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Endhyka Erye Frety
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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN MIDWIFERY HEALTH AND SCIENCES JOURNAL
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26567806     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/imhsj.v1i1.2019.1-15
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal (e-ISSN 2656-7806) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by Universitas Airlangga. The scope for Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal includes Adolescents, premarital and preconception, pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and lactation, newborns, infants and toddlers, reproductive health, gynaecology, maternal emergencies, neonatal emergencies, contraception, family planning, menopause, health care and midwifery policies, midwifery education, management midwifery care services, Community Midwifery. Articles published in Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal include original articles and literature reviews. Articles could be written in either Bahasa Indonesia or English. Contributors for Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal are researchers, lecturers, students, midwifery practitioners and other practitioners that focus on midwifery and health sciences in Indonesia and worldwide.
Articles 72 Documents
Front Matter, Vol.3 No. 1, January 2019 matter, front
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, January 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i1.2019.%p

Abstract

PENGARUH PAPARAN MEDIA MASSA TERHADAP LITERASI KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA PONDOK PESANTREN Isyroofanaa, Esti; Faizah, Zakiyatul; Utomo, Martono Tri
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, October 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i4.2019.341-348

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang : Kesehatan merupakan salah satu di antara tiga faktor utama yang mempengaruhi Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) selain pendidikan dan pendapatan. Media dan sumber informasi kesehatan yang semakin berkembang menjadikan masyarakat lebih melek kesehatan. Pondok Pesantren Putri Hidayatul Mubtadi-aat Lirboyo Kediri menerapkan dalam penggunaan media massa mutlak tidak diperbolehkan seperti televisi, radio atau handphone. Metode : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Besar sampel sebanyak 260 santri remaja umur 10 sampai 19 tahun sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi. Pengambilan data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan metode Non-Random Sampling dengan teknik consecutive  sampling. Variabel independen dalam penelitian ini adalah paparan media massa, sedangkan variabel dependennya adalah tingkat health literacy kesehatan reproduksi remaja. Untuk mengetahui tingkat signifikan, data yang terkumpul akan diuji dengan uji regresi logistik sederhana dengan menggunakan derajat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil : ada pengaruh kualitas paparan media (p=0,006), kuantitas paparan media massa (p=0,002) terhadap tingkat health literacy. Kesimpulan : diperlukan lebih banyak paparan media yang berkualitas untuk meningkatkan health literacy terkait kesehatan reproduksi pada santri Pondok Pesantren Putri Hidayatul Mubtadi-aat Lirboyo Kediri.Abstract Background: Health is one of the three main factors that influence the Human Development Index (HDI) in addition to education and income. Media and health information sources that are increasingly developing make people more health literate. Islamic Boarding School, Lirboyo Kediri, is not permitted to use the mass media as television, radio or cellphones. Method: This research was an observational analytic study using a cross sectional approach. The size of samples was 260 young students aged 10 to 19 years according to the inclusion criteria. Quantitative data were retrieved Non-Randomly using  consecutive sampling technique. The independent variable in this study was mass media exposure, while the dependent variable is the level of health literacy of adolescent reproductive health. To find out the effect, a simple logistic regression was applied using 95% confidence level. Results: the quality of the media that were accessed (p=0.006), the quantity of media that were accessed (p=0.002), age (p=0.000) and the training experience (p=0.000) affected health literacy individually. Conclusion: there is needs of increasing access to quality mass media in order to improve health literacy aming students of Pondok Pesantren Putri Hidayatul Mubtadi-aat Lirboyo Kediri.
PENGARUH EXERCISE INTENSITAS TINGGI TERHADAP KETEBALAN ENDOMETRIUM MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS) Yuli, Aizah Ari Setyana; Sari, Gadis Meinar; Sa’adi, Ashon
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, January 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i1.2019.24-29

