cover
Contact Name
Theresia Evila Purwanti Sri Rahayu
Contact Email
theresiaevila05@gmail.com
Phone
+62282-533329
Journal Mail Official
jppl.ejournal@pnc.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jln. Dokter Soetomo No.1, Karangcengis Sidakaya Cilacap Jawa Tengah 53212Telepon: (0282) 533329
Location
Kab. cilacap,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL)
ISSN : 26866145     EISSN : 26866137     DOI : https://doi.org/10.35970/jppl
Core Subject : Social, Engineering,
a. Water pollution control b. Soil pollution control c. Air pollution control d. Liquid and solid waste control e. Bioprocess and biochemistry f. Biodiversity and bio monitoring g. Engineering design process h. Environmental chemistry i. Management of environmental pollution control
Articles 21 Documents
Pengelolaan Limbah Domestik Rumah Tangga Menjadi Biokomposter Mikroorganisme Dengan Metode Aerob-Anaerob Dini, Yessi Meridian; Zumroturida, Anis Aziza; Nurhalisa, Siti Sela; Saputra, Bagus Handi
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): JPPL,Maret 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i1.123

Abstract

Biocomposter is one form of household waste management by processing waste into compost. Composting is the process by which organic material decomposes biologically, especially by microbes that utilize organic material as an energy source. The composting process runs aerobically and anaerobically in certain environmental conditions called the decomposition process. The purpose of this study was to determine the processing of solid domestic waste using the Bio Composter method and determine the effectiveness of the use of the remaining kitchen activities in domestic (household) waste treatment. In this study, using two programs, aerobic and anaerobic. The composition of the anaerobic biocomposter (with air) uses a perforated cover which is a mixture of composter from ready-made fertilizer (placed at the bottom), then  then the banana skin that has been cut into small pieces first, after the banana peel is added to clay and finally put fertilizer ready-made composter. As for the composition of the aerobic biocomposter (without air), using a closed cover is first included composter fertilizer that is ready, then enter the banana skin that has been sliced into small pieces and placed neatly on the compost, then put the clay placed on top banana peels and finally put banana peels back on the clay. The results obtained are that the compost changes color to old brown, the temperature and pH are stable and the pungent aroma of waste has begun to diminish due to the appropriate composting process.
PENGARUH AMONIA DALAM LARUTAN TERHADAP KAPASITAS ADSORPSI UREA DENGAN KARBON BERPORI Prasetyo, Imam; Evila, Theresia; Ariyanto, Teguh
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 1, No 01 (2019): JPPL, September 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v1i01.47

Abstract

Urea is a primary nitrogen source for plant. Conventional urea fertilizer is made from reaction between ammonia and carbon dioxide. Wastewater of urea manufacture usually contains urea ammonia in a high concentration. They can be as high as 650-4000 ppm urea and 100 – 1300 ppm ammonia/m3 wastewater. High concentrated urea and ammonia disposal to environment may lead to eutrophication in aquatic ecosystem which cause adverse impact to aquatic organism. Therefore, treatment to take urea up from urea manufacture wastewater is of interest that give double benefits : reduce urea from wastewater to meet an environmentally safe condition and obtain a low cost urea fertilizer for plant. The purpose of this study is to determine urea adsorption capacity of porous carbon in aqueous solution contains ammonia. The porous carbon as adsorbent was made from coconut shell by pyrolisis. Oxidation treatment of carbon surface was performed using sulfuric acid (50%w) at 90oC temperature for 2 hours. The adsorption was conducted at room temperature with initial urea concentration in the range of 500-8000 ppm using urea-ammonia solution as simulation liquid. Results reveal that urea adsorption capacity increase significantly 41%.in urea-ammonia solution compare to urea solution, that is in the range of 27-444 mg/g carbon.
Karakter Organisme Biologis dalam Bioremediasi - Review Evitasari, Evitasari; Bintan Sukono, Geo Aghni; Hikmawan, Farhan Rahmatullah; Satriawan, Dodi
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 2 (2020): JPPL, September 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i2.350

