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Buletin Peternakan
ISSN : 01264400     EISSN : 2407876X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 363 Documents
Physical and Microstructural Characteristics of Kefir Made of Milk and Colostrum Setyawardani, Triana; Sumarmono, Juni; Widayaka, Kusuma
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.49130

Abstract

This research set out to compare the physical and microstructural characteristics of kefir made of milk, colostrum, and milk-colostrum mixes at various proportions. Kefir was made by adding kefir grains to 100% milk (P0), 80% milk + 20% colostrum (P1), 60% milk + 40% colostrum (P3), 40% milk + 60% colostrum (P4), 80% milk + 20% colostrum (P5), and 100% colostrum (P6). Fermentation was allowed under room temperature for 24 hours. The characteristics observed were color values, viscosity, pH, water holding capacity (WHC), syneresis, and microstructure. The result showed that the color of kefir (L* value, lightness); (b* value, yellow-blue), (a*, red-green), and whiteness index (WI) was significantly affected by raw materials. The viscosity of kefir was also affected by the raw materials (p<0.05), in which the kefir made from a mix of 80% milk and 20% colostrum showed the highest viscosity (1524.20 m.Pa.S). However, other characteristics such as pH, WHC, and syneresis were not significantly affected by raw materials. The microstructure of kefir made from 20 to 40% colostrum showed a string and compact protein tissues, while that made from 80 to 100% colostrum showed a clumping gel and concentration dominated by protein and fat tissues.  This study demonstrated that milk kefir produced from milk-colostrum mixes posses a yellowish color (b*), low whitenes index, negative a* value, low lightness, whereas kefir made from 100% colostrum showed slightly greenish with low lightness level. Kefir with highest viscosity was produced from combined 80% milk and 20% colostrum. The microstructure of kefir produced from mixes with 40% and 60% colostrum showed a strong, tight, and compact microstructure of protein tissues.
Phylogenetic Study of Madura Cattle Based on Mitochondrial Cyt b and D-loop Sequences Firdhausi, Nirmala Fitria; Farajallah, Achmad; Perwitasari, Dyah
Buletin Peternakan Vol 45, No 1 (2021): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 45 (1) FEBRUARY 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.48557

Abstract

Madura Cattle is one breed of local cattle from Indonesia. Madura cattle are estimated to originate from a crossbreeding between Bos indicus and Bos javanicus. Another presumption is that Madura cattle are the result of a crossbreeding between B. indicus males and mixed B. javanicus or Bos taurus. Tracing the history of Madura cross and another cattle phylogenetic based on maternal lineage can be done by analyzing the variation of the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). The purpose of this study was to determine the clarity of the origin of Madura cattle based on maternal lineage using mtDNA markers Cyt b and D-loop. This research is expected to provide genetic information and the origin of Madura cattle, so that it can be used to help improve the breeding and conservation program for Madura cattle. The results of the phylogeny tree reconstruction, using the Cyt b and D-loop genes showed that Madura cattle originated from Sampang region (Polagan, Golbung, and Komis) were grouped into two types of maternal origin. Madura cattle clade I are grouped with B. indicus and B. taurus, while Madura cattle clade II are grouped with B. javanicus. A crossbreeding between B. javanicus and B. indicus is estimated to have been carried out since the entry of Hindu culture brought by the India peoples to Indonesia around 1800 years ago. The crossing between B. javanicus and B. indicus was then more intensively carried out at the time of the government's promoting the development of Ongol cattles (B. indicus) in the days of the Dutch East Indies. The length segment of Cyt b that can be amplified is 230 bp and the D-loop segment of varying length, 577 bp for the Madura 41 and 29 samples, and 624 bp for sample 32.  
Application of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Probiotic for Producing Low Cholesterol and Antibiotic-Free Broiler Meat Wulandari, Suci; Syahniar, Theo Mahiseta; Pantaya, Dadik
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 2 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (2) MAY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i2.48544

