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Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 2 (2016)" : 10 Documents clear
MODERATE ISLAM IN LOMBOK: The Dialectic between Islam and Local Culture Mutawali, Mutawali
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (689.237 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.309-334

Abstract

This study looks into the concept of moderate Islam; describes the distinctive formation of moderate Islam in Indonesia and dialectical phenomena between culture and religion in the Muslim community of the Lombok island. Grounded in qualitative method involving participative observation, interview, documentation and critical discourse analysis, this study reveals that the dialectics and dynamics between the shari’a texts with reality and local traditions in Lombok have brought about the concept of Islam Nusantara characterizing wasatiyyah (moderate), tawazun (balance), tasamuh (tolerance), shura (priotizing dialogue), dan i‘tidal (justice). Islam Lombok illustrates the harmonious interfaith coexistence comprising pluralistic societies including diverse ethnicity, religion, and culture; and portrays Islam rahmatan lil ‘Alamin (Islam as a mercy of the universe). Overall, this study suggests that the concept of moderate Islam could be seen in Lombok and might be applied in other communities in Indonesia.
RELIGIOUS ATTITUDES OF THEOLOGICAL TRADISIONALIST IN THE MODERN MUSLIM COMMUNITY: Study on Tahlilan in Kotagede Sirait, Sangkot
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.994 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.237-260

Abstract

In modernist Islamic thoughts, anything that comes from tradition, and that does not have any justiable ground in the Islamic law, must be abandoned since it is considered as heresy. However, a totally opposite situation occurs in Kotagede. Tahlilan, one of those forbidden traditions, has been widely practiced by modernist Muslims. This paper attempts to examine the religious behavior of modernist community in Yogyakarta, especially with regard to motives and functions of their participation in tahlilan. Using Emil Durkheim's sociological approaches, namely social solidarity and functionalism, the research result shows that the tradition of tahlilan remains present amongst the modernist Muslim society in Kotagede due to three factors, these are, because of tolerance values and accommodative attitudes that they hold, the cultural aspects passed on from generation to generation, and the social needs. These three aspects can incorporate in each individual, and sometimes are only partially. It depends on the value system adopted by each individual. Furthermore, maintaining social role and status also becomes another factor that the tradition of tahlilan could be kept alive and preserved until now.
MUSLIM CULTURAL IDENTITY AND ATTITUDE CHANGE AMONG TOLAKINESE COMUNITY IN KENDARI Awad, Faizah Binti
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.338 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.355-374

Abstract

This article analyses the changing attitude and cultural identity of Tolakinese Muslim Community in Kendari. It focuses on four cultural values: 1) kohanu (shy); 2) merou (courtesy); samaturu (solidarity); 4) taa ehe tunai tui (introspection). The findings shows that people in the rural area are generally maintaining their culture while people in urban area have a contrast attitude as cultural values have been degraded in practices. This degradation eventually resulted in the changing attitudes of Tolakinese society. In general, even though there is a small group of people who still understand and or practice the tradition, there is a trend of degradation in the cultural values. There are factors behind this trend, among them are: education, living in the city and mixed marriage. Realizing the potential extinction and the importance of the tradition, several efforts are taken by traditional leaders aiming at preserving the culture of Tolaki. Among the efforts are socialization and contextualization of the tradition in line with the development and the values of Islam.
CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS EDUCATION MODEL ON THE CHALLENGE OF INDONESIAN MULTICULTURALISM Asrori, Achmad
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.935 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.261-284

Abstract

This paper discusses the issue of religious education in relation to the challenge of religious multiculturalism in Indonesia. The focus of this paper is to find out the kind of religious education that is compatible with the challenge of religious multiculturalism. By employing the concept of religious multiculturalism and theory of religious education, this paper argues that to face the challenge of religious multiculturalism it is necessary to change the model of religious education from within, at and beyond the wall. Religious education “in” the wall contributes to shape an exclusive model of religiosity; while religious education “at” and “beyond” the wall contributes to shape an inclusive multiculturalistic model of religiosity. The last two models are applicable in Indonesia in order to face the challenge of multiculturalism, because both of them help students to accept, respect, and value religious differences. Religious education should show that the common enemy of religion is not people of different faiths, but poverty, corruption, violence, ignorance, and the like, and they have to stand together to fight against these true enemies.
ISLAM JAWA IN DIASPORA AND QUESTIONS ON LOCALITY Maftukhin, Maftukhin
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (567.632 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.375-394

Abstract

This article examines the translocal Islam Jawa (Javanese Islam) that characterises the deterritorialisation of culture through space and time. Contrary to mainstream approaches to Islam Jawa that tends substantially picture Islam and Muslim in Java as a mere “localised form of Islam”, it sees Islam Jawa as a “translocal” practices. In addition, it sees that the idea of Islam Jawa travels, deterritorialises, and reterritorialises in different times and places. Therefore, what is imagined by scholars as “local Islam” is not local in traditional and geographical senses because Islam Jawa is formed, shaped and influenced by the mobility, entanglement, connectivity across oceans, regions, and borders. The Islam Jawa also travels to a different place, transcending the modern limits of nation-states boundaries. Islam Jawa is a product and a consequence of the efforts to establish between “imagined” spatial and temporal congruence.
SOEHARTO AND THE POLITICIZATION OF INDONESIAN ISLAM (1968-1998) Hakim, Masykur
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.236 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.159-180

