cover
Contact Name
Mukhammad Zamzami
Contact Email
mukhammadzamzami@gmail.com
Phone
+6285856702143
Journal Mail Official
teosofi@uinsby.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, 60237 JAWA TIMUR - INDONESIA
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : 20887957     EISSN : 2442871X     DOI : 10.15642/teosofi
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadis sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles 332 Documents
Rethinking The Contemporary Discourse of Jihād Bachtiar, Hasnan; Anggraeni, Luciana; Asep, Muhammad
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.737 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.1.306-325

Abstract

This article purposes to evaluate the phenomenon of domination of combative jihadism and factors that have conditioned the domination. It also evaluates whether the dominant concept of jihād can be paralleled to the Western concept of “just war”. It can be argued that normatively Islam recognises two forms of jihād namely the greater jihād (self-purification and improvement) and the lesser jihād (combative war). Historically, the contemporary discourse of jihād has been dominated by its combative meaning, however. This domination has been conditioned by several factors, such as the growth of the ideology of radical Islamism, the Western hegemonic behaviour, globalisation and the absence of alternative narratives. This article finds that, furthermore, the dominant concept of jihād, in a legalistic view, is relatively similar to the Western concept of just war, although, in reality, it tends to be illegal or “breaking the law”. It discusses the normative and historical meanings of jihād, the factors that have been conditioning the domination of combative jihadism, and jihād and just war.
Makna Eksoteris dan Esoteris Agama dalam Sikap Keberagamaan Eksklusif dan Inklusif Basyir, Kunawi
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.919 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.1.209-232

Abstract

Within the last decades, known to us as the century of spirituality, the world civilization has been murkily colored by the darkness and it has been caused by our sharp different view when we try to understand the meaning of religion including Islam. This has led to the absence of “a bowl” of peace, justice, and equality for every person to freely express his or her socio-religious activities. To the exclusivists, for instance, Islam is blindly viewed as the sole religion that possesses absolute value of truth (absolutism). Consequently, this group sees that other religions possess no truth and, therefore, they must be obliterated. This group sees islām as a term to reject religious pluralism in Indonesia. On the other side, the inclusivists consider the truth of islām as the universal truth. In this regard, they argue that the truth of Islam as a religion is the sole truth, but the truth of islām cannot be monopolized only by certain religion. They further argue that other religions may also possess the truth of islām. Paying close attention to such different understanding of islām, this article attempts to re-read and re-analyze it from socio-cultural approach (or strictly speaking from philoso-phical and theological point of view).
Kearifan Muhammadiyah di Sumatera Utara dalam Merespons Isu Radikalisme Rasyidin, Al; Nasution, Hasnah
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.424 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.2.315-342

Abstract

Radicalism and terrorism have anxiously attracted the world community. Ironically, the terms have been labeled to Islam and the Muslims. This article focuses on how does Muhammadiyah as one of the Indonesian largest Islamic organizations respond to the issue of radicalism in Indonesia? Based on field research where the data is gathered through interview, observation, and documentary study, the research puts emphasis on the responses of Muhammadiyah toward the idea and movement which attempt to establish Islamic state; its responses to the Western countries and the unbelievers; its interpretation of jihad as an obligatory war against the unbelievers; and its idea on legalization of suicide bombings. The study indicates that Muhammadiyah, particularly in the North Sumatera, rejects any radical movement along with its ideology in Indonesia. Muhammadiyah sees that NKRI (The Unity State of the Republic of Indonesia) has been an ideal model of state and it is a blessing of God that must be preserved and protected. Muhammadiyah condemns anyone who justifies violent acts and commits murder and suicide bombings in the name of religion. Muhammadiyah also asserts that radicalism is a threat toward world peace and it has no correlation with the Islamic teachings.
Membaca Pemikiran Bediuzzaman Said Nursi tentang Signifikansi Agama dan Identitas Bagi Kemajuan Sosial Hamsah, Ustadi
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.222 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.2.293-314