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang : Exercise dapat menyebabkan terbentuknya reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ketidakseimbangan antara antioksidan endogen dan ROS dapat menyebabkan stres oksidatif. Stres oksidatif dapat menyebabkan infertilitas pada wanita melalui berbagai mekanisme. Endometrium yang tidak sempurna karena ROS tidak dapat mendukung embrio dan perkembangannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa perbedaan ketebalan endometrium pada mencit yang exercise intensitas tinggi. Metode : Penelitian ini true experimental dengan rancangan randomized posttest only design. Besar sampel adalah 7 ekor tiap kelompok, yang terdiri dari 2 kelompok. Kelompok kontrol dan  kelompok exercise intensitas tinggi. Data yang didapatkan adalah ketebalan endometrium mencit. Hasil : hasil uji mann-whitney menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan dengan P=0,006. Kesimpulan : exercise intensitas tinggi dapat mempengaruhi ketebalan endometrium.. Abstract Background: Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) is formed by exercise. Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between endogenous antioxidants and ROS. Oxidative stress  causes infertility in women through mechanisms. Because of  ROS, endometrium can not support the embryo and its development. This research aim to analyze different of endometrial thickness mice with high intensity exercise. Methods: This research is true experimental researh with randomized posttest only design. The sample size is 7 female mice each group, devided into 2 groups. The control group, and the high-intensity exercise group. Data obtained from mice endometrial thickness Results: mann-whitney  gave significant result at level p=0.006. Conclusion: high intensity exercise can effect the thickness of the endometrium.
Front Matter, Vol.3 No. 3, July 2019 matter, front
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, July 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i3.2019.%p

Abstract

GANGGUAN MENSTRUASI PADA AKSEPTOR DMPA TIDAK TERKAIT IMT Simamora, Cicilia Valentine; Dwiningsih, Sri Ratna; Darsini, Ninik
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, July 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i3.2019.196-203

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Kejadian akseptor drop out tertinggi karena efek samping yaitu pada metode suntikan. KB injeksi DMPA memiliki efek samping gangguan menstruasi. Untuk menjamin lancarnya menstruasi, wanita harus mempunyai kadar lemak sebanyak 22% dari berat badannya. Kadar lemak dapat ditentukan dengan menilai berat badan seseorang melalui pengukuran Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari hubungan IMT dengan gangguan menstruasi pada akseptor KB injeksi DMPA di Puskesmas Jagir. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 67 orang meliputi akseptor KB injeksi DMPA di Puskesmas Jagir sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi. Sampling dilakukan dengan total sampling. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini adalah IMT pada akseptor KB injeksi DMPA, sedangkan variabel tergantung adalah gangguan menstruasi pada akseptor KB injeksi DMPA. Untuk mengetahui tingkat signifikan, data yang terkumpul akan diuji dengan uji statistik Pearson pada tingkat kemaknaan α=0,05. Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa sebagian besar responden memiliki IMT normal (55,2%), IMT kurus (3,0%) dan IMT overweight (41,8%). Hampir seluruhnya mengalami gangguan menstruasi (88,1%) dan yang tidak mengalami gangguan menstruasi (11,4%). Setelah uji Pearson diperoleh nilai p=0,140 (p>0,05) yang berarti bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara IMT dengan gangguan menstruasi pada akseptor KB injeksi DMPA. Kesimpulan: Tidak ada hubungan antara IMT dengan gangguan menstruasi pada akseptor KB injeksi DMPA di Puskesmas Jagir. Abstract Background: The incidence of drop out acceptors mostly due to side effects, is found on the injection method. DMPA injection has side effects of menstrual disorders. To ensure a fluent menstruation, women should have fat mass at least 22% of their body weight. Fat mass can be determined by measuring the Body Mass Index (BMI). This research aims to study the relationship of BMI with menstrual disorders in DMPA injection receiver at Puskesmas Jagir. Methods: This research is an observational analytic research with a cross sectional approach. A total sample of 67 people included DMPA injection receiver at Puskesmas Jagir corresponding for inclusion criteria. Sampling is done by total sampling. The independent variable in this study was BMI in DMPA injection receiver, while the dependent variable was menstrual disorders in DMPA injection receiver. To determine a significant level, the collected data will be tested by Pearson at the significance level of α = 0.05. Results: The results of the study showed that most of respondents had normal BMI (55.2%), thin BMI (3,0%) and overweight BMI (44.8%). Most of them experienced menstrual disorders (88.1%) and others did not experience menstrual disorders (11.4%). After the Pearson test, the value of p = 0.140 (p > 0.05) which means that there is no relationship between BMI and menstrual disorders in DMPA injection receiver. Conclusion: There is no relationship of BMI with menstrual disorders in DMPA injection receiver at Puskesmas Jagir.
PEMBERIAN IMUNISASI HEPATITIS B (PASIF) PADA BAYI YANG LAHIR DARI IBU HBsAg POSITIF A. K. S, Ramadhani; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; C. L, Muhammad Ardian
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, April 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i2.2019.114-119

