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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 1 (2013)" : 10 Documents clear
CONTROVERSIES SURROUNDING THE ACEH’S SULTANAHS: Understanding Relation between Islam and Female Leadership Umam, Saiful
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.2 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.1-23

Abstract

The history of Aceh Sultanate in 1641-1699 might be an exception of the Islamic history in general. While the history of Islam is generally male-dominated, Aceh which had strong Islamic credentials was once ruled by four female rulers consecutively during the period of six decades. How did Muslim women become rulers of an Islamic kingdom despite Islamic teaching “prohibiting” them from taking a leadership position? How did people react to this fact? How did the queens rule the kingdom and survive despite opposition? Despite notions of some historians that the queens’ periods were the weakening time of the sultanate, the existence of female rulers is a proof of the continuing position of women in the public sphere even in an Islamic state. The presence of influential aristocrats, the division of Aceh into three powerful sagis, and the support of `ulama>’ are main contributing factors to the rise and establishment of female rulers in Aceh. The administrative structure of the sultanate and its Islamic character suggest the development of moderate Islam that made women leadership in Aceh possible. The opposition to female rulers in Aceh which the succession of rulers was hereditary was more politically and economically-motivated than religious.
THE NATURE OF RADICAL ISLAMIC GROUPS IN SOLO Wildan, Muhammad
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.324 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.49-70

Abstract

Radical Islamism is a challenging new pheno­menon in the modern world, including Indonesia. Solo presents an especially interesting case because of the dispropor­tionate nature of the radical Islamic groups that have emerged here especially that of the Front Pemuda Islam Surakarta (FPIS) as well as other vigilante groups in the city. This paper will explore and map out the nature of Islam in Solo and asks what triggers the the emergence of the radical groups here. Dramatic changes at the national level have made Solo more politically conducive for radical Islamic groups, but this is not the only reason why they have flourished. In addition, historical and sociological factors may help such groups to emerge. Hence, the dominance of the abangan group (the nominal Muslims) and the intensity of dakwah (preaching) conducted by some Islamic groups has given rise to the ‘instant’ Muslims who see Islam as the ultimate solution to their problems. The call for jihād and the application of sharī‘ah laws are among the contentious political style that the groups propagated. It is these issues that the paper is interested to investigate.
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF KNOWLEDGE: Shari`ah and Saudi Scholarship in Indonesia Jahroni, Jajang
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.073 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.165-186

Abstract

This article investigates how the Saudi regime uses sponsorship to support its educational system in Indonesia. The article focuses its analysis on LIPIA (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Islam dan Arab, Institute for the Knowledge of Islam and Arab). LIPIA is an Islamic institution consistent using traditional Islamic scholarship especially those of the Hanbalite schools of thought. This is reflected in the entire curriculum the LIPIA has for its students. The writer argues that the relationship between the sponsor, i.e. the Saudi state, and the sponsorship beneficiaries, i.e. students, is patron-client. Nevertheless, it involves a wide range of actors thereby allowing the diversity of knowledge reproduction. Over the last three decades, it has made a big investment on the field of education by building Islamic schools and institutes, distributing scholarship for Indonesian students, and channeling aid for Muslim organizations. It is becoming obvious that Saudi uses education as a political strategy to maintain its influences over Indonesia.
RADICALIZING INDONESIAN MODERATE ISLAM FROM WITHIN: The NU-FPI Relationship in Bangkalan, Madura Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.863 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.71-95

Abstract

This article tries to present the most current phenomenon of how moderate Islam can live side by side with radical Islam. By focusing its analysis on the dynamics of political life in Bangkalan, Madura, the paper argues that the encounter between these two different ideological streams is possible under particular circumstances. First, there is a specific political situation where the moderate Islam is able to control the political posts. Second, there is a forum where they can articulate Islamic ideas in terms of classical and modern political movements. This study has also found out that the binary perspective applied in the analysis of Islamic movement is not always relevant. The fact, as in the case of Bangkalan, is far more complex, in which NU and Islamic Defender Front (FPI) can merge. This is so because at the beginning, FPI’s management in the city is led by kyais or/and prominent local NU leaders.
التقاليد الإسلامية الإقليمية بإندونيسيا أفكار صالح دارات و أحمد دحلان و هاشم أشعري
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (837.226 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.187-211

Abstract

This paper deals with Saleh Darat’s particularity of Islamic orthodoxy who advocated the purification of Sufism from any un-Islamic contaminations. Saleh Darat is a Javanese Muslim scholar born in Semarang, Central Java, but trained in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, to master classical knowledge of Islam. He is very particular at his time, known as an ardent advocate for Sufism on the one hand, and very critical towards the local Javanese Islamic tradition on the other hand. This specific standpoint has influenced his two students; Hasyim Asy’ari and Ahmad Dahlan. Interestingly, the influence has come with relatively different attitudes and beliefs. Despite his criticism, Hasyim Asy’ari who was later known as a founder of traditionalist Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) still accepted and even acknowledged the tradition as a part of Islam. Meanwhile, from modern persuasion of Muhammadiyah, Ahmad Dahlan’s criticism results from his belief that the tradition is bid‘ah (innovation) and khurafah (superstition).
ISLAM, POLITICS AND IDENTITY IN WEST SUMATRA Salim, Delmus Puneri
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.193 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.96-118

