cover
Contact Name
Agus Hendra Al Rahmad
Contact Email
4605.ah@gmail.com
Phone
+6285260047644
Journal Mail Official
sago.gikes@poltekkesaceh.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jln. Soekarno-Hatta, Kampus Terpadu Poltekkes Kemenkes Aceh, Lampeunerut, Aceh Besar. Kode Pos: 23352 Provinsi Aceh, Indonesia.
Location
Kab. aceh besar,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan
ISSN : 27146464     EISSN : 2721558X     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.30867
Core Subject : Health, Social,
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan (Gizi dan Kesehatan) merupakan jurnal keilmuan bidang kesehatan yang terdapat di Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Aceh, yang mempublikasikan artikel terkait gizi dan kesehatan yang berkualitas dan berhubungan dengan individu, populasi, kelompok dan masyarakat serta yang rentan terhadap malnutrisi dan masalah kesehatan. Ruang lingkup kajian jurnal terkait masalah gizi, teknologi pangan, gizi dan kesehatan ibu dan anak, kesehatan lingkungan, hygiene dan sanitasi, kesehatan mulut, pengobatan individu / keluarga dan masyarakat, serta keamanan obat-obatan medis. Jurnal ini juga berupaya untuk meningkatkan kesadaran tentang keterkaitan antara nutrisi, olahraga, aktivitas fisik, dan gaya hidup untuk meningkatkan kesehatan dan untuk menunjukkan bagaimana hasil dan kebijakan perawatan kesehatan dapat ditingkatkan dengan penerapan pendekatan yang lebih berorientasi pada nutrisi.
Articles 29 Documents
Pengaruh modifikasi menu makanan lunak terhadap tingkat kepuasan pasien dan sisa makanan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Meuraxa Banda Aceh Mutia, Cut Sri; Rachmawati, Rachmawati
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Edisi 2
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i2.408

Abstract

Background: Soft foods are foods with a texture that is easy to chew, swallow, digest than regular food. The purpose of administration is to be easily swallowed and digested according to nutritional needs and disease conditions. Modification of recipes is very important to improve the appearance in shape, taste, color, aroma, and temperature of food so that it can be well received by patients.Objectives: The aim was to determine the effect of soft food modification on the level of patient satisfaction and food waste at the Meuraxa General Hospital in Banda Aceh City.Methods: Quasi-experimental research design. This research was conducted at Meuraxa Public Hospital in Banda Aceh City. Which will be carried out from November to December 2018. The population in this study is all inpatients at the Meuraxa general hospital in Banda Aceh city from November to December receiving soft diets. The sample in this study was carried out using the purposive sampling technique in which the sample taken in the Arrahman Room and Arafat Room. Quantitative data analysis with an independent sample t-test was performed to compare food scraps before modification and after modifications to the soft food menu, the data presentation was presented in tabular and narrative form.Results: The rest of the food on the 3rd menu after statistical tests using the t-test can be concluded that there is a significant influence between the remaining rice on the modification of soft foods before and after modification (p < 0.05). Soft food scraps on the 4th menu showed a significant effect between vegetable residues on modified soft foods before and after they were modified (p < 0.05). Soft food residues on the 5th menu before and after modification also showed a significant effect between vegetable residues on modification of soft foods before and after modification (p < 0.05).Conclusion: Modifications to the menu on soft foods showed a significant influence on the level of patient satisfaction and food waste at the Meuraxa District General Hospital in Banda Aceh. Suggestions, modification of soft food menu can be used as an alternative dish that can be served to inpatients.
Pemanfaatan jus apel (Malus sylvestri mill) dibandingkan jus jambu biji (Spidium guajava linn) dalam menurunkan halitosis pada remaja Wilis, Ratna; Andriani, Andriani
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i1.286

