cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 10 Documents clear
Laporan Kasus: Melanoma Maligna Intrakranial Primer Valentino, Andrea; Arridho, Rijalun
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.118 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.73-76

Abstract

Primary intracranial malignant melanoma is an extremely rare tumor. Most of the intracranial malignant melanoma are metastatic from skin. Diagnosis needs multidisciplinary workup to exclude metastatic melanoma. We are reporting a case of young girl with decrease consciousness and tetraplegia. CT scan revealed a solitary tumor mass in the brain. Histopathological examination and confirmed by immunohistochemistry showed that the type of tumor was intracranial primary malignant melanoma and by excluding metastatic melanoma. Tumor excision was performed in patient and adjuvant chemotherapy was given, but residual tumors were present multiple.
Konsumsi Ikan dan Potensi Anisakiasis: Aspek Komunikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Suatu Program Pemerintah Daroedono, Ekarini
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.914 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.4-13

Abstract

Communication in the health sector plays an important role in the context of educating people and the society. The emphasis is rely primarily on promoting health so that behavior changes occur. One of the example is a government program “GEMARIKAN” which was designated to increase fish consumption in the community. Unfortunately, the triumph upon this programme is overshadowed by the potential transmission of zoonotic infections of the nematode worm named Anisakis spp. This worm can caused a potentially fatal and deadly disease called anisakiasis. This risk can be reduced by re-conducting numerous education in the community regarding these parasites, their life cycles, its host behaviors and lifestyles that can facilitate transmission such as eating fish in raw conditions and the need of good handling practices of fish to avoid transmission to occur.
Gambaran Faktor Risiko Pasien Stroke Iskemik yang dirawat di Bangsal Saraf RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode 1 Januari 2018 31 Desember 2018 Maryanti, Yossi; Susanti, Devi; Maulidyastuti, Dhea
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.7 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.44-50

Abstract

Ischemic stroke is neurological dysfuntion caused by focal cerebral, spinal, or retinal infarction with symptoms persisting for more than 24 hours. Prevalence of ischemic stroke is 87% of the total stroke. This study aims to describe the risk factors of ischemic stroke patients in neurology ward Arifin Achmad General Hospital Riau province 1 January 2018−31 December 2018 period. The cross sectional used in this study and the sampling methode was consecutive sampling. There was 150 cases in this study. The result shown that most of ischemic stroke patients at 51−65 year age group (52,0%), female (50,7%), have optimal total cholesterol levels (46,7%), optimal levels of LDL (28,0%), medium levels of HDL (55,3%), optimal levels of trygliceryde (66,0%), normal uric acid levels (63,3), have history of hypertension (60,0%), have not history of diabetes mellitus (72,7%) and history of heart disease (89,3%).
Immunosenescence : Penuaan Pada Sel Makrofag Siregar, Fajri Marindra
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (148.262 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.14-22

Abstract

Immune function will decrease with age. The weakening of immune system is known as immunosenescence. Macrophages that play a major role in carrying out innate and adaptive immune functions have potential to undergo aging (macrophaging). Some potential mechanisms that can affect the aging of macrophages include telomere shortening, oxidative damage and impaired DNA repair processes. The impact of macrophaging can be a decrease number of macrophages in bone marrow, changing cytokine secretion, decreasing class II MHC expression, changing macrophages polarization, decreasing ability of phagocytosis, and decreasing ability of wound repair and tissue regeneration.
Gambaran Hasil Pemeriksaan Sitologi Cairan Asites di Instalasi Patologi Anatomi RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode Januari 2013 – Desember 2017 Romus, Ilhami; Rangkuti, Ina Farida; Rahmah, Vini Jum’atur
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.256 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.51-57

Abstract

Ascites is abnormal accumulation fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Many underlying disease can be responsible for causing ascites. Peritoneal fluid cytology remains the gold standard for detection of malignant cells in ascites which is useful in determining staging, treatment and prognosis. This aim of this study is to describe the characteristic of the result ascitic cytology examination at Anatomical Pathology Department of Arifin Achmad Hospital Period January 2013 – December 2018. This study reviewed the anatomy pathology data. A total of 171 cases consisted of 91.8% were females and males were 8.2%. The highest number cases were in the age group of 41-50 years (26.9%). Most ascitic fluid came from Department of Obstetric and Gynecology (81.9%). The more frequent clinical diagnosis were ovarian carcinoma (19.3%) and ovarian cyst (18.7%). Most ascitic cytology examination results was positive cytology (64,9%). Adenocarcinoma was commonest positive cytology (46,2%).
Gambaran Kepadatan Tungau Debu Rumah Sebagai Pencetus Rinitis Alergi pada Anak Panti Asuhan Pekanbaru Yolazenia, Yolazenia; Harianto, Harianto; Riady, Iqbal Teguh
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.695 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.23-27