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Berdasarkan data Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya tercatat 748 bayi lahir dari ibu dengan HBsAg positif diseluruh wilayah puskesmas kota Surabaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pemberian imunisasi hepatitis B (pasif) pada bayi yang dilahirkan dari ibu dengan HBsAg positif di 4 wilayah puskesmas di Kota Surabaya. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan deskriptif observasional dan teknik total sampling dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Sampel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi sebanyak 56 bayi. Variabel yang diamati meliputi pemberian imunisasi hepatitis B (pasif) pada bayi yang dilahirkan dari ibu dengan HBsAg positif. Analisis data menggunakan univariat atau deskriptif. Hasil: Didapatkan distribusi pemberian imunisasi pasif hepatitis B (HBIG) pada bayi sebanyak 91,1% dan 40 bayi (71,4%) dinyatakan non reaktif saat mereka berusia >9 bulan. Kesimpulan: Hampir seluruh bayi yang lahir dari ibu dengan HBsAg melakukan imunisasi pasif (HBIG) dan imunisasi aktif (HB-0) tepat waktu dan sebagian besar bayi dinyatakan non reaktif terhadap HBsAg saat berusia lebih dari 9 bulan.Abstract Background: Based on data from the Surabaya City Health Office, 748 infants born to HBsAg positive mothers in all of the public city health center of Surabaya. This study aims to describe the giveness hepatitis B immunization (passive) in infants born to HBsAg positive mothers in 4 of the public city health center in Surabaya. Method: This study uses descriptive observational study and total sampling technique with a cross-sectional approach. All samples which is included to inclusion criteria were 56 infants. The variables observed the giveness of hepatitis B immunization (passive) in infants born to HBsAg positive mothers and the HBsAg status of the children after hepatitis B immunization which were performed when they were more than 9 months old. Univariate or descriptive analysis was performed. Results: The study  found the distribution frequency the giveness of passive hepatitis B immunization (HBIG) were 91,1% and the HBsAg status when the children more than 9 months old were 71,4% are declared as non-reactive to HBsAg.. Conclusion: Almost all infants born to HBsAg postive mothers have gone through passive immunization (HBIG) and most of them are found to be non-reactive to HBsAg when they are more than 9 months old.
LAMA KALA II PERSALINAN PADA IBU PRIMIGRAVIDA YANG MENGIKUTI SENAM DAN TIDAK SENAM HAMIL Hasanah, Uswatun; Anis, Wahyul; Purwanto, Bambang
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, January 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i1.2019.70-76

