cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
ISSN : 20874855     EISSN : 26142872     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia (JHI) merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan ilmiah dalam bahasa Indonesia maupun bahasa Inggris yang berkaitan dengan berbagai aspek dalam bidang hortikultura. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia (JHI) terbit tiga kali setahun (April, Agustus, dan Desember).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 195 Documents
Ketinggian Pangkas Berat dan Pupuk Organik terhadap Biomassa dan Flavonoid Daun Kemuning pada Panen Pertama dan Kedua Eman Ayu Sasmita Jati, Gusti; Arifin Aziz, Sandra; Melati, Maya
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.409 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.135-144

Abstract

Harvesting of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack.) by pruning at the same height continously causes the decreasing of production. It is lack of previous report on the heavy pruning application in orange jessamine. The study aimed to determine the appropriate height of heavy pruning and level of fertilizers application in order to maintain stable yield production of orange jessamine leaves. The study was conducted from July 2015 to July 2016 at the Organic Experimental Station of Bogor Agricultural University in Cikarawang Bogor. The experiment used a randomized block design with two factors and four replications. The first factor was pruning height consisted of 45, 60 and 75 cm above the soil surface. Height of 75 cm was designed as control. The second factor was combination of chicken manure (CM) and rice-husk ash (RA), i.e., without fertilizer (control), 7 kg CM + 3 kg RA, and 14 kg CM + 6 kg RA per plant. The harvest was done two times with four month intervals. The results showed that the pruning height of 60 cm above the soil surface was the best heavy pruning for growth, production and the total content of flavonoids of orange jessamine plants aged 45-57 month after planting after 4-6 harvests, while fertilization treatments did not produce significantly different results. Keywords: chicken manure, pigment content, pruning height, rice-husk ash
Penampilan Tanaman Krisan Pot (Dendranthema grandiflora) Akibat Retardan dan Pemangkasan Pucuk Widyawati, Nugraheni
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.426 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.128-134

Abstract

The research of the effects of retardant and terminal bud pinching on the performance of potted chrysanthemum was conducted using the Randomized Block Design, consist of seven treatments and four replications. The treatments were P1) control without retardant and bud pinching; P2) Retardant at transplanting into pots; P3) Retardant at one week after transplanting; P4) Retardant at two weeks after transplanting; P5) Pinching at the time of transplanting; P6) Pinching at one week after transplanting; P7) Pinching at two weeks after transplanting. Experimental data were analyzed using ANOVA and the analysis of the differences among treatments used Honest Significant Different (HSD) with α=5%. The results showed that retardant increased the chlorophyl of leaf, reduced the height of plant and diameter of shoot, reduced the number and diameter of flowers. Pinching decreased the height of shoot, increase the number of flowers. Retardant and pinching treatment did not cause the anthesis simultaneously. The performance of chrysanthemum pots on retardant treatment is more ideal than control and terminal bud pinching treatment. Keywords: chrysanthemum, flowering, growth, paclobutrazol, pinching
Analisis Cluster dan Seleksi Primer SSR (Simple Sequence Repeats) untuk Sifat Toleran Aluminium pada Cabai Herison, Catur; Rustikawati; Meita, Ria; Hasanudin
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.11.1.61-71

Abstract

High yielding and Al tolerant variety of hot pepper is one of the best solutions to overcome the problem of low hot pepper production on acidic dry land. The identification of tolerant parents and SSR markers are useful in increasing the effectiveness of plant breeding programs to develop varieties tolerance to aluminum stress. SSR primer selection is an important initial step in development of molecular markers. The objective of this study was to determine aluminum tolerant genotypes based on the similarity of tolerance to aluminum stress and to determine SSR primers feasible in developing markers for tolerance to aluminum stress in hot pepper plants. The experiment was conducted to evaluate the tolerance of 27 hot pepper genotypes to aluminum stress employing a wick system hydroponic with AB mix nutrient supplemented with 500 ppm AlCl3.6H2O. The next step is to evaluate 20 SSR primers in amplifying representative tolerant and sensitive DNA genome. The cluster analysis on the tolerance characteristics of 27 hot pepper genotypes resulted in 7 groups of aluminum tolerance. Genotypes of PBC396 and PBC518 were very tolerant to aluminum stress and were unique so that they were the most prospective parents in the development of aluminum tolerant cultivars. SSR primers of TMS7 and CAMS358 were potential to produce polymorphic markers for tolerance to aluminum stress in hot pepper. The primers must then be further tested on the DNA genome of mapping population to determine the ones which can be used as a marker for aluminium tolerance. Keywords: Capsicum annuum, NTSYS, grouping assessment, adaptive to acidic
Aklimatisasi Anggrek (Phalaepnopsis amabilis) dengan Media Tanam yang Berbeda dan Pemberian Pupuk Daun Wukir Tini, Etik; Sulistyanto, Prasmaji; Sumartono, Gregorius Hadi
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.236 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.119-127

