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Buletin Peternakan
ISSN : 01264400     EISSN : 2407876X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Articles 383 Documents
The Effect of Variety and Harvesting Time of Sorghum Planted in Stylosanthes Pasture on Growth, Production and Prussic Acid Content Dewi, Meita Puspa; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 3 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (3) AUGUST 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i3.39759

Abstract

This research was aimed to determine the growth, production and prussic acid content of sorghum variety that planted on stylosanthes pasture with different harvesting time. This research was done using split-plot design with three replications which sorghum variety (brown midrib resistance (BMR) and Super-2) as the main plot and harvesting time (6, 8 and 10 weeks) as the sub plot. The sorghum seeds were germinated for 12 days before planted on the 30 days stylosanthes pasture which was planted with planting space 25 x 25 cm. Sorghum was planted with planting space 75 x 25 cm. The variables observed were plants height, dry and organic matter production and prussic acid. Data obtained were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance and significantly different between means were tested with Duncan's New Multiple Range Test  (DMRT). Sorghum BMR had plant height, dry and organic matter production higher (P<0.05) than Super-2. Prussic acid content of BMR was lower (P<0.05) than Super-2. The older harvesting time increase (P<0.05) plant height, dry matter and organic production, but reduced (P<0.05) prussic acid content from 727.34 mg/kg to 241.71 mg/kg. Based on the results it can be concluded that the oldest harvesting time (10 weeks) produced the highest dry and organic matter, and reduce prussic acid content. Sorghum BMR is more productive and grew faster than Super-2. Sorghum BMR that harvested in 10-week shows the best in growth and productivity also had lower prussic acid content.
Lipid oxidation and antimicrobial activity of cooked beef patties as influenced by leaf extracts of “Cemba” (Albizia lebbeckoides [DC.] Benth) Hajrawati, Hajrawati; Nuraini, Henny; Arief, Irma Isnafia; Sajuthi, Dondin
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 1 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (1) FEBRUARY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i1.38517

Abstract

Cemba (Albizia lebbeckoides [DC.] Benth.) leaf extract (CLE) was evaluated for some physical properties, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities incorporated into beef patties during cold storage. Four Formulation employed were control, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) 0.01, CLE 0.5, and CLE 1% (w/w). The variables measured were proximate composition, cooking parameters, pH, aw, WHC, color, total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, DPPH scavenging activity, TBARS value, and microbial total. The data were analyzed using ANOVA one factor for proximate and cooking parameters, and ANOVA with factorial 4x5 for pH, aw, WHC, color, total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, DPPH scavenging activity, TBARS value, and microbial total and continued with Tukey test. The results of the study showed that the addition of the CLE did not affect the proximate composition and cooking parameters of the patties. The cooked beef patties with 1% CLE showed significantly lower (P<0.05) for TBARS value, pH, bacterial total (mesophilic and psychrophilic) compared to 0.5% CLE and controls. The total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, scavenging activity of CLE 1 % were significantly higher (P<0.05) than 0.5% CLE and controls during the cold storage period (0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days). Addition of both 0.5 and 1% CLE in cooked beef patty reduced bacteria total. The addition of 1% CLE had equivalent to BHT 0.01% effect in retarding lipid oxidation. In conclusion, the CLE 1% was effective to retard lipid oxidation and inhibit bacteria growth of cooked beef patties.
Toxicity Effect by Binahong (Anredera cordifolia) Leaf Extract in Histopathology and Liver Weight of Guinea Pigs (Cavia cobaya) Wijayanti, Dwi; Kurnianto, Edy; Setiatin, Enny Tantini
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.39487

