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Contact Name
Unggul Satria Jati
Contact Email
unggulsatriajati@gmail.com
Phone
+62282-533329
Journal Mail Official
accurate.ejournal@pnc.ac.id
Editorial Address
Department of Mechanichal Engineering Politeknik Negeri Cilacap Jln. Dr.Soetomo No.01 Sidakaya, Cilacap, Indonesia Telp: (0282) 533329
Location
Kab. cilacap,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science
ISSN : 27224279     EISSN : 27225089     DOI : https://doi.org/10.35970
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science is a peer-reviewed open-access journal with e-ISSN 2722-5089 and p-ISSN: 2722-4279 published by Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Cilacap. The journal invites scientists and engineers to exchange and disseminate theoretical and practice-oriented in the various topics include, but not limited to mechanical Engineering.
Articles 17 Documents
Efek Kandungan Minyak Jarak pada Bahan Bakar Solar terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Bakar dan Emisi Jelaga Mesin Diesel Syarifudin, Syarifudin; Sanjaya, Firman Lukman
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.173

Abstract

Castor oil is an alternative fuel as a substitute for diesel fuel. The property that approaches diesel fuel makes jatropha oil help reduce fossil fuel dependence. Abundant raw materials and high cetane properties make castor oil widely used as fuel in diesel engines. This study aims to observe the consumption of fuel and soot emissions produced by diesel engines using a mixture of diesel fuel with castor oil content of 30%. Based on the results of experiments that have been carried out, fuel consumption and soot emissions have increased. The highest increase occurred in SJ30 fuel at 25% loading. Low heating value is a major cause of increased consumption and soot emissions.
Simulasi Pemograman Pengendali PWM Kecepatan dengan Mikrokontroler Arduino berbasis Sensor Ultrasonik HC-SR04 pada Purwarupa Mobil Listrik Saputra, Dwi Aji; Handaga, Bana; Effendy, Marwan; Halim, Dimas Ardiansyah
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.328

Abstract

The braking process is the basis in the making of the PWM speed control system in order for electric cars to be able to stop automatically and increase the driving safety. The usage of an electric motor as a wheel drive for an electric car allows controlling with a microcontroller. Based on the journal about electric motor control, it is necessary to study the use of PWM as a speed controller. The C language as a coding language can be understood by the Arduino microcontroller with the aim of regulating the speed of the electric motor. The research objective was to use the C language programming as a PWM speed controller with the Arduino microcontroller. The methodology used in this study was to modify a remote control car (RC) made as a prototype electric car. The Arduino microcontroller system was installed and programmed in C language as a PWM speed controller. The main sensor tool used was the ultrasonic distance sensor as the microcontroller input data. Direct current (DC) motors on RC cars were regulated with a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal as the output from the Arduino. LCD and buzzer were used as display devices and indicators of safe distances between prototypes and obstructions. The test results showed that the detection distance of the ultrasonic sensor reached 2 cm to 500 meters. Then the acceleration data obtained by pulse width modulation 64 at 1 meter distance, 127 at 3 meter distance, 191 at 4 meter distance, 225 at 5 meter distance and was made in graphic form. In a speed control system, the usage of the Arduino UNO microcontroller was easy to apply and had complete features. The series of speed control systems could be applied to electric cars with the PWM slow reduction criteria in two stages. The PWM lowering process took 1 second after the sensor detects an obstruction object.
Analisis Perancangan dan Pengujian Alat Cuci Tangan Otomasis Berbasis Energi Surya 100 WP Suripto, Heri; Jati, Unggul Satria
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 2, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v2i1.580

Abstract

The outbreak of the Covid 19 disease has caused disaster to the people. The emergence of this disease’s outbreak encourages the importance clean lifestyle. In order not to easily contracted the Covid 19 disease, it is necessary to make automatic handwashing equipment to prevent people from having direct contact with the equipment. In this research the design and testing of an automatic handwashing equipment based on solar energy were carried out. The purpose of this research was to determine the capacity of the sun's intensity to provide electrical energy through the solar module to the battery which will be used to supply electrical energy of solar energy-based automatic handwashing equipment. The method used in this research was the Palh and Beitz method approach and the experimental method which started with the design, material selection, assembly and testing. The design produced equipment specifications for a solar module framework with a height of 100 cm, a width of 80 cm, a length of 100 cm, while for a sink frame with a height of 90 cm, a width of 45 cm, and a length of 55 cm. The test was carried out in three phases, phase one was testing the module input power. The module input power in the test produced a power of 2461 Watts with a solar radiation intensity of 3237 W / m2. The peak intensity and power of the sun was shown at 13.00 WIB. The second phase of the test was the length of time needed to charge the battery took 2.5 hours. The third phase of the test was the power needed for sensors and pumps of 358 Watts. The power requirement of 358 Watts could be supplied by a 100 Wp solar panel, since the power released from a 100 Wp solar panel is 400 Watts.
Optimasi Setting Posisi Screen dan Blower terhadap Kapasitas serta Granulasi pada Proses Grinding di PT. Malindofeedmill, Tbk Grobogan Halim, Dimas Ardiansyah; Ibrahim, Mukhlis; Sidiq, Muhammad Syahrul; Diptaseptian, Kautzar Rizki
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.327