Abstract

Soeharto treated Indonesian Muslim Communities with two different ways. On the one side, he has given them full freedom to conduct Islamic rituals such as prayers, almsgivings, fasting during Ramadhan, pilgrim and so on. On the other side, however, he has not given them full freedom to exercise politics at the practical level because it would raise problems in the long run. He handled their political activities tightly. Therefore he put whatever efforts necessary to safeguard his power interests such as launching Pancasila as the sole basis (asas tunggal) for all political parties and mass organizations, merging four Islamic political parties into one party, PPP and so on. After more than 30 years he conducted the politicization of Islam, the big mutiny and turbulences happened everywhere which was supported by all university students and caused the fall of his power in 1998 with sad ending and Indonesian reform era started.
CURRICULUM, ISLAMIC UNDERSTANDING AND RADICAL ISLAMIC MOVEMENTS IN INDONESIA Zainiyati, Husniyatus Salamah
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (414.799 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.285-308

Abstract

This article is intended to argue several things. The first is that the educational institutions can play two roles within the context of transmitting Islamic understanding; either to preach the tolerance or in contrast the radicalism. The second is that the teachers affiliated to certain radical movements often fall in to corrupt practices by abusing the school curriculum, which actually is aimed at providing guideline for the teachers of Islamic Religion in order to promote characters of students in line with the values of Indonesia Islam. The third is that the condition and the environment of schools tend to allow the room for the deployment process of radical movements in Indonesia. This article will explore issues on the relationship between school curriculum and radicalism, the transmission of Islamic understanding as well as possible solutions for overcoming the spread of radicalism. In conclusion, this article will reinforce ideas that teachers are the most important instruments within the curriculum implementation. In this regards, it is important to note that curriculum in its various forms is just a text and hence the teachers are the ones really determine the ways in which it is being read and interpreted. It is suggested then that there is a duty that should be performed by the government to strengthen their ideology based on the country national guidelines embraced by Muslims in Indonesia.
FAITH, INTOLERANCE, VIOLENCE AND BIGOTRY: Legal and Constitutional Issues of Freedom of Religion in Indonesia J. Fenton, Adam
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.129 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.181-212

Abstract

Religious intolerance and bigotry indeed is a contri­buting factor in social and political conflict including manifestations of terrorist violence. While freedom of religion is enshrined in Indonesia’s Constitution, social practices and governmental regulations fall short of constitutional and international law guarantees, allowing institutionalised bias in the treatment of religious minorities. Such bias inhibits Indonesia’s transition to a fully-functioning pluralistic democracy and sacrifices democratic ideals of personal liberty and freedom of expression for the stated goals of religious and social harmony. The Ahok case precisely confirms that. The paper examines the constitutional bases of freedom of religion, Indonesia’s Blasphemy Law and takes account of the history and tenets of Pancasila which dictate a belief in God as the first principle of state ideology. The paper argues that the Indonesian state’s failure to recognise the legitimacy of alternate theological positions is a major obstacle to Indonesia recognising the ultimate ideal, enshrined in the national motto, of unity in diversity.
THE MANAGEMENT OF MUSLIM SPIRITUAL TOURISM IN LOMBOK, INDONESIA: Opportunities and Challenges Nashuddin, Nashuddin
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.827 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.213-236

Abstract

Known as “island of thousand mosques”, Lombok is increasingly becoming one of the most popular domestic and international tourist destinations in Indonesia. This gives the island ample opportunities to manage and develop its potentials of tourism. However, the way the local government takes up the chance tends to neglect one important aspect of tourism, namely spiritual tourism, a sort of tourism that explores some sacred places or spiritual journey. This article describes three axes of spiritual tourism in Lombok and examines their current state of being as a tourist destination and their challenges to development. This article argues that safety, cleanness and lack of public facilities constitute the main problems of spiritual tourism in Lombok. The problems lay not only on the unsystematic approach of local government policy but also visitors’ attitudes of environment preservation, especially among local and domestic tourists. The local government, local community and their leaders must work hand in hand to tackle the problems and rebrand spiritual tourism as popular tourism so it attracts more visitors to come.
LEGAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN AND THEIR BIOLOGICAL FATHER: The Analysis of Constitutional Court Decree No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010 in the Perspective of Civil and Islamic Law Marilang, Marilang
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 10, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (580.61 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.335-354

Abstract

In Indonesia, children born out of wedlock only have legal relationship or family lineage relationship with their mother and mother’s family, not with their biological father and biological father’s family. This provisions of law are arranged in Article 43 paragraph (1) of Marriage Law No. 1 of 1974 which is highly influenced by Shafi’ite School of Islamic jurisprudence. Through judicial review of Aisyah (Machica) Mochtar and her son named M. Iqbal Ramadhan, Constitutional Court has agreed to waive the provisions by means of the Decree Number 46/PUU-VIII/2010 with legal consideration that the concerned article contravenes the Constitution, then it creates new legal norm which states those children have legal relationship and family lineage with their mother and mother’s family and also the man who is their father. The Decree sparks controversies concerning the term ‘children born out of wedlock’ and ‘legal relationship’ in the decree. Contrary to many law experts, the article argues that the term ‘children born out of wedlock’ simply means children born from zina (adultery or fornication). Thus, ‘legal relationship’ only refer to limited relationship between both parties.

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