, aims to disseminate research findings on environmental and natural resource management. The writings can be published in this journal can be shaped dissertations, theses, research reports, scientific papers and book reviews. Published every 2 (two) times a year, every April, and Augustus.
Articles 31 Documents
PENGARUH KEPADATAN KANDANG DAN PEMBATASAN RANSUM TERHADAP PERFORMANS PRODUKSI DAN TINGKAT CEKAMAN PADA AYAM BROILER Robinson, Paskalis; Mu?in, Muh. Affan; Warsono, Irba Unggul
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.132 KB) | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.32

Abstract

This study aims to determine the interaction between cage density with dietary restrictions on ration consumption, growth, feed conversion, carcass percentage, abdominal fat, heterophile-lymphocyte ratio and broiler chicken's Income Over Feed Cost. The research lasted for 2 months in the Cage of  Broiler Chicken Farm SMK Negeri I Nabire. The research material used was 135 DOC unsex Cobb strain (CP 707) with an average weight of 42.5 grams / head; commercial feed starter BR1 CP 511 B and finisher BR2 CP 512 B and 27 units of battery cages. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design factorial pattern (3 x 3). Factor I is enclosure density with 3 levels, namely K1 (3 animals / 0.5 m2), K2 (5 animals / 0.5 m2) and K3 (7 animals / 0.5 m2) and Factor II is restriction on ration with 3 levels namely R1 (100% according to ad libitum requirements), R2 (85%) and R3 (70%) given at 4-5 weeks of age. Each treatment combination was repeated 3 times to obtain 27 experimental unit units. The results showed there was no interaction between cage density factors with dietary limitation factors for all observational variables. But the cage density factor, significantly (P <0.05) shows that the denser the cage the lower the consumption of rations and the percentage of abdominal fat in broilers. Whereas the restriction factor of the ration, significantly (P <0.05) indicates that the higher the percentage of restriction ration the lower the ration consumed and the higher Income Over Feed Cost (the greater the business income of broiler chickens obtained) despite the indication of stress in broilers with a high average heterophyll-lymphocyte (H / L) ratio of  2.44.
PENGARUH SUHU RENDAMAN DAN MEDIA TUMBUH TERHADAP DAYA KECAMBAH BENIH DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA Yafur, Firna Novita; Rumetor, Sientje D.; Yoku, Onesimus
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.31

Abstract

Indigofera zollingeriana is one of legumes that contains high nutrient contents (crude protein: 29,16%±2,37%; fibres: 14,02±2,48%; Ca: 1,78-2,48%; P: 0,34-0,46% and protein digestibility: 82,3-86,3%).  The purpose of the study was to identify and analyse the effect of initial water heat treatment and different media on seed viability and plant growth of Indigofera zollingeriana. This study will be an useful basic information on how to cultivate Indigofera zollingeriana as one of forage feed in Papua Barat (West Papua). The result of the study could be used by the farmers. The design of the study was using complete randomize design with two factors: water heat treatment and different media.  Water heat treatments consist of two different temperatures: 70oC and 80oC, and growth media had three different media: 100%; 75% soil + 25% compos; 50% soil + 50% compos. Every treatment combination had three replicates so in total the study had 18 unit experiments.  Time of germination (days), seed viability (%), plant height (cm/week), number of leaves (per week), leaf length and width (cm/week), stem and leaf ratio, root length (cm/week), number of root nodules. The results showed that time of germination and seed viability indicated the best result by using water heat treatment at 70oC.  Combination of water heat treatment at 80oC and 100% of soil as growth media showed the highest plant growth, the most number and width of leaf of Indigofera zollingerian, while stem and leaf ratio and root length were high with combination of water heat treatment at 80oC and media with 50% soil and compos.  The greatest number of nodules were found in the plants with water heat treatment at 80oC and media with 75% soil + 25% compos.
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI PEMANFAATAN JENIS-JENIS POHON OLEH MASYARAKAT ETNIK KURI DI KABUPATEN TELUK WONDAMA Samberi, Simson; Moeljono, Soetjipto; Marwa, Jonni
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.30

