cover
Contact Name
Elvi Rusmiyanto PW
Contact Email
elvi.rusmiyanto@fmipa.untan.ac.id
Phone
+6281522519199
Journal Mail Official
protobiont@untan.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas MIPA Universitas Tanjungpura Jalan Prof. Hadari Nawawi Pontianak
Location
Kota pontianak,
Kalimantan barat
INDONESIA
Protobiont: Jurnal Elektronik Biologi
ISSN : -     EISSN : 23387874     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/protobiont.
Jurnal Protobiont merupakan jurnal peer-reviewed dan open access journal yang mempublikasikan hasil-hasil penelitian biologi tropis yang berkaitan dengan bidang: 1. botani, 2. zoologi, 3. ekologi, 4. mikrobiologi, 5. genetika, 6. ilmu lingkungan, dan 7. biologi konservasi. Jurnal Protobiont terbit setahun 3 kali, yaotu bulan Maret, Juli, dan November. Jurnal Protobiont diterbitkan dan dikelola oleh Jurusan Biologi Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Tanjungpura
Articles 340 Documents
Morfometri Kepiting Bakau (Scylla spp.) di Kawasan Hutan Mangrove Muara Sungai Mutusan Kabupaten Sambas Ari Hepi Yanti, Aris Susilo, Tri Rima Setyawati,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v6i1.18157

Abstract

Scylla spp. live in association with the mangrove forest. A damaged or loss of mangrove forest ecosystems will affect the mangrove crab population. This research aims to determine the types, morphometry and characteristics of mangrove crabs in the mangrove forest of Mutusan Estuary, Sambas Regency. The research was carried out from April to June 2015. The research obtained two species i.e., S. paramamosain and S. serrata. The species S. paramamosain has an average weight (W) of 138.13 g with an average carapace width (CW) of 95.42 mm, an average frontal margin width (FMW) of 27.97 mm and an average chela length (CL) of 57.45 mm. The species S. serrata has an average weight (W) of 212.82 g with a carapace width (CW) of 205.14 mm, an average frontal margin width (FMW) of 28.42 mm and an average length of chela (CL) of 67.11 mm. Based on the size of carapace width (CW), the Scyla spp. of young phase dominates the mangrove crab population in the mangrove forests of Mutusan Estuary, Sambas Regency.
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Biourin Kelinci Terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Bayam Batik (Amaranthus Tricolor L. var. Giti Merah) Rafdinal, Sy. Hasan Agil Riza Linda
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v8i2.32477

Abstract

Batik spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) is a plant that is rich in nutrients and can be used as diabetes medicine and dysentery. Therefore, increasing the growth of batik spinach plants needs to be done, one of which is the use of organic fertilizers, which can be used as rabbit biourin. The use of rabbit urine is done because rabbit urine has a high nutrient content compared to other livestock. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biourin on the growth of batik spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.). The study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 5 levels of concentration treatment consisting of controls, 25 ml / L, 30 ml / L, 35 ml / L, 40 ml / L, with 5 replications. The results showed that the administration of rabbit biourin significantly affected plant height, number of leaves, wet weight, dry weight and ratio of roots / canopy. The concentration of 25 ml / L gave the highest effect on the parameters of plant height, leaf number, root / crown ratio, wet weight, and dry weight.
Etnofarmakologi Tumbuhan Mangrove Achantus ilicifolius L.,Acrostichum speciosum L. dan Xylocarpus rumphiiMabb.Di Desa Sungai Tekong Kecamatan Sungai Kakap Kabupaten Kubu Raya Riza Linda, Sri Wedari Ernianingsih, Mukarlina,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v3i2.6833

Abstract

Mangrove forest is a very useful area to protect coast from abrasion and also serves benefits for coastal community such as materials for medicines. The aim of this study was to determine the contents of phytochemical compounds in mangroves Achantus ilicifolius, Acrostichum speciosum and Xylocarpus rumphii those have been used as materials for medicines by the villages of Sungai Tekong village, Sungai Kakap district of Kubu Raya regency. The study was conducted in March to June 2014 at Sungai Tekong village and Biology Laboratorium of Math and Sciences Faculty of Tanjungpura University. The method used were semi-structurized interviews and phytochemical test. The result showed that mangroves Achantus ilicifolius, Acrostichum speciosum and Xylocarpus rumphiithose have been used as a medicine contain phytochemical compounds such as alkaloid, saponin, terpenoid, flavonoid and phenol. The diseases those might be cured with those mangroves and rheumatism, ulcers, hypertention, intestinal worms, hepatitis, asma, flatulence, restore power after childbirth, diarrhea, mouth sores, mumps, malaria, dysentry, ulcers, cholera, sampu, and to protect the skin from the sunlight.
Kepadatan Nematoda Gastrointestinal Itik Manila (Cairina moschata) yang Dipasarkan di Pasar Flamboyan Kota Pontianak Tri Rima Setyawati, Ida Zaharah, Ari Hepi Yanti,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 5, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v5i3.16999