Abstract

Since Indonesia has undergone a decentralisation phase, its regions have searched for their local identities. In West Sumatra, for instance, Islam is dominant. Con­se­quently, there has been a constant attempt to infuse Islamic values into social, political and economic aspects. The paper seeks to contextualise the key phases in the history of West Sumatra in the broader history of the archipelago and the Malay world, and to show how key events in West Sumatra and at the national level set the parameters for later debates about Islam and identity in the region. The paper argues that now, as in the past, the relationship between Islam, a global religion, and Minangkabau culture was, and is, simul­ta­neously contested. It is also found that Islam as an ideology was subordinated after Independence days, and again under the New Order. The strong association between Islam and regional identity only solidified in the post-Suharto. Now, regional governments has been utilising claims that local customs are based on Islam and Islam is based on the Qur’an.
FROM “SUFI ORDER RITUAL” TO INDONESIAN ISLAM Sulanam, Sulanam
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.286 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.212-216

Abstract

BOOK REVIEWBook Title:Nur Syam, Tarekat Petani: Fenomena Tarekat Syattariyah Lokal (Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2013), xvi + 236;Achmad Chodjim, Sunan Kalijaga, New Edition (Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2013), 371;Muzamil Qomar, Fajar Baru Islam Indonesia? (Bandung: Mizan 2012), xiii + 286
SOCIO-STRUCTURAL INNOVATIONS IN INDONESIA’S URBAN SUFISM: The Case Study of the Majelis Dzikir and Shalawat Nurul Mustafa Zamhari, Arif
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.791 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.119-144

Abstract

Sufi tradition has grown significantly in the modern Muslim world, including Indonesia. Currently, Sufism has been not only practiced by villagers, peasants, and non-educated people, but also practiced by urbanites, national elites, and educated people. Moreover, it has experienced significant innovation in terms of its practices and organization. This article takes an in-depth look at the innovationof Sufi tradition socially and structurally in Indonesia. It argues that majelis dzikir and shalawat in Indonesia, like Nurul Mustafa, has represented a new Sufi group that arises out of tarekat group, a group that has been considered as ‘official institution’ in implementing Sufism. The Majelis Nurul Mustafa has strong basis in  urban society, rises from urban majelis taklim, introduces Sufi teaching to its jamā`ah that mostly urban teenagers and youths uses popular methods to attract the interest of those groups to attend its ritual as the complementary of its activity.
THE SUNNI-SHI‘AH CONFLICT AND THE SEARCH FOR PEACE IN INDONESIA Siradj, Said Agil
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (398.445 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.145-164

Abstract

This article attempts to scrutinize the phenomenon of theological contestation in Indonesia, as represented by the Sunnite and Shi’ite conflict in the region of Sampang, East Java. The conflict has occurred due to Muslims’ inability to withstand the differences among them, so that violence is considered a way of final settlement. In this paper, the author will try, therefore, to analyze theological problems between the Sunnite and the Shi’ite in the region. It has been widely known that the Sunnite and the Shi’ite came out of the basis of similar truth, and, in fact, they share the same spirit of glorifying Islam around the world. In this way, all Muslim communities in the world, including the Sunnite and the Shi’ite, should be able to put their theological differences as God’s graces and the blessing of life, not as the point of conflict and disharmony.
WHITHER INDONESIA’S ISLAMIC MODERATISM? A Reexamination on the Moderate Vision of Muhammadiyah and NU Hilmy, Masdar
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.934 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.24-48

Abstract

This paper seeks to analyze the moderate ideology of Muhammadiyah dan NU, popularly known as the champion of Indonesia’s moderate Islam. Questions to be investigated are: to what extent that NU and Muham­ma­diyah theologically represent moderatism? Is there any such thing as “moderate Islam” in Indonesia? How can a blue-print of moderate Islam be formulated in the context of Indonesian Islam? The underpinning theoretical assump­tion upon which this paper is based is that the theological formulation of Islamic moderatism developed by NU and Muhammadiyah can no longer accommodate the latest challeng­es and demands of the era. In the context of Indo­nesian Islam, therefore, a representative formula­tion of how moderate Islam can be constructed is badly needed. What NU and Muhammadiyah have demonstrated so far in the landscape of Indonesian Islam, nevertheless, can serve as a stepping stone towards building a more liable formula­tion of an Indonesian Islam in the future.

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