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Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
ISSN : 20874855     EISSN : 26142872     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia (JHI) merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan ilmiah dalam bahasa Indonesia maupun bahasa Inggris yang berkaitan dengan berbagai aspek dalam bidang hortikultura. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia (JHI) terbit tiga kali setahun (April, Agustus, dan Desember).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 217 Documents
The Effect of Heavy Pruning and Organic Fertilizer to Biomass and Flavonoid Production Orange Jessmine Leaves at the First and Second Harvest Eman Ayu Sasmita Jati, Gusti; Arifin Aziz, Sandra; Melati, Maya
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.409 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.135-144

Abstract

Harvesting of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack.) by pruning at the same height continously causes the decreasing of production. It is lack of previous report on the heavy pruning application in orange jessamine. The study aimed to determine the appropriate height of heavy pruning and level of fertilizers application in order to maintain stable yield production of orange jessamine leaves. The study was conducted from July 2015 to July 2016 at the Organic Experimental Station of Bogor Agricultural University in Cikarawang Bogor. The experiment used a randomized block design with two factors and four replications. The first factor was pruning height consisted of 45, 60 and 75 cm above the soil surface. Height of 75 cm was designed as control. The second factor was combination of chicken manure (CM) and rice-husk ash (RA), i.e., without fertilizer (control), 7 kg CM + 3 kg RA, and 14 kg CM + 6 kg RA per plant. The harvest was done two times with four month intervals. The results showed that the pruning height of 60 cm above the soil surface was the best heavy pruning for growth, production and the total content of flavonoids of orange jessamine plants aged 45-57 month after planting after 4-6 harvests, while fertilization treatments did not produce significantly different results. Keywords: chicken manure, pigment content, pruning height, rice-husk ash
Appropriate Duration of Drought Stress for Madura Tangerine Flower Induction Rahayu, Resa Sri; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Efendi, Darda; Widodo, Winarso Drajad
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 2 (2020): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.11.2.82-90

Abstract

Drought stress is one of the techniques used to induce off-season tangerines flower in an effort to meet the availability of tangerines throughout the year. The correct duration of drought stress is important to learn to avoid severe stress and obtain optimum flower yield. This study aims to determine the duration of proper drought stress to induce flowering of Madura lowland tangerine. The study was conducted in the PKHT-IPB Experimental Garden with a height of ± 300 masl from April-May 2019. Experiment was designed with Randomized Block Design (RBD) by one factor treatment, namely drought stress duration with five levels: without drought stress as control, one week drought stress duration, two weeks drought stress duration, three weeks drought stress duration and four weeks drought stress duration. The results showed that duration of drought stress affects the success of induction of Madura tangerine flowers. Drought stress duration of 2, 3 and 4 weeks with 81.81%, 65.21% and 55.39% of field capacity water content successfully induced the flowers. Flowers appear at 3, 2 and 1 week after rewatering and routine irrigating in stress duration treatment for 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Three weeks without irrigation is the optimum duration of drought stress for induction of Madura tangerine flowers.
The Performance of Potted Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora) Due to Growth Retardant and Terminal Bud Pinching Widyawati, Nugraheni
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.426 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.128-134

Abstract

Kajian pengaruh perlakuan retardant dan pemangkasan pucuk terhadap penampilan tanaman krisan pot (Dendranthema grandiflora) dilakukan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok yang terdiri atas tujuh perlakuan dengan empat ulangan, yaitu: P1) Kontrol tanpa retardan dan pemangkasan pucuk; P2) Penyemprotan retardan saat pindah tanam bibit; P3) Penyemprotan retardan 1 minggu setelah pindah tanam bibit; P4) Penyemprotan retardan 2 minggu setelah pindah tanam bibit; P5) Pemangkasan pucuk saat pindah tanam bibit; P6). Pemangkasan pucuk 1 minggu setelah pindah tanam bibit; P7) Pemangkasan pucuk 2 minggu setelah pindah tanam bibit. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA dan BNJ 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa retardan meningkatkan kandungan klorofil daun, tanaman menjadi lebih pendek, diameter tajuk lebih kecil, jumlah bunga per pot lebih sedikit dan diameter bunga lebih kecil. Pemangkasan pucuk menurunkan tinggi tanaman, meningkatkan jumlah bunga per tanaman dan jumlah bunga per pot. Perlakuan retardan dan pemangkasan pucuk menyebabkan mekarnya bunga kurang serentak. Penampilan krisan pot dengan perlakuan retardan lebih ideal dibandingkan kontrol dan pemangkasan pucuk. Kata kunci : pembungaan, pertumbuhan, krisan pot, paclobutrazol, pemangkasan pucuk
Cluster Analysis and SSR (Simple Sequence Repeats) Primers Selection for Aluminium Tolerance on Hot Pepper Herison, Catur; Rustikawati; Meita, Ria; Hasanudin
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.11.1.61-71