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis should be considered as a serious condition because it can affect the quality of life of patients. In many cases, the most common allergen is house dust mites (HDM). The purpose of this study was to describe the density of house dust mites as triggers of allergic rhinitis in Pekanbaru orphanage children. This is a descriptive study with a cross sectional approach. Data obtained from interviews using the modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies of Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire to know the allergic rhinitis status and examination of house dust samples to identify HDM in the parasitology laboratory. Sampling was carried out in 4 orphanages Pekanbaru. Allergic rhinitis symptoms were experienced by 81.2% of children in the orphanages and HDM was found with the mean density 9.11/g of dust. HDM was found in all four orphanages and was found to have a high incidence of allergic rhinitis.
Gambaran Histopatologi Pankreas Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Pasca Perlakuan Iskemia-Reperfusi Ginjal Rosiana, Elva; Fidiawati, Wiwit Ade; Darmawi, Darmawi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.415 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.58-66

Abstract

Ischemic-reperfusion injury is defined by a condition of hypoperfusion in the spesific organ followed by reperfusion (reoxygenation) inducing tissue damage. Tissue damage produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to oxidative stress condition. Oxidative stress mediate the lipid peroxidation reactions, harm the cell and finally facilitate the cell death. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histopathologic feature of white rat’s pancreas post renal ischemiareperfusion. This study was an experimental laboratory research with post-test-only control group design including 20 male white rats. Rats were divided into 5 groups, control, treatment 1 (45 minutes ischemia), treatment 2 (45 minutes ischemia followed by 1 hour reperfusion), treatment 3 (45 minutes ischemia followed by 2 hours reperfusion) and treatment 4 (45 minutes ischemia followed by24 hours reperfusion). We found the change of the histopathological characteristics of white rat’s pancreas in term of edema, leukocyte infiltration and vacuolization.
Pola Sensitivitas Isolat Klinis Bakteri Gram Negatif Multiresisten Obat Terhadap Fosfomisin dari Beberapa Rumah Sakit Kota Pekanbaru Anggraini, Dewi; Nasmah, Atya; Andrini, Fauzia
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.232 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.28-35

Abstract

Over the last few years, there has been a decrease in amount of effective antibiotics, coincide with the lack of new antibiotics relevant for the treatment of Gram negative multi-drug resistant organisms infections. This problem can be overcome by the assessment and re-introduction of old antibiotics such as fosfomycin. Fosfomycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic that is bactericidal. This study aimed to find out the sensitivity pattern of clinical isolate multi-drug resistant Gram negative bacteria to fosfomycin with descriptive cross sectional method. The sample used in this study was clinical isolates collection of Microbiology Laboratory Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau from Hospitals in Pekanbaru. The result showedsensitivity to fosfomycin Escherichia coli producing ESBL (88%), Klebsiella pneumoniae producing ESBL (95%), Acinotobacter baumannii resistant meropenem (27%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant meropenem (36%) and K.pneumoniae resistant meropenem (70%). Fosfomycin can be used as alternative therapy for infections caused by Gram-negative Multi-drug resistant organisms.
Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Mahasiswa Kedokteran di Sebuah Universitas di Jakarta tentang Penggunaan dan Perawatan Lensa Kontak Wahdini, Sri; D. Shanti, Anita; M. Sinaga, Hans
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.4 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.67-72

Abstract

Knowledge and behaviour about properly handle and maintain contact lens is essential to prevent infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and behaviour of medical students in one of university in Jakarta about the use and care of contact lens in contact lenses users. This study uses cross-sectional design. Data was collected in January-June 2015 in one of university in Jakarta using specific questionnaire containing 10 questions. Respondents were the students in the first, second, and third years who use the contact lens. There were 97 respondents and the percentage of respondent with good, fair, and poor knowledge level about the use and care of contact lens were 40 (41.2%), 29 (29.9%), and 28 (28.9%). The number of respondents with good, fair, and poor behavior level about the care of contact lens were 63 (64.9%), 31 (32.0%), and 3 (3.1%). The knowledge and behaviour among medical students wearing contact lenses about the use and care of contact lens were in good level.
Gambaran Radiografi Toraks Pasien HIV Dengan Tuberkulosis Paru Berdasarkan Nilai CD4 Di Rumah Sakit Umum Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Jendriella, Jendriella; Yazmiati, Dian; Makmur, Andreas; Saad, Azizman
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.114 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.36-43

Abstract

Diagnosis of tuberculosis in HIV-Tuberculosis coinfected patients is difficult. Thorax x-ray is a primary tool to evaluate tuberculosis in HIV. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess and compare various radiological patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV patients with CD4 counts. This study conducted in Arifin Achmad Hospital Riau province from December 2016-December 2018 with 55 HIV-tuberculosis coinfected patients. WHO guidelines were used for diagnosis of HIV and tuberculosis. 100% of the patients had sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis, with higher incidence (83,6%) among CD4 less than 200 as compared to CD4 more than 200 (16,4%). Infiltration (32,7%) followed by normal (18,2%), and fibrosis (11%) seen with CD4 less than 200. Infiltration (9,2%) followed by normal(3,6%) and fibrosis (1,8%) with CD4 above 200. Mid and lower zone (50%) more commonly seen in CD4 < 200. Despite in CD4 >200 upper zones more commonly seen. Most lesions were found in mid zone of lung. There were significant differences in radiological patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV according to CD4 counts.

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