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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 1, No 2 (2007)" : 10 Documents clear
اتجاهات جديدة في مجال تعليم اللغة العربية في إندونيسيا Jauhar, Nasaruddin Idris
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.348 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.420-441

Abstract

The teaching of Arabic as a religious language in Indonesia should be differentiated from it being taught as a foreign language. From the advent of Islam until the beginning of 1990s, Arabic was always perceived in this country as a religious language. This mode of thinking implied that Arabic should be taught simply as a tool to understand religious text; a method that resulted in a great number of students being incapable of using Arabic as a language of communication. Toward the end of 1990s however, a new orientation in looking at the nature of Arabic began to take shape. According to this new orientation, Arabic is perceived not only as a religious language but also – and this is more important – as a foreign language. This view brings a new vision, and with it a new model, of the way that Arabic should be taught in this country. This paper discusses this new model and some of its aspects that we consider a breakthrough in reforming the method and approach of language-teaching. It argues that the new model constitutes a valuable contribution to the way that Arabic as a foreign language is taught in Indonesia.
SECULARIZATION IN THE MIND OF MUSLIM REFORMISTS: A Case Study of Nurcholish Madjid and Fouad Zakaria Sirry, Mun’im
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.518 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.323-355

Abstract

Nurcholish Madjid (Indonesia) and Fouad Zakaria (Egypt) represent the two most influential Muslim thinkers concerned with the issue of secularization. This article is a comparative analysis of their ideas, which have triggered intellectual debate on the term “secula­ri­za­tion” and its implications in the Muslim world over the last three decades. Positing the discourse on secularization and secularism as a means to confront the obscurantist Islamist tide, both scholars use it as a starting point to discuss im­portant issues in the context of their respective countries about the necessity to reform the current social, political, cultural, and intellectual stagnancy. They differ, however, in perceiving the extent of the discourse of secularism. Using the term “secularization” very carefully, Madjid makes clear that it should not be understood as leading to secularism in Indonesia. Unlike Madjid, Zakaria, inheriting the secularism debate from his predecessors, is more oriented toward rescuing secularism before it totally disappears in Egypt.
الوسطية إزاء الراديكالية في الإسلام: السلوك السياسي لطائفة راديكالية من المسلمين في عهد حكومة رئيس الجمهورية الإندونيسية عبد الرحمن واحد Hamim, Thoha
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007): December
Publisher : Islamic State University of Sunan Ampel, Surabaya - Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (22.779 KB) | DOI: 10.1111/jiis.1.2.17.403-419

Abstract

This article offers a brief account of the political turmoil which led to the abdication of President Abdurrahman Wahid. President Wahid faced serious challenges, particularly from his traditional opponents, the Muslim militants. They made efforts to deligitimize his government using street protests, provocative talk shows and writings which enabled them to create political unrest during Wahid’s short-lived govern­ment. The Muslim militants eventually thought that Wahid did not deserve political support from the Muslim community due to his controversial views. The political feud between Wahid and the militants actually is not as simple as it appears. The two belong to different “religious schools of thought”; the former represents contextual ways of thought, and the latter supports textual mindsets. While the first opens a space to dialogue between texts and contexts, the latter follows a one-way path, applying literally what has been stated in the prophetic and scriptural texts.
IS EDUCATION DETERMINANT? The Formation of Liberal and Anti-liberal Islamic Legal Thinking in Indonesia Muzakki, Akh.
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (313.029 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.280-322

Abstract

Liberalism and anti-liberalism are two increasing­ly prominent but staunchly opposing streams of Islamic legal thinking in Indonesia. This article analyses the formation of each of the two through an examination of the role of formal education. It focuses on organic intellectuals during two periods, the New Order and the reformasi. Challenging the strongly-held thesis of the determinant role of education, this article argues that both liberal and anti-liberal Islamic legal thinking in Indonesia is a result of not only the intellectual formation in the sense of academic training and access to education and knowledge, but also the sociological background and exposure in building a new epistemic community in an urban context. As a theoretical understanding of sociolo­gical background and exposure, the concept of epistemic community deserves to be taken as an analytical framework in addition to education for the analysis of the formation of the two contesting bents of Islamic legal thinking in Indonesia.
EXERCIZING IJTIHAD Fatwa and Ifta in Indonesia Today Riza, Achmad Kemal
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.449 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.442-447

Abstract

Book ReviewBook title:Indonesian Islam: Social Change Through Contemporary FatawaAuthor:M.B. HookerNo. of Pages:X + 310Year:2003Publisher:Asian Studies Association of Australia, Allen and Unwin, and University of Hawaii Press Honolulu
THE UPSURGE OF MEMORY IN THE CASE OF HAUL: A Problem of Islamic Historiography in Indonesia Alatas, Ismail F.
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.973 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.267-279

