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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5, No 1 (2011)" : 9 Documents clear
CONTEMPORARY FATAWA OF NAHDLATUL ULAMA: Between Observing the Madhhab and Adapting the Context Riza, Achmad Kemal
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.918 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.35-65

Abstract

Fatwa in the circle of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) remains showing reminiscent of classical period of Islamic jurisprudence. It uses madhhab and taqlid with the employment of classical jurisprudence texts. Being identical in certain crucial features, the NU’s version of fatwa, however, is different from classic fatwa in various aspects. Fatwa is collegial, binding and modern. This last aspect remains debatable within the NU. While senior ulama‘ resist the reintroduction of ijtihad in the process of fatwa issuing as a tradition which should be preserved, certain younger ulama‘ in the organization urges the employment of ijtihad to keep up with the demand of modern context. Senior ulama‘ of the NU maintain that taqlid and madhhab is the very essence of their commitment to Islamic law, whereas the younger ulama‘ assert that such attachment will only result in the abandonment of Islamic law altogether by Muslims, especially the NU members. This article shows that dynamic with special reference to what is happening in East Java, the traditional stronghold of the NU.
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN INDONESIA: Curious Cases of Dialogues, Fatwas and Laws Fuller, Andy
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.791 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.1-16

Abstract

Religious freedom is one of the most pressing issues in contemporary Indonesia. Over recent years, the Ahmadiyah sect has become increasingly targeted by violent and conservative groups within mainstream Indonesian society. Semi-official organisations such as the Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) and community-based groups such as Front Pembela Islam have sought to isolate Ahmadis within Indonesian society. Ahmadis have had their homes attacked, their mosques closed, and in the most grievous instance, three Ahmadis have been killed. The state has been both present and absent throughout the recent rise in attacks made against Ahmadis. The state has proved to be a particularly ambivalent force. This article argues that calls for dialogues have failed to produce a necessary and positive outcome for Ahmadis. The article also shows how the 2005 fatwa issued by the MUI and the SKB of 2008 have been used to further marginalise the Ahmadiyah movement. Despite the significant work of many intellectuals and activists being done in many sections of society, the author is not optimistic in contemplating future trends.
عقيدة أهل السنة و الجماعة لدى مشايخ جمعية نهضة العلماء بجاوى الشرقية Maksum, Maksum
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.49 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.192-216

Abstract

This article is aimed at understanding the theology of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah better known in Indonesia as Aswaja in the construction of the scholars of the Nahdlatul Ulama in East Java. It particularly investigates the views of three leading figures, Kiai Luthfi Bashori from Malang, Kiai Muhyiddin Abdussomad from Jember, and Kiai Asrori from Surabaya.  The idea of the research comes into being as the result of somewhat lengthy debate among the NU elites concerning the problem of the application of Aswaja’s tenets in mainly three domains; theology, fiqh, and Sufism. Kiai Luthfi tends to look at the tenets of Aswaja in terms of theology, and tries to apply them practically through social movement that he works for. Kiai Muhyiddin  tends to understand those tenets as a set of jurisprudential principles, while Kiai Asrori understands them as a kind of Sufistic values. The article argues that different scientific orientation naturally brings about different approaches in looking at religious tenets and worldly issues. Different perspectives in concept and how this concept is to be applied just follow the difference in scientific orientation and approach.
THE DYNAMICS OF PESANTREN: Responses toward Modernity and Mechanism in Organizing Transformation Asrohah, Hanun
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.664 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.66-90

Abstract

The development of pesantren from time to time illustrates its significant role within communities. Its dynamic development appears clearly as a result of its ability to adapt into the external condition. Its communities are well-known with their social skills in dealing with external culture that comes from all types of challenges coming from outside. Pesantren has an internal mechanism to adapt into a new trend, due to the development of its function and differentiation. The empirical experiences show the ability of four imperative functions of pesantren, namely: high ability to adapt into the external world, wide-ranging goal achievement, integrative ability of unifying the unique aspects of pesantren as sub-culture, and ability in preserving the pesantren’s tradition with the principle “maintaining the old good tradition and gaining a new better tradition”. Differentiation mechanism is a gradual transformation process of pesantren that causes the steady increase of new units within it to perform their functions more effectively. This response leads to various models of pesantren.
SHARI’AH BYLAWS IN INDONESIA AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR RELIGIOUS MINORITIES Fanani, Ahmad Fuad
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.5 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.17-34

