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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 2, No 1 (2008)" : 10 Documents clear
DISCOURSES ON DEMOCRACY WITHIN DEBATES ON STATE-ISLAM RELATIONS IN INDONESIA Salim, Arskal
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.242 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.103-128

Abstract

This study discusses the discourse on democracy within the context of the larger debate on Islam-state relations in Indonesia and correlates the religious approach with theories of democracy. It begins with a brief description of types of democracy formulated by political scientists in order to help us classify the Islamic groups efforts in the process of democratization in Indonesia. This is followed by an exploration of these groups views of democracy and their classification on the basis of their religious approach. The study considers both the debate about Islam-state relations and democracy as a competitive process over the interpretation of the predominant Islamic doctrine among the silent majority of the people. This study will also explore the role which Islam should play in the process of democratization. I will argue that the compatibility of Islam with democracy and democratization in the modern sense depends on the identification of universal values.
LIVE IN DESTINY OR DIE AS MARTYR: The Venture of Front Pembela Islam (FPI) in Contemporary Indonesia Nasir, M. Ridlwan
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.739 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.217-221

Abstract

Book Review:Book title:Defending the Majesty of Islam: Indonesias Front Pembela Islam, 1998-2003Author:Jajang JahroniNo. of Pages:vii + 72Year:2008Publisher:University of Washington Press
THE TRADITIONS OF PLURALISM, ACCOMMODATION, AND ANTI-RADICALISM IN THE PESANTREN COMMUNITY Lukens-Bull, Ronald
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.15 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.1-15

Abstract

Western media and Western policy makers sometimes perceive traditional Islamic schools throughout the Islamic world as a source of radicalism. The history of pesantren in Indonesia shows that this is not only mistaken but also a perspective that leads the West away from a potential ally in the efforts to create a world of peaceful coexistence. The mystical traditions of pesantren form a strong basis from which most Indonesians have eschewed radical Islamism. These traditions are rooted in the popular Muslim folklore surrounding the foundation of Islam in Indonesia. This paper argues that more recent history shows the foundations of current debates regarding the establishment of shari`ah as the law of the land as well as some actions of the Suharto regime inadvertently encouraged the growth of radical Islamism. Finally, the paper concludes that, in order to fully understand the current situation and the future, more research is needed. A few starting points are discussed in this paper.
CALLING FOR “ISLAMIC PROTESTANTISM” IN INDONESIA AND BEYOND: Towards Democratic and Pluralistic Islam Al Qurtuby, Sumanto
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.975 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.151-177

Abstract

This paper discusses the notion of “Islamic Protestantism” as a vehicle to create a face of democratic and pluralistic Islam. Drawing from the works of some prominent Muslim reformists and Western scholars, it addresses in some parts the works of Indonesian scholars. The choice of democracy and pluralism as a main focus in this paper is based on the fact that these two issues, representing the basic ideological doctrines in the ever-increasing globalized world, are not only fundamental doctrines of modern Western political philosophy but also now primary concerns of modern Islamic political thought. Inspired by the Christian Reformation, this piece tries to promote an idea of “Islamic Protestantism” by applying decons­truc­tion and socio-historical approach as methods to understand Islamic discourses, texts, and history.
THE EMERGENCE OF NEW SANTRI IN INDONESIA Machmudi, Yon
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.559 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.69-102

Abstract

To an extent never seen before, following the collapse of the Soeharto regime in 1998 Islamist groups in Indonesia began to express themselves vocally and expli­citly. Islamic discourse has developed apace, ranging from demands that the state lift the ban on the role of Islamic ideology in political parties and mass organizations to accommodate Muslim interests up to calls for the imple­men­tation of Islamic shari`ah to replace the so-called secular laws of state. These recent phenomena indicate the emergence of new santris (devout Muslims) differing from their own parents and the older generation in terms of political orientation, religious ideology, and attitude towards inherited traditions. These new types of santri are not only influenced by the local and changing dynamics of Indonesian politics, society and culture but they are also subject to international influences in Islam. Within Indonesia, some of them retain their links with traditionalist or modernist groups, some others keep their distance from them and yet still others show radical orientations. They have become very influential within certain sections of Indonesian society and have gained attention from many observers and researchers.
حزب مفدال الصهيوني الدينى وموقفه من عملية السلام الإسرائيلى الفلسطيني 1990-2000 Burdah, Ibnu
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.545 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.195-216