Abstract

Background: Halitosis is caused by rotting food scraps by poor oral hygiene, and this condition can be exacerbated by irregular teeth composition. In this situation, the unpleasant odor can be reduced or eliminated by brushing teeth, using mouthwash and traditional methods by gargling / consuming fibrous fruits such as apples and guava. Riskesdas 2013, in general, people brush their teeth every day in the morning and evening bathing as much as 90.7% and before bedtime only 20.7%. The results of the examination on 20 oral hygiene students in the category of dental and oral hygiene were poor (60%). Measurement of halitosis manually by licking a spoon, then within 10 seconds is kissed manually if the odor caused is so stinging it belongs to the category of halitosis.Objective: to determine the effectiveness of consuming guava juice compared to apple juice on changes in the decrease in halitosis. The sample of 120 first grade students of SMPN 7 Banda Aceh was divided into 2 groups. The study was conducted on July 24 until August 1.Method: This research is quasi-experimental. Data analysis was tested using Paired t-test. Meanwhile, to find out the effectiveness of both of them is tested by the Independent Test t-test with a significance level of 95%.Results: The results showed that before consuming apple juice, the first measurement was 3.00 and the second was 3.02, after being given halitosis apple juice, the first mean was decreased by 1.70 and the second measurement was 1.58. Before consuming red guava juice, the average measurement was 2.98 and after giving red guava juice, it decreased to 2.22 (first measurement) and 2.13 (second measurement).Conclusion: The significant decrease in halitosis scores that consume apple juice has a better effectiveness in reducing the halitosis score compared to consuming red guava juice obtained p = 0,000.It is recommended: in schools to be able to consume apples and red guava fruit as natural ingredients to reduce bad breath or prevent bad breath (halitosis).
Peningkatan pengetahuan pada masyarakat tentang konstruksi sumur gali dan bak penampungan limbah serta jarak yang aman terhadap sumber pencemar Darmiati, Darmiati; Nilawati, Nilawati
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Edisi 2
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i2.403

Abstract

Background: The use of mercury material has developed very broadly, and one of them is in the gold mining process which is carried out in the gold extraction process. The activity is carried out in the yard of the house and adjacent to the dug well, this can cause pollution in the soil and dug well water. Problems that arise due to exposure to Mercury are gastrointestinal disorders, kidney damage, nerve damage, disability in the fetus, while in children will reduce cognitive abilities and thinking, memory, attention, language mastery, fine motor skills and visual.Objectives: The purpose of this community service is to increase community knowledge about the construction of dug wells and waste collection tanks as well as a safe distance to pollutants in the traditional gold mining.Method:  The study used a cross-sectional design, involving subjects in 30 community groups. Data collection using a questionnaire and conducted interviews. Analysis of research data is only done univariately.Results: The results of the evaluation of the activity revealed that there was an increase in public knowledge of the conditions for the construction of dug wells, waste collection basins and diseases caused by mercury exposure directly or indirectly on the human body (able to answer questions correctly more than 20% on each question item).Conclusion: Most people begin to understand that the danger of mercury does not only occur in the skin, but can affect the entire organ system and permanent nervous system damage.
Efektivitas pemberian pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca formatipyca) dan vitamin B 6 dalam menurunkan intensitas emisis gravidarum pada ibu hamil Dewi, Ratna; Rahmi, Rahmi
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Edisi 2
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i2.413

Abstract

Background: Nausea and vomiting often occur in early pregnancy, usually because pregnant women are lazy to eat so that their intake of nutrients is reduced. Bananas contain vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. Vitamin B6 can help promote the development of central nervous system cells in the fetus. The daily amount required for pregnant women to meet vitamin B6 is 1.9 milligrams. One medium banana can contain 4 milligrams.Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of giving Kepok banana (Musa paradisiaca formatypica) and Vitamin B6 in reducing the intensity of nausea and vomiting in pregnant women.Method: This study used a Quasi-Experimental design using a pretest-posttest design. The population in this study were pregnant women who experienced nausea and vomiting. The sampling technique used was the purposive sampling technique. Data analysis was performed using the Dependent T-test and the Independent T-test.Results: The results showed that there was a significant effect of giving Kepok banana and vitamin B6 in reducing the intensity of gravidarum emission in pregnant women (p = 0.000). Besides, it was also reported that there was a difference between giving Kepok banana and giving Vitamin B6 related to decreasing the intensity of gravidarum emission in the mother pregnant (p-value = 0.045).Conclusion: The giving of Kepok banana and vitamin B6 has an effect in reducing the intensity of gravidarum emission in pregnant women, and Kepok banana is more effective against the intensity of gravidarum emission in pregnant women. Suggestions, for pregnant women to treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting, one of which is consuming banana kepok and reducing the use of drugs.
Efek sitotoksik ekstrak buah kapulaga jawa (Amomum compactum Soland. Ex. Maton) Muna, Nailul; Zakiah, Noni; Aulianshah, Vonna; Munira, Munira; Sari, Amelia
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i1.302