Abstract

This article examines the implementation of shari’ah bylaws as a response to the regional autonomy law passed in 1999 and their implications for religious minorities. Under this regional autonomy regulation, local governments at the district level have authority to issue their own regulations. There are three broad sets of issues in Indonesian shari’ah bylaws: public order and social problems, religious skills and obligations, and religious symbolism. The article argues that the introduction of such bylaws has many negative implications for religious minorities in Indonesia. This is, it further argues, because many of religious minority groups are forced to observe the same regulations as mainstream Muslims. Shari’ah bylaws, it goes on to say, have also caused discrimination against religious minorities. Attempts to keep wary eyes on the the negative implications of the enactment of shari’ah bylaws need, therefore, to be undertaken. This responsibility is not in the hands of the government, but also Muslim communities at large. The Indonesian government must treat all social and religious groups equally, guaranteeing no discrimination against each of them. Muslim communities are deeply in need of exploring and practicing the substance, and not the formal aspects, of shari’ah.
HETEROGENEOUS FACE OF INDONESIAN MUSLIMS IN THE MIRROR OF POPULAR ISLAMIC PUBLICATION: A New Model of Transmitting Teachings and Meeting the Need of Religion Saleh, Chairati
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.955 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.217-221

Abstract

Book Review:Book title:Popular Print Islam; From Transmitting Teachings to Shaping Beliefs and Practices within Ordinary Indonesian MuslimsAuthor:Akh. MuzakkiNo. of Pages:vi + 111Year:2011Publisher:Asian Muslim Action Network
CRAFTING HIZBIYYIN IN CONTEMPORARY INDONESIA: Da’wah and Recruitment of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia in South Sulawesi Rijal, Syamsul
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.375 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.130-152

Abstract

This article aims at analysing the growing membership of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) by looking at its local development in Makassar, South Sulawesi. While many scholars have emphasized external factors in explaining the rise of Islamist movements, including HTI, this study emphasizes internal explanation from the movement itself. It discusses the strong relationship between HTI da’wah doctrines, recruitment strategy and the joining process. The various recruitment methods and strategies of HTI are in line with its doctrinal stages of da’wah, namely  the stage of culturing (tathqif), the stage of interaction with the ummah, and the stage of taking over the government. This article suggests that individual persuasion through pre-existing interpersonal networks is crucial in attracting young Muslims to participate in HTI. Borrowing theories of conversion by Lofland-Stark and Wiktorowicz, the article demonstrates three  processses of joining in HTI: cognitive opening, religious seeking, and socialization.
تجديد الفكر التربوى الإسلامي عند الشيخ إمام زركشي Zarkasyi, Amal Fathullah
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.297 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.153-191

Abstract

This paper deals with the idea of reforming an Islamic education in Indonesia through the educational system of pesantren by referring particularly to the thought of Imam Zarkasyi, the founder and leader of Pesantren Gontor. The paper argues that Gontor symbolizes not only the courage of people formerly regarded as educationally marginalized, offering what is best for their fellow country-men, but also the very quality of Islam itself as well as its ability to deal with ever-present social problems. Delving into the depth of Imam Zarkasyi’s thinking, the paper identifies that there are several areas in which he tried his utmost to renew the outlook of his pesantren: (1) the method of Arabic-teaching as a foreign language, (2) the development of pesantren curriculum which integrates both Islamic and non-Islamic sciences, (3) the integration of intra-curricular, extra-curricular, and co-curricular subject-matters, (4) the combination between moral, intellectual, spiritual-religious, and physical education and education in self-management, leadership, and life-skill, (5) managerial base for the endowment system so as to strengthen the institutional aspect of the pesantren. The paper argues that the success of the pesantren lies not only in its ability to produce men of excellence but also its systematic efforts to accumulate wealth.
CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC THOUGHT IN INDONESIAN AND MALAY WORLD: Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif Bustamam-Ahmad, Kamaruzzaman
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.458 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.91-129

Abstract

Islam in Indonesian and Malay world is very much heterogenuous. Taking Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as the subject of analysis, this article deals with the concepts Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as products of the trends in Islamic thinking, the impact of these three interpretations of Islam in Malaysia and Indonesia, the similarities and dissimilarities between the three, and their future prospects in the region. It argues that the prominence of the debates surrounding the three currents of Islamic thought is the result of struggles for power and authority in Islamic discourse in the region. It further argues that the Indonesian-based Islam Liberal differs from the Malaysian-based Islam Hadhari in that it does not originate from government sources. Islam Progresif is more of an umbrella term referring to various strands of thought developed by Muslims opposed to the status quo. Although Islam Hadhari is a newly-coined term, it contains many elements in common with other schools of Islamic thought including Islam Liberal and neo-modernist Islam.

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