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Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December" : 9 Documents clear
Intellectual Network of Mandailing and Haramayn Muslim Scholars in the Mid-19th  and Early 20th Century Syahnan, Mhd.; Asrul, Asrul; Ja'far, Ja'far
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.72 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.257-281

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to study the scholars’ network of Mandailing Ulama with those of Haramayn in the mid-19th and early 20th century. Employing the content analysis method the research finds that the Mandailing scholars had made an intellectual encounter with the scholars in Haramayn, even some of the established networks with Egyptian and Indian scholars. The Mandailing scholars connote those who ethnically originated from Mandailing clan and data reveals that Mandailing scholars come from the residencies of Tapanuli and East Sumatera, both of which are parts of the modern era North Sumatera province. This not to deny that some of the Mandailing scholars were also born in Makkah. From the aspect of the duration of the study, some scholars studied religion intensively and settled in Makkah, while others only learned the Islamic religion by meeting the scholars of Makkah only during the Hajj period. The last group of scholars only studied religion intensely in Nusantara, but while performing hajj they met the scholars and learned religion in very limited time. Mandailing scholars studied Islamic sciences, especially Quranic exegeses, hadīth, and Sufism to a number of such scholars from Arab and Nusantara as Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi, ‘Abd al-Qadir b. Shabir al-Mandili (Nasution) and Hasan Masysyath. Ideologically, they studied Islamic sciences in the context of the Sunnī school of thought, especially Ash‘arīyah and Shāfi‘īyah. This study then fills the gap of the study of other researchers about the Nusantara Ulama Network with Middle Eastern scholars.
The Viewpoint of The Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards The Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Arifin, Syamsul; Muthohirin, Nafik
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah keeps onto make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of its advent, Muhammadiyah focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du‘afā, while through the 47th Congress in Makassar (2015), Muhammadiyah had issued an important point which emphasizes on the minority groups. This article examines a number of issues dealing with the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority, the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and at the national level. The study finds that the young Muhammadiyah intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of a religious minority which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. The data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of statements of attitudes, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Rethinking The Contemporary Discourse of Jihād Bachtiar, Hasnan; Anggraeni, Luciana; Asep, Muhammad
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.737 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.306-325

Abstract

This article purposes to evaluate the phenomenon of domination of combative jihadism and factors that have conditioned the domination. It also evaluates whether the dominant concept of jihād can be paralleled to the Western concept of “just war”. It can be argued that normatively Islam recognises two forms of jihād namely the greater jihād (self-purification and improvement) and the lesser jihād (combative war). Historically, the contemporary discourse of jihād has been dominated by its combative meaning, however. This domination has been conditioned by several factors, such as the growth of the ideology of radical Islamism, the Western hegemonic behaviour, globalisation and the absence of alternative narratives. This article finds that, furthermore, the dominant concept of jihād, in a legalistic view, is relatively similar to the Western concept of just war, although, in reality, it tends to be illegal or “breaking the law”. It discusses the normative and historical meanings of jihād, the factors that have been conditioning the domination of combative jihadism, and jihād and just war.
Intellectual Network of Mandailing and Haramayn Muslim Scholars in the Mid-19th  and Early 20th Century Syahnan, Mhd.; Asrul, Asrul; Ja'far, Ja'far
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.72 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.257-281

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to study the scholars? network of Mandailing Ulama with those of Haramayn in the mid-19th  and early 20th century. Employing the content analysis method the research finds that the Mandailing scholars had made an intellectual encounter with the scholars in Haramayn, even some of the established networks with Egyptian and Indian scholars. The Mandailing scholars connote those who ethnically originated from Mandailing clan and data reveals that Mandailing scholars come from the residencies of Tapanuli and East Sumatera, both of which are parts of the modern era North Sumatera province. This not to deny that some of the Mandailing scholars were also born in Makkah. From the aspect of the duration of the study, some scholars studied religion intensively and settled in Makkah, while others only learned the Islamic religion by meeting the scholars of Makkah only during the Hajj period. The last group of scholars only studied religion intensely in Nusantara, but while performing hajj they met the scholars and learned religion in very limited time. Mandailing scholars studied Islamic sciences, especially Quranic exegeses, had?th, and Sufism to a number of such scholars from Arab and Nusantara as Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi, ?Abd al-Qadir b. Shabir al-Mandili (Nasution) and Hasan Masysyath. Ideologically, they studied Islamic sciences in the context of the Sunn? school of thought, especially Ash?ar?yah and Sh?fi??yah. This study then fills the gap of the study of other researchers about the Nusantara Ulama Network with Middle Eastern scholars.
The Viewpoint of The Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards The Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Arifin, Syamsul; Muthohirin, Nafik
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah keeps onto make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of its advent, Muhammadiyah focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du?af?, while through the 47th Congress in Makassar (2015), Muhammadiyah had issued an important point which emphasizes on the minority groups. This article examines a number of issues dealing with the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority, the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and at the national level. The study finds that the young Muhammadiyah intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of a religious minority which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. The data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of statements of attitudes, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Rethinking the Significance of Pesantren-Based Integrative Islamic Studies in the Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah IAIN Kediri Yusuf, Moh. Asror
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.326-351