Abstract

The efforts to increase capacity while maintaining the granulation of the grinding process are carried out to maximize the use of the hammer mill machine, which is the second largest electric energy consumption in a plant. The method that can be done to achieve this is by setting the screen position and setting the right blower opening. Standard screen specifications will maximize the capacity of the grinding process and produce optimum granulation. In order to get the maximum grinding capacity, DFCO can be set at the maximum but will have an effect on the motor current during the grinding process, the average current will tend to be high.The aim of this research was to determine the effect of variations in the screen’s and blower’s position settings on the capacity and granulation of raw materials from the grinding process. The usage of 2.5 mm and 3 mm diameters screens, as well as adjusting the screen position of 2.5 mm at the top and 3 mm at the bottom, resulted in better capacity and granulation than using a screen with only 3 mm diameter. The larger the blower and DFCO openings, the greater the grinding capacity, but also increased the motor current. The larger the blower opening, the greater the decrease in the water content of grinding raw materials.
Rancang Bangun Alat Pemanas Induksi Proses Perlakuan Panas Kurniawan, Ipung; Girawan, Bayu Aji; Muasih, Imam; Susanto, Yosep
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.162

Abstract

The heat treatment process using the fuel system is very numerous and the heating time is quite long. The use of induction heaters, heat treatment can be done with a shorter time and less energy. The purpose of this research are; (1) Make a plan design, (2) Measure the part of machine element, (3) Measure the estimation of time and design budget, (4) Test the result of induction heater machine. The method in this study uses experimental. The result of concept design evaluation, i.e., the use of trapezoid screw on the lifter system was 0,2 kilowatt of motor power, 12 mm of shaft diameter, and ball bearing 6201 with the age of 0,31 years which determined from the calculation of machine element on the induction heater system. The total of time for making this machine was 3.182,06 minutes and it spent Rp 5.360.700,-. The result of test shows that the hardness rate of raw material mild steel that given heat of hardening temperature of 850 0C, that endured for 45 minutes increasing being 84,3 HRB. However, after being tempered temperature of 400 0C having a decrease being 69 HRB.
Studi Eksperimental Unjuk Kerja Motor Diesel Putaran Stasioner dengan Campuran Bahan Bakar Biodiesel Buah Nyamplung Pratiwi, Yuliyanti Dian; Sutarno, Sutarno; Warso, Warso
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 2, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v2i1.582

Abstract

The recent development of technology and the continuous development of human lifestyle have resulted in the increasing of the need for energy, so that the availability of energy from non-renewable fossil fuels is decreasing, and it is even predicted that it will run out over time. One of the most prospective vegetable oil resources to be used as a raw material for biodiesel is product from the processing of nyamplung seeds (Calophyllum Inophyllum L). Due to nyamplung seed oil is not included in the category of primary food needs, so its usage as a biodiesel will not interfere with human food needs. The purpose of this research is to find out how much torque and sfc power to the mixture of biodiesel fuel from nyamplung fruit. This research used experimental studies with research that has been done to produce Power, Torque, and Sfc from a mixture of 20% of 1.72kW, 10,955Nm and the value of increase down 10.08%. Percentage of 30% 1,692kW, 10,777N.m and the value increase / decrease -1.09%. The percentage of 40% 1,719kW, 10,949N.m and the rate is up / down 5.77% for Dexlite. Percentage of 20% 1,722kW, 10,968N.m and 4.63% increase / decrease value. Percentage of 30% 1,710kW, 10,891N.m and value increase / decrease 6.52%. The percentage of 40% 1,722kW, 10,968N.m and the increased value by 5.95% for Pertamina DEX.
Analisa Laju Permukaan Keausan Pada Model Uji Mekanis Bushing Kuningan Sutarno, Sutarno; Prabowo, Nugrah Rekto; Mastur, Mastur
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 2, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v2i1.584

Abstract

Bushing is a bearing between movable and immovable components. These spare parts function are to hold the rotating shaft and through the gear box into the shaft which is held by the brass material bushing, where those processes are able to reduce the vibrations and the shock of shock loads. The purpose of this research is to know the level of roughness and wear rate of brass bushing, this research is conducted to find out how efficient it is, the use of a bushing with a field that is very likely to have a large shock load and to know the wear test data, and roughness of the brass bushing. The type of this research used an experimental method. From the results of the study it was concluded that to get the roughness and wear value using a conventional lathe, the spindle rotation was 970 rpm. Based on the experiments with predetermined parameters, the lowest roughness value was Ra 1.13 and the highest roughness was Ra 2.41. In the experiments for the wear test of each specimen, the wear rate obtained after the initial weight was subtracted from the third one hour weight, from the lightest of 0.07 grams and the heviest of 1.62 grams.
Analisa Pengukuran Cylinder Liner dan Piston pada Overhoul Diesel Engine Hermawati, Lilin; Mujiarto, Iman; Kundori, Kundori; Hariyadi, Sugeng
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Oktober 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i2.324

