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Jurnal Ecosolum
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 22527923     EISSN : 2654430X     DOI : -
Jurnal Ecosolum (JES) adalah jurnal berkalah ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Departemen Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin. Jurnal ini berisi hasil-hasil penghiliran penelitian pada bidang ilmu pertanian, kehutanan, geologi, geografi, hidrologi, dan penginderaan jauh. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali dalam setahun yaitu pada Juni dan Desember.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 49 Documents
Peningkatan Unsur Hara Fospor Tanah Ultisol Melalui Pemberian Pupuk Kandang, Kompos dan Pelet Pasang, Yafet Hendri; Jayadi, Muh.; Neswati, Risma
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 8, No 2 (2019): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (601.6 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v8i2.7872

Abstract

Ultisol soil has high potential for the development of dryland agriculture. However, this soil use faces obstacles because the nutrient content in Ultisol soils is generally low. This study aims to determine the effect of manure and straw compost on increasing nutrient content of phosphorus in ultisol soil. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 9 levels of treatment, namely P0 = control, P1 = manure 10 tons / ha, P2 = manure 5 tons / ha, P3 = compost 5 tons / ha, P4 = compost 10 ton / ha, P5 = manure 5 tons / ha + compost 10 tons / ha, P6 = manure 10 tons / ha + compost 5 tons / ha, P7 = pellet compost 5 tons / ha, P8 = compost pellets of 10 tons / ha. The treatment was repeated 3 times. The results showed that giving 10 tons / ha of manure plus 5 tons / ha of compost had a significant effect on reducing Al-dd content, and increasing P-available, pH, base saturation, cation exchange capacity and C-organicon Ultisol soil. Giving pellet fertilizer 10 tons / ha gives a real influence on the growth of maize plants. 
Identifikasi Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan di Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan: Zonasi Lingkup Kawasan Mamminasata Menggunakan Pendekatan MCDM Chairuddin, Zulkarnain
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 7, No 2 (2018): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.949 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v7i2.6852

Abstract

The protection of agricultural land is very important to be studied scientifically considering the rapid growth of the population so that the possibility of land use conflict is very high. The main purpose of this research is to identify and inventory agricultural land of food especially existing rice-paddy fields to find zonasi agricultural land for sustainable foodcrops (ALSF) and agricultural reserved land for sustainable foodcrops (ARLSF)) with the level of threat from the transfer function in Gowa Regency area of hinterland Mamminasata, South Sulawesi. This study used a multiple criteria decision making approach with purpose mapping function of ALSF and ARLSF. The generic attributes, from: the biophysical aspects of the land (altitude, sizes of soil cracking, length of rice-field in slope landscape unit, proportion of paddy field area, top soil thickness), and socio-economic aspects (population density, population growth rate, demand for paddy field, productivity of paddy fields, equilibrium of paddy field), and policy aspects (local regulations status, detailed spatial plan status, type of irrigation networks). While the scenario of zonation of ALSF and ARLSF is used the criteria of distance from the provincial capital (Makassar) and the district capital (Sombaopu), the status of the rice-paddy field equilibrium and the trend pattern of percentage of space requirement. The results of the research shows that the existing position of paddy field is identified as ALSF and ARLSF zonation currently 24,210 Ha. The level of vulnerability of land conversion, which is in a "safe" position of 15,407 Ha (63.64%), and "threatened" of 8,803 Ha (36.36%). The prediction of productivity potential is related to the area of land that can be managed optimally in the vulnerable time up to the year 2020 covering 19,499 Ha (80.54%), and subsequently, by 2040 the area will shrink to only 10,173 Ha (42.02%).
Karakteristik dan Produktivitas Lahan Sawah Irigasi di Kecamatan Duampanua Kabupaten Pinrang Wunangkolu, Rachmad; Rismaneswati, Rismaneswati; Lopulisa, Christianto
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 8, No 1 (2019): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1356.34 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v8i1.6900