Abstract

The Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah IAIN Kediri is facing many challenges, one of which is related to the number of students because it seems to be less interesting and has nothing relevant to the work field. The Islamic Studies provided seems not giving sufficient capability for graduates comparing with the alumni of pesantren as well. Based on this statement, this paper seeks to find some proper solutions to suggest. This study examines the documents of the Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah of IAIN Kediri, specifically related to the curriculum. It also interviewed the stakeholders of the faculty. This study concluded that to maintain and develop the faculty’s existence, it is necessary to do the following: (1) Strengthening the integration within Islamic studies such as using practical theology approach in teaching and learning; (2) Developing continuously the ability of student at the level of a higher-order of thinking; (3) Giving special attention to the pesantren-based primary Islamic literature which mostly delivered in Arabic along with strengthening students’ ability in understanding Arabic languages.
Salafi’s Criticism on the Celebration of the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad As'ad, Muhammad
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.295 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.353-379

Abstract

This article explains the standing of the Salafis on the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad’s birthday (mawlid). It will also capture some opinions of the proponents of the mawlid against the understanding of the Salafis. The Salafis’ criticism of the mawlid has been mainly built on their theological perspective due to three reasons. The first is the requirement of authenticity, as they argue that the mawlid has no argument (dalīl) both in the Qur’ān and ḥadīth. The second is the prohibition of innovation (bid‘ah) due to the status of the mawlid as an act of innovation. The third is the reprehensibility of veneration and idolatry of the Prophet Muhammad. The proponents of the mawlid, on the other side, clearly reject these arguments. They admit that the mawlid is inauthentic. However, they argue that it falls under the category of good innovation (bid‘ah ḥasanah). Therefore, it is allowed to be practiced. In addition, the Salafis also condemned some practices within the mawlid, such as serving food, the act of standing up (qiyām), the recitation of mawlid books, and the use of musical instruments. For the proponents, however, these practices are allowed as they do not violate any Islamic teachings (sharī‘ah) and they also represent a sincere expression of joy and happiness for the birth of the messenger of Allah and the noblest person, i.e., the Prophet Muhammad.
Redefining Rational (Aqlī) and Revelation (Naqlī) into a Concept of Islamic Systemology Awalluddin, Muhammad Aiman
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (643.767 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.407-427

Abstract

The way of thinking held by most Muslims has nowadays shifted away from Allah-centred to logical and empiricism. The separation line of Islam from ways of life can be seen clearly as the majority of Muslims hold secular thoughts. The paper aims to redefine ‘aqlī and naqlī way of thinking into the Islamic systemology concept. It is a concept that puts Allah as an agent of everything, with Him as the head of the system. Besides, the paper also discusses the process of the evolution of Greek philosophy deeply, how it became a phenomenon in the Muslim world. The application of rational and reasoning, which is championed by Aristotle, is slowly degrading Muslims’ faith, as Muslims start to verify everything based only on logical answers. The article is also strengthening the position of Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī and supporting his arguments on the rejection of the Western philosophy by outlining the importance of yaqīn (strong inner faith) in taking action and making a better judgment. The Islamic systemology concepts are very important to make Muslims aware of the balancing between ‘aqlī and naqlī, as both of them are interconnected and complementary. Ignoring naqlī means Muslims put more emphasis on the world (dunyā) and put less belief in Allah. Hence they jeopardize the equilibrium of thinking.
The Revivalism of Veiled Female Students: An Account of Their Views of Democracy in Indonesia Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi; Safala, Udin; Kulsum, Umi
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.926 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.380-406

Abstract

The issue of veiled female students has become a polemic, especially among the State Islamic Religious Colleges (PTKIN) in Indonesia. This has been caused, among others, not only by the fact that the issue of wearing veil for female students obstructs the process of learning activities, but it is also viewed as a sign of Islamic revivalism. In this context, Islamic revivalism is considered a barrier to Islamic moderatism promulgated by the state and the PTKIN. Nonetheless, excessive concern about revivalism is not always true. Azyumardi Azra once argued that revivalism does not always lead to radicalism and destructive matters. He calls it as “inward-oriented” revivalism, which is a form of personal religiosity in practicing religion and living it. This article attempts to examine the revivalism of the veiled female students based on their views of democracy in Indonesia. Employing the phenomenological approach, this study finds that the veiled female students hold a positive view of democracy in Indonesia as a means of welfare creation for society. They, however, assert that democracy in Indonesia should be rejuvenated. To them, democracy is not only a concept, but it is also a practical matter which must be present in the real-life of the Indonesian people. This view demonstrates inward-oriented revivalism, not the radical-destructive one.

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