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the toxic effect of Anredera cordifolia leaf extract on the Cavia cobaya liver which was evaluated by the histopathological examination of liver tissue. The materials used were 8 female guinea pigs 2.5 months old that were divided into 4 groups by simple random sampling, each treatment was given to 2 female C. cobaya. Treatments given were 0, 10, 50 and 90 mg of A. cordifolia leaf extract/head, designated as T0, T1, T2 and T3, respectively. Materials were given treatment daily as long as 10 days prepartum. All of the guinea pigs were slaughtered at day 11, and the liver were taken to examined their histopathological changes. Each of the liver tissues were processed by paraffin block-embedded and hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining method. The results of this study indicate the presence of albuminosa degeneration or mild degeneration (DH +) from group control and hydropic degeneration or moderate degeneration (DH ++) in all treatment groups and the weight of C. cobaya liver which was given an extract of A. cordifolia 50 mg/head was not significantly different from the control but was significantly different from 10 and 90 mg/head. The conclusion was Binahong's (A. cordifolia) leaves extract up to the dosage 90 mg/head had no significantly toxicity effect on the liver of guinea pigs (C. cobaya).
The Effect of High Quality Feed Supplement on Growth Performance Post-Weaning Calves Gading, Besse Mahbuba We Tenri; Panjono, Panjono; Agus, Ali
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38905

Abstract

This research aimed to evaluate the effect of high quality feed supplement (HQFS) in growth performance of post-weaning calves. Twenty four calves post-weaning aged 6 months old, consisting of 12 males and 12 females, randomly divided into 2 groups, each group consisting of 6 calves. Grouping male and female calves fed control feed plus HQFS, was formulated from corn grain, corn gluten meal (CGM), pollard, soybean meal (SBM), wheat flour and agromix booster (treatment diet) as first group (treatment), and the second group was fed control feed without addition of HQFS (control). This study was conducted for 6 weeks. The variables observed included feed intake (dry matter, crude protein, and TDN), weight gain, feed conversion, feed cost per gain and body size (body length, chest girth, and withers height). The treatment was in factorial 2x2 in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Growth performance of post weaning calves were analyzed as repeated measures with feed (treatment and control) and sex (male and female) as factors.  Results showed that the CP consumption, ADG and chest girth of treatment group was higher than (P<0.01) than the control group (0.42 and 0.34 kg/d, 0.95 and 0.71 kg/d, and 12.41 and 8.25 cm). TDN consumption, feed conversion, and body length of the treatment group were higher (P<0.05) than the control group (3.08 and 2.57 kg/d, 3.64 and 4.86, and 8.12 and 5.95 cm). DM consumption, chest girth and feed cost per gain of treatment and control group were not significant (3.87 and 3.69 kg/d, 7.30 and 6.72 cm, and IDR 16,280.00 and IDR 19,167.00). There was no difference between the growth of post-weaning calves between the male and female groups. There was no interaction between feed type and sex of the post-weaning calves. The conclusion of this study was that post-weaning calves fed HQFS (20.2%) produced better growth performance than controls.
The Adaptation of Small Intestine Nitregic Myenteric Neurons on Rats (Rattus norvegicus) to High Fat Diet Hana, Amelia; Sarmin, Sarmin; Airin, Claude Mona; Santosa, Christin Marganingsih; Astuti, Pudji
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38810

Abstract

High fat diet can result in the loss of nitrergic neurons in the myenteric plexus. The study aimed at finding out the effect of high fat diet on the adaptation of nitrergic nerve of rat intestine. It used 15 male rats (Rattus norvegicus) of a month of age with mean body weight of 53.73 gr. The rats were adapted for 7 days to individual cages with ad libitum feeding. After random adaptation, all of the rats were assigned to 3 groups of five rats, namely K-7, K-10, and K-13 groups. Feed and drinking water were given ad libitum. The treatment of the high fat diet lasted for 7 weeks. After the treatment, all of the rats were fasted for 12 hours and then killed. Subsequently, small intestine segments (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum) were taken. The intestinal segments were prepared by using NADPH-d histopathological technique to determine the morphometric changes of nitrergic myenteric neurons. During the treatment the rats were weighed every week and at the end of the study orbitalis vein blood measurement was carried out to see its glucose, cholesterol and cholecystokinin (CCK) plasma levels. The data of body weight, glucose, cholesterol, CCK levels, the total number of the nippergenic myenteric segments of the small intestine were statistically analyzed using Anova. The results of the study showed that the treatment of 7% to 13% fat diets for 7 weeks did not indicate any weight gain and any increase in cholescystokinin level, and any decrease in glucose level. However, it indicated significant increase in cholesterol level. The treatment of 10% and13% fat diets increased the total number of neurons in the jejunum and the ileum. Thus, it was concluded that the treatments of the high-fat diet of the rats (K-7, K-10, and K-13) for 7 weeks had significant effect on the adaptation of the neurons of the jejunum and the ileum.
The Effect of Storage Time on the Total Lactic Acid Bacteria and Presence of Gram Positive and Negative Bacteria in Calf Starter Pellet Added with Fermented Cabbage Waste Mukodiningsih, Sri; Pujaningsih, Retno Iswarin; Resniati, Resniati; Astuti, Andriyani
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 1 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (1) FEBRUARY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i1.38478

