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Contact Name
Rachmat Hidayat
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dr.rachmat.hidayat@gmail.com
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+6288225053819
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Dr. Moh Ali street
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Kab. ogan ilir,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27472051     DOI : https://doi.org/10.37275/amcr
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports (AMCR) is a broad scope journal aims to publish the most exciting Case studies/reports in Clinical and Medical Sciences. AMCR aims to provide an excellent platform for Clinical Practitioners, medical/ health practitioners, students, professionals, researchers in medicine. AMCR accept any original case report that expands the field of general medical knowledge, and original research relating to case reports including report of the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. The journal covers all medical specialties including : • Oncology • Paediatrics • Respiratory disorders • Allergy • Radiology • Nephrology • Neurology • Haematology • Immunology • Radiology • Nuclear medicine • Medical imaging • Audiovestibular medicine • Cardiology and cardiovascular systems • Critical care medicine • Dermatology • Emergency medicine • Endocrinology and metabolism • Gastroenterology and hepatology • Geriatrics and gerontology • Infectious diseases and treatment • Medical disorders in pregnancy • Medical ophthalmology • Sports Medicine • Substance abuse • Palliative medicine • Psychiatry • Rheumatology • Sexual and reproductive health
Articles 26 Documents
Polymorphism of p53 Codon 72 Gene on Cervical Cancer Incidence in Malay Population Hayati, Lusia; Delvia, Siska
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i1.5

Abstract

In Indonesia, the cases of cervical cancer are estimated at around 50 per 100.000 people. It was estimatedthattherearemore than1 millionwomenworldwidewho have cervical cancer,andmostofthemhave not been diagnosed yet or do not have access to screening and medical treatment. P53 codon 72 polymorphism can affect the risk of cervical cancerthrough the regulationofproliferationandcellapoptosis.The purpose of this research was to investigate the association between p53 codon 72 polymorphism and cases of cervical cancer. This research was observational analytic research. The research was done by examining in the laboratory of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya by using a case-control study approach.Thesampleoftheresearchconsistedof 70subjects,andtheyweredividedintotwogroups:35in case group and 35 in the control group. The determination of genotype and allotype was done by using PCR-RFLP technics. The results of the research showed there was a significant difference between p53 codon 72 polymorphism between the case group and control group. The results of genotypes of p53 codon 72 polymorphism in the case group were seven respondents (20.0%) with Pro/Pro genotype, five respondents (14.3%) with Arg/Arg genotype, and 23 respondents (65.7%) with Pro/Arg. While in control group, there were 28 respondents (80.0%) with Pro/Pro genotype, 0 respondent (0.0%) with Arg/Arg genotype, and 7 respondents (20%) with Pro/Arg. The frequency of the Prolin allele in case group was 37 (52.9%), and the Arginin allele was 33 (47.1%), while the frequency of the Prolin allele in the control group was 63 (90%), and the Arginin allele was 7 (10%).TheChi-Squareofgenotypewas valued0.000,OR1,304andCI95%1,071-5,891,whiletheallelewas valued 0.000,OR8.027 andCI95% 3.228-19.962. Therewas an associationbetweengenotypeand allele of p53 codon72 polymorphismandcasesofcervicalcancer
The Effect of Hydrotherapy Exercise on Pain Intensity and Functional Ability in Genu Osteoarthritis Patients Amelia, Alda Trie; Nyimas Fatimah; Margareta Dewi Dwiwulandari
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.6