Abstract

Gastrointestinal Nematode worms have serious impacts on infected birds and humans, among other causing anemia, digestive problems and decreased immunity. This research aims to find out the species and density of Nematode worms in the gastrointestinal tract of the muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) sold in Flamboyan Market Pontianak. Samples of worms were taken from January to March 2016. The number of samples observed was 90 muscovy ducks. The Nematode worms that found fixed with Formalgliserin (FG) solution.The identification was carried out in the Laboratory of Zoology at the Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Tanjungpura University Pontianak. 3 of 90 samples of muscovy duck were infected by gastrointestinal Nematodes. The research discovered two species of gastrointestinal Nematode worms i.e. Ascaridia galli and Heterakis gallinarum. A. galli had a density rate of 0.024 ind/ml and H. gallinarum at 1 ind/ml. The frequency of presence of H. gallinarum was lower (1,11%) and A. galli (2,22%).
Komposisi Diatom (Bacillariophyceae) Perifitik pada Substrat Kaca di Sungai Kapuas Kecil Kota Pontianak Kalimantan Barat Tri Rima Setyawati, Rizki Aprilliani Rafdinal
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 7, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v7i3.29855

Abstract

Periphytic diatom (Bacillariophyceae) is diatom that lives attach on a substrate and it was dependent on the environmental conditions in an aquatic ecosystem. This study was aimed to determine the composition of periphytic diatom (Bacillariphyceae) on glass substrate and the condition of physical chemical water in Kapuas Kecil River. This study was conducted from September to December 2017. The sampling stations were chosen by purposive random sampling method and divided into four stations. At each station in the river were installed 5 baskets each with 5 glass slides. Samples were collected from three baskets with sampling intervals on day 2, 5, 10, 15, and 20. The result shows that the composition of periphytic diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) in Kapuas Kecil River consists of 29 genera from 2 orders (Pennales and Centrales) and 12 families. The most commonly genera found of periphytic diatom were Eunotia, Gomphonema, Frustulia and Nitzschia.
Pengkayaan Tanah Bekas Tambang Emas dengan Penambahan Lumpur IPAM sebagai Media Pertumbuhan Sawi (Brassica juncea L.) Gusrizal, Nuraini, Riza Linda,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v3i2.5521

Abstract

Soil of former gold mine requires soil quality improvement through increasing organic matter compound that may be sourced from the sludge of water treatment plant (IPAM). IPAM sludge which a by-product of water treatment from Kapuas river contains humic substance. The research aimed to discover the effects of former gold mine soil improved by IPAM sludge addition on mustard (Brassica juncea L.) growth. The research was conducted from August to October 2013. The research used Completely Randomized Design which consists of five planting media combination with five replications following replacement series method. The planting media combinations used are : Treatment A (0 % IPAM sludge : 100% former gold mine soil), Treatment B (20 % IPAM sludge : 80% former gold mine soil), Treatment C (40 % IPAM sludge : 60% former gold mine soil), Treatment D (60 % IPAM sludge : 40% former gold mine soil) and Treatment E (80 % IPAM sludge : 20% former gold mine soil). The results showed that the combination of 60% IPAM sludge: 40% former gold mine soil media significantly affecting the growth parameters of mustard, which are: up to 397.80 cm2 leaves area growth, 35.12 g wet mass and 0.42 g dry mass.
Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Paku Resam (Gleichenia linearis Burm.) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Gulma Putri Malu (Mimosa pudica L) Mukarlina, Emi Kurniawati, Elvi Rusmiyanto Pancaning Wardoyo,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v7i1.23624

