cover
Contact Name
Sehat Ihsan Sadiqin
Contact Email
jsai@ar-raniry.ac.id
Phone
+6282165108654
Journal Mail Official
jsai@ar-raniry.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung Fakultas Ushuluddin Lantai I, Prodi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Ar-Raniry, Jln. Lingkar Kampus, Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh, Aceh 23111.Telp. (0651)7551295.
Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27226700     DOI : 10.22373
The focus and Scope of JSAI is to provide a scientific article of conceptual studies of sociology of religion, religious communities, multicultural societies, social changes in religious communities, and social relations between religious communities base on field research or literature studies with the sociology of religion perspective or sociology. Fokus dan Skope JSAI adalah artikel ilmiah tentang studi konseptual sosiologi agama, komunitas agama, masyarakat multikultural, perubahan sosial dalam komunitas agama, dan hubungan sosial antara komunitas agama berdasarkan penelitian lapangan atau studi literatur dengan perspektif sosiologi agama atau sosiologi.
Articles 12 Documents
Praktik Ritual Mopo’a Huta (Memberi Makan pada Tanah) pada Masyarakat Gorontalo di Desa Molamahu A. Hunowu, Momy; Badu Pakuna, Hatim
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.422

Abstract

The mopo’a huta ritual is a ritual practiced by Gorontalo people when the dry season arrives. By carrying out this ritual, people believe that rain will fall and fertility and prosperity will come. This ritual has been carried out since hundreds of years ago, but nowadays it has begun to be opposed by several groups. This study aims to find out how the practice of the mopo'a Huta ritual, how the public view of the mopo'a huta ritual using Geertz's perspective. The study used a qualitative approach with case studies, conducted interviews with the organizers, made observations during the procession, and explored the results of previous research. The study found that the mopo'a huta ritual in practice held a dance (dayango) accompanied by the wasps of towohu (drums) for several nights. At the peak of the ritual, offerings were made consisting of certain ingredients to be presented to supernatural beings as the rulers of nature. For this practice, there are 3 community groups 1) the abangan group, namely the traditional farmers who still hold the tradition, 2) the santri group, namely the educated community as a group of modern farmers, some of whom still believe and some do not believe because there is already technology that can solve problems, 3) priyai groups, namely village heads. In the past, the village head was the main supporter of the mopo'a huta ritual, while at present, the village head secures himself in the middle position. ABSTRAK Ritual mopo’a huta adalah ritual yang dipraktikkan masyarakat Gorontalo ketika musim kemarau tiba. Dengan melaksanakan ritual ini, masyarakat meyakini hujan akan turun serta kesuburan dan kemakmuran akan datang. Ritual ini dilaksanakan sejak ratusan tahun silam, namun dewasa ini mulai ditentang oleh beberapa kalangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana praktik ritual mopo’a Huta, bagaimana pandangan masyarakat tentang ritual mopo’a huta dengan menggunakan perspektif Geertz. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan studi kasus, melakukan wawancara dengan tokoh-tokoh penyelenggara, melakukan pengamatan selama prosesi itu dilaksanakan, serta menggali hasil-hasil penelitian terdahulu. Penelitian menemukan bahwa ritual mopo’a huta dalam praktiknya menggelar tarian (dayango) diiringi tabuhan towohu (gendang) selama beberapa malam. Pada puncak ritual digelar sesajian yang terdiri dari bahan-bahan tertentu untuk dipersembahkan kepada mahluk gaib sebagai penguasa alam. Terhadap praktik ini, terdapat 3 kelompok masyarakat 1) kelompok abangan, yaitu kalangan petani tradisional yang masih erat memegang tradisi, 2) kelompok santri, yaitu kalangan masyarakat terdidik sebagai kelompok petani modern, kalangan ini sebagian masih percaya dan sebagian lagi tidak percaya karena sudah ada teknologi yang dapat menyelseaikan masalah, 3) kelompok priyai, yaitu kepala desa. Pada masa lalu, kepala desa sebagai pendukung utama ritual mopo’a huta, sementara pada masa kini, kepala desa berada dipersimpangan.
Rateb Siribee: Spiritualitas dan Solidaritas Religius Masyarakat Pedesaan Aceh Nisma, Yuza
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.423