Abstract

Identity is the basic principle of the society. The search for identity and effort to build and defend identity is the fundamental struggle for society. Theoretically, the prosperous society depends on the strength of its identity. The society can achieve the social advancement, extraordinary ethos, and creativity because of their strong identity. This article attempts to explain how identity and self-capability contribute to the social advancement. This explanation refers to the thought of the modern gigantic Turkish thinker, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Exploring the construction of Said Nursi’s concept of Islamic identity and self-capability in developing society, especially in social prosperity and economic progression, this paper attempts to explain the foundation of social and individual prosperity. According to Said Nursi, the development of culture and civilization will be established by powerful identity which constructed by awareness of collective personality (şahs-ı manevi). The powerful identity, therefore, bases on the spirit of self-capability that will raise a progress and development. Referring to Said Nursi, this basic foundation of self-capability developed through three principles, namely self-interest versus self-sacrifice, extravagance versus frugality, and greed versus contentment. Then, by practicing and applying these three values, the prosperity and development can be achieved.
Pemimpin Perempuan dan Non-Muslim Perspektif Ulama Tiga Serangkai Jamil, M.; Ja'far, Ja'far
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.514 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.1.31-54

Abstract

The issue of woman’s and non-Muslim’s leadership seems to be unrest debate in the Islamic world. In Indonesia, the Islamic liberal groups or the modernists will usually accept woman or non-Muslim for being leader of the Muslims community, while the Muslim traditionalists and radical groups will usually show their firm rejection. This study seeks to elaborate the thought of the three Muslim scholars in the Eastern Sumatera, i.e. Abdul Halim Hasan, Zainal Arifin Abbas, and Abdur Rahim Haitami about the leadership of woman and non-Muslim. The article will put the position of thought of these scholars among the discourse of the issue. Employing content analytical method, the study finds that the three scholars reject woman and non-Muslim for being leader, especially state leader, of the Muslims community. They argue that leadership is a privilege honored to man, not to woman. They also assert that principle foundation of the sharī’a forbids the Muslims from designating non-Muslim as their leader, except within emergency condition. Although these three Muslim scholars have been mostly influenced by modern thought, they seem to hardly accept woman’s and non-Muslim’s leadership. The ideas they propose will, therefore, contradict to the ideas hold by the liberal Muslim groups or other proponents of democracy.
Sunan Ampel dan Nilai Etis Islam Nusantara: dari Tantra-Bhairawa kepada Praktik Keagamaan Nir-Kekerasan Mukaffa, Zumrotul
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.593 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.374-410

Abstract

This article focuses its discussion on the order of ethical values behind the success of Sunan Ampel, one of the Nine Saints (Walisongo), to co-modify the Pancamakara ritual that involves the Tantra-Bhairawa sect during the era of Majapahit Kingdom. The Pancamakara has been also called as Pancamakara Puja, Cakra Puja, Mo-Limo or Panca Ma, which stand on five basic elements, namely mamsa, matsya, madya, maithuna, and mudra. The study finds that Sunan Ampel had successfully created the concept of Pancamakara and its sustainability as exchange values with Islam with no intention to totally deconstruct its utility values. The value order consists of certainty to always emphasize islamization and to bridge Islam and local religious rituals in order to achieve peaceful and non-violent religious practices. The value order is transformed into existing pattern of culture. Consequently, the implementation pattern of Pancamakara as religious ritual had still been preserved but its substance was entirely deconstructed. Through his magical touch, Sunan Ampel had preserved Pancamakara that had no longer based on the five basic elements called Mo-Limo. Instead, the doctrine commands people to avoid the five basic elements and it now becomes Moh-Limo (unwilling to commit five immoral acts).
Relasi Murshid dan Murid dalam Bimbingan Tarekat Shādhilīyah di Pesulukan Thoriqot Agung Tulungagung Musthofa, Chabib
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.432 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.339-373

