cover
Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 332 Documents
Tipologi dan Tata Kelola Resolusi Konflik Ditinjau dari Perspektif Teori Sosial Konflik Setiyani, Wiwik
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 6 No. 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.15 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.275-299

Abstract

This article seeks to analyze the typology of management along with conflict resolution in terms of their correlation to the social theory of conflict. Social conflicts can be categorized into a number of types. Based on their types the social conflicts can be divided into two parts, namely vertical conflict and horizontal conflict. The vertical conflict is a conflict that has bottom-up as well as top-to-bottom patterns. Conflict management involves every effort to avoid conflicts which are, generally, violently-biased disputes. Such efforts are founded on the basis of resolution processes employing any means of power and authority. The conflict management implies the existence of conflict interventions carried out by conflicting parties or third parties who have considerable power or resources to stabilize the conflict. Within the context of power, the conflict management is usually implemented in three forms, namely formal-legal power, traditional power, and charismatic power. The formal-legal power is power based on such legitimacy tools as law and legislation. The traditional power is power based on claim of belief, faith, and customs. The charismatic power is power based on personal abilities which deal with magical and supernatural realms.
Islam Moderat dan Problem Isu Keislaman Kontemporer di Masjid Nasional Al-Akbar Surabaya Muktafi, Muktafi
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 6 No. 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.23 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.300-329

Abstract

This article attempts to examine mainstreaming of the Moderate Islam together with the problem of contemporary Islamic issues at Al-Akbar National Mosque Surabaya. The article observes a number of issues such as liberalism, radicalism, and pluralism in the view of the Muslim preachers (dā‘i) of Al-Akbar National Mosque. The mainstreaming of the Moderate Islam has been a manifestation of recognition and reverence of the mosque management, especially the preachers in regard with a number of different religious entities in Islam. Responding to the issues, the preachers assert that the Moderate Islam contains not merely conformity with the context of socio-cultural aspect, but also the manifestation of “Islamness” which is compatible with understanding of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‘ah. What is meant here by the Islamness is a characteristic of religiosity, which puts emphasis on three aspects, namely al-tawāsuṭ, i‘tidāl, and tawāzun. Commonly, the cultivation of moderatism values at Al-Akbar National Mosque rests on the process of teaching, study, and da‘wa (preaching) activities. These activities have been implemented in persuasively subtle manner focusing on peaceful religious messages. The preachers argue that although moderatism has been usually seen as acceptance toward heterogeneity, it does not refer to any acknowledgement of such heterogeneity as a part of truth in one’s belief.
Pemikiran Mehdi Golshani tentang Dialektika Agama dan Sains Saad, Mukhlisin
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 6 No. 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.763 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.330-354

Abstract

This article seeks to scrutinize Mehdi Golshani’s thought on dialectical relation of religion and science. In the history of human being, the relation of religion and science has been dynamically connected. Each side has correlated, dominated, and synergized with one to another. The relation of these two entities has brought about a number of various paradigms, namely theocentric, anthropocentric, and Theo-anthropocentric paradigms. Employing bibliographical approach, this study discusses historical relation of religion and science, which has been long connected since the Medieval Century. The study finds that Golshani has founded his conception of science on the basis of dichotomization between what so-called the sacred sciences and the secular one. He has tried to link these two entities by, among others, dialoguing between material aspect and supra-natural realm. To him, either religion or science shares a common orientation in order to reach the supreme truth, i.e. God. When religion undergoes the quest through obedience upon the dogmas stipulated by God, science prefers reason to get along with Him. In the meantime religion and science are able to integrate and share with each other. Golshani calls it the Islamic Sciences.
Hikmah dalam al-Qur’ān dan Implementasinya dalam Membangun Pemikiran Islam yang Inklusif Zamzami, Mukhammad
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 6 No. 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.977 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.355-382

Abstract

This article attempts to trace and describe the correlation of ḥikmah (wisdom) and inclusivity in the Qur’ān along with their connection to the dynamics of development of contemporary Islamic thought. Ḥikmah in its implied meaning as wisdom of thinking—which puts emphasis on reason, acquirement, and ability—has been compatible with the inclusivity of Islamic thought in several aspects. Such inclusivity can be observed, among others, within the following aspects, are: firstly, inclusive refers to tolerance and it implies acceptance toward plurality, heterogeneity, and self-willingness to actively participate in it. Inclusive thought brings about tolerance. Tolerance explicitly comprises conformity with wisdom in which each entity highly emphasizes public benefit. Secondly, inclusive means freedom. Freedom requires one’s discretion to use reason as a means of truth search. This meaning is closely related to wisdom, which perceives thinking and reasoning as a way to reach the truth. Thirdly, inclusive also means freedom. Freedom necessitates a universal and non-coercive Islamic thought. Terminologically, it has similar meaning to wisdom where each side lays emphasis on the implementation of a universal Islamic thought. Islam provides its adherents wide space to freely choose their way of life, including right to embrace certain religious ideology.
Negotiation of Tradition, Islam, and Modernity in The Movement of The Kaum Mudo Islamic Reform in Minangkabau Ashadi, Andri
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.61 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.30-59