Abstract

Background: Genu osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthritis disease caused bya degenerative joint process that causes knee pain and functional disorders. One of therecommended therapies for the treatment of OA genu from several studies ishydrotherapy exercises. Hydrotherapy exercises can reduce pain and improve thepatient's quality of life. This study aims to determine the effect of hydrotherapyexercises on pain intensity and functional ability in OA genu patients. Methods: Thisstudy is a quasi-experimental study with a one group pretest-posttest design conductedby the Medical Rehabilitation Installation of dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang duringthe month of October-November 2019. Primary data was collected using interviews toassess pain intensity based on the Numerical Paon Rating Scale (NPRS) score andfunctional ability based on the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster UniversitiesOsteoarthritis Index) questionnaire before and after training. hydrotherapy for 4 weeksfor one therapy a week. The data was carried out by the Shapiro-Wilk normality test,then analyzed using the paired T-test or Wilcoxon test using the SPSS tool. Results: Asmany as 31 study subjects, the results showed that there was a significant effect beforeand after hydrotherapy exercises on reducing pain intensity (p = 0.000) and improvingfunctional ability (p = 0.000) in patients with OA genu for 4 weeks. Conclusion: Thereis an effect of hydrotherapy exercise on pain intensity and functional ability in genuosteroarthritis (OA) patients..
The Rationality of Using Diclofenac in Outpatient Cases of Osteoarthritis of RSUP MH Palembang Period January-March 2018 Prameswari, Dara; Nita Parisa; Muhammad Totong Kamaluddin
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v2i1.8

Abstract

Rationality of Diclofenac Use in Osteoarthritis Outpatient Case at RSUP MHPalembang in January-March 2018. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common diseasein joints that affects people in their middle until late years. In Indonesia the prevalenceof OA is relatively high and disturbs their daily activity. Diclofenac is one of the drug ofchoice in treating OA. To avoid multiple side effects from Diclofenac use, the usagemust be in accordance to rationality indicators which are correct dose, correctfrequency, and correct length of use. This study is aimed to know the rationality ofDiclofenac use in Osteoarthritis outpatient cases at RSUP Mohammad HoesinPalembang. This study is a descriptive observational with a cross-sectional approachto know the rationality of Diclofenac use in outpatient cases of osteoarthritis at RSUPMohammad Hoesin Palembang. Samples were medical records of OA patients inoutpatient setting from January to March 2018 which fulfilled the inclusion andexclusion criteria. Sampling technique used was total sampling. The amount ofsamples fulfilling the inclusion criteria were 201 patients, with the most were aged 46-65 years (60.2%), female (55.7%), and has a history of comorbidity which includes lowback pain (22.8%). The result of this study shows pattern of Diclofenac use with dosageof 2 x 25mg (73.6%), length of use about <7 days (57.2%). In combination with otherdrugs there were no interaction to be found (84.4%), or synergistic interaction (8.5%)and antagonistic interaction (7.1%). The use of diclofenac in osteoarthritis cases atoutpatient setting in RSUP Dr Mohammad Hoesin Palembang is rational and needs tobe maintained.
Patterns of Using Analgesics for Menstrual Pain in Female Students Sriwijaya University Faculty of Medicine Nita Parisa; Pasaribu, M. Khairul Kahfi; Ardesy Melizah Kurniati; Bintang Arroyantri; Ziske Maritska
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.9

Abstract

Dysmenorrhea is a condition than women often feel on their productive age and disrupttheir daily activity. A study that was condone in Palembang finds that 93,8% SMA femalestudent had dysmenorrhea. A study in India finds 42% in 654 respondent decided to healtheir dysmenorrhea without visiting physician and 35% is using wrong medications.Analgetics as pain reliever sold freely in markets. Dysmenorrhea effects life quality andeducations for the easiness in obtaining the medicine in markets, making the researchabout analgetics usage patterns in Faculty of Medicine, Srwijaya University 2016-2019students. The design of this study was cross-sectional descriptive observational on 25Desember 2019 until 6 Januari 2020. The population of this study is FK Unsri (2016-2019) students with 628 respondent. The respondent characteristics is found by usingquestionnaire. Dysmenorrhea prevalence on FK UNSRI student is 88%. Dysmenorrheaprevalence that distrupt activity is 64,7%. FK UNSRI student (2016-2019) that usedmefenamic acid is 48,3%, paracetamol is 33,8% and ibuprofen is 6,2% for theirdysmenorrhea.. FK UNSRI student (2016-2019) that consumed analgetics once per day is80,6%. FK UNSRI student (2016-2019) that picked tablet is 97,9%. FK UNSRI student(2016-2019) that chose to used it for a day is 76,5%. The analgetics that is mostly chosenfor FK UNSRI (2016-2019) students is mefenamic acid, tablet that was consumed once perday for a day.
Assesment of Antioxidant Activity Test of Kersen Leaf (Muntingia calabura L.) and Epiphyte with DPPH (2.2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhidrazyl) Aini, Nurlutfiyyah; Nita Parisa; Fatmawati
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.10

