cover
Contact Name
Christopher Ryalino
Contact Email
ryalino@unud.ac.id
Phone
+6282144224466
Journal Mail Official
ryalino@unud.ac.id
Editorial Address
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University Sanglah General Hospital Jl. Diponegoro, Denpasar 80114 Bali, Indonesia
Location
Kab. badung,
Bali
INDONESIA
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27222187     DOI : https/doi.org/10.36444/jccp
Core Subject : Health,
JCCP is an open-access, double-blind peer-reviewed journal aiming to communicate high-quality articles in the field of psychiatry. JCCP welcomes the submission of manuscripts devoted to psychiatry and its related topics from any country in the world. We accept original articles, review articles, case reports, and letters to the editor.
Articles 10 Documents
CORRELATION OF FAMILY EXPRESSED EMOTION AND FREQUENCY OF RELAPSE SCHIZOPHRENIA PATIENTS Aryanti, I Gusti Agung Ayu Putri Yuni; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (361.311 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/jccp.v1i2.15

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder in the psychiatric field, is chronic, and is characterized by recurring relapse. The causative factor that plays an important role is the expressed emotion (EE) of the family. The aim of this study was to determine the expressed emotion scores of families who treated schizophrenic patients at Sanglah Hospital.Methods: The study used a cross-sectional analytical method. Measurement of the EE of families using the Family Questionnaire (FQ). Data were analyzed descriptively and used the Spearman correlation test with a significance level of p <0.05.Results: The research participants were 61 families of schizophrenia patients treated at Sanglah Hospital, female (57.4%), and average age 45 years old. The results showed a correlation between the family?s expressed emotion score and the frequency of recurrence of schizophrenic patients in Sanglah Hospital, which was statistically significant (R=0.611, p <0.001). That value shows that the correlation between the family expressed emotion score and the frequency of relapse patients with schizophrenia at Sanglah Hospital has a strong categorical correlation.Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between the scores of family expressed emotion and the frequency of relapse in schizophrenia patients, where the expressed emotion of families is high, the frequency of relapse in schizophrenia patients will increase.
PERSONALITY TRAITS IN ONLINE GAME ADDICTION IN DENPASAR Wiguna, I Gusti Rai Putra; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Widiana, I Gde Raka
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.548 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/jccp.v1i2.14

Abstract

Background: One type of psychiatric disorder that is still controversial is online game addiction. A massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) has the highest prevalence of game addiction, especially in Asian countries. The goal of this study was to see the correlation between personality traits, openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism with the occurrence of online game addiction.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 248 adult online games players throughout Denpasar through proportional stratified random sampling randomization by searching for online game addiction status based on Indonesian Game Online Questionnaires? (IGOQ) and Five-Factor Personality Traits based on the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP NEO- PI).Results: The prevalence rate of online game addiction in online game center players in Denpasar obtained 27%, the majority are students, male, Hindu, Bali. On average, playing more than 35 hours a week and playing more than 12 hours in 1 session. From the analysis of personality traits, it was found that the traits of conscientiousness had a protective relationship between the occurrence of online game addiction with adjusted Odd Ratio was 0.895 (p <0.001).Conclusion: Personality traits tests focused on trait conscientiousness can be used as a screening for potential addictions.
GOOD FAMILY FUNCTION DECREASE INTERNET ADDICTION AND INCREASE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Sutrisna, I Putu Belly; Ardjana, I Gusti Ayu Endah; Supriyadi, Supriyadi; Setyawati, Lely
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.808 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/jccp.v1i2.13

Abstract

Background: A good The Internet gives excellent benefits for education. Uncontrolled internet use causes internet addiction may cause a poor outcome, such as academic failure. Family functions hypothetically correlate with internet addiction and academic performance in adolescents at school. The research aims to see the correlations among family function with internet addiction and academic performance in adolescents at senior high school.Method: Participants consisted of 305 adolescents from public senior high school students aged 14-18 years old. This research is using an analytical, cross-sectional method. The family function was assessed by the Family Assessment Device-Indonesian version (FAD-Ina). Internet addiction was assessed with Internet addiction Test Indonesian version (IAT-Ina). The student?s academic performance was obtained from the school report card at that time.Results: The result of this research shows that 76.4% of senior high school students have an internet addiction. The family function had a positive correlation and significant result with internet addiction (R=0.336, p <0.05). The family function had a negative correlation and significant result with academic performance (R=0.176, p <0.05). Internet addiction had a positive correlation and significant result with academic performance (R=0.128, p <0.05). Good family function in adolescents has four times decrease for internet addiction risk compared with bad family function (OR=4.290).Conclusion: This research shows that there was a 76.4% prevalence of internet addiction in adolescents at senior high school. A good family function can decrease internet addiction andincrease academic performance in the adolescent. Good family function decreased internet addiction risk four times.
RELATIONSHIP OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND DEPRESSION IN THE ELDERLY Suastika, Eka; Diniari, Ni Ketut Sri; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit; Ariani, Ni Ketut Putri; Wardani, Ida Aju Kusuma
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.885 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/jccp.v1i2.12