Abstract

   The aim of this research was to examine the microbiological quality of calf starter pellet added with fermented cabbage waste after stored for 0, 4, and 6 weeks. The materials used in this research consisted of cornmeal, rice bran, soybean meal, molasses, mineral mix, and fermented cabbage waste. This research used Completely Randomized Design with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The mixed calf starter pellet consisted of 100% calf starter and 6% of fermented cabbage waste, and then stored for 0 weeks (P0), 2 weeks (P1), 4 weeks (P2) and 6 weeks (P3). The observed microbial qualities were the total lactic acid bacteria and the presence of gram positive and negative bacteria in the mixed calf starters. The total lactic acid bacteria were analyzed descriptively, while the presence of gram bacteria was analyzed with analysis of variance followed with Duncan’s test. The result of this research showed that an increase in storage time would result in lower lactic acid bacteria population, while the gram-positive and negative bacteria was not significantly affected. The research concluded that 6-weeks stored calf starter pellet added with 6% of fermented cabbage waste could maintain its lactic acid and gram-positive bacteria population, while also reducing its gram-negative bacteria population as well.
Off-flavor Production of Cihateup Duck Meat at Different Slaughter Ages Sinabang, Maria Kristina; Rukmiasih, Rukmiasih; Suryati, Tuti; Lase, Jonathan Anugrah
Buletin Peternakan Vol 45, No 1 (2021): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 45 (1) FEBRUARY 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38428

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the age of off-odor detection to ensure more efficient and economical provision of antioxidants in the production of Cihateup ducks. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 different treatments of slaughter age, i.e. 4, 8 and 12 week. Each treatment consisted of 6 replications and each replication consisted of 13 ducks. The results showed that the percentage of fat content at the age of 12 weeks was higher than the age of 4 and 8 week. High fat-containing meat tends to undergo fat oxidation. High levels of Fe at 12 week of slaughter age cause high levels of myoglobin in duck meat. Fe2+ is a catalyst in the process of fat oxidation. the brightness value (L) is inversely proportional to the value a of Cihateup duck meat. The darker brightness of the meat causes the flesh to be redder due to myoglobin level in duck meat. The percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALTJG) is 4- and 12-week slaughter age lower than 8 week of age. The high levels of MDA at 12 week of slaughter age are due to fat oxidation which causes off-odor. Based on the result, the conclusion is that the high fat content, Fe content, color of Cihateup duck meat at 12 weeks of slaughter age caused the percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALTJG) to be low due to fat oxidation. Fat oxidation caused high levels of MDA in duck meat (12 weeks of slaughter age) resulting in Off-odors in Cihateup duck meat.
Genetic Characterization of Thyroglobulin and Leptin Genes in Pasundan Cattle at West Java Putra, Widya Pintaka Bayu; Anwar, Saiful; Said, Syahruddin; Indarto, Romanos Albert Adhitya; Wulandari, Putri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 1 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (1) FEBRUARY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i1.38227