Abstract

Land potential can be assessed from biophysical land suitability including soil characteristics, climate, and land management. This study aims to determine the potential of paddy fields in Duampanua Sub-District, Pinrang District for irrigated paddy field based on the land biophysical characteristics. The method was qualitative and quantitative approaches. Field surveys use purposive sampling method with 3 object observation. The land suitability class evaluation uses a simple limiting factor approach according to FAO (1976). To support the analysis of rice production data, 30 farmers were interviewed in 3 (three) observation units. The results showed the average rainfall of 2,780.2 mm/year with 9 wet months and 3 dry months categorized as type B2 (Oldeman). The results of soil samples analysis showed the characteristics of the soil with a silty clay texture, silty clay loam and clay; bulk density ranges from 1.36-1.66 g/cm3; cation exchange capacity ranges from 49.64 - 79.75 cmol/kg clay; soil pH ranges from 5.26-5.97; base saturation ranges from 36% - 46.4%; and C-organic ranges from 1.34% - 1.38%. The most dominant types of minerals are orthoclase, biotite, pyroxene, augite, opaque and clay with the symptoms of micropedological concretions and nodules. The land suitability class in the three land units for irrigated paddy rice is classified as S2nr (quite suitability in accordance with the limiting factors for nutrient retention including: base saturation, pH, and C-organic). The average productivity in land units I is 5.1 ton/ha, land unit II is 4.5 ton/ha, and in land units III 5.26 ton/ha.
Karakteristik Pori dan Hubungannya dengan Permeabilitas pada Tanah Vertisol Asal Jeneponto Sulawesi Selatan Masria, Masria; Lopulisa, Christianto; Zubair, Hazairin; Rasyid, Burhanuddin
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.605 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v7i1.5209

Abstract

This study aims to determine the characteristics of soil pores and therelationship of pore characteristics with soil permeability. Soil samples were collected from Punagaya Village, Bangkala District, Jeneponto Regency, South Sulawesi. Soil samples were taken from 20 observation points representing two types of land use ie cultivated land and fallow field at a depth of 0-60 cm. Soil analysis (pH, organic material, C-organic, cation exchange capacity, bulk density and soil texture), Pore characteristics(porosity, pore distribution and pore stability), and permeability. Analysis of soil properties and pore characteristics was descriptive, while the relationship between pore characteristics and permeability was analyzed by single or multiple regression and correlation analysis. The results showed that the permeability of soil vertisol 0.29 cm/h (slow) and the average value of soil pore characteristics of vertisol as follows: porosity ranged 56.49%, fast drainage pore 4.35%, water pore available 17.8% And 32.5% micro pores, and 36.46% pore stability. Based on the regression and correlation test, it is known that Porosity and porosity and pore stability index have the greatest influence on permeability.
Identifikasi Mineral Pembawa Hara untuk Menilai Potensi Kesuburan Tanah Bali, Indriyani; Ahmad, Asmita; Lopulisa, Christianto
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 7, No 2 (2018): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1529.1 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v7i2.6880

Abstract

Soil minerals are very important for plants and can be use to assess the potential of soil fertility. This study aims to assess the potential of soil fertility based on mineral identification in Banggae and Eastern Banggae Subdistrict, Majene District, West Sulawesi Province. The method used in this research is descriptive quantitative, by identifying the minerals in the parent material and soil from thin section using polarizing microscope, quantification method for minerals percentage, and classified of nutrient potential with percentage of mineral content reduced by the percentage content of the quartz. The results showed that the dominant mineral found in the parent material and soil are pyroxene, plagioclase, hornblende, biotite, calcite, quartz and opaque, but the size of mineral are smaller than in the parent material. Potential of nutrients generated in the form of weatherable minerals are biotite, calcite, plagioclase, hornblende and pyroxene containing elements such as Mg, Ca, K, Fe and Na. Potential soil fertility in parent material currently on the moderate criteria (48% to 70%), while on the soil with middle criteria (48% to 70%) in P1L1, P2L1, P4L1, P8L1, P9L1, P10L1, P11L1 and P11L2 and good criteria (73% to 79%) in P3L1, P3L2, P4L2, P5L1, P5L2, P6L1, P7L1 and P9L2. Potential nutrient contained in the mineral is not available for plants, because it has not been supported by external factors such as the low availability of water. This is due to the climate condition especially rainfall in research area is in the range of 949.0 to 2557.1 mm/year with an average annual rainfall of 1608.0 mm/year.
Peningkatan Unsur Hara Kalium dalam Tanah Melalui Aplikasi POC Batang Pisang dan Sabut Kelapa Rahma, Sitti; Rasyid, Burhanuddin; Jayadi, Muh.
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 8, No 2 (2019): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.227 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v8i2.7873