Abstract

At the beginning of the 20th century when the modernism of Islam in Minangkabau was strengthened, many academics saw the Kaum Mudo Islamic movement in a paradoxical perspective. On the one hand, the movement is considered to be progress-oriented by negotiating and accommodating with adat and hence they are referred to as reformers. On the other hand, the movement is seen as opposing and eliminating the integration of the elements of local cultures (adat) and modern ideas into Islam. Therefore, they are also referred to as puritans. Employing Stella Ting-Toomeys’s identity negotiation theory, which refers to ethnic (traditional) and religious identities as primary identities, this article concludes that the Islamic Movement for the Kaum Mudo in Minangkabau is a reform movement rooted in Islamic customs and traditions and not a purification movement. It can be observed, among others, in the following cases: (1) the existing social groups contest each other and fight for their mutual influence; (2) the ethnic background of each character at that time required an attitude which gives room for negotiations; (3) the existing madrasa reform model negotiated between the traditional surau system and the modern Dutch school; and (4) there has been a synthesis of adat with Islam and modernity in Minangkabau which are also negotiating each other.
Kontekstualisasi Wawasan Islam Kebangsaan Kiai Abdul Muchith Muzadi Asror, Ahidul
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 6 No. 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (433.103 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.383-403

Abstract

This article seeks to reveal Kiai Muchith Muzadi’s thought on the Islamic nationalism in Indonesia. It deals with a number of issues such as state form, the meaning of politics within nation-state life, and the relation of Islam and Pancasila. The article also attempts to answer problematic discourse on contemporary Islam which, within recent decades, (re)rises the principles of nationalism into public discussion. Muchith argues that Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI/The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia) has been an ultimate state form for the Indonesian people. Therefore, this is a duty for the Indonesian Muslims, as Indonesia’s majority inhabitant, to actively take a role and involve themselves in guarding Indonesia and its unity. Muchith also sees no relevant necessary to replace the state form with other systems such as khilāfah and Islamic state. To him, politics is a mere means to fight for interests carried out with Islamic principles coupled with nationalism values in order to establish national integration and achieve the shared ideals. Muchith maintains that Pancasila along with its values is compatible with Islam and this is why the Indonesian Muslims should accept it as the state ideology.
Intellectual Network of Mandailing and Haramayn Muslim Scholars in the Mid-19th  and Early 20th Century Syahnan, Mhd.; Asrul, Asrul; Ja'far, Ja'far
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.72 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.257-281

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to study the scholars’ network of Mandailing Ulama with those of Haramayn in the mid-19th and early 20th century. Employing the content analysis method the research finds that the Mandailing scholars had made an intellectual encounter with the scholars in Haramayn, even some of the established networks with Egyptian and Indian scholars. The Mandailing scholars connote those who ethnically originated from Mandailing clan and data reveals that Mandailing scholars come from the residencies of Tapanuli and East Sumatera, both of which are parts of the modern era North Sumatera province. This not to deny that some of the Mandailing scholars were also born in Makkah. From the aspect of the duration of the study, some scholars studied religion intensively and settled in Makkah, while others only learned the Islamic religion by meeting the scholars of Makkah only during the Hajj period. The last group of scholars only studied religion intensely in Nusantara, but while performing hajj they met the scholars and learned religion in very limited time. Mandailing scholars studied Islamic sciences, especially Quranic exegeses, hadīth, and Sufism to a number of such scholars from Arab and Nusantara as Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi, ‘Abd al-Qadir b. Shabir al-Mandili (Nasution) and Hasan Masysyath. Ideologically, they studied Islamic sciences in the context of the Sunnī school of thought, especially Ash‘arīyah and Shāfi‘īyah. This study then fills the gap of the study of other researchers about the Nusantara Ulama Network with Middle Eastern scholars.
The Viewpoint of The Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards The Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Arifin, Syamsul; Muthohirin, Nafik
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah keeps onto make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of its advent, Muhammadiyah focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du‘afā, while through the 47th Congress in Makassar (2015), Muhammadiyah had issued an important point which emphasizes on the minority groups. This article examines a number of issues dealing with the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority, the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and at the national level. The study finds that the young Muhammadiyah intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of a religious minority which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. The data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of statements of attitudes, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Islamism in the Perception of the Teachers and the Students of Pesantren Mawaridussalam Deli Serdang North Sumatra Lubis, Dahlia
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.677 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.1-29

Abstract

Many studies on pesantren in Indonesia put more emphasis only on the aspect of pesantren as the oldest Islamic educational institution in the archipelago, instead of any other aspects related to this type of educational institution. Recently, a growing number of studies have shifted their topic into one particular focus, namely radicalism or Islamism in pesantren. This paper aims to examine the responses of pesantren teachers and students to the term Islamism. This study has been conducted at Pesantren Mawaridussalam, an Islamic boarding school located in Batang Kuis village, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, this article elaborates on the responses of teachers and students to the issue of the Islamic state, shariazation (make Islamic law as the law of the state), democracy, and jihād (a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam). The findings of this study indicate that the teachers and the students have varied understandings of Islamism. Some argue that the term is close to Islamists, while some others believe that it is identical to Islamists. Despite such understanding, most of the teachers and the students reject the use of violence in fighting for the ideals of Islam.
Examining Moderate Understanding of Islam among Islamic Higher Education Students of State Islamic Institute Surakarta Suharto, Toto
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.098 KB)

Abstract

The study of radicalism among students of State Islamic Institutes shows a significant increase within the recent decade. This article attempts to analyze the level of moderate understanding of the students of the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Surakarta. The survey involves 100 students. The past educational background of each student has been deeply explored to figure out the basics of religious understanding they hold. The qualitative and quantitative designs were employed to measure the level of students’ understanding of moderate Islam. This study finds that the students of IAIN Surakarta hold the moderate understanding of Islamic teachings. The number reaches 87%. The majority of moderate respondents are graduated from madrasah and pesantren. This is so because pesantren and madrasah, they graduated from, put a strong emphasis on cultivating moderate religious doctrines. This is different from that of general high school graduate students in which they learn the Islamic doctrines from Rohani Islam (Rohis). It has been found that the Rohis commonly hold radical and intolerant religious doctrines. This is understandable since the Rohis tends to understand Islamic doctrines textually and scripturally; different from that of Islamic teachings promulgated by pesantren and madrasa.

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