Abstract

The Kuri ethnic group is one of the largest tribes in the Teluk Wondama Regency which is now a group minority even though in the past they had vast forests and well-organized levels of civilization. The local knowledge of the Kuri ethnic group which is passed on to the next generation does not hold well. This can be proven by the fact that there are many people who no longer use forest functions in their entirety. Utilization of Trees by the Kuri Ethnic Community in Teluk Wondama Regency was carried out in 3 villages of Wombu, Werianggi and Dusner. Wombu Village Naekere District has 75 types, Werianggi Village Nikiwar District has 62 types, Dusner Village Kuri Wamesa District has 45 types. There are 9 (nine) forms of utilization of trees by the Kuri ethnic community in the villages of Wombu, Werianggi and Dusner, namely: building materials / houses, home furnishings, food, medicine, magic, crafts and arts, economy, customs and hunting / transportation tools. The average use of most forms for the needs of tools / hunting 25.33 species of trees. The most used trees are; Matoa trees (pometia sp), Genemo (Gnetum gnemon), langsat (lansium domestucum) and Albisia (paraseriantes falcataria). Species similarity was determined using the Jaccard community similarity index, the results showed there were differences in tree species in the three villages, Wombu-Dusner 16.4%, Wombu-Werianggi 8.62%, Dusner-Werianggi 58.51%. The part of the tree that is utilized is the root, trunk, bark, sap, fruit and leaves. The part that is mostly utilized by the Kuri Ethnic in three locations is the trunk of 49 species of trees for Wombu village, 36 species in Werianggi village and 35 species in Dusner village. Community knowledge is grouped into two young generations (15-25) years and older generations (60 years and older) and research locations. The research data is cascaded with a tiered scale starting from ever heard of, never seen and never used. The results of the study show that never heard of 36.35 and have seen 40.83 in the moderate category, never used 29.36 in the small category. Knowledge difference between generations is done by U-test. The results showed that in Wombu village there were no differences in knowledge between young and old groups. In the villages of Werianggi and Dusner there are differences in knowledge between old and young age. Kuri ethnic local wisdom as a form of conservation in the form of religious values ??and social values, the existence of binding traditional rules such as sasi and places of pamali must be maintained and is a joint responsibility of both the government, NGOs and the community so that the availability of species that have economic value for the Kuri ethnic community is always available.
EVALUASI DAN RE-DISAIN TIPOLOGI RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU (KASUS DAERAH PERKOTAAN DI PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT) Rumiris, Marlina; Bawole, Roni; Pattiasina, Thomas
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.28

Abstract

In general, the presence of green open space as one element in the urban spatial is very weak and the potencial is reduced portion because they do not have a high economic value. One function of green open space is for micro-climate amelioration, making green open space as a lugs of the city for helping the formation of a cool and comfortable climate in the vicinity. This comfort is determined by the interdependence between the factors of air temperature, air humidity, light and wind movement. Vegetation can improve the quality of the local climate or reducing temperature named micro-climate amelioration function as well. This study aimed to evaluate and redesign the typology of green open space to create green resolution with conversion of carbon to compansate for changes in the landscape that occur as a result of ongoing development. The study was conducted in urban areas of West Papua Province with five cases were selected purposively. Refers to the Ministry of Public Work No. 5 of 2008 and some related references, the results of research (qualitative exploration research) showed that 3 of the 5 cases have not met the ideal typology of Green Open Spaces, while two other cases have met the ideal typology for ecological function, but remain in need of the final material. Redesigns of Green Open Spaces that has been generated from this study are expected to restore ecological functions with holding the ecologycal aspect as a priority matter to consider as well. Therefor those can be used by local goverments for planning repairs or improvements in the future.
KAJIAN PEMANFAATAN RUANG KAWASAN PESISIR STUDI KASUS KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN KUMUH KELURAHAN PADARNI KABUPATEN MANOKWARI Nugroho, Adityo Dwi
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.27