Abstract

Heavy metals and organic pollutants are considered to be important environmental issues for human sanity. The pollution of soils and water trunk by organic pollutants and toxic metals has enhanced in current years due to industrialization, anthropogenic zeal, and intensive farming. The haphazard and indiscriminate removal of industrial waste and municipal waste to the aquatic environment has become the main global interest. One method to reckon with this pollution is the utilize of biological organisms. The technology or process of using biological organisms to destroy or reduce hazardous waste in an infected site is called bioremediation. Bioremediation is the best waste treatment method for controlling environmental pollution and restoring contaminated soil. The use of biological materials, combined with other advanced processes is one of the most hopeful and cheap oncomings to eliminate environmental pollutants. The bioremediation technique is a useful choice to degrade pollutants. This article gives the significant biological organisms apply in the bioremediation technique.
Dampak Pencemaran Mikroplastik di Ekosistem Laut terhadap Zooplankton : Review Mardiyana, Mardiyana; Kristiningsih, Ari
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): JPPL,Maret 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i1.147

Abstract

Microplastics pollution is one of the global problems. Plastic garbage entry in the ocean either intentionally or unintentionally and willbe degraded into microplastics. Microplastics size is small and float in water coloumn so make it easy to ingested by marine organisms,one of which is zooplankton. Zooplankton ingested microplastics and may impact upon zooplankton also the ecosystem. Microplastics can influence the fucundity, the feeding capacity, impact on digestion system, faecal pellet properties,and also provide accute and chronic effects on zooplankton. Impact on marine ecosystems allow microplastics transfers through food chain (trophic transfer) because of zooplankton have an important role in ecosystems. This review summarized the current knowledge about distribution and degradation of microplastics, ingestion of microplastics by zooplankton, the impact on zooplankton and also to the marine ecosystems. This study is important to provide basic information to researchers in marine resources management.
SILIKA BEBAS NATRIUM DARI LIMBAH SEKAM PADI SEBAGAI BAHAN DASAR PEMBUATAN MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE Yuliatun, Leny; Riyawati, Anissa; Nuryono, Nuryono
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 1, No 01 (2019): JPPL, September 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v1i01.38

Abstract

One of the basic ingredients of making White Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) was silica. The sources of silica was from white rice husk ash (RHA) and silica extracted from RHA. Silica could be extracted from natural ingredients in the form of rice husk ash. The purpose of this study were to extract silica from rice husk ash and purify the silica extracted by washing using distilled water to free sodium, so that it could be used as the basic ingredient in making MTA. Sodium was a hygroscopic metal that could cause the presence of pores in MTA material if applied to the teeth. The amount of washing volume varies to a certain volume which indicates that silica was free Na. Based on the results of the experiment it could be concluded that the washing of silica by stirring with distilled water would produce free Na silica by washing 450 mL. This wasnot proven at peak 2θ (30⁰), as well as proof of the presence of silanol and siloxane groups before and after washing with FTIR spectroscopy. In addition, the washing volume also affects the intensity of the –OH peak in wave numbers 1635,64 cm-1  the more volume used, the intensity of the –OH group increases, so that the water hydrated in silica also increases. Silica free Na would be used as the starting material for making MTA which was applied to teeth medicament or root canal treatment
Potensi Penerapan Konsep Ekologi Industri Untuk Mengatasi Limbah Peternakan Dan Pertanian Kelompok Tani Amrullah, Shafwan; Purwanti Sri Rahayu, Theresia Evila; Oktaviananda, Cyrilla
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 2 (2020): JPPL, September 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i2.293