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to find the most appropriate planting medium and the concentration of leaf fertilizer for acclimatization of Phalaenopsis orchids in order to increase the plant growth. The research was conducted from November 2017 to June 2018 in the screen house. The design was laid in Randomized Completed Block Design with two treatment factors, the first one is the plant medium (fern, cocofiber, and kadaka root) and the second one is the concentration of leaf fertilizer (without fertilizer, 1 g L-1, 2 g L-1, 3 g L-1 of leaf fertilizer). The results showed that kadaka roots could increase the leaf area growth by 19.2% compared to ferns and 26.67% compared to coconut fiber. Leaf fertilizer concentration of 2 g L-1 is the best concentration that can increase in leaf area addition by 78.31% and the amount of chlorophyll by 25.58%. The combination of plant substrate types and fertilizer concentration have not increased the growth of Phalaenopsis orchid plants in the acclimatization phase. Keywords: coconut fiber, concentration, fern, plant growth, kadaka root
Estimasi Ragam, Jumlah Kelompok Gen Pengendali Karakter dan Heritabilitas Hasil Tomat di Dataran Rendah Eka Saputra, Helfi; Wahyuni Ganefianti, Dwi; Salamah, Umi; Sariasih, Yenny; Dwi Ardiansyah, Nico
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.473 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.112-118

Abstract

Crossing is one technique to expand the genetic diversity. The research objective was to estimate the genetic variability, heritability and number of genes controlling characters tomato yield and yield component in the F2 population crosses TMU-1 xTMU-2 at the low altitude. The research was conducted from April to October 2016 in Kandang Limun, Bengkulu city with a height of 10 m (low altitude). Estimates of genetic variability, heritability and number of genes controlling the yield character is determined based on the mean and variance in the population. The results showed all of the characters that were tested had a number of genes controlling the character as much as one gene. Characters are controlled by a single gene is expected fixation genes to be rapid in some early cycles of selection. Eight characters had a high heritability. Each character and heritability is flowering day (52.90%), the number of fruits per plant (92.99%), fruits length (77.10%), fruits diameter (71.76%), the number of locul fruits (85.68%), thick flesh (73.05%), total soluble solids (89.77%) and fruit weight per plant (65.19%). Keywords: diversity, heritability, low altitude, number of genes group, yield component
Pengaruh Persiapan Lahan dan Penataan Lahan terhadap Sifat Tanah, Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Cabai Merah (Capsicum annum) di Lahan Gambut Maftuah, Eni; Hayati, Afiah
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.87 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.102-111

