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INDONESIA
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE
ISSN : 24607312     EISSN : 24607320     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Komunitas: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture welcomes original articles on issues arising at the intersection of nations, states, civil societies, and global institutions and processes. The editors are particularly interested in manuscripts dealing with changing patterns in the analysis of ethnic groups, social classes, religions, personal networks, changes in mass culture, propaganda, technologies of communication and their social effects, and the impact of social transformations on the changing order of public and private life. The journal is interdisciplinary in orientation and international in scope, and is not tethered to particular theoretical or research traditions. The journal presents material of varying length, from research notes to article-length monographs. Published twice a year, Komunitas is a peer review journal.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 494 Documents
Out of Crisis: Maintaining Hegemony through Rambu Solo Ritual in Toraja Handayani, Rivi; Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri; Budiman, Christian
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.23014

Abstract

Rambu Solo ritual has been an inseparable part of the Toraja people for hundreds of years. Nevertheless, this luxurious funeral ritual had experienced various organic crises as new social forces emerged. Using ethnographic methods, this paper attempts to explore how traditional leaders of Toraja maintain the existence of this ritual. Using Gramsci’s theory of hegemony, this article argues that their efforts were carried out in three phases. Firstly, political awareness phase, namely as aristocrat elites, they legitimized the feudal and religious authority of Aluk Todolo belief system that supported the Rambu Solo ritual through modern political strategies; secondly, the phase of solidarity of interests which carried out by negotiating and building commitment with social forces opposing the Rambu Solo ritual; and third, the phase of reaching consensus from the subaltern group is done by involving them in the Pasilaga Tedong betting, one of a series of Rambu Solo rituals where they see it as a medium to show empathy for grieving families rather than betting.
Integration of Green Islam and Agro-Ecology for Food Sovereignty Millah, Ahamad Sihabul; Suharko, Suharko; Ikhwan, Hakimul
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.24318

Abstract

This paper discuses integration between Green Islam and an agro-ecological movement in establishing food sovereignty practiced by a community of Pesantren Ath-Thariq Garut, West Java. They have struggled for food sovereignty through agricultural production models by prioritizing local wisdom, respecting to organisms, dividing land with zoning systems, planting with polyculture system, consuming diversified food, and self-mastering to make fertilizer. Furthermore, they also have preserved local and inherited seeds as an approach to cultivate their farming.
The Meaning of Land Acquisition Compensation and its Utilization Strategy in Affected Communities in the Pejagan-Pemalang Toll Road Construction. Fatimah, Nurul; Hutami, Edwina Renaganis
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.25342

Abstract

The process of negotiation and compensation in land acquisition is often accompanied by dramatic actions between the community and the management and the government. However, this phenomenon did not arise in the case of land acquisition that occurred in the construction of the Pejagan-Pemalang toll road. The purpose of this study is to uncover and thoroughly describe how people interpret the compensation payments for the land they receive and how they use the compensation for their lives. Qualitatively the research data was collected through interviews, observations, FGDs and documentation, aimed at several informants both the affected communities and the project management of the toll road. Henceforth the data will be analyzed interactively by paying attention to the validity of the data using triangulation. The results showed there was a shift in the meaning of compensation money in the Kalimati village community from "ganti rugi" changed to "ganti untung". Whereas the strategy in utilizing the compensation money is patterned accumulation, consolidation and survival based on rational, instrumental, affective and value-oriented actions.
How Traditional oil Miners Reach their Prosperity? – an Assessment of Social Welfare in Wonocolo, Indonesia Tuzyahroya, Yeti Ulfah; Sariffuddin, S
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.24345

Abstract

Traditional mining is one of the activities serving as a motor of economic growth of regional development so that its management should be able to give people prosperity. Mining activities, however, have limited production in which the community cannot permanently depend on it as what occurs in the traditional mining in Wonocolo. This study aimed to determine the level of welfare of the traditional oil and gas mining community in Wonocolo Village, Kedewan, Bojonegoro. The research was a mixed method research of which method design used validating quantitative data model design. The result of quantitative analysis which was the scoring would be validated with the description of qualitative data. The results of this study indicated that the welfare hierarchy of the traditional oil and gas mining community in Wonocolo was in the level of ultimate means to intermediate means. The community still prioritized physiological fulfillment needs rather than the needs for self-development. On the other hand, the fulfillment of basic needs taken from nature in Wonocolo was also vulnerable because the water and air were contaminated by oil. In addition, the nature of oil that is non-renewable and unsustainable has caused the Wonocolo community vulnerable.
Design and Construction of Traditional Fishing Boat in Jepara in the Context of Cultural Ecology: The Implication as Arts Learning Resources Sugiarto, Eko; Triyanto, Triyanto; Mujiyono, Mujiyono
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.18937