Abstract

High yielding and Al tolerant variety of hot pepper is one of the best solutions to overcome the problem of low hot pepper production on acidic dry land. The identification of tolerant parents and SSR markers are useful in increasing the effectiveness of plant breeding programs to develop varieties tolerance to aluminum stress. SSR primer selection is an important initial step in development of molecular markers. The objective of this study was to determine aluminum tolerant genotypes based on the similarity of tolerance to aluminum stress and to determine SSR primers feasible in developing markers for tolerance to aluminum stress in hot pepper plants. The experiment was conducted to evaluate the tolerance of 27 hot pepper genotypes to aluminum stress employing a wick system hydroponic with AB mix nutrient supplemented with 500 ppm AlCl3.6H2O. The next step is to evaluate 20 SSR primers in amplifying representative tolerant and sensitive DNA genome. The cluster analysis on the tolerance characteristics of 27 hot pepper genotypes resulted in 7 groups of aluminum tolerance. Genotypes of PBC396 and PBC518 were very tolerant to aluminum stress and were unique so that they were the most prospective parents in the development of aluminum tolerant cultivars. SSR primers of TMS7 and CAMS358 were potential to produce polymorphic markers for tolerance to aluminum stress in hot pepper. The primers must then be further tested on the DNA genome of mapping population to determine the ones which can be used as a marker for aluminium tolerance. Keywords: Capsicum annuum, NTSYS, grouping assessment, adaptive to acidic
Acclimatization of Orchid (Phalaepnopsis amabilis) with Different Plant Substrate and Giving of Leaf Fertilizer Wukir Tini, Etik; Sulistyanto, Prasmaji; Sumartono, Gregorius Hadi
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.236 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.119-127

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan mendapatkan media tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk daun yang paling tepat untuk aklimatisasi anggrek Phalaepnopsis agar meningkatkan pertumbuhan tanaman. Penelitian dilaksanakan November 2017 sampai Juni 2018 di rumah kasa. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan Rancangan Kelompok Lengkap Teracak dengan dua factor perlakuan, faktor pertama adalah media tanam (pakis, sabut kelapa, dan akar kadaka), dan faktor yang kedua adalah konsentrasi pupuk daun ( tanpa diberi pupuk daun, pupuk daun dengan konsentrasi 1 g L-1, 2 g L-1, 3 g L-1). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akar kadaka dapat meningkatkan pertambahan luas daun sebesar 19.2% dibandingkan pakis dan 26.67% dibandingkan sabut kelapa. Konsentrasi pupuk daun Greener 2 g L-1 merupakan konsentrasi paling baik yang dapat meningkatkan pertambahan luas daun sebesar 78.31% dan pertambahan jumlah klorofil 25.58%. Kombinasi jenis media tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk belum meningkatkan pertumbuhan tanaman anggrek Phalaenopsis pada fase aklimatisasi. Kata kunci: akar kadaka, konsentrasi, pakis, pertumbuhan tanaman, sabut kelapa
Estimation of Variance, Number of Controlling Genes Group and Heritability of Tomato Yield at the Low Altitude Eka Saputra, Helfi; Wahyuni Ganefianti, Dwi; Salamah, Umi; Sariasih, Yenny; Dwi Ardiansyah, Nico
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.473 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.112-118