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Kehamilan dan persalinan merupakan proses alamiah bagi wanita namun peluang terjadinya komplikasi bisa saja terjadi. Komplikasi yg terjadi selama persalinan menjadi penyumbang angka kematian ibu di Indonesia seperti kala II memanjang. Primigravida merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya kala II memanjang, jika lebih dari 2 jam berisiko 1.42 kali menyebabkan trauma jalan lahir dan perdarahan. Upaya pemerintah untuk mencegah komplikasi tersebut dengan menyelenggarakan senam hamil untuk menyeimbangkan emosional, mental, fisik dan spiritual sehingga mengurangi risiko persalinan lama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pada durasi lama kala II persalinan pada primigravida yg mengikuti senam hamil dan tidak senam hamil. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah anlitik observasional dengan rancangan cross-sectional, jumlah sampel 92 responden dengan teknik total sampling. Variabel independen adalah senam hamil dan variabel dependen yaitu lama kala II persalinan. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah rekam medis dan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji Mann Whitney Test. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel durasi kala II persalinan  p = 0,000 (p<0,05). Kesimpulan: Durasi kala II persalinan pada primigravida yang mengikuti senam hamil lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan ibu yang tidak senam hamil. AbstractBackground: Pregnancy and childbirth are natural processes for women but the chance of complications can occur. Complications that occur during labor contribute to the maternal mortality rate in Indonesia such as elongation in the second period. Primigravida is a risk factor for prolonged stage II, if more than 2 hours the risk is 1.42 times causing trauma to the birth canal and bleeding. Government efforts to prevent these complications by carrying out pregnancy exercises to balance emotional, mental, physical and spiritual thus reducing the risk of prolonged labor. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the duration of the second stage of labor in primigravidas who followed and did not follow pregnancy exercise. Method: This study was an observational analytic with a cross-sectional design, with a total sample of 92 respondents with a total sampling technique. The independent variable is pregnancy exercise and the dependent variable is the duration of second stage of labor. The instruments used medical records and questionnaires. Data analysis using the Mann Whitney Test. Results: The results showed the variable duration of second stage of labor p = 0,000 (p <0.05). Conclusions: The duration of the second stage of labor in primigravidas who followed pregnancy exercise  was faster than did not follow pregnancy exercise.  
FAKTOR AKSESIBILITAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP PEMERIKSAAN IVA DI PUSKESMAS BENCULUK KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI Arisca, Arisca; Lestari, Pudji; Kurniasari, Nila
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, October 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i4.2019.305-310

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Kanker serviks merupakan salah satu penyakit kanker yang menyerang wanita dan menduduki urutan kedua setelah kanker payudara di Indonesia. Salah satu pencegahan yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan melakukan pemeriksaan deteksi dini kanker serviks metode IVA. Keinginan melakukan pemeriksaan IVA dipengaruhi beberapa faktor, diantaranya pengetahuan, kesadaran, keternagkauan jarak, keterjangkauan biaya, serta persepsi Ibu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor aksesibilitas pelayanan kesehatan dan persepsi ibu terhadap pemeriksan IVA di Puskesmas Benculuk Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik random sampling sejumlah 60 responden dengan instrument penelitian kuisioner. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari pengetahuan, kesadaran, keterjangkauan jarak, keterjangkauan biaya, dan persepsi Ibu. Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa 93,3% belum pernah melakukan pemeriksaan IVA, 90% WUS memiliki pengetahuan baik, 70% memiliki keterjangkauan jarak yang jauh dengan tempat pelayanan kesehatan, 100% mampu dalam pembiayaan pemeriksaan IVA, sebagian besar WUS memiliki persepsi yang baik terkait kanker serviks dan pemeriksaan IVA. Kesimpulan: Faktor aksesibilitas pelayanan kesehatan dan persepsi Ibu terhadap pemeriksaan IVA termasuk dalam golongan baik, namun dari 60 responden hanya 4 responden yang sudah pernah melakukan pemeriksaan IVA. Beberapa alasan mengapa WUS belum melakukan pemeriksaan  diantaranya karena rasa malu dan takut kepada petugas kesehatan, rasa takut apabila terdeteksi adanya penyakit kanker serviks, serta merasa belum membutuhkan pemeriksaan IVA karena belum merasakan adanya gejala yang mengarah pada penyakit kanker serviks.Abstract Background: Cervical is a cancer that involves women. Cervical cancer rank’s is the second after breast cancer in Indonesia. Prevention that can be done is by conducting an examination of the early detection of cervical cancer VIA method. The desire to conduct VIA test is influenced by several factors, including knowledge, awareness, distance awareness, cost affordability, and mother's perception. This study aims to analyze the accessibility factors of health services and maternal perceptions of VIA test at the Puskesmas Benculuk Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Methods: This study was a descriptive observational study with a cross sectional design. Sampling used a random sampling technique of 60 respondents with questionnaire research instruments. The research variables consisted of knowledge, awareness, affordability, affordability, and women's perception. Results: The results showed that 93.3% had never done VIA examination, 90% of women of childbearing age had good knowledge, 70% had far-reaching affordability with health care facilities, 100% were able to finance IVA examinations, most women of childbearing age had a good perception of cancer cervix and VIA test. Conclusion: Accessibility factors for health services and maternal perceptions of IVA examination are included in the good category, but from 60 respondents only 4 respondents have already conducted IVA examinations. Some of the reasons why women of childbearing age has not conducted an examination include the feeling of shame and fear of health workers, fear of cervical cancer being detected, and feeling that they have not needed an IVA examination because they have not felt any symptoms that lead to cervical cancer.
KUALITAS INTERAKSI ORANG TUA DAN ANAK TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN EMOSIONAL ANAK Sholikha, Juliatus; Irwanto, Irwanto; Fardana N, Nur Ainy
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, July 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i3.2019.243-248

