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Contact Name
Mohamad Abdun Nasir
Contact Email
ulumuna@uinmataram.ac.id
Phone
+6281252834957
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ulumuna@uinmataram.ac.id
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Jl. Pendidikan No. 35 Mataram
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Nusa tenggara barat
INDONESIA
Ulumuna
ISSN : 14113457     EISSN : 27752453     DOI : https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis
Ulumuna (P-ISSN: 1411-3457; E-ISSN: 2355-7648), a journal of Islamic studies published twice a year (June and December) by State Islamic University (UIN) of Mataram since 1997, publishes original (library or field) research articles in the field of Islamic studies. It promotes multidisciplinary approaches to Islam and Islamicate societies and focuses on six main topics: (1) the Qur’an and hadith (2) Islamic Law (3) Islamic Theology (Kalam) (4) Islamic Philosophy (5) Islamic Mysticism (Tasawwuf) (6) Islamic Education (7) Islamic Communication and Propogation (Dakwa) and (8) Islamic Politic. All submitted manuscripts are subject to double-blind review process. Ulumuna was admitted as an accredited journal by the Director General of Strengthening Research and Development, Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia in 2017. The accreditation is given through a Director Decree No. 32a/E/KPT/2017 and is effective until 2022. Ulumuna has become a CrossRef Member since year 2015. Therefore, all of its publications have a unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December" : 9 Documents clear
Yogyakarta Urban Middle-Class Sufism: Economic, Political and Cultural Networks Yusdani, Yusdani; Sanaky, Hujair AH; Safitri, Edi; Machali, Imam; Juliansyahzen, Muhammad Iqbal
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.342

Abstract

The phenomenon of strengthening religious activity in the urban middle-class society in Yogyakarta Special Region in the last decade has been remarkable. The shift from the traditional Sufism to the model of piety associated with this middle-class Sufism further reinforce the middle class's religiosity. This study focused on the problem of the middle-class Muslim community when involving in Sufi practices. Through an in-depth interview with Sufi members and observation on their Sufi practice, this study shows that the urban middle-class Sufism pattern in Yogyakarta places emphasis on aesthetic-symbolic values. On the one hand, the tendency of religious patterns of Muslim communities is a form of negotiation between the values of spirituality in Islam and the forms and practices of global culture. On the other hand, the Sufi practice constitutes negotiation of the models of piety with economic-business motives. This Sufism is not institutionalized in conventional Sufism, commonly known as sufi order (tarekat) such as qadariyya, naqshabandiyya, and shattariyya, among the most popular Sufi order. Middle-class Sufism frames their distinctiveness in the form of economic, political, and cultural networks.
Indonesian Celebrities Conversion: the Quest for Meaning and Social Environment Saloom, Gazi
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.344

Abstract

Religious conversion has often triggered a heated debate that pushes forward scholarly investigation. This paper is not based on a theological study of conversion, but a psycho-social exploration that aims to examine religious conversion among Indonesian celebrities and seeks factors that influence the conversion. This qualitative study selects five Indonesian celebrities who converted to Islam. All data and information were gathered from YouTube and the websites on entertainment and celebrity news. The study unveils that religious conversion is not a simple one-way process. Instead, it is a long process of search of meaning and identity, shaped by interpersonal relations and social interactions. Before conversion, the converts had made personal and colleague relationship with their Muslim friends and known Islam as it was manifested in everyday life through TV program, the call for Islamic prayer (adhān), neighborhood. The fact that Islam is the majority religion in the country has provided environments that further hastened the quest for the meaning of religion and identity amongst the celebrities.
Sufism Healing Method for Drugs Rehabilitation: A Case Study in PP. Suryalaya Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia kamaludin, ihsan; Ula, Maya Najihatul
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.351

