cover
Contact Name
Sehat Ihsan Sadiqin
Contact Email
jsai@ar-raniry.ac.id
Phone
+6282165108654
Journal Mail Official
jsai@ar-raniry.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung Fakultas Ushuluddin Lantai I, Prodi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Ar-Raniry, Jln. Lingkar Kampus, Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh, Aceh 23111.Telp. (0651)7551295.
Location
Kota banda aceh,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27226700     DOI : 10.22373
The focus and Scope of JSAI is to provide a scientific article of conceptual studies of sociology of religion, religious communities, multicultural societies, social changes in religious communities, and social relations between religious communities base on field research or literature studies with the sociology of religion perspective or sociology. Fokus dan Skope JSAI adalah artikel ilmiah tentang studi konseptual sosiologi agama, komunitas agama, masyarakat multikultural, perubahan sosial dalam komunitas agama, dan hubungan sosial antara komunitas agama berdasarkan penelitian lapangan atau studi literatur dengan perspektif sosiologi agama atau sosiologi.
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 1 No 1 (2020)" : 6 Documents clear
Praktik Ritual Mopo’a Huta (Memberi Makan pada Tanah) pada Masyarakat Gorontalo di Desa Molamahu A. Hunowu, Momy; Badu Pakuna, Hatim
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.422

Abstract

The mopo’a huta ritual is a ritual practiced by Gorontalo people when the dry season arrives. By carrying out this ritual, people believe that rain will fall and fertility and prosperity will come. This ritual has been carried out since hundreds of years ago, but nowadays it has begun to be opposed by several groups. This study aims to find out how the practice of the mopo'a Huta ritual, how the public view of the mopo'a huta ritual using Geertz's perspective. The study used a qualitative approach with case studies, conducted interviews with the organizers, made observations during the procession, and explored the results of previous research. The study found that the mopo'a huta ritual in practice held a dance (dayango) accompanied by the wasps of towohu (drums) for several nights. At the peak of the ritual, offerings were made consisting of certain ingredients to be presented to supernatural beings as the rulers of nature. For this practice, there are 3 community groups 1) the abangan group, namely the traditional farmers who still hold the tradition, 2) the santri group, namely the educated community as a group of modern farmers, some of whom still believe and some do not believe because there is already technology that can solve problems, 3) priyai groups, namely village heads. In the past, the village head was the main supporter of the mopo'a huta ritual, while at present, the village head secures himself in the middle position. ABSTRAK Ritual mopo’a huta adalah ritual yang dipraktikkan masyarakat Gorontalo ketika musim kemarau tiba. Dengan melaksanakan ritual ini, masyarakat meyakini hujan akan turun serta kesuburan dan kemakmuran akan datang. Ritual ini dilaksanakan sejak ratusan tahun silam, namun dewasa ini mulai ditentang oleh beberapa kalangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana praktik ritual mopo’a Huta, bagaimana pandangan masyarakat tentang ritual mopo’a huta dengan menggunakan perspektif Geertz. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan studi kasus, melakukan wawancara dengan tokoh-tokoh penyelenggara, melakukan pengamatan selama prosesi itu dilaksanakan, serta menggali hasil-hasil penelitian terdahulu. Penelitian menemukan bahwa ritual mopo’a huta dalam praktiknya menggelar tarian (dayango) diiringi tabuhan towohu (gendang) selama beberapa malam. Pada puncak ritual digelar sesajian yang terdiri dari bahan-bahan tertentu untuk dipersembahkan kepada mahluk gaib sebagai penguasa alam. Terhadap praktik ini, terdapat 3 kelompok masyarakat 1) kelompok abangan, yaitu kalangan petani tradisional yang masih erat memegang tradisi, 2) kelompok santri, yaitu kalangan masyarakat terdidik sebagai kelompok petani modern, kalangan ini sebagian masih percaya dan sebagian lagi tidak percaya karena sudah ada teknologi yang dapat menyelseaikan masalah, 3) kelompok priyai, yaitu kepala desa. Pada masa lalu, kepala desa sebagai pendukung utama ritual mopo’a huta, sementara pada masa kini, kepala desa berada dipersimpangan.
Rateb Siribee: Spiritualitas dan Solidaritas Religius Masyarakat Pedesaan Aceh Nisma, Yuza
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.423

