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Contact Name
Unggul Satria Jati
Contact Email
unggulsatriajati@gmail.com
Phone
+62282-533329
Journal Mail Official
accurate.ejournal@pnc.ac.id
Editorial Address
Department of Mechanichal Engineering Politeknik Negeri Cilacap Jln. Dr.Soetomo No.01 Sidakaya, Cilacap, Indonesia Telp: (0282) 533329
Location
Kab. cilacap,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science
ISSN : 27224279     EISSN : 27225089     DOI : https://doi.org/10.35970
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science is a peer-reviewed open-access journal with e-ISSN 2722-5089 and p-ISSN: 2722-4279 published by Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Cilacap. The journal invites scientists and engineers to exchange and disseminate theoretical and practice-oriented in the various topics include, but not limited to mechanical Engineering.
Articles 11 Documents
Penggunaan Catalytic Converter dari Bahan Kuningan dengan Ketebalan 0,2 mm Terhadap Emisi Gas Buang Kendaraan Pada Motor 2 Tak Prasetyo, Imam; Fahrurrozi, Muhammad
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.284

Abstract

In reducing the remaining harmful exhaust emissions of motorcycles, one of them is by improving the quality of fuel and vehicle technology so that the combustion becomes better and more optimal, then the second way is to process exhaust gas through an exhaust emission controller. Catalytic Converter is a device that is installed in the exhaust channel of vehicle which has function to reduce the residual emissions from motorized combustion gases. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using a catalytic converter made of brass with a thickness of 0.2 mm to reduce levels of CO and HC in motorized vehicles. Tests were carried out by using a gas analyzer to determine the value of CO and HC concentrations. The exhaust emission test is carried out in two stages, the exhaust emission test with a standard exhaust and exhaust gas emission test with a catalytic converter with the variations of engine speed of 1500 rpm, 2000 rpm, 2500 rpm, 3000 rpm, 3500 rpm, 4000 rpm. From the research results, it was found that the effect of using a catalytic converter made of brass with a thickness of 0.2 mm with a fin model the most effective decreased on exhaust emission levels was at 1500 rpm, the CO value decreased by 1.82% from 3.96% to 2.14%. and HC value fell 4,412 ppm from 9,999 ppm down to 5,587 ppm.
Rancang Bangun Mesin Pemotong Pipa Dengan Pergerakan Torch Otomatis Untuk Optimasi Proses Plasma Cutting Pujono, Pujono; Pamuji, Anggun
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.159

Abstract

The development of the industrial world that is increasingly making the production process in an industry or factory requires increasingly developing technology and materials and tools that are easy to obtain so that the production process can run smoothly. One component needed in the industrial world is a material in the form of a pipe. Some industries still do the pipe cutting process using oxy acetylene welding which still uses hand and saw saws. This is certainly not effective because the pipes have different size and thickness. To cut the pipe using oxy acetylene welding will produce less neat pieces because the process is still manual by hand and must rotate the pipe, so we need a tool to facilitate the cutting process. Pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting is a machine made to facilitate the pipe cutting process. The process of cutting pipes is cutting tools that move around to produce pieces of pipe. With this machine, it can help speed up students in the process of cutting pipes without having to rotate the pipe to be cut. The purpose of the skeletal design of the pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting is to count the elements of the machine, determine the frame of the machine, determine the design concept of the machine and make the design of the draw frame. In making this machine the author uses the design method approach of VDI 222, drawing software using Solidworks 2017 and working drawings using ISO standards. The results of the concept design evaluation decision are, the framework uses 40 x 40 x 3mm hollow iron with an estimated production time used is 15.32 hours or equal to 2 working days if it is done in 1 day for 8 hours. Then the bill of material in making the frame on this machine spent 53 parts. The best cutting results are obtained from cutting 8 mm thick pipes with a speed of 10 rpm. So from the planning, the framework on the pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting, can function properly. so we need a tool to facilitate the cutting process.
Analisa Pengukuran Cylinder Liner dan Piston pada Overhoul Diesel Engine Hermawati, Lilin; Mujiarto, Iman; Kundori, Kundori; Hariyadi, Sugeng
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.324