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of S. cerevisiae as a probiotic for producing low cholesterol and antibiotic-free broiler meat. This study used 250 broilers (14 days old) which were divided into 5 treatment groups, those were T0 (rations without S. cerevisiae addition), T1, T2 and T3 (rations added with 0.5, 1, and 1.5 g/kg DM of S. cerevisiae respectively), and K group (commercial feed). Broilers were reared until 36 days old prior to slaughter. The carcass quality, abdominal fat, internal organs, cholesterol content of breast meat, the number of LAB and E. coli of intestinal tract were observed. The addition of S. cerevisiae tended to increase the number of LAB in intestinal tract, whereas the number of E. coli significantly decreased. The highest slaughter weight was found in group fed with commercial feed. There were no significant effects of S. cerevisiae addition on carcass, abdominal fat and weight of internal and immunity organs. The lowest cholesterol content was showed on broiler fed with rations added with 1 g/kg DM S. cerevisiae. Therefore it could be concluded that the addition of S. cerevisiae up to 1 g/kg DM rations showed health improvement and able to produce low cholesterol broiler meat.
The Effect of Nutmeg Leaves Tannin (Myristica fragrans Houtt) as Protein Protecting Agents on In Vitro Nutrient Digestibility Canadianti, Monica; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Hanim, Chusnul; Widyobroto, Budi Prasetyo; Astuti, Andriyani
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.47976

Abstract

This experiment was aimed to study the effect of nutmeg leaf tannin addition on in vitro nutrient digestibility. Treatments in this experiment consisted of: P0 (control without tannin), P1 (feed + 2% tannin) and P2 (feed + 4% tannin). Feed for fermentation substrate consisted of Pennisetum purpureum and soybean meal with ratio 60:40. Fermentation was carried out using Tilley and Terry two stages in vitro technique for 48 hours. Variables measured were the digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, and crude protein in the rumen as well as the total digestive tract digestibility based on in vitro technique. The data obtained were analyzed by One Way ANOVA, and followed by the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that rumen dry matter digestibility was lower (P<0.05) in P1 and P2 (59.03±3.24 and 57.19±1.32) compared to P0 (70.77±1.05), but did not show a significant difference (P>0.05) in the total dry matter digestibility of P0, P1, and P2 (74.88±5.28, 67.70±3.21, and 64.83±4.96). Organic matter digestibility in the rumen was also lower (P<0.05) in P1 and P2 (55.55±6.29 and 55.76±6.88) compared to P0 (75.39±0.91), but did not show significant difference (P>0.05) in total organic matter digestibility from P0, P1, and P2 (64.69±6.44, 64.33±6.34, and 61.20±5.11). The digestibility of crude protein in the rumen at P1 and P2 (45.48±5.12 and 38.47±3.44) was also significantly lower (P<0.05) compared to P0 (60.93±9.72), whereas total digestibility did not show any significant difference (P>0.05). Addition of tannin leaf nutmeg 2% optimally reduced rumen dry matter and crude protein digestibility without causing excessive negative impact on results of in vitro digestibility, so it can be used as a protective agent protein feed.
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA PENGGEMUKAN SAPI SIMMENTAL PERANAKAN ONGOLE DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP JUMLAH KEPEMILIKAN PADA PETERNAKAN RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Sahala, Josua
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9823

Abstract

This study was done to determine the financial feasibility of beef cattle fattening and the factors affecting on amount of cattle ownership of small scale farmer in Karanganyar District. The location quotient (LQ) selected were Jenawi, Jatiyoso and Mojogedang sub-districts. Sampling respondents were determined by purposive sampling of 40 SimPO cattle farmers. Survey method was adopted to collect the primary data from respondents and the secondary data from relevant offices. The criteria for feasibility analysis was net present value (NPV), benefit cost ratio (BCR), internal rate of return (IRR), followed by payback period of credit (PPC) and break event point (BEP). Multiple regression linear analysis was used to determine the factors that influence the number of cattle ownership. The results of analysis showed that financially SimPO cattle fattening with a period of 5 years and a discount factor of 12%/year was feasible. Regression analysis showed that there were positive effects (P<0.01) of agricultural land, beef cattle business experience and the number of labour on the number of beef cattle ownership. It was concluded that SimPO cattle fattening in Karanganyar was feasible. (Key words: Break event point, Fattening, Simmental Ongole Crossbred cattle, Financial analysis, Multiple regresion linear analysis, Small scale farmer) 
Effect of Different Beehives Size and Daily Activity of Stingless Bee Tetragonula Laeviceps on Bee-Pollen Production Agus, Ali; Agussalim, Agussalim; Umami, Nafiatul; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 4 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (4) NOVEMBER 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i4.47865