Abstract

Lahan gambut berpotensi untuk dijadikan areal pengembangan tanaman cabai, namun diperlukan teknologi pengelolaan lahan yang tepat. Salah satu teknologi yang diperlukan adalah teknologi persiapan lahan tanpa bakar dan penataan lahan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh persiapan dan penataan lahan terhadap kesuburan, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman cabai merah. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan gambut di desa Kalampangan, Kecamatan Sebangau, Kodya Palangkaraya, pada bulan Juni sampai Oktober 2017. Rancangan percobaan menggunakan Split Plot yang diulang 3 kali. Petak utama adalah jenis penataan lahan (U1= tanpa bedengan dan U2 = bedengan tinggi 30 cm). Anak Petak adalah jenis persiapan lahan (A1= semprot, tebas, bakar, A2 = tebas, kompos, A3 = tebas, mulsa, A4 = tebas, kompos, mulsa plastik). Pengamatan meliputi tinggi tanaman dan hasil tanaman cabai, pH tanah dan kadar P tersedia di tanah. Perlakuan yang memberikan hasil cabai tertinggi adalah perlakuan penataan lahan sistem guludan yang dikombinasikan dengan sistem persiapan lahan tebas, kemudian bahan dikomposkan+mulsa plastik, sedangkan hasil paling rendah pada perlakuan penataan lahan tanpa guludan pada sistem persiapan lahan tebas dan gulma digunakan untuk mulsa. Hasil tanaman cabai di tanah gambut berhubungan dengan pH tanah dan konsentrasi P tersedia di tanah. Kata kunci: mulsa plastik, sistem bedengan, tebas-bakar, tebas-kompos, tebas-mulsa
Respon Tanaman Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.) terhadap Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair Limbah Perikanan Rifqi Fauzi, Ahmad; Casdi; Warid
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.331 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.94-101

Abstract

Salah satu isu dalam pertanian perkotaan adalah pengelolaan limbah. Banyaknya limbah di perkotaan belum banyak dikelola secara baik. Salah satu limbah yang dapat dikelola dan dimanfaatkan adalah limbah perikanan sebagai bahan baku pupuk organik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini mengetahui respon pertumbuhan dan hasil panen pakcoy terhadap pemberian pupuk organik cair limbah perikanan. Metode penelitian menggunakan RAKL secara faktorial diulang empat kali. Faktor pertama adalah dosis pupuk urea dengan lima taraf (0, 25%, 50%, 75%, dan 100% dari dosis rekomendasi 250 kg ha-1), dan Faktor kedua adalah konsentrasi pupuk cair organik dari limbah perikanan dengan lima taraf (0, 2, 4, 6, dan 8 ml L-1). Terdapat 25 kombinasi perlakuan dengan 6 tanaman per satuan percobaan, sehingga ada 600 sampel tanaman yang diteliti. Penelitian ini dilakasanakan di Kebun Bergizi, dan Laboratorium Agroekoteknologi, Universitas Trilogi, pada bulan September sampai Oktober 2018. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kombinasi perlakuan 50% pupuk urea dan 2 ml L-1 pupuk cair organik memberikan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kontrol perlakuan lainnya pada indikator pertumbuhan. Pada peubah jumlah daun layak konsumsi dan berat segar tanaman pada kombinasi perlakuan 50% pupuk urea dan 2 ml L-1 yaitu 19.11 helai, dan 220.77 g lebih berat dari perlakuan 100% dosis urea yang digunakan. Kata kunci: Limbah organik, nitrogen, pemupukan, pertanian perkotaan, sayuran
Heritabilitas, Korelasi, dan Sidik Lintas Berbagai Karakter Tomat pada Kondisi Naungan dan Tanpa Naungan Ritonga, Arya Widura; Chozin, Muhamad Achmad; Syukur, Muhamad; Maharijaya, Awang; Sobir
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.399 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.85-93