Abstract

This essay investigates the reasons behind the proliferation of haul celebrations in Indonesia. The study focuses on the construction of haul as a ritual forging collective memory among a particular group of people in the Muslim community. The writer adopts Pierre Nora’s theory of the upsurge of memory which is caused by the acceleration and democratization of history. These two factors bring about the construction of an object which forms the passage of memory among those attending haul. It will be argued that the haul is a social construction by a noble community to demonstrate its existence and domination over others in the Muslim community. It will also be argued that the haul was a reaction towards modernity in the Muslim world and the rise of alternative historiography. The influential position of the aristocracy was based on the construction of collective memory of the people in haul celebrations, which are held all over Indonesia.
CONFRONTATION AND RECONCILIATION: Muslim Voices of Maluku Conflict (1999-2002) Ali, Muhamad
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.145 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.379-402

Abstract

This paper seeks to examine some of the perceptions and attitudes developed by Muslims in relation to the social conflict of Maluku. This paper argues that there were no single views among Muslims with regard to the conflict. Some Muslim hard-liners in general have demonstrated hostile perceptions and confrontational attitudes toward their perceived enemy. They constructed the conflict as a “religious war,” and demanded that the Indonesian Council of Religious Scholars (MUI) issue a fatwa that would allow Muslims outside Maluku to fight against the enemy in Maluku. The Muslim moderates, on the other hand, tended to avoid religious vocabularies, while attempting to work out peaceful solutions. The semi-official MUI, Nahdlatul Ulama, and Muhammadiyyah perceived the conflict as not religiously driven; they viewed the conflict in a more sophisticated way. They saw no need to wage a religious war and no need to issue a fatwa for a national jihad.
ISLAM, ISLAMISM, THE NATION, AND THE EARLY INDONESIAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENT Elson, RE
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.079 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.231-266

Abstract

In an attempt to understand better the failure of Islamism to exercise any significant impact on the tra­jec­tory of Indonesian politics through the twentieth century, this article examines the development of Indo­nesian Islamist thought in the early twentieth century and com­pares it to the growth of secularist nationalist thinking.  Islamist thinking was slow to arrive at a consciousness of Indonesia as specific national place and homeland.  By the time Islamist thinkers had begun to develop a clearer sense of their own political project, secular nationalist thinkers (often indifferent to and sometimes fiercely opposed to Islamic and Islamist ideas about the relationship of state to religion) had already established the unassailable primacy of  the idea of Indonesia as an independent sovereign state-in-the-making and as the vehicle for Indonesians to become both modern and prosperous.  Islamists thereafter had no option but to seek to accommodate their thinking to the dominant paradigm of the idea of Indonesia.
INDONESIAN MUSLIMS IN THE PUBLIC SPHERE: A Review of Several Studies Mujiburrahman, Mujiburrahman
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.735 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.356-378

Abstract

Habermas’ idea of the public sphere as a space where members of society can develop discussions and debates on public issues has inspired some scholars to interpret the modern development of Muslim societies. The spread of communication technology that includes print and electronic media, has paved the way for the emergence of the public sphere in those societies. Several studies of Indonesian Islam by western scholars also pay attention to the public sphere. Having discussed those studies, this paper argues that, although Habermas’ very notion of the public sphere has been criticised and modified by the scholars, it can be used effectively and developed for further research on Indonesian Islam.
الوسطية إزاء الراديكالية في الإسلام: السلوك السياسي لطائفة راديكالية من المسلمين في عهد حكومة رئيس الجمهورية الإندونيسية عبد الرحمن واحد Hamim, Thoha
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.415 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2007.1.2.403-419

Abstract

This article offers a brief account of the political turmoil which led to the abdication of President Abdurrahman Wahid. President Wahid faced serious challenges, particularly from his traditional opponents, the Muslim militants. They made efforts to deligitimize his government using street protests, provocative talk shows and writings which enabled them to create political unrest during Wahid’s short-lived govern­ment. The Muslim militants eventually thought that Wahid did not deserve political support from the Muslim community due to his controversial views. The political feud between Wahid and the militants actually is not as simple as it appears. The two belong to different “religious schools of thought”; the former represents contextual ways of thought, and the latter supports textual mindsets. While the first opens a space to dialogue between texts and contexts, the latter follows a one-way path, applying literally what has been stated in the prophetic and scriptural texts.

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