Abstract

During this time zikr Majelis is identical to the urban society that has individualist life as well as heavy life pressures. Zikr became a need to treat the spiritual crisis in an urban society. This is different from the rural society in Labuhan Haji which is the people majority work as farmers and fishermen but exists Majelis Zikr named Rateb Siribee. This study aims to discuss the background of Majelis Zikr, the procession, the reason for people to join in Zikr Majelis Rateb Siribee. The results of this research show that the Majelis Zikr Rateb Siribee exists based on the anxiety of Abuya Amran Wali related to a lack of public interest in religion. Currently, Majelis Zikr Rateb Siribee growing when the peoples feel its benefits both in terms of spiritual and in terms of solidarity. This is done with efforts such as holding Rateb Siribee every week, inviting people from other villages or districts. To hold Rateb Siribee on Islamic Day, in the House of Sorrow, the house between the congregation, the mosque to the Pesantren. Thus, Majelis Zikr increasing the value of the spiritual, the serenity of life, and the caring for others Abstrak Selama ini majelis zikir identik dengan masyarakat perkotaan yang memiliki kehidupan individualis serta tekanan hidup yang berat. Zikir sudah menjadi kebutuhan masyarakat untuk mengobati krisis kebatinan (spiritual) dalam hiruk pikuk perkotaan. Hal tersebut berbeda dengan masyarakat pedesaan di Labuhan haji yang mayoritas pekerjaan masyarakatnya petani dan nelayan, tetapi eksis sebuah majelis zikir yang diberi nama Rateb Siribee (Zikir Seribu). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui latar belakang kemunculan, prosesi zikir, penyebab ketertarikan masyarakat bergabung dalam Rateb Siribee. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa berdirinya Rateb Siribee di dasari pada kegelisahan Abuya Amran Wali terkait kurangnya minat masyarakat terhadap agama. Saat ini, Rateb Siribee diminati setelah jamaah merasakan manfaatnya baik dari segi spiritual maupun dari segi solidaritas. Hal tersebut dilakukan dengan upaya-upaya seperti mengadakan Rateb Siribee setiap minggu, mengundang jamaah antar Desa, Kecamatan dan Kabupaten, sering melakukan pengajian rutin di balai desa. Mengadakan Rateb Siribee di hari besar Islam, di rumah duka, rumah antar sesama jamaah, masjid hingga pesantren. Sehingga meningkatkan nilai kebatinan, ketenangan hidup, serta kepedulian terhadap sesama semakin terjalin kuat.
Kritik terhadap Konsep Ideologi Komunisme Karl Marx Rachmawati, Fadhillah
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.424

Abstract

This article aims to analyse the ideological theory of communism by referring to the history of the early period of thought of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. From a linguistic perspective, communism is a doctrine of liberating the proletariat to a classless society. In the following period, communism by Lenin, Stalin and Mao Zedong developed into a revolutionary movement and state leadership under the control of the communist party with individual cult theory. Communism has three basic concepts, namely: dialectics, historical materialism and classless. In conclusion, communism has historically evolved as a philosophy of life that emphasizes world materialism with its slogan ‘of each person according to ability, for each person as needed ‘and not just a political ideology that separates religious affairs from state affairs. So according to its nature, communism clearly denies the existence of the afterlife, even denying God in its applicative life. Therefore, the appropriate paradigm for criticizing this ideology is through a worldview approach, especially the Islamic worldview, because in this world is not only a material aspect but also a metaphysical aspect. By understanding that aspects of metaphysics, it can affect human social life, so they will better understand that God is who occupies the highest position in this nature.
Islam dan Budaya Masyarakat Gayo, Provinsi Aceh: Kajian Sejarah dan Sosial Arfiansyah
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.482

