cover
Contact Name
Muhammad Adam
Contact Email
adam@uniba-bpn.ac.id
Phone
+628125394573
Journal Mail Official
adam@uniba-bpn.ac.id
Editorial Address
Fakultas Sastra - Universitas Balikpapan Jl. Pupuk Raya, Kel. Damai Balikpapan 76114
Location
Kota balikpapan,
Kalimantan timur
INDONESIA
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Published by Universitas Balikpapan
ISSN : 2460464X     EISSN : 27233952     DOI : -
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature published by Faculty of Letters, Balikpapan University. It is published twice a year, namely March and September. It publishes papers in language and literature. The scopes of the topics include but not limited to (1) Literature; (2) Linguistics; (3) Applied Linguistics, and; (4) Cultural Studies. The papers will include research reports that bring the new insight of the existing theories, critical review of current theories, and literary review. For article submission guidelines, please refer to the last section of the journal.
Articles 41 Documents
THE EQUIVALENCE OF CULTURAL WORD TRANSLATION IN THE NOVEL CHILD OF ALL NATIONS BY MAX LANE Pitaloka, Yenna Artha; Adam, Muhammad; Prautomo, Adi
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Prologue : Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

This research explores the analysis of the type of translation procedures and the degree of meaning equivalence used in translating cultural words in the novel Semua Anak Bangsa by Pramoedya Ananta Toer into Child of All Nations by Max Lane. The objectives of this research are first, to find the types of translation procedures are used by a translator to translate cultural words in the novel Child of All Nations and second, to identify how cultural word translation to achieve the degree of meaning equivalence. The theory used is the translation procedures by Newmark and meaning equivalence by Bell. The methodology used is qualitative research in which the researcher presents the issues descriptively. As for data, they were collected from the cultural words in the dialogue and narration in the novel. After going through the analysis, the researcher concludes eleven translation procedures are used by the translator in this translation. There are transference, naturalization, cultural equivalent, functional equivalent, descriptive equivalent, through-translation, shifts or transpositions, synonymy, compensation, couplets, and notes-additions-glosses. The commonly procedure is cultural equivalent. The degrees of meaning equivalence are fully equivalent, partly equivalent, and different meaning. The commonly degree of meaning equivalence is fully equivalent.
THE USE OF CODE-SWITCHING TO SHOW EMPATHY IN BREAKOUT MUSIC PROGRAM ON NET TV Ombuh, Nia Nella; Adam, Muhammad; Panggabean, Waladdin
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Prologue : Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

This research aims to find the use of code-switching to show empathy. There are two objectives of this research; 1) to identify the types of code-switching used in Breakout Music Program on NET TV and 2) to describe how code-switching shows empathy in Breakout Music Program on NET TV. The theories used in this study are; the types of code-switching by Romaine to answer the research question number one, and the reason to do code-switching by Hoffman to answer the research question number two. Based on the result of this research, the researcher found that all types of code-switching proposed by Romaine are found in Breakout music program. Furthermore, all seven reasons in using code-switching are also found in Breakout music program, however the most dominant reason for doing code-switching is to show empathy and the least dominant reason is to quote somebody else.
PERSPEKTIF LAKI-LAKI JAWA TERHADAP PEREMPUAN DALAM CERPEN ANDE ANDE LUMUT KARYA RATNA INDRASWARI IBRAHIM DAN DONGENG ANDE-ANDE LUMUT KARYA TIRA IKRANEGARA (KAJIAN STRUKTUR NARATIF) janah, ulum
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 4 No. 1 (2018): Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