Abstract

In addition to knowing the various types of machining components that exist, operators are required to know the maintenance and be able to measure each component so that the diesel engine's performance does not experience problems that result in decreased engine performance. Meanwhile, the supporting components of the diesel engine are like cylinder liners, because the cylinder liner components determine the volume of the cylinder and the performance of the diesel engine. The shape of the cylinder liner is like a tube where the manufacturing process uses a horizontal centrifugal casting process. Horizontal Centrifugal casting process is a casting process for making cylinder liners by pouring molten metal into a rotating mold. Implementation of Top Overhaul on diesel engines is carried out by opening the cylinder head or the top of the engine. The parts examined include the rocker arm, inlet and exhaust valves, injectors, air starting valves and push rods. Top Overhaul is carried out when the working hours of the diesel engine have worked with around 6,000 hours of work. Major Overhaul maintenance, which includes inspection, maintenance and inspection carried out on all Top Overhaul works and on the piston, connecting rod, piston ring, seated metal and road metal. Major Overhaul maintenance is carried out when the diesel engine has 12,000 working hours according to the Diesel Engine Intruction Book. In the  cylinder liner often occurs damage or looseness which is commonly referred to as abrasion, erosion and corrosion. Because of that the cylinder liner requires maintenance and measurement using an inside micrometer tool. From the results of the measurements and maintenance on the cylinder liner, the calculation of the consistency, taper and wear was obtained, to find out the specifications or exceed the limits specified in the Main Engine Intruction Book on the ship.
Rancang Bangun Mesin Pemotong Pipa Dengan Pergerakan Torch Otomatis Untuk Optimasi Proses Plasma Cutting Pujono, Pujono; Pamuji, Anggun
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 1, No 1 (2020): April, 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v1i1.159

Abstract

The development of the industrial world that is increasingly making the production process in an industry or factory requires increasingly developing technology and materials and tools that are easy to obtain so that the production process can run smoothly. One component needed in the industrial world is a material in the form of a pipe. Some industries still do the pipe cutting process using oxy acetylene welding which still uses hand and saw saws. This is certainly not effective because the pipes have different size and thickness. To cut the pipe using oxy acetylene welding will produce less neat pieces because the process is still manual by hand and must rotate the pipe, so we need a tool to facilitate the cutting process. Pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting is a machine made to facilitate the pipe cutting process. The process of cutting pipes is cutting tools that move around to produce pieces of pipe. With this machine, it can help speed up students in the process of cutting pipes without having to rotate the pipe to be cut. The purpose of the skeletal design of the pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting is to count the elements of the machine, determine the frame of the machine, determine the design concept of the machine and make the design of the draw frame. In making this machine the author uses the design method approach of VDI 222, drawing software using Solidworks 2017 and working drawings using ISO standards. The results of the concept design evaluation decision are, the framework uses 40 x 40 x 3mm hollow iron with an estimated production time used is 15.32 hours or equal to 2 working days if it is done in 1 day for 8 hours. Then the bill of material in making the frame on this machine spent 53 parts. The best cutting results are obtained from cutting 8 mm thick pipes with a speed of 10 rpm. So from the planning, the framework on the pipe cutting machine using plasma cutting, can function properly. so we need a tool to facilitate the cutting process.
Pengaruh Kuat Arus Las Terhadap Sifat Mekanis dan Struktur Mikro Sambungan Las Besi Tuang Kelabu menggunakan Elektroda Nikel dengan Proses Pengelasan SMAW Daryono, Daryono; Prihantoro, Topan; Setiawan, Ady
Accurate: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Science Vol 2, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Cilacap

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35970/accurate.v2i1.585

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of welding current on the mechanical properties and microstructure of gray cast iron welding joints using nickel electrodes with the SMAW welding process. The research method used was experimental study, starting with preparing the workpiece, welding process, making test specimens and testing the weld specimens. The material to be joined is gray cast iron metal with a butt joint of a 60 ° open seam V open angle. The welding process used uses SMAW with a current of 80 Amperes, 85 Amperes and 90 Amperes. The added material used was an ENiFe-Cl type CIN 2 electrode with a diameter of 2.6 mm. Hardness testing was carried out using the Vickers method and microstructure testing using an optical microscope. The results showed that the maximum hardness value of the parent metal occurred at the welding current strength of 85 Amperes, which was 192.17 VHN, then the maximum hardness value of the HAZ area occurred at the welding current strength of 85 Amperes, which was 203.46 VHN, while the maximumhardness value of the weld metal was 203.46 VHN. metal) occurred at a welding current of 90 Amperes, which was 211.18 VHN. The results of the microstructure observation showed that the matrix formed on the parent metal was pearlite withgraphite in the form of flakes. The micro structure formed in the HAZ area was a martensite structure. Meanwhile, the microstructure of weld metal consists of an austenite matrix with an even distribution of graphite particles.

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