cover
Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June" : 8 Documents clear
Message, Sociocultural Background, and The Politics of Religion of Islamic Sermons in The Netherlands Suhartini, Rr.
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.707 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.152-174

Abstract

Da‘wa does not merely concern theology and religion, but it also addresses socio-political aspects. This is highly dependent on the background of the da‘i (preacher) and public space of politics of religion in which the da‘wa message is conveyed. Using the qualitative method, this research focuses on three questions; what are the priority da‘wa message in the contemporary Netherlands? How is the suitable qualification of the da‘i for the context of Netherlands? How does the politics of religion support the life of Muslim migrants? On that question, some mosques and Muslim communities are chosen for data collection. The research shows that the most delivered topic of da‘wa message is about aqīdah (creed) and sharī‘ah (Islamic law), then akhlāq (ethics). The background of the da‘i heavily influences the selection of da‘wa material. There are two major streams on the matter; Salafi and Sunni. The da‘wa activity by Sunni da‘is tends to be more open, compared to Salafi activities. Concerning the politics of religion, the Dutch government launched a program of Pillarization of Islam so that the government maintains the controls over the activities of Muslim migrants, as well as for the benefits of the multi-origin and multi-ethnic Muslim migrants. However, this measure proves to be ineffective and the da‘wa goes on without following this pillarization program. Being a Muslim is because of personal will, not just because of sermon.
Negotiation of Tradition, Islam, and Modernity in The Movement of The Kaum Mudo Islamic Reform in Minangkabau Ashadi, Andri
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.61 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.30-59

Abstract

At the beginning of the 20th century when the modernism of Islam in Minangkabau was strengthened, many academics saw the Kaum Mudo Islamic movement in a paradoxical perspective. On the one hand, the movement is considered to be progress-oriented by negotiating and accommodating with adat and hence they are referred to as reformers. On the other hand, the movement is seen as opposing and eliminating the integration of the elements of local cultures (adat) and modern ideas into Islam. Therefore, they are also referred to as puritans. Employing Stella Ting-Toomeys’s identity negotiation theory, which refers to ethnic (traditional) and religious identities as primary identities, this article concludes that the Islamic Movement for the Kaum Mudo in Minangkabau is a reform movement rooted in Islamic customs and traditions and not a purification movement. It can be observed, among others, in the following cases: (1) the existing social groups contest each other and fight for their mutual influence; (2) the ethnic background of each character at that time required an attitude which gives room for negotiations; (3) the existing madrasa reform model negotiated between the traditional surau system and the modern Dutch school; and (4) there has been a synthesis of adat with Islam and modernity in Minangkabau which are also negotiating each other.
Islamism in the Perception of the Teachers and the Students of Pesantren Mawaridussalam Deli Serdang North Sumatra Lubis, Dahlia
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.677 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.1-29

Abstract

Many studies on pesantren in Indonesia put more emphasis only on the aspect of pesantren as the oldest Islamic educational institution in the archipelago, instead of any other aspects related to this type of educational institution. Recently, a growing number of studies have shifted their topic into one particular focus, namely radicalism or Islamism in pesantren. This paper aims to examine the responses of pesantren teachers and students to the term Islamism. This study has been conducted at Pesantren Mawaridussalam, an Islamic boarding school located in Batang Kuis village, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, this article elaborates on the responses of teachers and students to the issue of the Islamic state, shariazation (make Islamic law as the law of the state), democracy, and jihād (a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam). The findings of this study indicate that the teachers and the students have varied understandings of Islamism. Some argue that the term is close to Islamists, while some others believe that it is identical to Islamists. Despite such understanding, most of the teachers and the students reject the use of violence in fighting for the ideals of Islam.
Examining Moderate Understanding of Islam among Islamic Higher Education Students of State Islamic Institute Surakarta Suharto, Toto
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.098 KB)

Abstract

The study of radicalism among students of State Islamic Institutes shows a significant increase within the recent decade. This article attempts to analyze the level of moderate understanding of the students of the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Surakarta. The survey involves 100 students. The past educational background of each student has been deeply explored to figure out the basics of religious understanding they hold. The qualitative and quantitative designs were employed to measure the level of students’ understanding of moderate Islam. This study finds that the students of IAIN Surakarta hold the moderate understanding of Islamic teachings. The number reaches 87%. The majority of moderate respondents are graduated from madrasah and pesantren. This is so because pesantren and madrasah, they graduated from, put a strong emphasis on cultivating moderate religious doctrines. This is different from that of general high school graduate students in which they learn the Islamic doctrines from Rohani Islam (Rohis). It has been found that the Rohis commonly hold radical and intolerant religious doctrines. This is understandable since the Rohis tends to understand Islamic doctrines textually and scripturally; different from that of Islamic teachings promulgated by pesantren and madrasa.
Islamism in the Perception of the Teachers and the Students of Pesantren Mawaridussalam Deli Serdang North Sumatra Lubis, Dahlia
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.677 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.1-29