Abstract

This article attempts to reveal the relation of murshid and murīd (pupil) of the Tarekat Shādhilīyah at Pesulukan Thoriqot Agung (PETA) in Tulungagung East Java. The author discusses the pattern of constructive relation between murshid and his pupils to build an objective social reality of the tarekat in terms of its teaching and ritual aspects. This moment subsequently becomes a medium of adaptation of the pupils. It helps the pupils to reach the process of spiritual happiness and internalize it into his/her consciousness and behaviors. Within such relation, social construction affirms that community is a result of human’s production and it stands beyond the zone of an external phenomenon. This external phenomenon consists of material and non-material subjects. In time, the external phenomenon becomes an objective reality, which forms understanding and behavior of other people in other different periods. Murshid has been the main subject within a tarekat who is capable to color spiritual realm of his pupils. The plot of murabbī al-rūḥ (spiritual educator) attached upon murshid is not a mysteriously hidden, abstract, and unseen epithet. Instead, this spiritual status is applied in his social action and behavior and it colors the spiritual actions of his murīd.
Kritik Pemikiran Khalifah Hizbut Tahrir yang Autokratik Al Amin, Ainur Rofiq
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.867 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.434-458

Abstract

The proponents of Hizbut Tahrir (HT) claim that the structure of HT’s political system has been the sole best system and it is deemed as a single compatible system to deal with all problems faced by the modern people in this modern age. The political system has been claimed as being capable to replace all existing political systems in the world nowadays. They call this political system khilāfah coupled with khalīfah as the central elements. To the proponents of HT, the khilāfah system they promulgate among the Islamic communities throughout the world has been a legacy of the Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, the Muslim communities have to uphold this system regardless of their geographical boundaries. This article seeks to track roots of thought, which provide the political system called khilāfah and khalīfah propagated by HT foundation for its existence. In doing so, I will refer to authoritative references written and published by the proponents of HT. The study finds that the model of election, appointment, impeachment, and power of khalīfah along with obedience upon him leads to autocratic governance.
Rigiditas dan Fleksibilitas Diskursus Fiqih Wanita Hizbut Tahrir Chaidaroh, Umi
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 7 No. 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.577 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2017.7.2.459-492

Abstract

Many women in modern times take part in public spaces. Moreover, women are also involved with Islamic movements which are often associated as fundamentalist movements such as Hizbut Tahrir (HT). In Indonesia, HT has a wing of women’s organization called the Muslimah Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (MHTI). Women’s activists play pivotal role in the public space to help HT achieve its goals. Fundamentalist women who work in the public sphere seem to contradict with the growing assumption asserting that Islamic fundamentalist movements are often associated with the magnitude of oppression against women. It has been, however, seems to be a paradox. Considering the aforement-ioned argument, it is important to examine the thoughts concerning women’s jurisprudence of HT. Using compara-tive approach this study focuses on written literature as the main source. The results of the study prove that the thought concerning women’s jurisprudence of HT tends to be rigid. Interestingly, however, the study also finds that within particular cases the jurisprudence shows its flexibility, but it is even can be called liberal.
Muhammad Thalib, Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia, dan Tafsir Ayat-ayat Penegakan Syariat Islam di Indonesia Kurniawan, Anwar; Aminuddin, Ahmad
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy Study Program, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.11 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.1.82-112

Abstract

Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI/The Indonesian Mujahedeen Council) is an Islamic organization, which demands the implementation of sharī‘ah in Indonesia. Muhammad Thalib, the leader of MMI, is a figure who also concerns on the Quranic interpretation. He frequently interprets the Quranic verses on his works within political nuance in relation to MMI’s ideology. This article aims to identify Thalib’s interest and the extent of his ideological tendency. His published works in a number of media are the main source of the data elaborated in this article. This article argues that Thalib’s interpretation of the Quranic verses comprises two political interests. Firstly, the interpretation attempts to convince the reader to believe that the implementation of sharī‘ah is undoubtedly urgent. Secondly, sharī‘ah seems to be perceived as the main objective, colored with political nuance, and it has been reduced for this main purpose in order to make Muslims “find” God. In other words, Thalib’s interpretation of the Quranic verses puts sharī‘ah as a means of political maneuver. It seems that through his interpretation Thalib attempts to challenge, while at the same time protects himself from, his opponents.

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