Abstract

In Indonesia, there is not much use of potassium fertilizer for plants. Generally, farmers are more familiar with nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers than potassium. This is caused potassium is expensive and hard to find, so there should be another alternative for easily and economic potassium fertilizer. This study aims to analyze the effect of organic liquid fertilizer produced from banana stem and coconut fiber to increase Potassium in soil and maize growth on ex-cassava cultivation land in Moncongloe Bulu Village, Moncongloe District, Maros Regency. The study used randomized block design within two factors and replied for three times. The first factor is coconut liquid fertilizer with 4 levels; SK1 (50 ml/pot), SK2 (100 ml/pot), SK3 (150 ml/pot) and SK4 (200 ml/pot). The second factor is banana liquid fertilizer with 4 levels; BP1 (25ml/pot), BP2 (50ml/pot), BP3 (75ml/pot) and BP4 (100ml/pot), so there are 27 total of treatment units. The results showed that coconut liquid fertilizer significantly affected plant height, number of leaves, dry matter weight, dry root weight, matter weight, root weight, organic carbon, cation exchanged capacity, percentage Potassium of maize, and gained the highest average of Pottassium increasing in soil. Nevertheless, it has not significant effect to soil pH.
Mineral Tanah sebagai Indikator Stabilitas Tanah pada Daerah Berlereng: Studi Kasus Tombolopao Kabupaten Gowa Ahmad, Asmita; Lopulisa, Christianto; Imran,, A.M; Baja, Sumbangan
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.498 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v7i1.5214

Abstract

Soil forming process can influence soil stability, especially on a sloping area, which is currently related to landslides. This research aims to study mineral content in the soil as an indicator to evaluate soil stability in slope area. Soil texture analyzed with hydrometer and soil mineral analyzed with Kerr method. Soil parent rock comes from Tpbv (Tertiary Pliocene Baturape Volcanic) Formation that consists of lava, breccia, tuff, and conglomerate. Soil texture in A horizon dominated with silty clay loam and in B horizon with silty clay. Clay content in A horizon to B horizon increase ranges from 2-6%. Soils mineral have been weathering on the physical and chemical, which caused cracking on minerals lattice and formed clay minerals inside it. The presence of clay minerals between soil mineral particles can cause mutual repulsion force and cause friction particles that triggering the movement of particles in a small scale when soil saturated by water and triggers soil movement (landslide).
Kelimpahan Makrozobenthos dan Kualitas Air Sungai yang Bermuara di Teluk Kendari Bana, Sahindomi
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v9i1.10342

Abstract

The development of industries and settlements along the Wanggu River and several other rivers that flow into Kendari Bay have affected the quality of river water and have an impact on the deterioration in the quality of water resources and the environment. The decline in water quality is characterized by changes in physical water, namely changes in water color, odor, and taste. A river is said to be polluted if its water quality is not in accordance with its designation. The purpose of this study was to determine the abundance of macrozoobenthos and the quality of river water which empties into Kendari Bay.This study uses a survey method, the information collected at each trailer station represents the entire population. Sampling uses a purposive sampling method with five replications per station. Sampling of macrozoobenthos, measurement parameters namely temperature, pH, DO, COD, BOD, organic matter, Substrate. Based on macrozoobenthos observations found during the study consisted of 16 types, which were classified into 5 classes and 3 phyla with composition Bivalvia (43.75%)class Gastropod (25%), and Polychaeta (18.75%), Insect Class (6, 25%) and Oligochaeta Class (6.25%) with macrozoobenthos density values ranging from 25 - 125 Ind / m². Diversity index values at the six stations are categorized as low diversity with an average value of H '= 1.27. The river that flows into Kendari Bay is polluted, this is confirmed by the results of environmental chemical tests. Parameters that exceed quality standards for Class II waters are COD and BOD.
Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Cendawan Dekomposer pada Bahan Kompos Jerami, Endapan Tanah Danau Tempe dan Tanah Exfarm Pertanian Universitas Hasanuddin Fatmawati, Fatmawati; Rasyid, Burhanuddin; Jayadi, Muh.
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 7, No 2 (2018): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (708.225 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v7i2.6879