Abstract

The existence of a traditional fisherman community in Jepara is proven based on the system of equipment or technology of fishing vessels. As part that is familiar with the life of the fishing community, this phenomenon is very interesting as well as important to be studied more deeply in the context of the north coast Javanese sub-culture. Based on that, this study aims to explain: (1) the design of fishing boat construction as a representation of the technology system of traditional fishing communities in Jepara, (2) the ecological aspect of the north coast Javanese sub-culture includes the process of creating traditional fishing boat in Jepara communities, and (3) wisdom potential in traditional ship design as learning resources. This study uses a qualitative approach with case study design. The data is collected through interviews, observations and document reviews, and analyzed by using flow mode. The results of the study will provide an empirical explanation of the construction design and boat creation technology in the ecological perspective of the north coast Javanese sub-culture. Traditional ship design in Jepara is potential as learning resources to create the value of cooperation, openness,  communication and religious.
Development of Jakarta Kota Station Function From Public Transportation Facilities to Become a Historical and Cultural Tourism Destination Ariani, Atridia Wilastrina, Titien Retnoningsih, Ari Atmadja Ariani, Ariani; Wilastrina, Atridia
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 12, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v12i2.24117

Abstract

The Jakarta Kota Station, also known as Beos Station, is one of the buildings designed by a Dutch architect full of historical value and beautiful architectural form. In addition to its main function as a railway facility, Jakarta Kota station also plays a role in the economic sector for the surrounding community. This study aims to examine and provide recommendations regarding opportunities to develop the function of Jakarta Kota station from public facilities to become historical and cultural attractions. The method of design sociology with a qualitative approach is used to analyze various aspects related to the research problems such as design connection and socio-cultural phenomena, urban society, socio-cultural changes, design and environment, design and architecture, as well as tourism and culture. Based on the results of the analysis it can be concluded that apart from being a public railway facility, Jakarta Kota station is feasible to be developed into a historical and cultural tourism destination that supports the government's goal of making the Kotatua region into a historical, cultural, business and tourism site without changing its original physical form
PARTISIPASI PEREMPUAN DALAM LEMBAGA LEGISLATIF DI KABUPATEN KENDAL Suciptaningsih, Oktaviani Adhi
Jurnal Komunitas Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Tema Edisi: Perempuan - Perempuan Marginal
Publisher : Jurnal Komunitas

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Abstract

Partisipasi perempuan dalam politik merupakan bentuk emansipasi yang penting bagi perempuan untuk mencapai kesetaraan gender.Dalam penelitian ini, saya mengeksplorasi bagaimana partisipasi perempuan dalam Lembaga Legislatif di Kabupaten Kendal dan bagaimana peran perempuan dalam penentuan kebijakan di Lembaga Legislatif di Kabupaten Kendal. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa partisipasi perempuan dalam Lembaga Legislatif di Kabupaten Kendal masih sangat rendah, dari 45 orang anggota dewan legislatif, hanya 4 orang saja yang perempuan. Padahal jumlah penduduk perempuan lebih banyak daripada penduduk laki-laki. Rendahnya partisipasi perempuan ini disebabkan karena banyaknya kendala yang menghambat perempuan untuk maju berpartisipasi dalam lembaga legislatif, diantaranya kendala psikologis, ekonomi, politik, dan sosial budaya. Yang sedikit inipun tidak memiliki kompetensi yang baik untuk memperjuangkan keadilan jender dalam kebijakan. Akibatnya, banyak kebijakan publik yang belum berperspektif gender.Women’s participation in politics is a important emancipation strategy of women in achieving gender equality. In this article, I seek to discuss the participation of women in the parliamentary body in the district of Kendal and women’s role in determining policy in the district. Method used in this research is observation and interview. Research result shows that women’s participation in Kendal is still low; of the 45 legislative council members, only 4 are women, though the population of women outnumbers male population. The low participation of women roots from many barriers, such as psychological, economic, political, social and cultural barriers. This limited number also does not have enough competence  to pass gender equality policies in the parliament. The consequence of low participation of women is the lack of gender perspective in the policy made by the legislative body.
AKSES DAN KONTROL PEREMPUAN PETANI PENGGARAP PADA LAHAN PERTANIAN PTPN IX KEBUN MERBUH Luthfi, Asma
Jurnal Komunitas Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Tema Edisi: Perempuan - Perempuan Marginal
Publisher : Jurnal Komunitas

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Abstract

Peran perempuan  pada bidang pertanian memiliki kontribusi yang cukup banyak, khususnya pada peningkatan ekonomi keluarga. Tetapi peran ini tidak diimbangi dengan kesempatan dan kewenangan mereka terhadap sumber-sumber pertanian serta fasilitas publik lainnya. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang akses dan kontrol perempuan petani penggarap pada lahan PTPN IX Kebun Merbuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian kualitatif melalui observasi dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akses dan kontrol perempuan petani penggarap pada lahan PTPN IX masih lemah jika dibandingkan dengan laki-laki, meski mereka memainkan banyak peran domestik dan publik. Kondisi ini membuat perempuan masih terpinggirkan dalam produski pertanian serta masih mengalami beban ganda dalam kehidupan mereka. The contribution of women in agriculture is significant, especially in the economy of the family. However, this important contribution is not matched by the equal opportunity and access to the agricultural resources and other public facilities. In this paper, I seek to explore women’s access to and control of tenant farmers on the land PTPN IX Kebun Merbuh. The method used in this study is a qualitative method; data are collected through observation and interviews. The results show that women’s access to and control of tenant farmers on the land PTPN IX is still weak, compared with men, though they play many important domestic and public roles. As a result, these women are still marginalized in agricultural production and are still experiencing double burden in their lives. 
BELENGGU KEMISKINAN BURUH PEREMPUAN PABRIK ROKOK Wijayanti, Dian Maulina
Jurnal Komunitas Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Tema Edisi: Perempuan - Perempuan Marginal
Publisher : Jurnal Komunitas