Abstract

Manokwari is a coastal city and the capital city of the Province which is considered as very strategic and growing city, making Manokwari more attract for jobs seeker. Many low- income people who migrate to Manokwari make densely populated and slum squatter settlements inevitable. Padarni Coastal Area is one of the urban areas with very poor environmental conditions, Irregular, disaster-prone settlements as well as basic facilities and infrastructure have not been realized properly so that the community cannot move and live properly. The results of the study were 6 causes of slum conditions: Socio-cultural Characteristics, level of urbanization, limited land, accessibility, facilities and infrastructure, and weak of government policies. With the concept of waterfront development, settlement arrangement activities are directed at the utilization of local potential, phasing improvement in the quality of settlements and sustainable slums prevention.
DAYA HASIL BEBERAPA VARIETAS KEDELAI UNGGUL NASIONAL DI DISTRIK MANOKWARI BARAT DAN SIDEY PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT Warbaal, Agustinus; Renwarin, Januarius; Mawikere, Nouke L.; Mustamu, Yohanis A.
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.25

Abstract

This study aims to examine the yield of 5 national superior soybean varieties in two different locations and select high yielding varieties to be developed in West Papua Province. This research was conducted for four months, which was located in 2 places namely West Manokwari and Sidey District in West Papua Province. The study used a Randomized Block Design with the treatment of 6 varieties (5 national varieties and 1 local variety), which were repeated 4 times so that 24 experimental units per location were obtained. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and if the treatment had a significant effect it was continued with the DMRT test at a 95% confidence level. The results showed that the varieties tested were highly significant for plant height, number of branches, total number of pods, number of empty pods, number of filled pods, weight of planting seeds, weight of seeds per plot, weight of corrected seeds, and weight of 100 dried seeds. The yield of 3 varieties suitable for development in West Papua Province are Rajabasa varieties 1.63 tons/ha, Burangrang 1.8 tons/ha, and Detam-2 2.35 tons/ha.
KAJIAN PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN PENCEGAHAN KEBAKARAN HUTAN DAN LAHAN DI PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT Tasurruni, Tasurruni; Nugroho, Bambang; Maturbong, Rudi A.
Cassowary Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i2.26

Abstract

West Papua Province with total burned area of 8.211 Ha covering 2.792 Ha of peatland and 5.429 Ha non-peatland area. The impact of these fires are a very thick smog for a few days. The event was supported by El Nino phenomenon, in some regions, there has been a decreasing of rainfall which causes a prolonged dry season (forest and land fire). The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) through the Center of Climate Change and Forest and Land Fire (BPPIKHL) for Maluku and Papua acting as Technical Implementation Unit (UPT) in the region, increasing the activities for forest and land fire prevention. Considering the 4 provinces work area with limited personnel, it is necessary to study the implementation of forest and land fire prevention activities. The study aims to examine the activities of forest and land fire prevention carried out by the Government, particularly BPPIKHL for Maluku and Papua in West Papua Province in relation to decreasing forest and land fires. In accordance to the studied problems, the approaching which used in this study is quantitative qualitative approach. The prioritized policy is the implementation of prevention in the site level.  BPPIKHL for Maluku and Papua has carried out the activities well and effectively directly to the site level through prevention activities, which decreas the hotspots.
STUDI ADSORPSI LIMBAH ORGANIK INDUSTRI TAHU TEMPE DENGAN KARBON AKTIF KAYU MERBAU [INTSIA BIJUGA (COLEBR) O. KUNTZE] Setyaningrum, Noor Endah; Santoso, Bimo Budi; Mangallo, Bertha
Cassowary Vol 2 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i1.24