Abstract

This article argues that Gayonese community practice Islam through the culture and less concern with religious texts. Although the wave of islamization since the colonial time and post-independence was high, the process does not succeed in introducing what the local scholars called as Islamic tradition. Such situation forces the following ulama to defend culture by finding justification for every practice instead of abolishing it. There are two factors leading to the situation. First, ulama of colonial and post-colonial time did not succeed in finding what they called as Islamic tradition replacing the existing tradition. second, lacking of regeneration of reformer Ulama that drive the living reformer ulama to support culture by inserting Islamic values and norms into the culture. This effort is crucial as the Gayonese refers more to the culture than the religious texts. This Article historically studies the development of Islam in Gayonese community. It frames its historical analysis from the Dutch colonial period to post independence of Indonesia Republic. It generally observes the impact of islamization in the past to the current situation. This article brings back the fundamental question in socio-anthropological studies about Islam that why do Muslim who refer to same source of text understand and practice Islam in widely various expression. The question is applied to this research exploring the development of Islam in Gayonese community inhabiting Central Aceh and Bener Meriah District. Thus, this research questions how did Islam develop in colonial time and its impact to the local culture? did there a debate about religion and culture take place during the colonial time and post-independence of Indonesia? How does the past event affect the current practice of Islam in Gayonese community? the questions are explored historically by collecting relevant literatures and collective memory of the local people. The collective memory data were collected from 2015 to 2019
Relasi Pertukaran Sosial antara Masyarakat dan Partai Politik Liata, Nofal
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.483

Abstract

The study aims to discuss the social exchange relationship "symbiotic mutualism" mutual benefit between society and political parties. The author sees, the community's perspective saw political activity it is still perceived as something dirty, tends to apathy, not as a means of political struggle to make a profit. The purpose of this study is to uncover more conceptual facts of favorable relationships to two parties so that political activity is then a place of healthy and conducive struggle, which is not contrary to the rules of the law. The method of collecting data in this study is to use the primary data of political sociology core literacy, then to use secondary data on the relevance of social reality to strengthen primary data. This study of the symbiotic mutualism relationship is very beneficial to build the political awareness of the community and the elite of political parties to support development, whether it is the development of material and non-material, so that political activities become beneficial for all circles, not even in the left.
Interaksi Sosial antar Umat Beragama di Kecamatan Lut Tawar Aceh Tengah Indah Permata Sari
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.486

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the views of in Lut Tawar Subdistrict regarding religious life that occurs within society, especially the relationship between religious people. Also the supporting factors, barriers, social interactions between religious people. The authors use a qualitative approach with data collection techniques is observation, interview, and literature studies. This research concluded that the relationship between religious people in Lut Tawar Sub-district is well and that based on the absence of conflict that occurs among religious people. It is also supported by a tolerance perspective on other religions. The social conduciveness of the society base on the strong historical foundation behind the process of social interaction among religious people. Then, society also instilled the principle of respect and appreciated each individual who ultimately created social harmony. Besides, there is a role of religious figures that always keep the tolerance perspective between religious people intertwined. Abstrak Artikel ini mengkaji pandangan masyarakat Kecamatan Lut Tawar tentang kehidupan beragama yang berkembang dalam masyarakat, terutama hubungan antar umat beragama. Kemudian juga mengkaji faktor pendukung dan penghambat interaksi sosial antar umat beragama serta cara masyarakat merawat hubungan antar umat beragama. Penulis menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu: observasi, wawancara dan studi literatur. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa hubungan antar umat beragama di Kecamatan Lut Tawar belangsung dengan baik dan hal itu dibektikan dengan tidak adanya konflik yang terjadi antar umat beragama. Hal ini juga didukung dengan pandangan masyarakat terhadap agama lain yang toleran. Kondusifitas sosial masyarakat tersebut berlangsung akibat kuatnya fondasi sejarah yang melatar belakangi proses interaksi sosial antar umat beragama. Kemudian, masyarakat juga menanamkan prinsip hormat dan menghargai tiap individu yang pada akhirnya menciptakan keselarasan sosial. Di samping itu ada pula peran tokoh agama yang senantiasa menjaga supaya toleransi antar umat beragama terjalin
Agama Adam dan Peribadatan dalam Ajaran Samin Rosyid, Moh
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i2.500