Abstract

In addition to knowing the various types of machining components that exist, operators are required to know the maintenance and be able to measure each component so that the diesel engine's performance does not experience problems that result in decreased engine performance. Meanwhile, the supporting components of the diesel engine are like cylinder liners, because the cylinder liner components determine the volume of the cylinder and the performance of the diesel engine. The shape of the cylinder liner is like a tube where the manufacturing process uses a horizontal centrifugal casting process. Horizontal Centrifugal casting process is a casting process for making cylinder liners by pouring molten metal into a rotating mold. Implementation of Top Overhaul on diesel engines is carried out by opening the cylinder head or the top of the engine. The parts examined include the rocker arm, inlet and exhaust valves, injectors, air starting valves and push rods. Top Overhaul is carried out when the working hours of the diesel engine have worked with around 6,000 hours of work. Major Overhaul maintenance, which includes inspection, maintenance and inspection carried out on all Top Overhaul works and on the piston, connecting rod, piston ring, seated metal and road metal. Major Overhaul maintenance is carried out when the diesel engine has 12,000 working hours according to the Diesel Engine Intruction Book. In the  cylinder liner often occurs damage or looseness which is commonly referred to as abrasion, erosion and corrosion. Because of that the cylinder liner requires maintenance and measurement using an inside micrometer tool. From the results of the measurements and maintenance on the cylinder liner, the calculation of the consistency, taper and wear was obtained, to find out the specifications or exceed the limits specified in the Main Engine Intruction Book on the ship.
Rancang Bangun Alat Pemanas Induksi Proses Perlakuan Panas Kurniawan, Ipung; Girawan, Bayu Aji; Muasih, Imam; Susanto, Yosep
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.162

Abstract

The heat treatment process using the fuel system is very numerous and the heating time is quite long. The use of induction heaters, heat treatment can be done with a shorter time and less energy. The purpose of this research are; (1) Make a plan design, (2) Measure the part of machine element, (3) Measure the estimation of time and design budget, (4) Test the result of induction heater machine. The method in this study uses experimental. The result of concept design evaluation, i.e., the use of trapezoid screw on the lifter system was 0,2 kilowatt of motor power, 12 mm of shaft diameter, and ball bearing 6201 with the age of 0,31 years which determined from the calculation of machine element on the induction heater system. The total of time for making this machine was 3.182,06 minutes and it spent Rp 5.360.700,-. The result of test shows that the hardness rate of raw material mild steel that given heat of hardening temperature of 850 0C, that endured for 45 minutes increasing being 84,3 HRB. However, after being tempered temperature of 400 0C having a decrease being 69 HRB.
Optimasi Setting Posisi Screen dan Blower terhadap Kapasitas serta Granulasi pada Proses Grinding di PT. Malindofeedmill, Tbk Grobogan Halim, Dimas Ardiansyah; Ibrahim, Mukhlis; Sidiq, Muhammad Syahrul; Diptaseptian, Kautzar Rizki
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.327

Abstract

The efforts to increase capacity while maintaining the granulation of the grinding process are carried out to maximize the use of the hammer mill machine, which is the second largest electric energy consumption in a plant. The method that can be done to achieve this is by setting the screen position and setting the right blower opening. Standard screen specifications will maximize the capacity of the grinding process and produce optimum granulation. In order to get the maximum grinding capacity, DFCO can be set at the maximum but will have an effect on the motor current during the grinding process, the average current will tend to be high.The aim of this research was to determine the effect of variations in the screen’s and blower’s position settings on the capacity and granulation of raw materials from the grinding process. The usage of 2.5 mm and 3 mm diameters screens, as well as adjusting the screen position of 2.5 mm at the top and 3 mm at the bottom, resulted in better capacity and granulation than using a screen with only 3 mm diameter. The larger the blower and DFCO openings, the greater the grinding capacity, but also increased the motor current. The larger the blower opening, the greater the decrease in the water content of grinding raw materials.
Efek Kandungan Minyak Jarak pada Bahan Bakar Solar terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Bakar dan Emisi Jelaga Mesin Diesel Syarifudin, Syarifudin; Sanjaya, Firman Lukman
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.173

Abstract

Castor oil is an alternative fuel as a substitute for diesel fuel. The property that approaches diesel fuel makes jatropha oil help reduce fossil fuel dependence. Abundant raw materials and high cetane properties make castor oil widely used as fuel in diesel engines. This study aims to observe the consumption of fuel and soot emissions produced by diesel engines using a mixture of diesel fuel with castor oil content of 30%. Based on the results of experiments that have been carried out, fuel consumption and soot emissions have increased. The highest increase occurred in SJ30 fuel at 25% loading. Low heating value is a major cause of increased consumption and soot emissions.
Simulasi Pemograman Pengendali PWM Kecepatan dengan Mikrokontroler Arduino berbasis Sensor Ultrasonik HC-SR04 pada Purwarupa Mobil Listrik Saputra, Dwi Aji; Handaga, Bana; Effendy, Marwan; Halim, Dimas Ardiansyah
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.328