Abstract

Informasi tentang karakter seleksi sangat diperlukan dalam suatu program pemuliaan. Genotipe tomat SSH3 (suka naungan), genotipe 4974 (peka naungan) dan populasi F2 turunan hasil persilangan genotipe SSH3 x 4974 digunakan untuk menduga nilai heritabilitas, pengaruh langsung dan pengaruh tidak langsung terhadap karakter hasil tomat pada kondisi naungan paranet 50% dan tanpa naungan. Penanaman dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan PKHT-IPB Pasir Kuda pada Juli-Oktober 2016. Nilai heritabilitas tinggi (>50%) dihasilkan oleh tinggi tanaman, panjang daun, lebar daun, luas daun, bobot daun, bobot daun spesifik, bobot buah, fruit set, jumlah dan bobot buah per tanaman tomat pada kondisi tanpa naungan. Nilai heritabilitas tinggi (>50%) pada naungan paranet 50%, dihasilkan oleh tinggi tanaman, fruit set, jumlah dan bobot buah per tanaman. Karakter bobot buah dan jumlah buah per tanaman memiliki pengaruh langsung yang tinggi dan positif terhadap bobot buah per tanaman tomat pada kondisi tanpa naungan dan naungan paranet 50%, sementara lebar dan luas daun memiliki pengaruh langsung yang tinggi dan positif terhadap bobot buah per tanaman tomat hanya pada naungan paranet 50%. Karakter panjang buah, diameter buah, dan fruit set memiliki pengaruh tidak langsung yang tinggi dan positif terhadap bobot buah per tanaman pada kondisi tanpa naungan dan naungan paranet 50%, sementara tinggi tanaman memiliki pengaruh tidak langsung yang tinggi dan positif terhadap bobot buah per tanaman tomat hanya pada naungan paranet 50%. Karakter fruit set, bobot buah, dan jumlah buah per tanaman potensial dijadikan karakter seleksi untuk produktivitas tomat pada kondisi tanpa naungan. Karakter tinggi tanaman, fruit set dan jumlah buah per tanaman potensial dijadikan karakter seleksi untuk produktivitas tomat pada naungan paranet 50%. Kata kunci: fruit set, pengaruh langsung, pengaruh tidak langsung, toleran naungan
Pengaruh Tingkat Kematangan Buah terhadap Setek Basal Daun Mahkota Nanas (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr) Cv. Smooth Cayenne Eprilian, Husna Fatima; Suhartanto, Mohamad Rahmad; Palupi, Endah Retno
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.989 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.2.75-84

Abstract

Propagation method of pineapple that can be developed to increase the number of seedling is crown leaf bud cuttings method. The level of fruit maturity is thought to affect the successfull of crown leaf bud cuttings. This study was aimed to obtain information about the effect of fruit maturity level when taking the crown for cutting material for pineapple cv. Smooth Cayenne seedling production. The experiment used a RCBD with one factor, the factor is the level of maturity with four levels of treatment: Level of maturity 1 (K1): all eyes were green; maturity 2 (K2): yellow fruit eyes <20%; maturity 3 (K3): yellow fruit eyes 40-55%; and maturity 4 (K4): yellow fruit eyes> 90%; but the reddish-orange color <20%. Each treatment was repeated five times, so there were 20 experimental units. The results showed that the levels of endogenous auxin and cytokines were not different at all levels of maturity stage, but the C / N ratio of K3 and K4 showed higher results. All maturity stage showed maximum bud formation at 4-6 WAP. The best fruit maturity level for pineapple seedling production with basal leaf crown cuttings is K4 (yellow fruit eyes> 90%, but reddish orange <20%). K4 had trend to produce higher survived, sprouted cutting and seedling dry weight. K4 showed the highest shoot dry weight and adequate seedling certification standards faster. Keyword: dormant bud, fast propagation, Smooth Cayyene, split crown, tropical fruit
Daya Saing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ekspor Nanas Indonesia Rachma Safitri, Viola; Kartiasih, Fitri
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol. 10 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Horticulture / Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.206 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jhi.10.1.63-73

Abstract

This study aims to determine the general picture of pineapple production and export in Indonesia, analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian pineapple in seven main export destination countries, and analyze the factors that affect Indonesian pineapple exports in the main export destination of pineapple in 2001-2014. The methods used in this study are Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Trade Specialization Index (ISP), Intra-Industry Trade (IIT), and panel data regression. The results of this study indicate that the high production of Indonesian pineapple has not been matched by an increase in the volume of pineapple exports. The RCA index shows that Indonesia is superior to the Philippines in several countries such as the Netherlands, Germany, Singapore, Spain and Argentina for pineapple commodities. The ISP and IIT indices show that Indonesia has a tendency as an exporting country. The variable competitiveness index, the real exchange rate of the rupiah against the destination country currency, the income per capita of the destination country, and the amount of Indonesian pineapple production have a positive influence on the growth of the volume of pineapple exports in the seven main export destination countries while the price of pineapple real exports has a negative influence on the volume of pineapple exports in the seven main export destination countries. Keywords: competitiveness, panel data, pineapple exports, RCA

Page 1 of 20 | Total Record : 195