Abstract

This article to description Adam religion and worship Samin community in Region Kudus Central Java. This research data was descriptive analysis a by interview, participatory observation, and literature review. Data collection was analysed using a qualitative descriptive approach. Data collection was observation and literature. Public research aim gets rid of stigma as a dissident, ateis, poor. By understanding about Samin realize tolerance. Result, word ‘Adam’ for Samin is prime god creatures. Religious Adam teachings semedi, pray, fasting, and manifested in life wisdom. A place of worship in home (sanggar pamujan), best time of worship at midnight time. Obedience and disobedience dependents personally. Adam religions by government is indigenous religions. The teachings by oral traditions. Basic problem fased Samin community is poor not be a farmer anymore especially young children, not united and disagree between Samin the impact of understanding the teachings said inherit need a middle ground between Samin the attempts to argue for government watch out for. Tujuan ditulisnya artikel ini untuk mendeskripsikan agama Adam dan peribadatan warga Samin di Kudus Jawa Tengah. Mempublikasikannya bertujuan agar stigma negatif pada warga Samin sebagai pembangkang, ateis, kolot dan sebagainya dengan memahami dengan utuh ajarannya maka terwujud toleransi. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara, observasi, dan kajian literatur. Kata ‘Adam’ bagi warga Samin diakui sebagai makhluk (Yai) Tuhan yang dilahirkan pertama di dunia. Keberadaannya untuk menghidupkan dunia. Ajaran agama Adam berupa semedi, doa, puasa, dan diwujudkan dalam perilaku bijaksana. Tempat bersemedinya di kamar rumahnya (sanggar pamujan), waktu yang terbaik untuk berdoa adalah tengah malam (tengah latri). Ketaatan atau ketidaktaatan individu warga Samin terhadap ajaran agama Adam sangat ditentukan oleh kualitas dirinya. Agama Adam oleh negara dikategorikan penghayat kepercayaan. Ajarannya diwariskan secara regenerasi dengan bahasa tutur. Problem mendasar yang dihadapi warga Samin adalah perekonomiannya yang tidak sejahtera sehingga meninggalkan dunia pertanian menjadi pekerja urban, terutama yang usia muda. Ketidak kompakan antar-warga Samin imbas tafsir atas ajaran Ki Samin yang diwariskan secara tutur perlu jalan tengah antar-Samin sehingga upayanya bersuara pada pemerintah atas haknya diperhatikan
Indonesia dalam Pusaran Masa Pandemi: Strategi Solidaritas Sosial berbasis Nilai Budaya Lokal N. Funay, Yaspis Edgar
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i2.509

Abstract

This paper will describe and analyze the elaboration of local cultural values as a force of social solidarity in Indonesia during the current pandemic. Furthermore, the purpose of this paper will be to explore how social solidarity based on local cultural values can not only be a local resistance but can also create a space for negotiation and elaboration to find a solution in the current pandemic. Therefore, the data collection method used in the form of studying facts through literary sources will then be tested for relevance to the reality that is happening in the community. Using a cultural ethics perspective this paper will examine the extent to which values, ethics, and cultural morals can play a role in social solidarity in Indonesia. In the end, this paper will explore the elaboration of the concept of local Indonesian tradition with the policies carried out by the government as part of the concept of social solidarity and the nearest way out to maintain the survival of the Indonesian people in the midst of the current pandemic vortex. Tulisan ini akan mendeskripsikan dan menganalisa elaborasi nilai kebudayaan lokal sebagai sebuah kekuatan solidaritas sosial di Indonesia dalam masa pandemi saat ini. Lebih lanjut, tujuan tulisan ini akan mengeksplorasi bagaimana solidaritas sosial yang didasari oleh nilai-nilai kebudayaan lokal tidak hanya dapat menjadi local resistence, tetapi juga dapat menciptakan ruang negosiasi dan elaborasi guna mencari jalan keluar di tengah masa pandemi saat ini. Maka dari itu, metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa pengkajian fakta melalui sumber-sumber literatur, kemudian akan diuji relevansinya dengan realitas yang sedang terjadi di masyarakat. Menggunakan perspektif etika kebudayaan tulisan ini akan mengkaji sejauh mana nilai, etika, dalam moral kultural dapat berperan dalam solidaritas sosial di Indonesia. Pada bagian akhir, tulisan ini akan mengeksplorasi elaborasi konsep tradisi lokal Indonesia dengan kebijakan yang di usung oleh pemerintah sebagai bagian sebuah konsep solidaritas sosial dan jalan keluar terdekat guna menjaga keberlangsungan hidup masyarakat Indonesia di tengah pusaran pandemi yang sedang terjadi.
Mall dan Perilaku Konsumtif Masyarakat Urban Alawiyah, Tuti; Liata, Nofal
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i2.526