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Interaksi orang tua dan anak merupakan salah satu hal yang paling signifikan dan mendasar dalam meningkatkan perkembangan emosional anak. Perkembangan emosional anak merupakan proses regulasi emosi diri. Kualitas interaksi orang tua terhadap anak tergolong masih rendah meski waktu kebersamaaan orang tua dan anak sudah baik, sehingga penelitian tentang interaksi orang tua-anak dan perkembangan emosional anak diperlukan. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Terdapat 226 orang tua dan anak usia 4-6 tahun bersedia menjadi responden. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Child Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS) Short Form untuk mengukur kualitas interaski  dan Kuesioner Masalah Perilaku dan Emosional (KMPE) untuk mengukur perkembanagn emsoiuonal anak. Analisis data menggunakan uji Spearman’s Rho SPSS 21.0. Hasil: Mayoritas orang tua memiliki interaksi yang dekat dengan anak sebesar 87,6% dengan rata-rata 33,22. Perkembangan emosional anak didapatkan sebesar 78,3% anak berkembang secara normal. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan Spearman’s Rho didapatkan nilai signifikansi kedekatan orang tua dan anak terhadap perkembangan emosional anak sebesar p=0,000 dan r=0,603. Sedangkan, nilai signifikansi konflik orang tua dan anak terhadap perkembangan emosional anak sebesar p=0,000 dan r=-0.683. Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan kualitas interaski orang tua  dan anak terhadap perkembangan emsoional anak. Semakin baik kualitas interaksi orang tua dan anak maka semakin baik pula perkembangan emosional anak.Abstract Background: The interaction of parents and children is one of the most significant and fundamental things in improving children's emotional development. Children's emotional development is a process of self-regulation of emotions. The quality of parent interaction with children is still low even though the time of togetherness of parents and children is good, so research on parent-child interaction and emotional development of children is needed. Method: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. There were 226 parents and children aged 4-6 years who were willing to become respondents. The instruments used were the Short Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS) to measure the quality of the interview and the Behavioral and Emotional Problem Questionnaire to measure the emsoiuonal development of children. Data analysis using the Spearmans Rho SPSS 21.0 test. Results: The majority of parents have close interactions with children at 87.6% with an average of 33.22. Children's emotional development was obtained for 78.3% of children developing normally. The results of statistical tests using Spearmans Rho obtained significance values of parent and child closeness to children's emotional development by p = 0,000 and r = 0,603. Meanwhile, the significance of parent and child conflict on children's emotional development is p = 0,000 and r = -0,683. Conclusion: There is a relationship between the quality of parents' and children's interactions with emotional development of children. The better the quality of parent and child interaction, the better the child's emotional development.
PENGARUH AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN USIA MENARCHE DENGAN KEJADIAN PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME PADA REMAJA PUTRI Kamilah, Ziah Datul; Utomo, Budi; Winardi, Baksono
Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2019): Indonesian Midwifery and Health Sciences Journal, April 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/imhsj.v3i2.2019.160-166