Abstract

During this time zikr Majelis is identical to the urban society that has individualist life as well as heavy life pressures. Zikr became a need to treat the spiritual crisis in an urban society. This is different from the rural society in Labuhan Haji which is the people majority work as farmers and fishermen but exists Majelis Zikr named Rateb Siribee. This study aims to discuss the background of Majelis Zikr, the procession, the reason for people to join in Zikr Majelis Rateb Siribee. The results of this research show that the Majelis Zikr Rateb Siribee exists based on the anxiety of Abuya Amran Wali related to a lack of public interest in religion. Currently, Majelis Zikr Rateb Siribee growing when the peoples feel its benefits both in terms of spiritual and in terms of solidarity. This is done with efforts such as holding Rateb Siribee every week, inviting people from other villages or districts. To hold Rateb Siribee on Islamic Day, in the House of Sorrow, the house between the congregation, the mosque to the Pesantren. Thus, Majelis Zikr increasing the value of the spiritual, the serenity of life, and the caring for others Abstrak Selama ini majelis zikir identik dengan masyarakat perkotaan yang memiliki kehidupan individualis serta tekanan hidup yang berat. Zikir sudah menjadi kebutuhan masyarakat untuk mengobati krisis kebatinan (spiritual) dalam hiruk pikuk perkotaan. Hal tersebut berbeda dengan masyarakat pedesaan di Labuhan haji yang mayoritas pekerjaan masyarakatnya petani dan nelayan, tetapi eksis sebuah majelis zikir yang diberi nama Rateb Siribee (Zikir Seribu). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui latar belakang kemunculan, prosesi zikir, penyebab ketertarikan masyarakat bergabung dalam Rateb Siribee. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa berdirinya Rateb Siribee di dasari pada kegelisahan Abuya Amran Wali terkait kurangnya minat masyarakat terhadap agama. Saat ini, Rateb Siribee diminati setelah jamaah merasakan manfaatnya baik dari segi spiritual maupun dari segi solidaritas. Hal tersebut dilakukan dengan upaya-upaya seperti mengadakan Rateb Siribee setiap minggu, mengundang jamaah antar Desa, Kecamatan dan Kabupaten, sering melakukan pengajian rutin di balai desa. Mengadakan Rateb Siribee di hari besar Islam, di rumah duka, rumah antar sesama jamaah, masjid hingga pesantren. Sehingga meningkatkan nilai kebatinan, ketenangan hidup, serta kepedulian terhadap sesama semakin terjalin kuat.
Kritik terhadap Konsep Ideologi Komunisme Karl Marx Rachmawati, Fadhillah
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.424

Abstract

This article aims to analyse the ideological theory of communism by referring to the history of the early period of thought of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. From a linguistic perspective, communism is a doctrine of liberating the proletariat to a classless society. In the following period, communism by Lenin, Stalin and Mao Zedong developed into a revolutionary movement and state leadership under the control of the communist party with individual cult theory. Communism has three basic concepts, namely: dialectics, historical materialism and classless. In conclusion, communism has historically evolved as a philosophy of life that emphasizes world materialism with its slogan ‘of each person according to ability, for each person as needed ‘and not just a political ideology that separates religious affairs from state affairs. So according to its nature, communism clearly denies the existence of the afterlife, even denying God in its applicative life. Therefore, the appropriate paradigm for criticizing this ideology is through a worldview approach, especially the Islamic worldview, because in this world is not only a material aspect but also a metaphysical aspect. By understanding that aspects of metaphysics, it can affect human social life, so they will better understand that God is who occupies the highest position in this nature.
Islam dan Budaya Masyarakat Gayo, Provinsi Aceh: Kajian Sejarah dan Sosial Arfiansyah
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.482