Abstract

The agriculture and livestock sector is the biggest contributor to environmental damage. Where from the total national sources of greenhouse gases, the agricultural sector accounted for 13.6%. From this data, there needs to be an appropriate design to deal with this problem. One way is to apply the concept of industrial ecology as the best solution to deal with this problem. So that in this study quantitative calculations were carried out to determine the potential application of the concept of industrial ecology in the agriculture and animal husbandry sector in the Tojang Maju 3 Farmer Group located in Masbagik District, East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. The study was conducted with a quantitative calculation of waste generated by the livestock sector as well as farmer group questions, which then carried out the design process of the industrial ecological model. The results obtained the use of liquid organic fertilizer (POC) in the agricultural sector as much as 280.5 for rice, 37.4 for chilli farming, and 37.4 liters for cabbage farming and the rest as sources of economics. Whereas straw produced by rice farming (57,000 kg) is used as silage in the livestock sector with a demand of 4,957.2 kg. Rice straw is also used in the chilli agriculture sector as mulch with a requirement of 1,140 kg and the rest (50,903 kg) is used as raw material for the production of synthetic gas for energy sources of farmer groups. While the rest of the chilli and cabbage agricultural products are used as raw material for biogas with a mass of around 70,300 kg which is directly utilized by the groups. For cow as much as 5,355 kg is fed to the biogas digester as biogas for the consumption of farmer groups, with a gas potential of 535.5 m3.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN BANTUK BAHAN BAKU DAN SUHU GASIFIKASI AMPAS TEBU TERHADAP PRODUKSI HIDROGEN Amrullah, Shafwan; Evila, Theresia
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 1, No 01 (2019): JPPL, September 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v1i01.49

Abstract

The use of fossil fuel at this time is very disturbing the survival, especially related to environmental and economic impacts. While the needs of world anergy continue to increase. The increase reached 80% until 2040. To overcome this problem, scientists have developed gasification technology that can produce fuel as a substitute for fossil fuel. Gasification from biomass can produce synthetic gas that is more environmentally friendly and renewable. so the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different forms of raw material and temperature on hydrogen produced by the gasification process made  from sugarcane bagasse. This research was conducted through a process of gasification made from bagasse biomass  to produce synthetic gas that can replace fossil fuel. The type of reactor used is downdraft type reactor. This research was carried out by the gasification process using raw material in the form of sugarcane bagasse with diameters and lengths of 6 mm and 50 mm respectively and the others in the form of fibers . Gasification is also carried out with variations in temperature, namely 800, 950 and 1,050oC . After that, the synthetic gas produced is tested by Gas Chromatography on each variable so that the hydrogen content is known. The hydrogen produced is defined in the form of H2, CH4  products, and the value of hydrogen conversion efficiency. The results obtained showed an increase in H2, CH4, and hydrogen conversion efficiency with an increase in gasification temperature, both in the form of pellets and ash. As for the change in the form of raw materials from pellets to fibers, it causes a decrease in H2, CH4, and hydrogen conversion efficiency values. H2 compositions produced at temperatures of 800, 950, and 1050oC were 10.618, 12.080, 11.312% by volume and 3.025, 2.925, 3.150% by volume, respectively. CH4 composition for raw materials in the form of pellets and fibers at temperatures of 800, 950, and 1050oC were 1.040, 2.622, 2.867% by volume and 0.846, 0.856, 1.051% by volume, respectively. The value obtained is relatively very small compared to the results obtained in previous studies. The value of hydrogen conversion efficiency for raw materials in the form of pellets and fibers at 800, 950, and 1050oC are 1.62%, 3.45%, 3.91% and 1.89%, 1.92%, 2, 32%.
Mekanisme Fitoremediasi: Review Sukono, Geo Aghni Bintan; Hikmawan, Farhan Rahmatullah; Evitasari, Evitasari; Satriawan, Dodi
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 2 (2020): JPPL, September 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i2.360