Abstract

This study aims to explore the consumptive behaviour of people in a modern shopping centre, namely the Mall. Today the Mall is not just a shopping centre or just a place of prestige for some people. Mall at this time has formed a behaviour that reinforces individualism and consumer behaviour without realizing it. This reality is a consequence of an urban society that influenced by capitalist forces in shaping people's behaviour for profit. In this article, the author uses a literature study approach with primary data sources in the form of theoretical literacy related to consumer behaviour and secondary data from electronic media about Mall development. The pattern of consumptive behaviour in the Mall shopping centre which has been considered reasonable keeps the community in the grip of the capitalist. Make society more individualistic and consumptive behaviour. Studi ini bertujuan mengkaji tentang perilaku konsumtif masyarakat di tempat pembelanjaan modern yaitu Mall. Saat ini Mall tidak hanya menjadi pusat berbelanja semata, ataupun hanya sebagai tempat prestise bagi sebagian masyarakat. Mall pada masa sekarang ini telah membentuk suatu perilaku yang mempertegas individualisme dan perilaku konsumtif tanpa sadar. Realitas ini adalah konsekuensi dari masyarakat urban yang dipengaruhi kekuatan kapitalis dalam membentuk perilaku masyarakat demi meraih keuntungan. Dalam artikel ini penulis menggunakan pendekatan studi literatur dengan sumber data primer berupa literasi teoritis berkaitan dengan perilaku konsumtif dan data sekunder dari media elektronik tentang perkembangan Mall. Pola perilaku konsumtif di pusat perbelanjaan Mall yang telah di anggap wajar, justru membuat masyarakat terus berada dalam cengkeraman kapitalis. Membuat masyarakat semakin individualis dan berperilaku konsumtif.
Integrasi Tipologi Paradigma Sosiologi George Ritzer dan Margaret M. Poloma Fajarni, Suci
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i2.554

Abstract

Sociology as a science has a variety of paradigms born of social scientists. Some of these are the sociology paradigm according to George Ritzer (which consists of a social facts paradigm, a social definition paradigm, a social behavior paradigm), and a sociology paradigm according to Margaret M. Poloma (consisting of a naturalistic / positivistic paradigm, a humanistic / interpretative paradigm, and a paradigm evaluative). This article aims to integrate between the sociology paradigm according to Ritzer and the sociology paradigm according to Poloma through comparative analysis that refers to paradigm elements consisting of ontological, epistemological, methodological, and axiological dimensions Sosiologi sebagai sebuah ilmu memiliki beragam paradigma yang lahir dari para ilmuwan sosial. Beberapa diantaranya adalah tipologi paradigma sosiologi menurut George Ritzer (yang terdiri dari paradigma fakta sosial, paradigma definisi sosial, paradigma perilaku sosial), dan paradigma sosiologi menurut Margaret M. Poloma, (yang terdiri dari paradigma naturalistis/ positivistik, paradigma humanistis/ interpretatif, dan paradigma evaluatif). Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengintegrasikan paradigma sosiologi Ritzer dan paradigma sosiologi Poloma melalui analisis komparatif yang mengacu pada elemen-elemen paradigma yang terdiri dari dimensi ontologis, epistemologis, metodologis, dan aksiologis.

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 12


Filter by Year

2020 2020