Abstract

The braking process is the basis in the making of the PWM speed control system in order for electric cars to be able to stop automatically and increase the driving safety. The usage of an electric motor as a wheel drive for an electric car allows controlling with a microcontroller. Based on the journal about electric motor control, it is necessary to study the use of PWM as a speed controller. The C language as a coding language can be understood by the Arduino microcontroller with the aim of regulating the speed of the electric motor. The research objective was to use the C language programming as a PWM speed controller with the Arduino microcontroller. The methodology used in this study was to modify a remote control car (RC) made as a prototype electric car. The Arduino microcontroller system was installed and programmed in C language as a PWM speed controller. The main sensor tool used was the ultrasonic distance sensor as the microcontroller input data. Direct current (DC) motors on RC cars were regulated with a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal as the output from the Arduino. LCD and buzzer were used as display devices and indicators of safe distances between prototypes and obstructions. The test results showed that the detection distance of the ultrasonic sensor reached 2 cm to 500 meters. Then the acceleration data obtained by pulse width modulation 64 at 1 meter distance, 127 at 3 meter distance, 191 at 4 meter distance, 225 at 5 meter distance and was made in graphic form. In a speed control system, the usage of the Arduino UNO microcontroller was easy to apply and had complete features. The series of speed control systems could be applied to electric cars with the PWM slow reduction criteria in two stages. The PWM lowering process took 1 second after the sensor detects an obstruction object.
Rancang Bangun Coffee Roaster Machine Kapasitas 1 Kg dengan Menggunakan Pengatur Suhu dan Waktu Termostat Rex-C 100 Prabowo, Dian; Jati, Unggul Satria; Jaya, Windra
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.171

Abstract

Coffee Roaster Machine with Temperature Controller and Timer Capacity 1 Kg is designed to optimize heat from the heater and has a cheaper price than the machines on the market. The goal  in the design of Coffee Roasting Machine with Temperature and Timer is to design, manufacture, perform function tests and test the results of the machine. In the manufacture of this machine the author uses the design method approach of James H. Earle, image software using Solidworks 2017 and working drawings using ISO standards. From the methods that the authors do, obtained the results of the evaluation of the concept of draft decisions are Source pemerers using a DC electric motor with a 12 volt voltage, heat source using a heater with 1500 watts of power, and the total cost used to make this machine of  Rp. 4.296.912,32.
Pengoperasian Alat Produksi Metana dari Pembakaran Limbah Kulit Padi Saputro, Yoyo
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.183

Abstract

This study aims to obtain the design and operation of methane (CH4) production equipment from burning of rice husk waste by burning it in a burner setup (testing) and to determine the effect of variations in air mass flow on the combustion temperature of rice husk waste, boiling time of water, and burning time maximum, combustion temperature. In this study using air mass flow of 0.020 m3 / s, 0.022 m3 / s, and 0.024 m3 / s, data collection included burning 5 kg of rice husk waste, boiling water volume, maximum flame time, combustion temperature. The results of the production of methane scale mass flow production tools have an effect on the effective flame and heat value. Or it can be concluded that the lower the mass of air mass used the longer the maximum flame produced, so that the heat obtained is also greater.
Analisis Kinerja Penukar Kalor Tipe Shell and Tube untuk Pendinginan Governor Markus, Markus; Bakti, Yogi Nugroho
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.342

Abstract

One of the elements that affect the reliability and service life of a hydraulic pump is the stability level of  oil viscosity as a power successor. The stability level of oil viscosity is affected by changes in temperature. The compression and friction process that the oil receives to move the hydraulic pump will increase the oil temperature so that its viscosity level will decrease. To maintain the performance of the hydraulic pump, the oil temperature must be maintained at room temperature. In the case study at PLTA Ir. H. Djuanda, Lurah Kawi Street No.1 Jatiluhur-West Java, to cool the oil, a shell and tube heat exchanger type JPK 13699068 (single tube) is used. This research was conducted to test whether the heat exchanger is still working properly, the parameter is that the cooled oil exit temperature must be close to room temperature. The effectiveness of the heat exchanger will be tested by comparing the test results with the condition of the heat exchanger without impurity factors. The test was carried out by measuring the temperature of the HX intake oil at 44 0C with a discharge of 0.437 kg/s, and the temperature of the HX inlet water at 28 0C with a discharge of 0.498 kg/s. The results showed that, for the coefficient of U between 110 to 350 W/m2 oC with a water impurity factor of 0.0001 m2 oC/W and an oil impurity factor of 0.0002 m2 oC/W, there was a decrease in effectiveness from an average of 74.5% to 73.7%, and there was an increase in oil temperature out of the heat exchanger from an average of 32.07  oC to an average of 32.21  oC.

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