Abstract

Antioxidant is very important to give protection against free radical activity and highlyreactive molecules that could lead in slowing the progression of degenerative disease.In case of degenerative disease, internal antioxidant cannot neutralize the increasingconcentration of free radical. Because of that, human needs external antioxidant.Kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) is a plant that is known for its antioxidant content.Plants containing antioxidant experience is kersen (Muntingia calabura L.). Researchstudy to determine the antioxidant activity of Kersen plant and knows the differenceof antioxidant activity, based on the process of extract and infusion. Research wasdone by experimental study which was oriented in testing antioxidant activity in(Morinda citrifolia L.) extract and infusion. Extraction was done by using 96% ethanolas solvent, meanwhile infusion was made by using aquadest. Extract and infusionwas divided into group of concentration and antioxidant activity was tested byDPPH(2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhidrazyl) method by measuring the absorbance usingspectrophotometer at 520 nm wavelength. Percentage of DPPH inhibition and IC50then analyzed using linear regression analysis. Ethanolic extract of kersen leaf andepiphyte had IC50 value of 113,801 ppm and 98,7802 ppm, respectively. Kersen leafinfusion showed 191,7624 ppm IC50 values, besides its epiphyte had 131,6750 ppm.Antioxidant activity of Muntingia calabura L. in the order from kersen leaf anepiphyte, and epiphyte extract has a higher antioxidant content than others.
The Correlation between Alcohol Consumption with Anxiety Level on Multiple Drugs User in Sleman Kusumadewi, Andrian Fajar; Carissa Aulia Firliany; Silas Henry Ismanto; Afkar Aulia
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.12

Abstract

A B S T R A C TBackground: Since 2013, data showed alcohol consumption in Indonesiaincrease from 3% to 3.3%, and 0.8% of it consume alcohol over the limit(Riskesdas 2018). Consuming alcohol over the limit not only impacted someonephysically but mentally. One of the mental impacts of alcohol consumption isover anxiety. If the anxiety not get treated properly, it can bring patient toconsume more alcohol and moreover to alcohol addiction. Purpose: To examinealcohol consumption level and its correlation to anxiety level.Material danMethod: This study is analytical research with quantitative cross-sectionalsurvey design. Sampling technique were done by consecutive sampling withAUDIT questionnaire survey to measure alcohol consumption level and T-MASquestionnaire survey to measure anxiety level of respondent. Research sampleconsist of 30 multiple drugs user respondents. Result: We got 0.569 p value scorewith Pearson Chi Square analysis which can be interpreted that there is nocorrelation between alcohol consumption with anxiety level. Patient with alcoholabuse mostly come from low to average academic group, in total 29 people, and notmarried group, in total 18 people.Conclusion: There is no correlation betweenalcohol consumption with anxiety level. Academic grade and married status aredeterminant factors of respondent’s anxiety level.
Case Report: Magic Mushroom (Psilocybe Cubensis) Intoxication Kusumadewi, Andrian Fajar
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.13

Abstract

A B S T R A C TIntroduction Psilocybe mushroom, or widely known as the magic mushroom is avariety of mushroom commonly consumed because of hallucinogenic traits it causestoward its consumer. This hallucinogenic effect is caused by Psilocybin, ahallucinogenic substance often found within Psilocybe mushroom. This substanceaffects mental state of the consumer and has similar effect to those of LSD andMescaline. Aside from its effect to cause mental disturbance, consumption of thismushroom may cause acute renal injury which leads to a fatal and life-threateningsituation.Case presentation: A case of Psilocybe intoxication had been reported in a22 years old male with a confirmed history of consuming Psilocybe mushroom. Patientfirst came with a symptom of disorientation and restlessness. Patient also often shookhis head off, laughed out, screamed, and continuously making bizarre movements.Psychiatric examination confirmed a sign of auditory hallucination, unstable mood,and stereotypical behavior experienced by the patient. Conclusion: An approach isneeded in the form of a physical examination and support that supports a promptand precise diagnosis, as well as comprehensive management that focuses on thedirect management of life-threatening symptoms and symptomatic treatment, takinginto account the signs and symptoms of life-threatening nephrotoxicity
Decompensated Acute Heart Failure Accompanied with Cardiac Cirrhosis and Chronic Disease Anemia in Child Darmasaputra, Tommy
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v1i2.14