Abstract

Agricultural wastes able to provide profit value if utilized properly for example made into organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizer production requires microbial decomposers to help the decomposition process. This research aims to isolate and identify the characteristics of microbial decomposers found in straw compost, soil sediment from tempe lake and soil from exfarm. In this research, conducted microbial isolation. Microbial exploration of compost material, soil organic matter and soil deposition material is mixed with physiological solution then grown on PDA, further purification of the unwanted microbes. In this study only used the media to grow the asparagine fungus to see the growth of macroscopic and microscopic fungi. The results showed that there are seven isolates of the fungus from different material extraction. The extracted compost material to produce two fungi are Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp., Tempe lake sediment soil shows three types of fungi with Aspergillus Sp. and two types Zygomisota, while soil from Exfarm also shows two types of fungi are Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp. The growth rate of each different fungal isolates based sources although of the same type
Karakteristik Ukuran Butir dan Mineral Liat Tanah pada Kejadian Longsor (Studi Kasus: Sub Das Jeneberang) Isra, Nur; Lias, Syamsul Arifin; Ahmad, Asmita
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol 8, No 2 (2019): DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (995.767 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v8i2.7874

Abstract

Longsor dapat dipicu oleh karateristik tanah yang terbentuk pada suatu wilayah yang dipengaruhi oleh ukuran fraksi tanah, terutama fraksi tanah yang berukuran lebih halus, yaitu fraksi tanah dari mineral liat. Stabililitas wilayah sub DAS Jeneberang pasca kejadian runtuhnya kaldera Gunung Bawakaraeng, menyebabkan gangguan berupa longsoran disekitar wilayah sub DAS lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik ukuran butir dan mineral liat tanah pada kejadian longsor  di sub DAS hulu Jeneberang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan mengidentifikasi ukuran butir menggunakan ayakan ASTM 48 dan mineral liat tanah menggunakan FTIR. Titik longsor (TL) ditentukan dari kejadian longsor yang terjadi dan titik pembanding (TPB) ditentukan dari topografi dan bahan induk yang sama dengan titik longsor. Topografi pada daerah penelitian berombak hingga sangat curam dengan rata-rata curah hujan delapan tahun terakhir 3484 mm/tahun. Hasil analisis Ukuran butiran pada semua titik longsor dan titik pembanding didominasi ukuran 0,5 mm dengan bentuk butiran subrounded pada TL1, TL3, TL5, TL6, TL7, TL8, TL 10, TPB3, TPB4 dan subangular pada TL2, TL4, TL9, TPB1, TPB2. Dari hasil analisis mineral liat bahwa mineral liat dominan pada TL1, TL2, TL3, TL10, TPB1, TPB2  adalah kaolinit. TL6, TL5 adalah haloisit. TL8, TL4 adalah montmorilonit. TL9, TL7, TPB3 adalah klorit dan TPB4 adalah nakrit. Longsor yng terjadi dipicu oleh mineral liat tersedia yaitu kaolinit, haloisit, montmorilonit, dan klorit, sementara ukuran butir tanah tidak memberikan banyak pengaruh pada kejadian longsor.Kata kunci: Sub DAS Jeneberang, Longsor, Ukuran Butir, Mineral Liat Tanah