Abstract

Gleichenia linearis is a wide-leaved weed that contains allelochemical compounds of flavonoids, triterpenoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids and steroids that can inhibit the growth of other plants, so it can be used as bioherbicide. This research aims to determine the concentration of G. linearis leaf extract capable of inhibiting germination and growth of Mimosa pudica weed. This research was conducted at the Laboratory and Screen House of the Department of Biology Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, at the Chemistry and Soil Fertility Laboratory and at the Wood Technology Laboratory of the Faculty of Forestry, Tanjungpura University Pontianak from February to April 2016. This research used a Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with 5 replications consisting of control, 0.1; 0.3; 0.5 and 0.7 g/ml. The treatment of germination and growth started from control, 0.1; 0.3; 0.5 and 0.7 g/ml. The results showed that the concentration that could inhibit M. pudica weed germination was the 0.5 g/ml concentration and its growth was the 0.5 g/ml concentration.
Jenis-Jenis Paku Epifit di Hutan Desa Beginjan Kecamatan Tayan Hilir Kabupaten Sanggau Irwan Lovadi, Weri Febri Lindasari, Riza Linda,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 4, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v4i3.13306

Abstract

Ferns have an important role in nutrient recycling at the communities and structure of the forest. The epiphytic fern is a small group of plants which is typical of a tropical rainforest. This research aimed to find out the types of epiphytic ferns in the forest of Beginjan Village, Tayan Hilir Sub-district, Sanggau Regency. The research was conducted from July 2014 to October 2014 in the forest area of Beginjan Village, Tayan Hilir Sub-district, Sanggau Regency. The samples were taken through the cruise sampling method. The results of this reserach discovered 14 species of epiphytic ferns consisting of 1 Class Polypodiopsida and 6 families. The Polypodiaceae was the most commonly found family followed by the Families Davalliaceae, Nephrolepidaceae, Aspleniaceae, Hymenophyllaceae, and Pteridaceae.
Isolasi dan Karakteristik Bakteri Pendegradasi Selulosa pada Ampas Tebu Kuning (Bagasse) Irwan Lovadi, Krispina Nofu, Siti Khotimah,
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v3i1.4577

Abstract

Cellulose is the main carbohydrate synthesized by plants and it occupies almost 60% of the components of the structure of plants. Natural process of decomposition of cellulose requires the help of microorganisms that secrete the enzyme cellulase. Bagasse contains 32-34% cellulose. This study aims to determine the cellulose degrading bacteria of yellow bagasse and know the ability of the bacteria to degrade cellulose bagasse. The samples were taken from ice-cane seller in the District of South Pontianak. To isolate of cellulose degrading bacteria, the dilution method of Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was used and HC test was performed on solid CMC. Dry weight of test was performed using a fresh bagasse as a source of cellulose. The results showed that there are fifteen pure isolates of cellulose degrading bacteria consisting of eight genera, namely Psedomomas, Bacillus, Nocardia, Kurthia, Vibrio, Flavobacterium, Neissera, and Micrococcus. AT3BPS2 isolates (Nocardia) has the largest ratio of 2.67 HC. Isolates that have the lowest HC constellation is AT1BPS1 isolates (Pseudomonas) 1.06. Isolates that has the highest cellulose degradation ability is AT1BPS2 (Pseudomonas) at 19.28% and isolates with the lowest degradation ability is AT3BPS2 (Nocardia) at 7.21%.
Aktivitas Biologis Asap Cair Batang Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) Terhadap Viabilitas Streptococcussp. (L.10.3) Rikhsan Kurniatuhadi, Lilis Susanti Elvi Rusmiyanto
Jurnal Protobiont Vol 7, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/protobiont.v7i3.29062

Abstract

The wood vinegar of the stem of mangosteen (G. mangostana L.) is the result of pyrolysis of the stem which is condensed into steam. Wood vinegar contains acid and phenol compounds that have antibacterial activities. This research aims to determine the biological activities of the wood vinegar of the stem of mangosteen (G. mangostana L.) on the viability of Streptococcus sp. (L.10.3) and determine the concentration of wood vinegar of the stem of mangosteen (G. mangostana L.) which is effective in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus sp. (L.10.3). This research used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments consisting of wood vinegar with a concentration of 0.1 (Tl); 0.5 (T2); 1 (T3) and 1.5% (T4), negative controls namely sterile distilled water (T5), and positive control namely chlorhexidine of 0.2% (T6). The viability test used the dilution method and calculation of the number of colonies using the total plate count (TPC) method, each treatment was repeated four times. The results showed the increasing concentration of wood vinegar of the stem of mangosteen (G. mangostana L.) and the decreasing amount of Streptococcus sp. (L.IO.3). Wood vinegar at concentration 1.5% showed bacterial growth of 6.9 x 105 CFU / ml which was very different from sterile distilled water by 2.5 x 107 CFU / ml with inhibition up to 96.9% and not significantly different from chlorhexidine of 0.2%.

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