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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 11, No 2 (2017)" : 11 Documents clear
INDONESIAN ISLAM AND SOCIAL CHALLENGES BETWEEN MORAL CULTIVATION AND INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT Mohammad al-Aharish, Mohammad Hamid
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (834.44 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.551-568

Abstract

This paper deals with what is commonly known as an Indonesian Islam, its characters and challenges. It defines Indonesian Islam as that which is understood and practiced in Indonesia. The paper argues that, a particular context would determine the way Islam is being interpreted and then expressed. In this way, Indonesian Islam is different from its Arabic, Persian or Turkish counterparts. The paper also tries to show that Indonesian Islam transcends the social and cultural constructs of the Arab society in which it first emerged. To understand the way Islam is expressed here is therefore to get rid of those Arab socio-cultural limitations. Being unique however, Indonesian Islam is still related to what happens at the global scale. Hence, the challenges it faces are the same challenges faced by its counterparts. This paper tries to analyze those challenges and how Indonesian Islam deals with them. Basically, it argues that in dealing with those challenges posed particularly by the forces of modernity, Indonesian Islam undertakes two forms of strategy; 1) it tries to cultivate religious and moral values through education, and 2) it tries to develop its own religious discourses in line with its local culture. The first may be termed axiological while the second epistemological. The Nahdhadul Ulama (NU) movement may be treated as representing the first, while the so-called liberal thinkers represent the second.
GEERTZ’S TRICHOTOMY OF ABANGAN, SANTRI, AND PRIYAYI: Controversy and Continuity Burhani, Ahmad Najib
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.417 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.329-350

Abstract

With the Presidential Decree on Hari Santri Nasional (National Santri Day) in 2015, the debate on Clifford Geertz’ trichotomy of santri-priyayi-abangan reemerges in Indonesian society. This article, first, intends to delineate the meaning of the trichotomy. Second, it summarizes three main critiques of the trichotomy, namely: 1) priyayi is more appropriately included in the category of social class, not religious category; 2) as social identity, abangan was not the term generally accepted by people in that category; 3) the category is not rigid and, in term of religiosity, most of Javanese people were actually in the grey area between santri and abangan. This article then shows that even though the trichotomy has drawn criticism from scholars, it has been accepted as a standard categorization of Indonesian society. The application of this trichotomy was not limited in the study of religion or anthropology, but it has been used in history, politics, economy, and military studies. The new challenges of this concept, i.e. the inclusion of social class or Marxist perspective in studying Java and the divergent of santri in contemporary time, which contributes to the reemergence of the trichotomy with a new spectrum is the last focus of this article.
COMPLEXITIES IN DEALING WITH GENDER INEQUALITY: Muslim Women and Mosque-Based Social Services in East Java Indonesia Cholil, Mufidah
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.465 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.459-488

Abstract

This paper applies an Islamic legal sociology approach to criticize the typology of East Java society and their views on gender equality, womens empowerment, and womens roles in mosques based on the subcultures of East Java community: Mataraman, Tapal kuda, and Arekan. The concept of male-female equality has not been fully accepted by religious leaders. There is a power relation in the Muslim society’s high-power structure because religious leaders are still dominated by men while women are considered as subordinate and marginal groups. On the one hand, there is still a patriarchal cultural-based political configuration that affects gender discrimination. On the other hand, the Muslim community has not been completely established to protect women. Finally, the finding of this paper is that the role of mosque-based women in three sub-cultures of East Java shows different results. The subculture of Mataraman tends to be culture-based, whereas religion is considered as a supporting factor. The subculture of Tapal Kuda prefers to collaborate religious views with patriarchal cultures. Finally, the subculture of Arekan is likely to dialogue religion with culture more inclusively. A progressive mosque that provides womens empowerment may break the chain of the gender-biased understanding and change the mindsets of patriarchal Muslim societies through dialogue, social interaction, and productive activities.
NAHDLATUL ULAMA AND THE PRODUCTION OF MUSLIM INTELLECTUALS IN THE BEGINNING OF 21ST CENTURY INDONESIA Niam, Khoirun
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.541 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.351-388

Abstract

Social transformation carried out by the New Order government through the development program resulted on the emergence of various face of Muslim intellectuals in Indonesia. They are divergent and located in a great variety of institutional settings as well as in the interstices between a number of institutional orders. This paper aims at analysing the production and dynamics of Muslims intellectuals within the largest Muslim mass organisations in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU/The Awakening of Muslim Scholars). It begins with the discussion of scholarly perspectives of the correlation between Islamic organisation and Muslim intellectuals. It then examines the production of Muslim intellectuals within NU, questioning the issue of young and old generation, and finally analysing the relationship between institution and the development of intellectualism within NU.
CONCEPTUALIZING AUTHORITY OF THE LEGALIZATION OF INDONESIAN WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW Rokhmad, Abu; Susilo, Sulistiyono
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (522.734 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.489-508

Abstract

Various studies on Islamic family law (IFL) in Indonesia demonstrate an enduring paradigm of patriarchal culture both in ideas and practical applications. This is a logical consequence of the attempts to enact the traditional Islamic doctrines in modern law. The domination of this culture in the IFL, that has resulted in the discrimination against women in Indonesia, has reached the alarming level calling for revision. The reform attempts also are needed in other other derivative legal products, such as local sharia regulation. All these efforts are needed in order to ensure justice and equal rights of children and women. This paper attempts to conceptualize a construction of patriarchal authority in legalizing the rights, role, and status of gender in Indonesia. The finding reveals that reconstruction of authority in the modern legislation of Islamic Family Law should be started with ensuring the equal rights of women both in the legal and judicial aspects. This requires involving women in an appropriate proportion within the making of public policy, family law legislation. Another needed strategy is advocacy of women's rights in order to avoid legal gender bias due to the political and legislative authorities dominated by male group.
THE DYNAMIC OF MALAY ISLAMIC LAW: The Rise and Practices of Adat Bersendi Syarak, Syarak Bersendi Kitabullah in Jambi MA. Rahman, Subhan; Rahman, Fuad
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.049 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.389-404