Abstract

Persilangan merupakan salah satu teknik untuk memperluas keragaman genetik. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengestimasi keragaman genetik, heritabilitas dan jumlah kelompok gen pengendali karakter hasil dan komponen hasil tomat pada populasi F2 persilangan TMU-1 x TMU-2 di dataran rendah. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kelurahan Kandang Limun, Kota Bengkulu dengan ketinggian 10 m dpl (dataran rendah) dari bulan April sampai Oktober 2016. Estimasi keragaman genetik, heritabilitas dan jumlah kelompok gen pengendali karakter ditentukan berdasarkan nilai tengah dan ragam pada populasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan semua karakter yang diuji memiliki jumlah kelompok gen pengendali sebanyak satu gen. Karakter yang dikendalikan oleh satu gen diharapkan fiksasi gen-gen akan cepat tercapai pada beberapa siklus awal seleksi. Delapan karakter memiliki heritabilitas tinggi. Masing-masing karakter dan heritabilitasnya adalah umur berbunga (52.90%), jumlah buah per tanaman (92.99%), panjang buah (77.10%), diameter buah (71.76%), jumlah rongga buah (85.68%), tebal daging buah (73.05%), padatan total terlarut (89.77%) dan bobot buah per tanaman (65.19%). Kata kunci: dataran rendah, heritabilitas, jumlah kelompok gen, keragaman, komponen hasil
Effect of Land Preparation and Land Arragement on Soil Properties, Growth and Yield of Red Pepper (Capsicum annum) in Peat land Maftuah, Eni; Hayati, Afiah
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.87 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.102-111

Abstract

Lahan gambut berpotensi untuk dijadikan areal pengembangan tanaman cabai, namun diperlukan teknologi pengelolaan lahan yang tepat. Salah satu teknologi yang diperlukan adalah teknologi persiapan lahan tanpa bakar dan penataan lahan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh persiapan dan penataan lahan terhadap kesuburan, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman cabai merah. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan gambut di desa Kalampangan, Kecamatan Sebangau, Kodya Palangkaraya, pada bulan Juni sampai Oktober 2017. Rancangan percobaan menggunakan Split Plot yang diulang 3 kali. Petak utama adalah jenis penataan lahan (U1= tanpa bedengan dan U2 = bedengan tinggi 30 cm). Anak Petak adalah jenis persiapan lahan (A1= semprot, tebas, bakar, A2 = tebas, kompos, A3 = tebas, mulsa, A4 = tebas, kompos, mulsa plastik). Pengamatan meliputi tinggi tanaman dan hasil tanaman cabai, pH tanah dan kadar P tersedia di tanah. Perlakuan yang memberikan hasil cabai tertinggi adalah perlakuan penataan lahan sistem guludan yang dikombinasikan dengan sistem persiapan lahan tebas, kemudian bahan dikomposkan+mulsa plastik, sedangkan hasil paling rendah pada perlakuan penataan lahan tanpa guludan pada sistem persiapan lahan tebas dan gulma digunakan untuk mulsa. Hasil tanaman cabai di tanah gambut berhubungan dengan pH tanah dan konsentrasi P tersedia di tanah. Kata kunci: mulsa plastik, sistem bedengan, tebas-bakar, tebas-kompos, tebas-mulsa
Response of Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.) to the treatment of Liquid Organic Fertilizer of Fisheries Waste Rifqi Fauzi, Ahmad; Casdi; Warid
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.331 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.94-101