Abstract

Background: A good quality of life in the elderly must be maintained because good quality of life is an optimal condition for the elderly to live their daily lives. Depression in the elderly willhave a severe impact on physical, social life where it will reduce the quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the relationship of quality of life with depression in the elderly.Method: This study uses a cross-sectional method, conducted in May-June 2019, using WHOQOL-BREf, GDS, AMT, ADL.Results: A total of 195 elderly participated, average age 67 years, married 94.4 percent, mostly 45.1 percent did not go to school, ADL was found to be normal, there was moderate cognitive impairment as much as 13.3 percent, and depression 80 percent. There was a significant relationship between quality of life and depression (OR: 1.22; 95% IK 1.02-3.97), which means that elderly people with poor quality of life have a higher risk of depression.Conclusion: There is a significant negative correlation between the quality of life with depression, where the elderly with poor quality of life have a 1.22 times greater risk of depression.
THE CORRELATION OF CAREGIVING BURDEN WITH DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, AND STRESS AMONG CAREGIVERS OF PEOPLE WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA Suaryana, I Kadek; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (885.953 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/jccp.v1i2.11

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that requires collaborative approach from the health care provider, family, and the society in its management. Adequate support from the family of people with schizophrenia plays a significant role in their recovery. However, providing support to these patients might become a significant burden among caregiver that it might induce the occurrence of stress, mood changes, and anxiety. This research aimed to determine the correlation between caregiver burden and the mental problems that might be experienced by caregivers of people with schizophrenia.Patients and Methods: This qualitative research employed a cross-sectional analytic design. Samples were obtained consecutively in June and July 2018. The questionnaires used were the 22 item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and the 42 item Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42).Results: A number of 69 subjects participated. The caregiving burden demonstrated strong positive significantly correlations with problems including depression, anxiety, and stress (r=0,618, r=0,694, r=0,808, respectively ; all p<0.001). Conclusion: There is a relationship between caregiving burden and depression, anxiety, and stress on caregivers of people with schizophrenia (PWS) in Sanglah Hospital in Denpasar.
CORRELATION BETWEEN RELIGIOSITY AND ANXIETY LEVEL IN CAREGIVERS AT INTENSIVE CARE UNIT Yulianti, I Gusti Agung Ayu; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.243 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/v1i1.009

Abstract

Background: Patients admitted to the ICU are often in a state of uncertainty. This has an impact on the welfare of caregivers and other family members. This study aimed to determine the relationship between religiosity and the level of anxiety experienced by caregivers while accompanying patients in the ICU. Materials and Method: This study is a non-experimental observational cross-sectional study with analytic correlational design. The research sample was taken as many as 33 people as samples were carried out by consecutive sampling method. Results: Religiosity is negatively related to mild to moderate anxiety (R=-0.484, p >0.05). Religion is positively related to levels of moderate to severe anxiety (R=0.402, p=0.038). Conclusion: There is a negative relationship with the level of moderate strength between religiosity variables with mild to moderate levels of anxiety and there is a positive relationship between religiosity and moderate to very severe levels of anxiety in family caregiver ICU at Sanglah General Hospital in Denpasar.
CORRELATION BETWEEN PERIMENOPAUSAL SYNDROMES AND DEPRESSION IN NURSES AT SANGLAH GENERAL HOSPITAL Asih, Ni Wayan Dewi Putriny; Diniari, Ni Ketut Sri; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit; Wahyuni, Anak Ayu Sri
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.574 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/vii1.008