Abstract

Bee activities and colony may affect the production of bee products. Bee-pollen is one of the important products of honeybees, besides of honey. Tetragonula laeviceps is a group member of stingless bees found in tropical region. In Indonesia, Tetragonula laeviceps mostly create a nest in bamboos that make unfortunately difficult for harvesting of its products. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different beehives size and the daily activity (morning vs. afternoon) of stingless bee Tetragonula laeviceps on bee-pollen production. This study was conducted in Ngrandu, Katongan Village, Sub-district of Nglipar, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Forty colonies of Tetragonula laeviceps were obtained from bamboos (similar in diameter and length) were transferred into four different group of beehives size (BS) made from dried wood, respectively: 35x17.5x13.5 (BS1); 35x20x17.5 (BS2); 37.5x20x20 (BS3) and 40x20x20 cm (BS4). Each group of beehives size had ten colonies/beehives as replicates. The colonies consisted of a queen bee, eggs, worker bees, and drones were transferred into wood beehives, and they were kept for two months for the study. The bee-pollen was harvested from beehives, separated from the propolis then weighed. The production of bee-pollen in the four different beehives size (BS1: 2.34±2.48 g/colony; BS2: 4.56±3.94 g/colony; BS3: 1.30±1.22 g/colony, BS4: 1.02±0.63 g/colony) was not different (ns) among the groups. The daily activity of bee bring the pollen to the nest in the morning (07.00 to 11.00) was significantly different (P<0.05) among the groups, but not significant (ns) different in the afternoon (14.00 to 17.00). The frequency of bringing in pollen into the hives at the morning is higher than at the afternoon (21.75 vs. 12.43 times/5 minutes). It could be concluded that the colony in beehive size of BS2 (35x20x17.5 cm) has higher daily activities and thus higher bee-pollen production, compared to the other beehives groups.
The Influence of Socio Economics Characteristics and Meat Self-Sufficiency Policy on Beef Cattle Farmer’s Income in Indonesia Bawono, Wisnu; Nurtini, Sudi; Putra, Ahmad Romadhoni Surya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 3 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (3) AUGUST 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i3.47786

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the influence of the implementation of the meat self-sufficiency policy on the cattle farmers’ income in Indonesia. This study used secondary data of Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) that were collected in 2014. The IFLS are household data taken by survey at national level. This study used IFLS 5 data. The observed variables in this study included characteristics of farmer's household such as age, area of land cultivated, number of family members, education level, patterns integration of livestock farming and government assistance. Household income is derived from reduced revenue from agricultural sector and it cost as the dependent variable. The results of the study showed that mixed farming or livestock farming integration influenced farmer household income significantly (P<0.01). The cultivated land size affected the household income of farmers (P<0.01). The level of education, number of family members, type of assistance and age did not affect the income of household farmers. The Respondents were divided in two group, group that were exposed and those that were not to the meat self-sufficiency program. The results of study showed that government policy in meat self-sufficiency did not have a significant impact on the household income of farmers. The development of livestock in order to achieve self-sufficiency in meat needs to be
Multivariate Analysis of Thermal Adaptive Profile of Three Genetic Groups of Duck Oguntunji, Abel; Oladejo, Opeyemi Adetola; Ayoola, Mathew Oluseyi; Oriye, Lopemi Opeoluwa; Ogundijo, Opeyemi Olufemi; Ilufoye, Abiola Olufunke
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.46595