Abstract

Salah satu isu dalam pertanian perkotaan adalah pengelolaan limbah. Banyaknya limbah di perkotaan belum banyak dikelola secara baik. Salah satu limbah yang dapat dikelola dan dimanfaatkan adalah limbah perikanan sebagai bahan baku pupuk organik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini mengetahui respon pertumbuhan dan hasil panen pakcoy terhadap pemberian pupuk organik cair limbah perikanan. Metode penelitian menggunakan RAKL secara faktorial diulang empat kali. Faktor pertama adalah dosis pupuk urea dengan lima taraf (0, 25%, 50%, 75%, dan 100% dari dosis rekomendasi 250 kg ha-1), dan Faktor kedua adalah konsentrasi pupuk cair organik dari limbah perikanan dengan lima taraf (0, 2, 4, 6, dan 8 ml L-1). Terdapat 25 kombinasi perlakuan dengan 6 tanaman per satuan percobaan, sehingga ada 600 sampel tanaman yang diteliti. Penelitian ini dilakasanakan di Kebun Bergizi, dan Laboratorium Agroekoteknologi, Universitas Trilogi, pada bulan September sampai Oktober 2018. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kombinasi perlakuan 50% pupuk urea dan 2 ml L-1 pupuk cair organik memberikan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kontrol perlakuan lainnya pada indikator pertumbuhan. Pada peubah jumlah daun layak konsumsi dan berat segar tanaman pada kombinasi perlakuan 50% pupuk urea dan 2 ml L-1 yaitu 19.11 helai, dan 220.77 g lebih berat dari perlakuan 100% dosis urea yang digunakan. Kata kunci: Limbah organik, nitrogen, pemupukan, pertanian perkotaan, sayuran
Heritability, Correlation, and Path Analysis on Various Characters of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) under Shading and Normal Condition Ritonga, Arya Widura; Chozin, Muhamad Achmad; Syukur, Muhamad; Maharijaya, Awang; Sobir
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.399 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.85-93

Abstract

Character selection information is essential for plant breeding program. SSH3 tomato genotype (shade-loving genotype), 4974 (shade-sensitive genotype), and F2 population derived from “SSH3 x 4974” were evaluated to estimate the heritability, correlation, direct and indirect effects between yield and various yield atributting characters in tomato under shading and normal condition at Pasir Kuda Station, Bogor Agriculture University, West Java, Indonesia from July until October 2016. The results showed that plant height, leaf length, leaf width, leaf weight, specific leaf weight, fruit weight, fruit number per plant and fruit weight per plant had high heritability under normal condition, while plant height, fruit set, fruit number of plant and fruit weight per plant had high heritability under shading condition. High direct positive effect on yield per plant was resulted from fruit weight and fruit number of plant under shading and normal condition, while leaf width had direct positive effect on fruit weighr per plant only under shading condition. High indirect positive effect on yield per plant was resulted from fruit set, fruit length and fruit diameter under shading and normal condition, while plant heigh had high indirect effect on yield per plant only under shading condition. Fruit set, fruit weight, and fruit number per plant characters were potential to be used as character selection for tomato productivity in normal conditions. Plant height, fruit set and fruit number per plant were potential to be used as character selection for tomato productivity under shading condition. Keywords: direct effect, fruit set, indirect effect, low light tolerant
The Effect of Fruit Maturity Stage on Crown Leaf Bud Cutting of Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr) Cv. Smooth Cayenne Eprilian, Husna Fatima; Suhartanto, Mohamad Rahmad; Palupi, Endah Retno
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.989 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.75-84

Abstract

Propagation method of pineapple that can be developed to increase the number of seedling is crown leaf bud cuttings method. The level of fruit maturity is thought to affect the successfull of crown leaf bud cuttings. This study was aimed to obtain information about the effect of fruit maturity level when taking the crown for cutting material for pineapple cv. Smooth Cayenne seedling production. The experiment used a RCBD with one factor, the factor is the level of maturity with four levels of treatment: Level of maturity 1 (K1): all eyes were green; maturity 2 (K2): yellow fruit eyes <20%; maturity 3 (K3): yellow fruit eyes 40-55%; and maturity 4 (K4): yellow fruit eyes> 90%; but the reddish-orange color <20%. Each treatment was repeated five times, so there were 20 experimental units. The results showed that the levels of endogenous auxin and cytokines were not different at all levels of maturity stage, but the C / N ratio of K3 and K4 showed higher results. All maturity stage showed maximum bud formation at 4-6 WAP. The best fruit maturity level for pineapple seedling production with basal leaf crown cuttings is K4 (yellow fruit eyes> 90%, but reddish orange <20%). K4 had trend to produce higher survived, sprouted cutting and seedling dry weight. K4 showed the highest shoot dry weight and adequate seedling certification standards faster. Keyword: dormant bud, fast propagation, Smooth Cayyene, split crown, tropical fruit

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