Abstract

Background: In developed countries cancer is the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular disease. Cancer prevention can be done with synthetic or traditional medicine. However, synthetic treatments often cause side effects and of course require high costs. Java Cardamom (Amomum compactum Soland. Ex Maton) is a plant that contains antioxidants. Antioxidants can inhibit oxidation reactions by binding to free radicals and molecules that are very reactive so that cell damage can be prevented. Cardamom contains flavonoids which can induce cell death programs as well as tannins as free radical scavengers.Objectives: This study aims to determine the LC50 value of Java cardamom (Amomum compactum Soland. Ex Maton) on Artemia salina Leach.Methods: This study was an experimental study using a completely randomized design (CRD) using 180 artemia larvae which were divided into 6 treatment groups. Each group included 10 artemia larvae with varying concentrations of 500 ppm, 250 ppm, 100 ppm, 50 ppm, 10 ppm and 0 ppm (not given extract). Three repetitions were performed for each concentration.Results: The results showed from the observations obtained the LC50 value of Java cardamom extract is 26.60 ppm. So that the Java cardamom extract (Amomum compactum Soland. Ex Maton) has the potential as an anticancer (cytotoxic).Conclusion: Java cardamom extract (Amomum compactum Soland. Ex Maton) is active and can be developed as an anticancer compound.
Potensi antimikroba minyak atsiri daun jeruk (Citrus) Munira, Munira
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i1.290

Abstract

Background: Some plants that are included in the genus Citrus are one of the plants producing essential oils which is a natural substance that is known to have an antibacterial effect.Objectives: The study aims to determine the ability of essential oils from the leaves of several types of citrus (Citrus) in inhibiting the growth of Escherichia coli.Methods: An experimental study using a complete randomized design consisting of 4 treatments and four replications each. The treatments consisted of distilled water (control), lime leaf essential oil, kaffir lime essential oil and lime leaf essential oil. Microbiology test uses agar diffusion method.Results: Anova test showed that essential oils from some lime can inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli (p = 0.000). Duncan's further test results showed that the average diameter of the inhibition zone formed showed that the average diameter of the largest inhibition zone was formed in the treatment which was given lime orange essential oil (16.55 mm) and was not significantly different (p <0.05) with orange essential oil kaffir (15.40 mm) and lime essential oil (14.97 mm). Based on the Duncan test results showed that there is no difference in the average diameter of inhibitory zones between essential oils of lime, lime and lime, this can be caused because the three lime are classified in the same genus, namely the genus citrus.Conclusion: Essential oils from some lime can inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli. The average diameter of the inhibition zone that formed showed the greatest inhibition formed in the treatment which was given lime essential oil.
Dampak gawai dan status gizi pada remaja di SMK Negeri 1 Lhoknga dan Poltekkes Aceh 2019 Jamni, Teuku
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Edisi 2
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i2.417

Abstract

Background: Gadgets are also seen as a form of technological development that is used equally across all ages. the forms of devices used to communicate with adolescents are of course very many and varied. The use of gadgets in adolescents is associated with high, screen-time nutritional status, low activity levels, and causes eating patterns to be incompatible with recommendations so that in the long run it can affect nutritional status.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze how much impact the device has and the nutritional status of adolescents.Method: The research method used is descriptive method, observational study design with cross-sectional design with research subjects adolescents aged 12-21 years, amounting to 200 samples consisting of polytechnic students, kindergarten semester 1 odd, nutritional, dental and sanitarian, and Lhoknga Vocational students. Data duration of the use of the device is obtained from a structured questionnaire that has been validated, nutritional status is determined based on the z-score body mass index of age (BMI / U), data collection techniques using questionnaires and supporting techniques are interviews and documentation.Results: The results showed a very high Gawai impact on adolescent gadgets (71%), the category of nutritional status with Skinny (Z-Score IMT / U <-2 to <3 SD) (94%). while eating patterns are not appropriate (55%). The results of the analysis show the impact between the use of devices and nutritional status (p < 0.05)Conclusion: The use of gadgets has a positive impact in improving the nutritional status of adolescents at SMK Negeri 1 Lhoknga and adolescents at the Poltekkes of the Ministry of Health in Aceh. Suggestions, conduct counseling on the wise use of devices, regulations and legal sanctions for device users, ethics for using devices in Sharia law, and using devices positively.
Hubungan pola makan dengan karies gigi pada murid sekolah dasar Keumala, Cut Ratna
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Edisi 2
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i2.407