Abstract

Background: Perimenopause covers the period immediately before the menopause and the first year after the last menstrual period. In addition to the changes in the menstrual cycle, women in the perimenopause phase often report a number of perimenopausal complaints and depressive disorders. This study aims to determine the prevalence of perimenopausal complaints and depression experienced in nurses at Sanglah General Hospital. Methods: The study uses a cross-sectional analytical. The measurement of perimenopause complaints uses the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) questionnaire and the depression measurement uses the Beck Depression Inventory-II questionnaire (BDI-II). The data are analyzed descriptively, it uses the Fisher test and linear regression test with significance level p <0.05. Results: Nurses who have perimenopausal complaints are 62.7%. Besides, depression is experienced by 23.8% of nurses who have perimenopausal complaints. The complained somatic symptoms with a mild degree are 50% and moderate degree is 40%. While the urogenital sexual symptoms with a moderate degree are 60%, and mild and severe degrees are 20%. Conclusion: This study shows the relationship between perimenopausal complaints and the depression of the nurses in Sanglah General Hospital. Therefore, it is necessary to hold an early detection of depression prevention by screening perimenopausal complaints.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FAMILY FUNCTION AND CIGARETTE ADDICTION IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Parwatha, Nyoman Widhyalestari; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit; Westa, Wayan; Setyawati, Lely; Diniari, Ni Ketut Sri
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (724.009 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/v1i1.007

Abstract

Background: Cigarette addiction not only affects physical health but also individual mental development. The family function is thought to influence the occurrence of cigarette addiction in adolescents. This study aims to determine the association between family function and cigarette addiction in high school students in Denpasar.          Patients and Methods: The study participants were 138 high school students in Denpasar, aged 15-18 years. This study used an analytical cross-sectional method. Measurement of family functions using the Family Assessment Device (FAD) and cigarette addiction measured by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively and using the chi-square test with significance level p <0.05. Results: The results showed that high school students who smoked were 29.7%. Most high school students have a good family function (73.2%). There is an association between family function and cigarette addiction in high school students in Denpasar with OR 16.8 (95% CI 6.7-42.1; p <0.001). In this study, the most important dimension from the family function was the problem-solving dimension with OR 8.29 and 95% CI 3.4-20.30 (p <0.001). Conclusion: There is a positive association between family problem and cigarette addiction in high school students in Denpasar.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ANXIETY AND SLEEP QUALITY IN THE GENERAL SURGERY RESIDENTS OF UDAYANA UNIVERSITY Wardhana, Ida Bagus Gede Wisnu; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Aryani, Luh Nyoman Alit; Westa, Wayan; Ardjana, I Gusti Ayu Endah; Diniari, Ni Ketut Sri
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (481.281 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/v1i1.006

Abstract

Background: Sleep quality not only affects physical health but also on individual performance. Anxiety is thought to associate with poor sleep quality. This study aims to determine the association between anxiety and sleep quality in surgery residents of Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. Methods: The subjects of the study were 48 surgery residents of Faculty of Medicine of Udayana University. The study used a cross sectional analytical method. Measurement of anxiety using the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and sleep quality questionnaire using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Data were analyzed descriptively and used the chi square test with significance level p <0.05. Results: The results showed that 33.3% of surgery residents of Faculty of Medicine of Udayana University had anxiety and most had poor sleep quality (87.5%). There is an association between anxiety and sleep quality in surgery residents of Faculty of Medicine of Udayana University with PR 3.0 (95% CI 0,9-9,1; p <0.005). Conclusion: This study shows that there is a significant relationship between anxiety and sleep quality where surgery residents of Faculty of Medicine of Udayana University with anxiety 3 times at risk of developing poor sleep quality than those without anxiety. Therefore it is necessary to manage anxiety as well as the arrangement of night shift to improve sleep quality.
RELATIONSHIP OF ANXIETY WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEM IN MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH HIDAYATULLAH ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL STUDENTS, DENPASAR Udawiyah, Rabiatul; Lesmana, Cokorda Bagus Jaya; Setyawati, Lely
Journal of Clinical and Cultural Psychiatry Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Indoscholar Publication and the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.992 KB) | DOI: 10.36444/v1i1.004

Abstract

Background: Emotional and behavioral problem are persistent and recurring problem that observed in teenagers specifically students. Anxiety is the most common mental health problem found in Islamic boarding school students. This research aims to find out the relationship of anxiety with emotional and behavioral problem in Madrasah Tsanawiyah, Hidayatullah Islamic Boarding School Students, Denpasar. Patients and Methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional study with 89 students met inclusion and exclusion criteria. This research used the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to measure emotional and behavioral problems and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) to measure the student?s anxiety level. The correlation was analyzed by using Spearman?s correlation test. Results: Forty-five (50.8%) students experience abnormal emotional and behavioral problems with 30 (30%) the students mostly had moderate level anxiety. The correlation between the anxiety with emotional and behavioral problems had an R value of 0.366 (p<0.001). Conclusion: There was a moderate positive relationship between anxiety with emotional and behavioral problems in Madrasah Tsanawiyah Islamic boarding school Hidayatullah students.

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