Abstract

This study aims at determining the position of Islamic law in the culture of Malay society in Jambi, Sumatera. The obvious facts in the previous studies about Islamic law and culture in Malay Sumatera is heavy emphasis on Minangkabau of West Sumatera with its matrilineal culture and traditionalist-modernist tension. In contrast, Jambi, which is adjacent to Minangkabau region, is starkly different. Jambi culture does not recognize matrilineal culture, except for Minangkabau people migrating to Jambi, nor experience such a tension. This is evidenced from interviews and library sources alike. Interviews were undertaken from several members of traditional leaders including some of the decendents of Jambi Malay Kingdom. As the result, even though there was a was among devotees of each of the laws, Islamic law (Syarak) and customary law in greater Malay Sumatera, the aphorism “Customary laws are based on religious laws; religious laws are based on the Holy Book” unites them, and becomes the living law that rules Muslim society in Jambi from the past until present day.
FROM POWER TO CULTURAL LANDSCAPES: Rewriting History of Shi‘ah in Aceh Bustamam-Ahmad, Kamaruzzaman
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.61 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.509-530

Abstract

This article aims to re-examine the history of Shi‘ah in Aceh by looking at the influence of Persian in Acehnese political and cultural landscapes of the society. There have been many studies on presence of Shi‘ah in Aceh by local, national, and international scholars. However, there is still gap among scholars about the coming of Shi‘ah and it influence in the province, due to the influence of Persian traditions. Through socio-historical and socio-anthropological approaches, this study describes the roots and influence of Persian in history of Aceh. This is to say it is necessary to look at how the impact on Persian in Acehnese society. It is also argued that the presence of Shiah in Aceh in contemporary era has led to cultural rather than politic and theology. However, because of conflict between Sunni and Shi‘ah in Middle East, issue on anti-Shi‘ah gives serious impact to religious life in the province.
DISCOURSES ON ISLAM AND DEMOCRACY IN INDONESIA: A Study on the Intellectual Debate between Liberal Islam Network (JIL) and Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) Maksum, Ali
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.205 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.405-422

Abstract

This article discusses the relationship between Islam and democracy according to Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL; Liberal Islam Network) and Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI). Using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), this article shows that according to JIL, Islam is compatible with modern democratic values. Democracy contains all modern governmental elements which are also found in Islam, such as consultation, consensus, justice, freedom, equality, and tolerance. Islam, in the view of JIL proponents, perfectly fits in line with modernity. Meanwhile, HTI argues that Islam is incompatible with democracy, because the word democracy comes from Western culture which means capitalist and secularist. Democracy is perceived by the HTI activists as a revolt against God’s sovereignty. These different views are influenced by their interpretation of Islamic values on the context of modern concept of democracy. In addition, this difference is also caused by the background of education, genealogy of knowledge, and condition of global politics.
FEMALE IMAM AND KHATIB: The Progressive Tradition of Gender-Responsive Practices in Balingka, West Sumatera Busyro, Busyro
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.728 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.531-550

Abstract

The practice of allowing women to be the imam and khatib for Eid prayer in Balingka has become a long tradition for more than a century. The simple way of thinking, the topographic problem, and the intention to form united community have allowed this tradition to be still practiced today. In reality, such tradition has never been mentioned in the classic fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). In fact, allowing women to be the imam and khatib in Eid prayer never occurs in Islamic community from other regions. To reach the goal of silaturrahim (the bond of friendship) between the local settlers and perantau (local people who live or work in other regions) also contribute to the perseverance of this tradition. This practice serves as the intermediary between the tendencies of fanaticism of traditional Islam and the radical religious changes offered by liberal Islam. Unknowingly, this practice, which is started from the small village, and inspired from the simple way of thinking, has implemented the notion of gender equality that promoted by the group of progressive Islam.
ISLAM AS A CULTURAL CAPITAL IN INDONESIA AND THE MALAY WORLD: A Convergence of Islamic Studies, Social Sciences and Humanities Abdullah, Amin
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.411 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.307-328

Abstract

The phenomenon of socio-political-religious life in the Middle East is a complete contrast to the socio-political-religious life in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia and in Malay world in general. The changing of socio-political leadership in Indonesia from the New Order to Reformation Order (1998) is relatively smooth, followed by the violence-free legislative election and the presidential election in 2004, 2009, and 2014. Meanwhile, the changing of socio-political leadership in the Middle East countries (the Arab Spring) are always overshadowed and followed by socio-political conflict and religious violence causing a lot of casualties. Socio-political life of the Muslim commu­nities in Indonesia and in Malay world takes a different path from the Middle Eastern societies, and also form South Asia. Over the leadership transition in Indonesia, which is Islam as the majority, it can be run peacefully without violence and casualties. This paper will review the Indonesian Muslim intellectuals’ contribution—as an integral part of Malay world—to the development of Southeast Asian Islamic thoughts and its contribution in framing moderate-progressive Muslim in Malay world in caring for diversity, inclusion, openness, peace and harmony in the current global world.

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