Abstract

Increasing urbanization, overpopulation, and industrialization are amongst the major lead of environmental degradation and pollution. Severe metals like Pb, Zn, Cd, As, etc. are among the highly harmful pollutants which fair harmful effects on all existing things. Lead is a pollutant that interferes with the food chain and is deadly even at low sedimentation. The purification technique used to wipe contaminants from wastewater is not only very scarce but also leads to a negative effect on the ecosystem. Phytoremediation, an environmentally friendly technique that is both ecologically and economically impression, is an appealing alternative to influx methods which are very scarce. Phytoremediation is an in-situ remediation technique that uses the inherent capability of living crops. Phytoremediation uses crops to clean up contaminants in the environment. Crops can help cleanse many types of contaminants including metals, pesticides, detonators, and oils. There are three ways in which crops can sway the mass of pollution in soil, sediment, water, and air. The first is phytoextraction also called phytoaccumulas, which refers to the uptake and translocation of metal contaminants in the soil by plant roots to above-ground plant parts. The second rizofiltration is mainly used to improve extracted groundwater, surface water, and low-contaminant wastewater. And the third is phytovolatilization which involves using plants to take contaminants from the soil, visit them into easy forms and transfer them to the atmosphere.
Prototype Alat Olah Limbah Sistem Semi Batch Untuk Pengolahan Limbah Cair Laboratorium Kimia Bahri, Saipul; Astuti, Ade Yulia; Irawati, Ita; Wahyudi, Mohammad Ryan; Hakim, Dhau Aprilia; Saputri, Meta Aprilia
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): JPPL,Maret 2020
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v2i1.144

Abstract

Chemical laboratory liquid waste Environmental Pollution Control Techniques Cilacap State Polytechnic is liquid waste originating from practical or research activities of lecturers / students. Most of the waste contains organic and inorganic substances that are harmful to the environment. In the initial analysis the results of the wastewater content were in the form of lead Ë‚0.251 mg / L, Hardness 213.33 mg / L, TDS 4690 ppm, and pH 1.6. One parameter that needs to be addressed is TDS because dissolved solids can affect the O2 levels contained in the waters. In this research, a prototype of a waste processing tool was used to process the waste. In this research the method used is the process of coagulation, electrocoagulation and sedimentation in batch with a variation of residence time which affects the product. In addition, the filtration and adsorption process uses a continuous system, so that overall the tool uses a semi-batch system. In this study the chemicals used for processing were CaCO3 and citric acid. Then the adsorbent used is zeolite and activated charcoal as absorbent of dissolved solids. This waste treatment tool is considered quite effective in reducing TDS with a final result of 2950 ppm.
HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT CAMPURAN BIOMASSA DAN ANALISIS REGRESI MULTIVARIAT Oktaviananda, Cyrilla; Fadlilah, Ilma
Jurnal Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan (JPPL) Vol 1, No 01 (2019): JPPL, September 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (P3M)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/jppl.v1i01.39

Abstract

Energy needs in Indonesia always increase along with population growth and industrial growth. On the other hand, the abundant availability of biomass waste, especially teak sawdust and corn cobs, encouraged researchers to find the right technique for converting biomass waste to make the waste an alternative energy source. Hydrothermal Treatment is one of the techniques for thermal biomass conversion that can convert biomass into coal-like material called hydrochar. The biomass waste is in a heterogeneous or mixed state.The purpose of this study is to obtain the optimum composition of the biomass mixture to make solid fuels using the hydrothermal treatment method and to do a regression analysis to estimate heating value based on proximate analysis. The biomass waste used in this study was teak sawdust and corn cobs powder. The results from this study are the highest yield of hydrochar in the hydrothermal treatment process of teak sawdust which is equal to 68.1% and the highest calor value in the hydrothermal treatment of biomass with the same composition which is equal to 5402 cal / gram.  An equation to predict the value calor hydrochar is HHV = 0.837 (% AC) +0.152 (% VM) +0.389 (% FC) -0.022 (% WC) with an absolute error of 4.11% and a relative error of 0.28 %

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