Tulisan ini berjudul Perspektif Laki-Laki Jawa terhadap Perempuan dalam Cerpen Ande Ande Lumut Karya Ratna Indraswari Ibrahim dan Dongeng Ande-Ande Lumut Karya Tira Ikranegara dengan menggunakan kajian struktur naratif. Struktur naratif dalam cerpen Ande-Ande Lumut karya Ratna Indraswari ibrahim dan dongeng Ande-Ande Lumut karya Tira Ikranegara memperlihatkan formula penceritaan cerita romantis yang berkisah sepasang kekasih saling mencintai dan dihadapkan pada masalah namun pada akhirnya mereka bersatu. Walaupun dengan plot yang berbeda antara cerpen dengan dongengnya, keseluruhan cerita mempunyai inti atau dasar cerita yang sama dengan melibatkan ketertarikan artistik dan kultur penciptaan cerita itu sendiri. Hal tersebut akan efektif bergantung kerangka kerja penerimaan imajinasi, pengalaman dan ketertarikan pembaca.Hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa sosok perempuan dari sudut pandang laki-laki Jawa yang sebagian besar mengharapkan bahwa ia harus dapat memahami makna ma telu, masak, macak, dan manak. Pandangan demikian, telah mengantarkan posisi “terhormat” di hadapan laki-laki, saat itu. Selain itu, perempuan diharapkan dapat menjaga baik buruk nama suami walaupun ada kepedihan di sana karena pada akhirnya ia akan mendapatkan hadiah terbaik akan kekuatan yang dimilikinya untuk menjadi perempuan yang dapat dihargai.
THE CORRELATION LANGUAGE AND GENDER AS WOMAN’S LANGUAGE IN THE MAIN CHARACTER IN THE CONFESSION OF A SHOPAHOLIC’S MOVIE Ramadhani, Rahma Putri; Hafsah, Siti; Prautomo, Adi
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Prologue : Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

This research studies about the correlation language and gender with the variety of woman’s language feature in the main character Rebecca Bloomwood in the Confession of Shopaholic movie. There are two objectives that become the purpose of this study; 1) To find the variety of woman’s language feature in the main character Rebecca Bloomwood in the Confession of Shopaholic movie and 2) To find the woman’s language correlate to gender in the main character in the Confession of Shopaholic movie. The theory used in this research is the Sociolinguistic approach by using the theory of Robin Lakoff about woman’s language features and women’s language correlate to gender. The methodology used in this study is qualitative research to explain the data, because the data are analyzed and described in the form of words and sentences. The data are taken from the conversations uttered by the main character as female character. The result of the research, the researcher finds ten variety of woman’s language such as precise color terms, avoiding using strong word, empty adjective, tag question, avoiding using strong word, lexical hedges, intensifier, emphatic stress, hypercorrect grammar, and super polite form. Regarding the reason by using the feature is most the feature of variety woman’s language has been found in the main character. Those features show woman’s correlations to gender that women tend to reflect uncertainty, and their lack of confidence in conversation. This research finds woman’s language is super polite than man, women’s talk more evaluative and emotional than man’s language.
THE PORTRAIT OF POLITICAL DISCRIMINATION AGAINST BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA IN 1960S AS REFLECTED IN THE NOVEL GO SET A WATCHMAN BY HARPER LEE Sari, Anggita Nindya; Hafsah, Siti; Wahyuni, Wahyuni
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Prologue : Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

There are objectives that become the purpose of this research: 1) to describe the factors cause the political discrimination against black people in America in 1960s as reflected in the novel Go Set A Watchman by Harper Lee and 2) to find the strategy of political discrimination against black people in America in 1960s portray in the novel Go Set A Watchman by Harper Lee. The theory used in this research is the Sociology of Literature and hegemony theory by Gramsci about dominance and direction/leadership and discrimination as supporting theory. The methodology employed is qualitative research which the researcher aims to study the the issue of political discrimination and the factors cause the political discrimination. In the process of collecting data, the researcher collected from primary and secondary data. The primary data is the story and relation issue in the novel which about the factors causing political discrimination and the strategy of political discrimination against black people in America in 1960s. The researcher concludes that the issue reflected in the novel, there are some factors causing the political discrimination against black people, they are dominance and direction/leadership which is the phase of hegemony. The strategy of political discrimination against black people are discrimination in accepting the equality as the opportunity in part of government agency, discrimination in sharing the responsibility of citizenship and discrimination of the rights to vote. Those discrimination has the purpose to limiting black people become the participant of board council.
WHAT’S IN A BILL GATES Adam, Muhammad
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