Abstract

Study on adsorption of tofu and tempe industrial organic waste with timber wood [Intsia bijuga (Colebr) O. Kuntze] as the active carbon has been executed. The objective the research is to determine the optimum required consentration of HCl to active the coal of timber wood, discover optimum adsorption capacity of timber charcoal to reduce the level of BOD5 dan COD in fluids waste of tofu and tempe industry. Research method of activating timber wood charcoal is physically by heating 700oC of temperature and chemically by submersion in HCl 1M, 2M and 3M. First, variation is made of contact duration of timber wood active carbon and fluid waste for 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Then, volume of fluid waste is also differed by 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 ml per 0.5 gram of active carbon. Result of the research shows that optimum condition for adsorption of tofu and tempe industrial  fluid waste are as follow : at consentrate of HCl 3M, contact duration 30 minutes, fluid waste volume 250 ml per 0.5 gram of active carbon, optimum adsorption capacity of timber wood active carbon is achieved which lowering the level of BOD5 and COD of Rizky tofu and tempe industrial fluid waste; each by 60,600 mg/g and 12,500 mg/g. On the state where volume of the waste is 100 ml per 0.5 gram, optimum adsorption capacity of the timber wood active carbon in reducing the BOD5 and COD level of Sukamaju tofu and tempe industrial fluid waste is 82,400 mg/g and 164,200 mg/g each.
PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH BOTOL PLASTIK AIR MINERAL DI KOTA SORONG GUNA MENURUNKAN TINGKAT PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN Kambu, Julian Kelly; Martanto, Eko Agus; Lekitoo, Marlyn
Cassowary Vol 2 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i1.23

Abstract

Sorong is one of the most advanced and most populous cities in the province of West Papua, with a population of 2016 reaching 232,833 people and a population growth rate of 3.21 percent per year (BPS, 2016). As the most populous city, of course, the problem of waste becomes a significant threat, especially related to the increasing volume of waste production both from households and businesses and also the tendency to dispose of waste improperly that results in environmental pollution. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of environmental pollution due to plastic waste in the City of Sorong, then look further at the management of mineral water plastic bottles, and determine what factors influence the amount of plastic bottle waste in the City of Sorong. The analytical method used in this research is descriptive qualitative analysis. Based on the results of the study it can be seen that the waste management process is carried out by several parties, among others: carried out by the Government using an integrated management system, then by the community with an individual management system, and by the private sector through the Sorong Raya Garbage Bank. Factors that influence the amount of plastic bottle waste include: The level of community / business actors' knowledge about waste, their attitude about waste management, their behavior in managing waste, and the activities of government administrators such as studies on waste, socialization of facilities and regulations, and the adequacy of the APBD budget. and also external participation.
ANALISIS KAWASAN HUTAN DAN TUTUPAN HUTAN PADA TIGA DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI DI KABUPATEN MANOKWARI Arifin, Haerul; Heatubun, Charlie D.; Wahyudi, Wahyudi
Cassowary Vol 2 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.772 KB) | DOI: 10.30862/casssowary.cs.v2.i1.22

Abstract

Law number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry mandates to maintain the area of ??forest area and forest cover for each rivers at least 30% of the total area, with a proportional distribution. The purpose of this study was to determine the area and percentage of the area and forest cover in the three watersheds, Arui, Prafi, and Wosi, in Manokwari District, analyze the composition, distribution, and changes in the area and forest cover, and describe the factors that influence these changes. this uses descriptive methods with quantitative analysis techniques. Data collection and analysis is done spatially using ArcGIS / ArcMap 10.1 software. The research variables consisted of area and forest cover in the watershed, composition, distribution, and change in the area and forest cover, area of ??forest cover inside and outside the area expressed in hectares (ha) and percent (%), as well as factors that influence changes in the area and forest cover. The results showed that until 2016, the percentage of forest area to the total watershed for the two watersheds (Arui and Prafi) was still above 30%, while the Wosi watershed was only 14.79%, but the percentage of forest cover for the three watersheds was still above 30% The composition of the Arui and Prafi Watershed Forest Areas is dominated by Permanent Forests, whereas the Wosi Watershed is dominated by convertible Production Forests. In the Arui and Prafi watersheds, the distribution of the forest area is more concentrated in the upstream area and is dominated by primary forest, while the Wosi watershed is only in a portion of the upstream area with a predominance of secondary forest. During 2006 - 2016, the largest deforestation occurred in the Arui watershed (4.71% at a rate of 121.80 ha / year), conversely the highest forest degradation occurred in the Wosi watershed (39% at a rate of 5.31 ha / year). The dominant factor causing the change in the area in the three watersheds is thought to be a factor in partial change of forest area designation and Changes in Spatial Planning for the Provinces of West Papua and Manokwari in 2013-2033. Furthermore, population growth and land conversion to oil palm plantations, both by companies and communities, are the dominant factors causing deforestation.

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