Abstract

This article argues that Gayonese community practice Islam through the culture and less concern with religious texts. Although the wave of islamization since the colonial time and post-independence was high, the process does not succeed in introducing what the local scholars called as Islamic tradition. Such situation forces the following ulama to defend culture by finding justification for every practice instead of abolishing it. There are two factors leading to the situation. First, ulama of colonial and post-colonial time did not succeed in finding what they called as Islamic tradition replacing the existing tradition. second, lacking of regeneration of reformer Ulama that drive the living reformer ulama to support culture by inserting Islamic values and norms into the culture. This effort is crucial as the Gayonese refers more to the culture than the religious texts. This Article historically studies the development of Islam in Gayonese community. It frames its historical analysis from the Dutch colonial period to post independence of Indonesia Republic. It generally observes the impact of islamization in the past to the current situation. This article brings back the fundamental question in socio-anthropological studies about Islam that why do Muslim who refer to same source of text understand and practice Islam in widely various expression. The question is applied to this research exploring the development of Islam in Gayonese community inhabiting Central Aceh and Bener Meriah District. Thus, this research questions how did Islam develop in colonial time and its impact to the local culture? did there a debate about religion and culture take place during the colonial time and post-independence of Indonesia? How does the past event affect the current practice of Islam in Gayonese community? the questions are explored historically by collecting relevant literatures and collective memory of the local people. The collective memory data were collected from 2015 to 2019
Relasi Pertukaran Sosial antara Masyarakat dan Partai Politik Liata, Nofal
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.483

Abstract

The study aims to discuss the social exchange relationship "symbiotic mutualism" mutual benefit between society and political parties. The author sees, the community's perspective saw political activity it is still perceived as something dirty, tends to apathy, not as a means of political struggle to make a profit. The purpose of this study is to uncover more conceptual facts of favorable relationships to two parties so that political activity is then a place of healthy and conducive struggle, which is not contrary to the rules of the law. The method of collecting data in this study is to use the primary data of political sociology core literacy, then to use secondary data on the relevance of social reality to strengthen primary data. This study of the symbiotic mutualism relationship is very beneficial to build the political awareness of the community and the elite of political parties to support development, whether it is the development of material and non-material, so that political activities become beneficial for all circles, not even in the left.
Interaksi Sosial antar Umat Beragama di Kecamatan Lut Tawar Aceh Tengah Indah Permata Sari
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 1 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v1i1.486

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the views of in Lut Tawar Subdistrict regarding religious life that occurs within society, especially the relationship between religious people. Also the supporting factors, barriers, social interactions between religious people. The authors use a qualitative approach with data collection techniques is observation, interview, and literature studies. This research concluded that the relationship between religious people in Lut Tawar Sub-district is well and that based on the absence of conflict that occurs among religious people. It is also supported by a tolerance perspective on other religions. The social conduciveness of the society base on the strong historical foundation behind the process of social interaction among religious people. Then, society also instilled the principle of respect and appreciated each individual who ultimately created social harmony. Besides, there is a role of religious figures that always keep the tolerance perspective between religious people intertwined. Abstrak Artikel ini mengkaji pandangan masyarakat Kecamatan Lut Tawar tentang kehidupan beragama yang berkembang dalam masyarakat, terutama hubungan antar umat beragama. Kemudian juga mengkaji faktor pendukung dan penghambat interaksi sosial antar umat beragama serta cara masyarakat merawat hubungan antar umat beragama. Penulis menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu: observasi, wawancara dan studi literatur. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa hubungan antar umat beragama di Kecamatan Lut Tawar belangsung dengan baik dan hal itu dibektikan dengan tidak adanya konflik yang terjadi antar umat beragama. Hal ini juga didukung dengan pandangan masyarakat terhadap agama lain yang toleran. Kondusifitas sosial masyarakat tersebut berlangsung akibat kuatnya fondasi sejarah yang melatar belakangi proses interaksi sosial antar umat beragama. Kemudian, masyarakat juga menanamkan prinsip hormat dan menghargai tiap individu yang pada akhirnya menciptakan keselarasan sosial. Di samping itu ada pula peran tokoh agama yang senantiasa menjaga supaya toleransi antar umat beragama terjalin

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