The case of proper name is unique. In one hand, a proper name canonly refer to a specific entity, in the other hand, it also subject tofigurative use. Bill Gates, the name of the Microsoft founder is oneexample of how proper noun are used not to refer to a singleindividual, but is extended to refer to specific properties whichpossesses by Bill Gates.. This research aims to identify the transferredproperties embedded in the use of proper names i.e, Bill Gatesfiguratively and the objective of using the name as metonymy. Theresearch is qualitative; the data are taken from Corpus ofContemporary American English (COCA), in order to achieve thirtydata, the amount of 422 data from COCA is examined. The resultshows, that from 30 metonymic use of Bill Gates, there are tenassociative properties assigned to the metonymic use of Bill Gates,which are a very famous person, the richest person, a very successfulentrepreneur (In Computer Technology), a successful drop-out college,philanthropist, a pioneer of particular field, a computer geek, anindividual with a brilliant ideas at the first stage of business, multipleproperties assigned, and a very successful person in his field. Key Words: Bill Gates, Metonymy, Proper Name, Corpus Linguistics,  
RESISTENSI TERHADAP PERAN GENDER MASYARAKAT ERA VICTORIA DALAM NOVEL PRIDE AND PREJUDICE KARYA JANE AUSTEN Wahyuni, Wahyuni
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research is to analyze the resistence to the role ofgender by Elizabeth in the novel Pride and Prejudice, a work of JaneAusten, having a general issu on the limitation of woman?s right.Elizabeth did not have right to choose a husband. She received apressure from her mother to have a rich husband no matter she lovedhim or not. In analyzing this novel, the author used De Witt?sopposition theory (1979) used to analyze woman?s resistence. Thetheory states that consensus have never been fully achieved in acommunity, and those who disagree someday will carry out anopposition performed overtly and secretly.From the discussion of this paper, the author concluded that theopposition performed by Elizabeth opposed the custom applied in thecommunity, and she insisted that woman also has the right to be freein selecting the choice of life, spouse, and determining attitude.Key words : Resistence, Gender Role, De Witt?s opposition theory
HUMAN EXPLOITATION AS SOCIAL INEQUALITY REFLECTED IN THE NOVEL OLIVER TWIST BY CHARLES DICKENS Prahastini, Adisty Indah; Hafsah, Siti; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Prologue : Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to explore the kinds of human exploitation and social inequality in the novel “Oliver Twist”. The objectives of this research are to find and to describe the forms of human exploitation in the novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens, and to find the connection between social inequality and human exploitation in the novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens. The theory used in this research is exploitation and social inequality based in Marxism theory by Karl Marx. The methodology is qualitative research in which the researcher used to present the issues descriptively. The data were collected from the narration and dialogue in the novel, the data were analyzed descriptively using the theory.After going through the analysis, the researcher concludes that the forms of human exploitation in the novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens are child exploitation which consist of doing anything as compulsory, fact manipulated, unequal treatment, unequal facility, cruel punishment also child trafficking, and the other one are women exploitation which consist of become a servant and prostitute. Whereas the connection between social inequality and exploitation is triggered by the class differences between the upper class dan the lower class.
STUDENTS DIFFICULTIES IN TRANSLATING CULTURE-SPECIFIC TERMS Jepri, Jepri
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol 3 No 1 (2017): Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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This research is the study of the difficulties faced by students of semester V faculty of Letters, Balikpapan University in translating a culture-specifictext from English to Indonesian Language. The research is qualitative; datacollecting is done by distributing the text contains American culture ofbaseball sports to translate and interviewing students to identify theirdifficulties. From the result, it is concluded that the difficulties faced bystudents in translating the texts is caused by their lack of understanding ofthe Source Language culture, in this case , the baseball sports, their poorknowledge of the sport itself and their low experience in reading adiscourse from the same context. It is recommended for translation subjectlecturer to provide students a broad knowledge of the cultural context ofsource language to help them improve their translation skills.
IDEOLOGY OF POWER BY THE NETHERLANDS TOWARDS INDIGENOUS TO THE NOVEL MAX HAVELAAR BY MULTATULI Lestari, Indri
Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature Vol 3 No 1 (2017): Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature
Publisher : Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan

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Implementation of the policy carried out by the Dutch to the indigenousshow that domination conducted by the Netherlands could instill theideology that run at the time of colonialism. This study seeks to examinethe ideology of the Dutch, especially associated with political andeconomic policies, and their effect on indigenous people that oppressed,appear in the novel Max Havelaar by Multatuli as a research object.Researcher uses the theory of hegemony by Antonio Gramsci to analyzehow the party that has domination possesses an internal control to thesubordinates. Through deeper analysis, it is found that there are varieties ofpolitical and economic policies that automatically give bad effect for theoppressed indigenous, both physically and psychologically. Key words: hegemony, domination, indigenous