Abstract

Inherent thermal adaptation in livestock is an important economic trait that cannot be overlooked, most especially in animals reared in sub-optimal thermally stressful environments. The present study explored the possibility of using multifactorial discriminant analysis (DA) to separate two duck genera {Muscovy and Common (Mallard) ducks) and their hybrid (Mule ducks) to distinct genetic groups using physiological, haematological and biochemical parameters. Data were collected after exposure of ducks to solar radiation for 90 minutes (12.00 – 13.30 hours). The result of analysis of variance indicated that genotype significantly (P<0.05) affected heamoglobin (Hb), basophil (Bas), total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), globulin (Glb), skin temperature (SKT), respiratory rate (RRT), panting rate (PTR) and rectal temperature (RTC). Stepwise DA revealed that PTR, RRT, Bas and TP in descending order were the most important parameters discriminating the three duck genotypes. The result of cross validation showed that 71.00%, 97.30% and 50.00% of Muscovy, Common and Mule ducks were correctly classified in their expected genetic group respectively. The Euclidean distance between the duck genotypes indicated that longest distance (86.507) was between Muscovy and Common (Mallard) ducks while shortest distance (12.415) was between Muscovy and Mule ducks. The results are applicable in breed adaptation studies, management, conservation and improvement programmes.
The Contribution of Labors to the Income of Pig Farming Business in the Tropical Coastal Papua Barat Woran, Jhonly; Mulyadi, Mulyadi; Keworip, Lusia; Pakage, Stepanus; Saragih, Desni; Sagrim, Meky; Orisu, Lily; Iyai, Deny Anjelus
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.46460

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the type of work and division of labor in the household-scale pig farm business and how much income was earned and generated by each male, adult female and child labor as a case study in the Manokwari coastal agroecological area Papua Barat. The method used is descriptive research method with survey techniques through interviews and field observations. The sample of farmers chosen purposively was 35 households out of 50 pig breeder. Farmers selected as samples are those who have been running pigs for more than 1 year. The parameters measured are labor involvement and contribution of economic beneficiaries. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics, namely analysis of variance with further testing Scheffe using SPSS v.16.0. The results showed that the types of work carried out by domestic workers included processing and providing [A4] food, medicine and sanitation, selling live cattle on the market and selling carcasses. Female breeders have almost the same level of participation as men. In terms of working hours, women give higher time (521 hours/month) in 6 pig raising activities. Female workers contribute higher incomes than male workers.
Reproductive Performance of Beef Cattle Raised Under SPR Program in Tegal Regency Gunawan, Aji; Sodiq, Akhmad; Muatip, Krismiwati; Setianto, Novie Andri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 44, No 1 (2020): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 44 (1) FEBRUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i1.46127

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to assess the reproductive performance of beef cattle based on different production systems. Survey research was carried out in Margasari Subdistrict, Tegal Regency, Central Java Province, in 13 farmer groups (a total of 188 breeders and 557 beef cattle) who took shelter in the SPR Program The qualitative and quantitative design framework is used to obtain comprehensive data. The questionnaire was used to get data and respondents determined by census method. SPSS software is used to analyze data. The results showed that 38.46% of farmer groups implemented a crop-livestock-system (CLS), 30.77% of farmer groups implemented a livestock-forestry system (LFS), and 30.77% of farmer groups implemented a crop-livestock-forestry-system (CLFS) in producing beef cattle. The results of the present study were significantly (P<0.05) there were differences in each reproductive performance parameter (BCS, S / C, CR, CI, and CC), which was observed in each beef production system (CLFS, CLS, and LFS). The results of this study also provide an overview of the simultaneous effects on the application of the production system to the reproductive performance of beef cattle. Although there has been certain variation between the production systems, the reproductive performance of the observed beef cattle has not been satisfactory. Improving nutrition management in cattle is needed to realize successful reproductive performance.

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