Abstract

Background: Caries is a major problem in community dental health seen by the high prevalence of caries in children. Diet is something that needs to be maintained to prevent caries. Foods that are easily attached can accelerate the occurrence of dental and mouth disease. From the initial examination, 70% of students experienced caries with a DMF-T index of 3.5.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of eating patterns with dental caries in grade V and VI students of primary schools.Methods: This analytical study used a cross-sectional study design, with a total sample of 55 students of Elementary School District of Ingin Jaya. This research was conducted on March 18, 2019. Data collection was carried out by laboratory examination and conducting interviews using a structured questionnaire tool. Data processing through the stages of editing, coding, entry, and tabulating. The analysis used in a bivariate analysis using the Chi-Square test manually.Results: The results of the study based on the chi-square statistical test were obtained x2 = 9.67 (x2 count> x2 table), so that at the 95% significance level there was a significant relationship between eating patterns and dental caries in grade V and VI elementary school students in Kayee Leue of Elementary School District of Ingin Jaya, District of Aceh Besar.Conclusion: The eating patterns of elementary school children have a significant relationship with the incidence of dental caries in the fifth and sixth-grade students of Kayee Leue, Elementary School District of Ingin Jaya. Suggestions, to pay attention to dental and oral health by brushing teeth properly and correctly, consume foods that contain fiber such as fruits and vegetables and lots of water, and do a dental check every 6 months.
Pengaruh pemberian jus kurma (Dactilifera phoenix) pada ibu bersalin kala I terhadap durasi persalinan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Langsa Baro Mutiah, Cut
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i1.285

Abstract

Background: Labor is a physiological process experienced by women through a series of natural processes starting from uterine contractions to be able to give birth to the fetus. Research shows that during normal delivery mothers are still allowed to eat and drink because there is no strong evidence that causes aspiration. Nutrition during labor as an energy source can be obtained from dates (Phoenix Dactilifera). Research shows dates have good nutritional value for carbohydrate-rich bodies and have been shown to influence the progress of labor and increase labor, and reduce postpartum hemorrhage.Objective: to prove whether there is an effect of the administration of date palm juice (Dactilifera Phoenix) to first-time mothers on the duration of labor in the Langsa Baro Health Center.Method: This research is a quasi experiment with a nonequivalent posttest only control group design approach. This research was conducted in the Work Area of the Langsa Baro Health Center from July 11 to September 22 2017 with the place of delivery in the Polindes. The number of samples for each group was 15 people in the intervention group and 15 people in the control group. To avoid drop outs, the number of samples is added by 10% (2 people) so that each group is 17 people. Data analysis Data normality test uses the Shapiro-Wilk test and Parametric Test uses the Independent T-Test for normal distribution data to look for differences in the average of the control group with treatment.Results: The results of the study with the data normality test with the Shapiro-Wilk test showed that the duration of labor in the two groups had a p-value of 0.247 (p> 0.05) meaning that the data were normally distributed. And the Independent T-Test shows the difference in the average duration of labor in the two groups. In the control group the average duration of labor was 12.09 while in the treatment group it was 11.23, showing no significant difference in the mean values in the two groups with p-value = 0.011. This shows that statistically the administration of date palm juice cannot accelerate the duration of labor.Conclusion: There were differences in the average duration of labor in the control and treatment groups. In the control group the average duration of labor was 12.09 hours and the treatment group was 11.23 hours. And the date palm juice did not significantly speed up the duration of labor (p-value = 0.011).
Hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap terhadap kepatuhan diet diabetes mellitus pada pasien rawat jalan di RSU Kota Langsa Keumalahayati, Keumalahayati; Supriyanti, Supriyanti; Kasad, Kasad
Jurnal SAGO Gizi dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v1i1.306

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a disease with abnormalities in glucose metabolism (a type of sugar monosaccharide in the body) of the human body. As a non-communicable disease, which lasts long or chronic and is characterized by high blood sugar levels. Healing in patients with diabetes mellitus is very closely related to adherence. Good compliance with patients depends on their knowledge and attitude in maintaining health status.Objectives: To measure the level of relationship between knowledge and attitudes of patients with diabetes mellitus to adherence to the diabetes mellitus diet in the outpatient ward of Langsa city hospital.Methods: Analytical research has been carried out using a cross-sectional design. Samples have been taken totaling 43 people, sampling by accidental sampling. Data collection was carried out by interview and observation using a structured questionnaire. Data processing was computerized and analyzed using the chi-square test at CI: 95%.Results: Showed that there was proportionate relationship between knowledge and diabetes mellitus diet adherence (p= 0.041), and the patient's attitude also show a relationship with diet adherence by diabetes mellitus patients in Langsa City Hospital (p= 0.021).Conclusion: The level of knowledge and attitude of patients in responding to the degree of health is not related to diet adherence carried out by patients with diabetes mellitus in Langsa City Hospital. Suggestions, it is necessary to increase by health workers in providing information on the adherence to the diabetes mellitus diet that is being carried out by people with diabetes mellitus in outpatients, to be implemented at home obediently and correctly.

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