Abstract

This article looks at the potentialities of a Jewish religious group called Mifdel as an obstacle to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process in the period 1990-2000. Generally, the international and regional context in the first decade of the peace process indicated a situation conducive to an interim and final settlement of the conflict. However, the two sides merely reached  a partial settlement and failed in the more essential final settlement. The focus on Mifdel does not mean ignoring the role of other groups such as the hawkish wing of the Likud party and Moledet, the Islamic movement Hamas, and Jihad Islamic movements that still have an unrealistic outlook. This paper shows that Mifdel’s ideology, as it is implanted, radicalized and propa­gated, was an important source of  resistance against the Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations. For Indon­e­sian Muslims, the Middle Eastern conflicts, especially the Palesti­nian-Israeli conflict, have caused very complicated problems. Regarded by some as religious conflicts these Middle Eastern tensions have influenced very much the dynamics of Muslim communities in Indonesia.
MUSLIM INTELLECTUALS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY INDONESIA: A Socio-political and Educational Context Niam, Khoirun
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.975 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.39-68

Abstract

Various criteria have been formulated to deter­mine whether or not someone should be classified as an intellectual. These criteria range from patterns of recruit­ment to responses to various cultural or political move­ments.  This paper is devoted, however, to exami­ning the rise of Muslim intellectuals in Indonesia in the last three decades of the twentieth century. It highlights, as a subject of analysis, the significance of socio-political (and even religious) context as well as the educational background upon which the forma­tion of those Indonesian Muslim intellectuals is based. An important finding shows that the rise of Indonesian Muslim intellectuals in such a time frame resulted mainly from three vectors, movements in Islamic thought, socio-political relations between the government and the Muslim community, and developments in education. The educational background of Muslim intellect­tuals, as another finding encapsulates, is not monolithic since some of them pursued their studies in Islamic educational institutions, and some others in more general, public ones.
ISLAMIC REFORM MOVEMENT IN INDONESIA AND BEYOND: Progress and Regress Assyaukanie, Luthfi
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.664 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.129-150

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to review the Islamic reform agendas that have been set by Muslims reformists since the last century. Islamic reform movement has developed and spread from the Middle East to many Muslim countries in the world. Indonesia where Muslims represent the largest population enthusiastically welcomes such a movement. From Minangkabau in West Sumatra, Islamic reform movement then spreads into other areas in the country. It deals with issues that baffled modern Muslims, such as democracy, freedom, pluralism, and secularism. There are some progress and regress in how Muslims respond to those issues. In this article, I address four issues Muslim reformists discussed throughout the decades, namely: Islamic polity, women’s rights, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.
THE SCHOOL OF AHL AL-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA`AH AND THE ATTACHMENT OF INDONESIAN MUSLIMS TO ITS DOCTRINES Saleh, Fauzan
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.858 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.16-38

Abstract

The doctrine of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama`ah has been exploited by two major Muslim organizations in Indonesia, NU and Muhammadiyah, as the theological basis in determining their religious identity and rituals. Although these organizations claim that all Muslims should adhere to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, they have never clearly defined that term. This paper discusses in detail the meaning of the term followed by an examination of the ways in which those two Muslim organizations attach themselves to this doctrine. This paper argues that, although the NU links itself to this doctrine, it is still necessary to critically examine to what extent its members apply the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah in their daily life. Muhammadiyah, on the other hand, is not obsessed with the claim of being faithful to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, although its constitution mentions that they advocate theological creeds which are evidently in line with the precepts of Ahl al-Sunnah.
ازدواجية أمريكا تجاه الإسلام والإرهاب في ضوء تحليل الخطاب Syam, Nur
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.825 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2008.2.1.178-194

Abstract

The relationship between Islam and the West faces increasing tension nowadays. This tension is triggered by many terrorist acts in western countries. The West points out that Islam stands behind this ongoing terror, while Muslims are reluctant to be accused as perpetrators of terror. Terrorism in western countries emerges not only because of social, religious, ideological, and political movements, but also due to the expansion of the industrialization process which has resulted in negative effects for certain countries. The United States of America has contributed to this tension. A double standard by the West when promoting and implementing human right issues, especially in Israel and Palestine, has become another trigger for the growing tension between Islam and the West. This article examines this problem by analyzing the perspectives of Indonesian Muslim thinkers.

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