Abstract

The Thyroglobulin (TG) and Leptin (LEP) genes are two candidate genes that widely used for molecular selection to improve carcass traits in beef cattle. This research was carried out to identify the genetic characterization of TG and LEP genes from 47 heads of Pasundan cows at West Java using PCR-RFLP method. Research shows that TG gene of Pasundan cattle is monomorphic with C allele as the dominant allele (1.00). However, LEP gene of Pasundan cattle is polymorphic with C allele as the dominant allele (0.98) and T as the rare allele (0.02). The polymorphic informative content (PIC) and numberof effective allele (ne) values in the LEP gene in the animal studied were 0.04 and 1.04 respectively. It was concluded that TG/BstYI and LEP/Sau3AI gene in the present study can not be used as molecular selection in Pasundan cattle. These results are important as the basic information for preparing the molecular selection program in the future.
Pattern of Integrated System of Smallholder Beef Cattle Central in Tegal Regency Gunawan, Aji; Sodiq, Akhmad; Muatip, Krismiwati; Andri Setianto, Novie
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 1 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (1) FEBRUARY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i1.38378

Abstract

Purpose of this research is to focus on importance of knowing the activities of smallholder enterprise systems, types and trends in the patterns of integrated systems adopted, the impact of implementing integrated systems and the implications for sustainability of livestock systems. This research also emphasize the importance of opportunities in enhancing and increasing livestock productivity and increasing production in smallholder farms and developing the easiest formulation of strategies for sustainable livestock systems. A qualitative method using Soft System Methodology (SSM) from System Thinking was chosen to visualize the activities of smallholder enterprise systems and the pattern of integrated systems are presented descriptively. The next study method of quantitative is used to determine the impact of livestock productivity on each applied integrated systems presented comparatively. Soft System Methodology succeed to visualize smallholder enterprise systems at the level of individual and community level of farmer. Farmer’s group activity  influence the pattern of integrated systems that impacted on beef cattle’s productivity. The ICLFS pattern promotes a way of optimally utilizing agroecosystems and it has potential and become candidate system that be able in enhancing and increasing productivity, increasing livestock production and farmer's income, and realize beef self-sufficiency.  
Carrying Capacity Estimation of Herbicide-Treated and Untreated Palm Oil Plantation for Bali Cows Endrawati, Eny; Panjono, Panjono; Suhartanto, Bambang; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 2 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (2) MAY 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38036

Abstract

This study aims to estimate the carrying capacity of oil palm plantations with the use of herbicides based on the forage availability for Bali cows. The research was performed in palm oil plantation owned by PTPN V Riau, from March 2016 until March 2017. The parameters observed were 1) Forage production that grows between palm trees at 6 weeks cutting age. The forage sample was taken from 5 point of 1x1m2, then subjected to proximate analysis. Data were analyzed with one-way random design, 2) Forage consumption; obtained by observation of 5 pregnant Bali cow and 7 non-pregnant for seven consecutive days 3). Estimated carrying capacity for Bali cows, obtained from the calculation of forage production (/ha/year) divided by forage consumption. The result of the research showed that 1). The production of dry matter (DM) forage in herbicide-treated areas was 689.55 kg/ha/year, not significantly different compared to untreated areas (622.33 kg/ha/year). Crude protein (CP) forage content of forage obtained from herbicide-treated area was significantly higher (p<0.05) than untreated area, whereas the total content of DM and total digestible nutrients (TDN) was not significantly different. DM consumption of pregnant Bali cow was on average 3.68±0.29 kg/head/day or 1,343.20±105.85 kg/head/year and non-pregnant 4.02±0.36 kg/head/day or 1,467.30±131.4 kg/head/year. The estimated carrying capacity on herbicide-treated (0.51 head of pregnant cow/ha), did not show any significant difference compared to untreated area (0.46 head/ha). For non-pregnant, the carrying capacity of herbicide-treated area (0.47 head/ha) was not different with non-treated area (0.42 head/ha). It was concluded that the use of herbicide on palm oil plantation had no effect on the carrying capacity of the Bali cow.

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