Abstract

Abstrak Latar Belakang: Premenstrual syndrome merupakan munculnya gejala yang dirasakan baik fisik, emosi maupun perilaku sehingga berakibat adanya stres yang dapat berulang setiap adanya fase sebelum menstruasi. Efek dari PMS tersebut dapat sampai mengganggu aktivitas dan konsentrasi belajar terutama pada siswi yang masih sekolah. Studi pendahuluan yang sudah dilakukan di SMP Negeri 29 Surabaya diketahui data dari catatan perbulan UKS bahwa terdapat siswi yang masuk UKS dikarenakan mengeluh sakit perut, pusing dan mual sebelum menstruasi, setelah dilakukan wawancara sebanyak 15 siswi terdapat 15 yang mengalami gejala premenstrual syndrome dengan tingkatan yang berbeda-beda. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dan usia menarche dengan kejadian premenstrual syndrome. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 206 siswi sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi. Sampling dilakukan dengan simple random sampling. Variabel independen dalam penelitian ini adalah aktivitas fisik dan usia menarche, sedangkan variabel dependennya adalah kejadian premenstrual syndrome. Cara mengetahui tingkat signifikan, data yang sudah terkumpul diuji dengan uji statistik Chi-square pada tingkat kemaknaan α = 0,05. Hasil penelitian yang didapatkan bahwa sebesar 57,6% remaja putri melakukan aktivitas fisik dengan kategori rendah, 29,8% remaja putri mengalami menarche dini, dan sebesar 71,2% remaja putri mengalami premenstrual syndrome ringan. Hasil: Hasil penelitian setelah dilakukan uji Chi-square diperoleh untuk aktivitas fisik nilai p = 0,030 (p≤0,05) yang berarti ada hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian premenstrual syndrome, dan untuk usia menarche nilai p = 0,073 (p≥0,05) yang berarti tidak ada hubungan antara usia menarche dengan kejadian premenstrual syndrome. Kesimpulan: Kebiasaan untuk beraktivitas fisik yang tepat dan rutin serta mengurangi stres dapat mengatasi dan mengurangi keluhan premenstrual syndrome yang dialami.Abstract Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the symptoms that are felt both physically and emotionally as well as behaviorally, resulting in stress that can recur at every phase before menstruation. The effects of PMS can interfere in learning activity and concentration of female students who are still at school. Preliminary studies conducted at SMP Negeri 29 Surabaya and monthly data records from its UKS revealed that there were students who entered UKS because they experienced abdominal pain, dizziness and nausea before menstruation. After conducting an interview to 15 female students, there were 15 students who experienced symptoms of premenstrual syndrome at different levels. This research aims to study the relationship between physical activity and age of menarche with premenstrual syndrome. Method: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. The total sample was 206 students according to the inclusion criteria. Sampling is done by using simple random sampling. The independent variable in this research is physical activity and age of menarche, while the dependent variable is the phenomena of premenstrual syndrome. The significant level can be found out by testing the collected data using Chi-square statistical test with the significant level α = 0.05. The results showed that 57.6% of female adolescents did physical activity in a low category, 29.8% of female adolescents had early menarche, and 71.2% of female adolescents had mild premenstrual syndrome. Results: The results of the Chi-square test showed that physical activity’s value p = 0.030 (p≤0.05) means that there is a relationship between physical activity and the phenomena of premenstrual syndrome, and age of menarche’s value p = 0.073 (p≥0, 05) means that there is no relationship between age of menarche and the phenomena of premenstrual syndrome. Conclusion: Habits for proper and routine physical activity and reducing stress can overcome and reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.