Abstract

Many studies on pesantren in Indonesia put more emphasis only on the aspect of pesantren as the oldest Islamic educational institution in the archipelago, instead of any other aspects related to this type of educational institution. Recently, a growing number of studies have shifted their topic into one particular focus, namely radicalism or Islamism in pesantren. This paper aims to examine the responses of pesantren teachers and students to the term Islamism. This study has been conducted at Pesantren Mawaridussalam, an Islamic boarding school located in Batang Kuis village, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, this article elaborates on the responses of teachers and students to the issue of the Islamic state, shariazation (make Islamic law as the law of the state), democracy, and jih?d (a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam). The findings of this study indicate that the teachers and the students have varied understandings of Islamism. Some argue that the term is close to Islamists, while some others believe that it is identical to Islamists. Despite such understanding, most of the teachers and the students reject the use of violence in fighting for the ideals of Islam.
The Political-Religious Relations between Kurds and the Ottoman Empire Meirison, Meirison
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.548 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.131-151

Abstract

The Kurds are an ethnic group that has undergone a lot of friction with other countries such as Persia, Arabia, Mongols, and Turkey. However, the Kurdish and the Ottoman Empire had established a completely distinct relation, including the mutual attraction of the Islamic Faith, school of thought, and the problem of nationalism. Islam discerns no people due to ethnicity they belong to, but it is a devotion that distinguishes their degree before God. This article attempts to examine how the Kurds have been able to survive under the auspices of the Ottoman Empire, an empire that was considered a substitute for the previous Islamic caliphate that ruled based on Islamic shari‘a. This study finds that the political and legal transformation in the body of the Ottoman Empire made the Kurds extremely depressed and agitated. This has subsequently brought about the rise of their nationalism and intention to establish an independent state. Unfortunately, this was difficult to realize since the map of the region is shaped by the winning countries of World War I. These countries did not recognize what so-called Kurdistan State. Besides, the surrounding countries like Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Iraq did not want to lose their territory.
The Youth and The Primacy against Religious Radicalism through the Organization of Mahasiswa Ahlith Thariqah Al Mu‘tabarah An Nahdliyyah (MATAN) in Indonesia Taufik, Zulfan
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.696 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.109-130

Abstract

In Indonesia, tariqa has become a choice to counter and fight against the radical groups that make youngsters as their targeted prey. An obvious example, among others, can be seen in the organization of Mahasiswa Ahlith Thariqah Al Mu‘tabarah An Nahdliyyah (MATAN). Employing phenomenological approach this study considers MATAN as a Muslim youth organization that puts a strong emphasis on the phenomenon of radicalism and positivism among youngsters, especially college students. This study maintains that MATAN has strived to synergize intellectuality and spirituality among the students with claims of loyalty to the preservation of moderate, tolerant, inclusive, and consistent Islam—in terms of sharī‘ah, ḥaqīqah, and ma‘rifah, while at the same time also maintaining the awareness as an integral part of Indonesian people who live in this country and, therefore, they must obey the rule of the country imbued with Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. These points are able to inspire every activity of the members of MATAN to actively promote and engage themselves within de-radicalization efforts. The finding of this study also confirms several studies and surveys conducted in Morocco, Algeria, and Mali, asserting that the tariqa has become a new fondness and is believed to be a savior of youngsters from religious extremism.
Radical Islamism as a Mode of Production Hilmy, Masdar
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.09 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.81-108

Abstract

This article attempts to provide a breakthrough which I call mode of production theory. This theory will be employed to analyze the contemporary phenomenon of radical Islamism. The mode of production theory is meant to bridge the two clashing theoretical paradigms in social sciences and humanities, i.e., Weberian and Marxian. Despite its bridging nature, the paper argues that the two cannot be merged within one single thread. This is because each paradigm has its own epistemological basis which is irreconcilable to one another. Mostly adapted from Marx’s theory, the current theory of the mode of production covers five interrelated aspects, namely social, political, economic, cultural, and symbolic structures. If Marx’s mode of production theory heavily relies on a material and economic basis, the theory used in this paper accommodates cultural and symbolic structures that are Weberian in nature. Although the two paradigms can operate together, the strength of structure (Marxian) overpowers the strength of culture (Weberian). This paper further argues that such cultural-based aspects as ideology, norms, and values play as mobilizing factors under a big schematic dominant structure in the rise and development of the radical Islamist groups.

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