Abstract

Sufism activities cover not only rituals but also pseudo-medical treatment. This can be seen from the daily routines of Sufi order (tarekat) of Qadiriah wa Naqsabandiah (TQN) at the Pesantren Suryalaya, Tasikmalaya, West Java. Known as a center of Islamic learning, the pesantren also offers spiritual treatments to cure victims of drug abuse. This study aims to explore this Sufis practices of healing method. Based on an ethnographic study in this locale, the study specifically analyses the method of treatment called inābah. This is a unique technique employed by the Sufis to cure the patients of drug abuse. This study shows that the Sufi masters provides a spiritual and technical guidance in the treatment processes to stimulate drug victims’ awareness through a series of spiritual and pseudo-medical processes. In the view of the Sufis, drug abuse can be cured by means of increasing spiritual activities, such as chanting and praying. Moreover, this method also requires embodied practice of repentance by, for example, fasting, bathing and other related ritual processes determined by the Sufi masters. The processes by which the victim take thus include both spiritual and corporal requirements since illness or disease is seen both as a result of spiritual and physical transgressions.
Finding Appropriated Practice of the Pilgrimage Space: Ideological Contestation on the Sacred Site in Surowiti Gresik, East Java Taufiqurrohim, Taufiqurrohim
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.352

Abstract

This paper examines how pesugihan (seeking wealth through spirit assistance) contests with pilgrimage discourse ideologically. In specific, to trace more about the grounds of the rise of contrary assumption of the pesugihan, this study focusses on how the ideological view, as the essential thinking of people, develops identity, practice, and its spirituality matter. The identity is constructed from the single view in responding to the phenomena and creating a sameness of collective joy created into the group, as Edith Turner examines about communitas and false communitas to see how the contestation is crystallized. Furthermore, this paper reviews the various pilgrimage practices to see how the communitas applied what they believe in the context of the pilgrimage. Lastly, it discusses how the visitors find their spirituality on pilgrimage, to see the reconciliation of the communitas conflict through gaze in visiting the pesugihan site. The paper argues that pesugihan is contested due to the contrary assumption of the practice rather than to see it as being religious with the traditional matter of context.
Uderstanding the Concept of Ecosufism: Harmony and the Relationship of God, Nature and Humans in Mystical Philosophy of Ibn Arabi Rozi, Syafwan
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i1.354

Abstract

This paper examines Ibn Arabi's concept of ecosufism, a new philosophical foundation and paradigma in understanding nature, domination and control over natural resources amidst of global environmental crisis, caused by anthropocentric exploitation towards nature. This ecosufism is related to the constellation of religious orientation amongst monotheism, polytheism and pantheism and the relationship between God and nature in response to the environmental problem. This paper explains Ibn Arabi's philosophical thought on ecology and examines how this notion is based on his Sufi view on the relationship of God, humans and nature. This study shows that Ibn Arabi’s concept of waḥdat al-wujūd (unification of being) and al-insān al-kāmil (perfect human) generate his perception of nature preservation. These two fundamental concepts are relevant to be used as a paradigm for promoting ecosufism, which consider nature as God's manifestation. A perfect human is the one who could realize such a perspective. Protecting nature is necessary because of its position as God's manifestation.
KH. Zainal Musthafa’s Struggle in Developing the Nation's Intellectual Life Hidayat, Tatang; Abdussalam, Aam
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.363

Abstract

Many national independent struggle movements in Indonesia began from traditional Islamic boarding schools (pondok pesantren). One of the the movements was established by KH. Zainal Musthafa of Tasikmalaya, West Java. This study aims to examine this scholar’s struggle of independence and his spirit in developing the nation's intellectual life. Based on interview and historical archives, this study shows that KH. Zainal Musthafa plays a vital role in the independence struggle. He was a role model, who was not only a Muslim religious scholar (‘ulamā’), but also a fighter against colonialism. His struggle was motivated by the values and principle of tawḥīd (Oneness of God) and the spirit of Indonesian independence. His struggle furthermore departed from and was shaped by, the teachings offered at traditional Islamic boarding school. This suggests that traditional Islamic educational system, spiritualism and mode of Islamic religiosity developed by pesantren constitute one of the most relevant aspects of Islam in the struggle for Independence and, as this paper argues, remain relevant to the contemporary Indonesian spiritual and intellectual life. It is through pesantren and their leaders that Islamic spiritualism and public intellectualism have thrived up to the present.
Shedding New Lights on Javanese Mysticism: Pegon Manuscripts in the Javanese World Ahmad, Nur
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.370