Abstract

Continuous heart failure can lead to complications to other systems, one of which is the hepatic system. Heart failure results in venous congestion in the portal vein so that the portal vein pressure increases, which is called portal hypertension. Portal hypertension causes fluid to pass through the walls of blood vessels and into the tissues. Management of decompensatory heart failure accompanied by comorbid disease in cardiac cirrhosis includes drugs management that does not aggravate the liver, namely angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and loop diuretic agents. Also, non-pharmacological management such as resting position and a diet sufficient in protein and low salt help improve the patient's general condition. This case report aims to present a decompensated heart failure accompanied by cardiac cirrhosis and anaemia of chronic disease in a child.
Scurvy: A Case Report Rahayu, Eka Sri; Mardy Pangarungan
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v2i1.15

Abstract

A B S T R A C TScurvy is a rare case found in many countries, but it is often found in refugeeareas, especially in Africa. Vitamin C deficiency varies based on season and occursmore in men with age. The purpose of this research is to avoid misdiagnosis so thatit can be a reference in the field of medicine to diagnose and provide management onscurvy. This prospective research was conducted with one sample of research.Observation had been carried out for two months, starting at one month after thepatient was suspected with the diagnosis of scurvy. Computer Tomography (CT) Scanlumbosacral to pelvic results were normal. Laboratory test of HB result was 9.5 g/dl,in which MCV was 63.2 fL, MCH was 20.3 pg, and MCHC was 32.1 g/dl. Scurvytreatment in the first visit was 3x1 tablets vitamin C, 3x5 ml ibuprofen Syr, andphysiotherapy. The results were that the patient still suffered swollen and bleedinggums, but the pain no longer existed, pale, behavioural disorders, unable to walk,and pain in both knees. After the second visit, the child got therapy of 4x50 mg vitaminC, 1x1 tablets vitamin B12, 1x150 IU vitamin E, 1x1 tablets cavit D3, andphysiotherapy. After two weeks of treatment, there were no complaints of swelling,painful or bleeding gums. The child could straighten her legs, but she was still unableto walk due to the trauma of feeling great pain while walking. Special attention isrequired to diagnose appropriately so the doctor can minimize and preventcomplications.
Relationship Between Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression and Gleason Score in Prostate Carcinoma Fadillah; Heni Maulani; Nursanti Apriyani
Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Archives of The Medicine and Case Reports
Publisher : Hanif Medisiana Publisher - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/amcr.v2i1.16

Abstract

A B S T R A C TBackground Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men worldwide and rankssecond in the Laboratory of Anatomical Pathology, Dr. Mohammad Hoesin with thehighest incidence, especially at the age of more than 60 years. Factors that play a roleas a prognostic factor and therapy in prostate carcinoma, including VEGF. The roleof VEGF expression in prostate carcinoma as a prognostic and histopathological factorwhich is an important predictor for the progression of prostate carcinoma. This studyaims to determine the relationship between VEGF expression and Gleason score inprostate carcinoma. Method This study was a cross-sectional observational study.Thirty samples diagnosed with prostate adenocarcinoma were derived from the resultsof the tranurethral resection of the prostate (TRUP) and prostatectomy. Samples weretaken from the archives in the Anatomic Pathology section of Dr. Mohammad HoesinPalembang (period January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013. Then the sample wasstained with VEGF antibody, identified and analyzed the VEGF relationship with theGleason.z score. Results The positivity of VEGF expression in prostateadenocarcinoma tended to be more prevalent in the Gleason score group ≥ 7 (43.3%)than in the Gleason score group <(10%). There was no significant relationship betweenVEGF expression and high Gleason score (p> 0.05). Conclusion There was nosignificant relationship between VEGF expression and Gleason score in prostateadenocarcinoma

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