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Abstract

Perempuan buruh pada umumnya memiliki tingkat pendidikan rendah, bekerja disektor pekerjaan yang tidak memerlukan pendidikan tinggi, ketrampilan dan keahlian khusus, serta berupah yang rendah. Salah satu pekerjaan yang dilakukan perempuan adalah sebagai buruh pabrik rokok. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis menjelaskan profil dan latar belakang yang mendorong perempuan bekerja sebagai buruh pabrik rokok Janur Kuning Kudus di desa Piji Kecamatan Dawe. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif analitis. Metode pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perempuan bekerja sebagai buruh di pabrik rokok didorong oleh kondisi ekonomi keluarga yang terbelenggu dalam kemiskinan dan latar belakang tingkat pendidikan serta ketrampilan dan keahlian yang rendah. Jenis pekerjaan di pabrik Janur Kuning yang tidak memerlukan pendidikan tinggi, ketrampilan dan keahlian khusus dengan upah yang rendah, yaitu sebagai buruh mbatil, nggiling, dan nyontong. Dengan demikian para perempuan buruh pabrik rokok masih menjadi tenaga kerja yang termarginal. Dengan bekerjanya perempuan atau istri di luar rumah berarti perempuan atau istri mempunyai peran ganda yaitu bekerja di sektor domestik sebagai pengurus rumah tangga dan di sektor publik sebagai buruh pabrik rokok. Peran ganda tersebut akhirnya juga menjadikan mereka harus menyandang beban ganda yang lebih berat dibanding suami mereka.Working women from poor family generally have low education level, work sector jobs that do not require higher education, skills and expertise, as well as low wage. One of such women’s job is as cigarette factory workers. In this study, the author seeks to identify and explain the profiles and backgrounds that encourage women to work as a cigarette factory workers in Janur Kuning Kudus, Piji, Dawe, Kudus District. The research method used is qualitative descriptive method and data are collected with in-depth interviews and observation. Results show that women working as laborers in the tobacco plant is driven by poverty, low education levels and low skills and expertise. Types of work in factories that do not require higher education, skills and expertise include mbatil, nggiling, and nyontong. There are conditions that make the women’s cigarette factory workers marginalized workforce. This outside jobs also indicates that women have a double role: in the domestic sector as a housekeeper and in the public sector as a cigarette factory workers.
PERAN GANDA IBU RUMAH TANGGA YANG BEKERJA SEBAGAI TUKANG AMPLAS KERAJINAN UKIR KAYU Sosan, Isna
Jurnal Komunitas Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Tema Edisi: Perempuan - Perempuan Marginal
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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis bagaimana ibu rumah tangga yang bekerja sebagai tukang amplas kerajinan ukir kayu menjalankan peranannya dalam rumah tangga dan bagaimana peran mereka dalam industri kerajinan ukir kayu di Desa Keling Kecamatan Keling Kabupaten Jepara.  Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat dilihat ibu-ibu tukang amplas mempunyai peran penting sebagai “penyempurna produk” dalam industri kerajinan ukir kayu. Namun disisi lain sebagai ibu rumah tangga, mereka tidak dapat melepaskan tanggung jawab sosial budaya sebagai “pengurus rumah tangga”. Dengan demikian pekerjaan mengurusi rumah, melayani suami dan anak – anak tetap mereka lakukan bersamaan dengan peran mereka sebagai pekerja tukang amplas. Peran ganda yang mereka jalani tersebut membawa dampak secara sosial mereka memiliki prestise lebih dibanding ibu yang tidak bekerja, namun disisi lain peran ganda tersebut menyebabkan para ibu rumah tangga tukang amplas tersebut menjadi terbebani baik dari segi waktu maupun tenaga mereka.The purpose of this study is to analyze the domestic burden of a housewife who worked as a wood carving craft sandpaper and the role they play in handicraft industry. The research is conducted in Keling, Jepara. The research results show that these women have important role  in wood carving handicraft industry as ”product perfector” and in their house hold as ”domestic manager”. As a housewife, they can not leave their domestic responsibilities regarded by society as their main tasks. Consequently, they have double tasks, serving her husband and children  in the house as well as performing their roles as labours. This dual role gives them more prestige than women who do not work, but on the other hand this dual role also give them double burden.

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