Abstract

This paper aims to understand the Javanese mystical teachings from the Islamic point of views. By examining the development of Javanese mysticism in the suluk literatures, especially those written in Pegon manuscripts, this paper tries to trace back the position of Islam in the mystical dimension of the Javanese people, especially in the idea of waḥdah al-wujūd. This concept teaches the Oneness of God, who is the ultimate source of all existence. Nothing possesses an existence except it is derived from Him. It makes an analogy of creatures and the Creator as the rays of sunshine. Taking all the general Javanese esoteric ideas in the manuscripts studied, the vital point this paper made is that the concept of the unity between the servant and the Lord, which is the deep-rooted doctrine in Java, is genuinely rooted in Islamic teachings. Another finding of this study is concerned with the critical role of pesantren tradition in the dissemination of waḥdah al-wujūd as clearly shown in many Pegon manuscripts. Therefore, the accusation that the “pantheistic” feature in Javanese mysticism is solely attributed to poets, not Islamic scholars, is rejected.
Doa Kasaro and its Cultural Codes in Muslim Society of Bima, Eastern Indonesia Wahid, Abdul
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.376

Abstract

Dou Mbawa, an indigenous community as a small part of Bimanese Muslims, has a double minority identity since they have been sociologically and religiously considered as others. Having this character, they create a specific way of communication amongst themselves and between them and others through an annual ritual called Raju and Kasaro prayer. This article, using the hermeneutical and semiotical approach of interpretation, aims to discover a cultural interest in the Kasaro prayer. The Dou Mbawa not only positions the prayers as a form of spirituality but also utilizes it as a means of overcoming the problem concerning plurality, tensions, conflicts, and subordinations. This article illustrates the twisting of the politics of identity through Kasaro prayer. Beyond its function as a religious language, the Kasaro prayer carries a socio-cultural significance, yet politically meaningful as an ideology of resistance for the minority against the majority. The politics of identity adopted by the Dou Mbawa in Bima is symbolic. However, it implies the real struggle of a vulnerable-pluralistic society, mainly the struggle to maintain tradition, the consolidation of internal forces, and the imagination of multicultural societies. With this finding, this article offers a perspective on the formation of identity and dynamics of multiculturalism in Indonesia from the lense of spirituality.
The Book of Ṣirāṭ al-Mustaqīm by Nūr al-Dīn al-Rānirī and the Development of Taṣawwuf in Lombok Quddus, Abdul
Ulumuna Vol 23 No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v23i2.380

Abstract

Al-Rānirī is the first modern Sufi figure among the Malay Muslims in the 17th century. Ṣirāṭ al-Mustaqīm is his popular book that features Sufism in the archipelago. This study looks into the influence of the book on the development of Sufism in the island of Lombok. Based on the combination of anthropological-phenomenological and textual method, this study shows that al-Rānirī emphasizes in his work Ṣirāṭ al-Mustaqīm emphasized on the importance of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) on the practice of taṣawwuf as a response to the doctrines of wujūdiyya burgeoning among the Muslims in Aceh. The manuscript was written in Arabic, Malay, and Jawi in the 16th and the 17th century and spread along with the arrival of merchants to the Sasaknese who travelled from Lombok to Palembang and Aceh. This work has added robust fiqh features over the practices of tariqa (Sufi order) in the island of Lombok. The teachings of Tariqa Qādiriya- Naqsyabandiyya in the island regularly studied the contents of the book, from which they learnt about wuḍū’ (Ablution) and ṣalāh (praying), which are strengthened from the perspective of taṣawwuf by drawing on the nine elements of human soul formation. This is what the prominent Islamic figures in Lombok perceive as a way of ma’rifa (knowing God) through sharia rituals.

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