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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF WETLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
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Core Subject : Science, Social,
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016" : 7 Documents clear
Effect of Sea Mud Towards The Growth and Productivy of Several Varieties of Shallotin Peat Land ,, Azri; Hatta, Muhammad; Nugroho, Wahyu Ari
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.46

Abstract

ABSTRACT Shallot cultivation in peat land was constrained by the high production costs, especially fertilizer and lime costs (Abdullah, 2011). Therefore, improvement of shallot productivity in peat land was to use local resources so that the production costs would be reduced. Potential material to be used for that purpose was sea mud which abundantly available in West Kalimantan. The productivity of several shallot varieties in peat land had not reached their production potential. The research used Randomized Block Design (RBD) with the treatment of sea mud consisted of without the treatment of sea mud (L0) and with the treatment of sea mud (L1) and several shallot varieties such as Bima Variety (V1), Manjung Variety (V2) and Sumenep Variety (V3). The research result showed that the treatment of sea mud and varieties of shallot differed significantly in improving the growth and production of shallot. Bima, Manjung and Sumenep each produced 14.73 ton/ha, 12.84 ton/ha and 9.22 ton/ha respectively. Based on profit value and B/C ratio value, the utilization of sea mud in peat land was economically feasible to be applied by farmers in West Kalimantan. 
ANALYSIS OF GINGER FARMING BUSINESS IN PEAT LAND IN WEST KALIMANTAN (Case study: Ginger Farmer in Pasir Palembang Village, Mempawah Regency) Kilmanun, Juliana Carolina
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.47

Abstract

ABSTRACT Peat land potential as agricultural land in Indonesia is quite large of about 6 million hectaresout of 21 million hectares or 11% of land area in Indonesia. The utilization of peat land as agricultural land requires accurate and careful planning, appropriate technological application, and proper management because of its marginal and fragile ecosystem. Peat land has a big potential as agricultural land because this land contains high organic material. Theproblem is that the pH is very low so that it is not good for agricultural land. However, the research in Pasir Palembang Village, Mempawah Regency proved that doing ginger farming business in peat land could increase the farmers’ income and welfare. The research aims to: 1) study problems faced in doing ginger farming business, 2) know ginger farmer’s income. Data collection was done by using Focus Group Discussion method and R/C Ratio analysis. The research result found out that the main problem in ginger farming business was that of rotten tuber. Based on the analysis result it was found that R/C ratio obtained in ginger farming business was 3.4. Total revenue obtained was Rp75,000,000with the profit over cash expense was Rp53,620,000 and the profit over total expense was Rp53,470,000. Theresearch concluded that: 1) there need be a serious handling of rotten tuber disease in ginger plant, 2) doing ginger farming business could increase income and welfare of the peat land farmers in Pasir Palembang Village, Mempawah Regency.
Population Dynamics of Microorganism and Greenhouse Gas Emission By Applying Chicken Manure in Peat Soil Pramono, Ali; Adriani, Terry Ayu; Wihardjaka, A.; Setyanto, Prihasto
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.103

Abstract

Peat land accumulates organic materials and emits greenhouse gas (GHG). Agricultural activities in peat land cause the subsidence of peat land surface and the loss of carbon in the form of GHG. Appropriate management of peat land for agriculture would reduce GHG emission. This research aims to understand the microorganism population dynamics and emission of GHG on the treatment of chicken manure application in peat land. The research was conducted in the GHG Laboratory of Indonesia Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI) in 2012 using peat material taken from Jabiren, Central Kalimantan. The experiment was done by incubating peat soil for 2 months with the treatment of chicken manure application and without manure. The incubation experiment was conducted by using paralon PVC pipe. Parameters observed included pH, Eh, bacteria population and fungi, as well as GHG flux (CO2, CH4 and N2O). GHG samples taking method was used a sealed containment. The research result showed at the peat given chicken manure treatment, bacteria population decreased at the end of incubation; fungi population, however, increased. The application of chicken manure on peat land planted rubber trees and pineapples would reduce GHG emission by 12.8% as compared without manure application.
Spatial Association of Wetlands over Physical Variants in Barind Tract of West Bengal, India. Das, Rajeb Tarani; Pal, Swades
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.99

Abstract

Abstract: Barind tract of west Bengal is an uplifted old alluvial plain area where only <1 percent area is covered by wetland. Present paper concentrates on general understanding of wetland association with different geographical settings like geological, geomorphological lithological structure and altitudinal gradations. Detail investigation reveals that geological and morphological structure do not have deep influence on wetland formation and their distribution in particular favourable sub-region. But altitudinal control on wetland is noticeable. An irregular distribution of wetland is found throughout the region because of multi parametric influence on it. In recent decades wetlands in barind tract has been undergoing into rapid loss. Continuous encroachment of agricultural field and newly built-up area to wetland are considered as main causes of wetland loss in barind tract. 
Bioprospecting of Kerangas Forest as Natural Medicine Material Sources: Screening Phytochemistry Compound of Kerangas Forest Tree Species Kissinger, Kissinger; Yamani, Ahmad; Thamrin, Gusti AR; Muhayyah, Rina
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.54

Abstract

Bioprospecting is an effort to create a value for biodiversity. Bioactivity identification of tree species is an important step to get high economic value from kerangas forest. Screening bioactivity of plants was conducted by ethnobotanical survey and qualitative phytochemistry compound tests. Dried leaves and barks of selected trees from kerangas forest were tested for qualitative phythochemistry compound. Result showed that parts of selected trees from kerangas forest had various phythochemistry compounds. Methanol extract of kerangas tree species have potential bioactivities. There were total of 42 plants located in heath forest, 38 species of which are used by the public as a medicine (90.48%). The number of tree species that are always available in all locations of heath forest are 10 species. There are 8 species of which are commonly used by the community as a medicine. The benefits obtained from 10 species were as analgesic, antibacterial, antidiabetic, anti-plasmodium, and vitality. One species that potentially based on the knowledge society as antidiabetic contained in heath forest is S.belangeran.Bioprospecting is an effort to create a value for biodiversity. Bioactivity identification of tree species is an important step to get high economic value from kerangas forest. Screening bioactivity of plantswas conducted by ethnobotanical[u1] survey and qualitative phytochemistry compound tests. Dried leaves and barks of selected trees from kerangas forest were tested for qualitative phythochemistry compound. Result showed that parts of selected trees from kerangas forest had various phythochemistry compounds. It can be concluded that methanol extract of kerangas tree species have potential bioactivities.[u2]  [u1]spacing [u2]for what, more detail
Native Species in Barito Upstream at South Kalimantan, Indonesia: Sex Ratio and Length-Weight Relationship of Seluang Batang Fish (Rasbora argyrotaenia Blkr 1850) Rosadi, Erwin; H., Endang Yuli; Satyohadi, Daduk; Bintoro, Gatut
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.55

Abstract

Freshwater potential in South Kalimantan is one million hectares and 140 species of fish are exploited. One of the fish resources in the intensive exploitation in South Kalimantan is Seluang Batang fish (Rasbora argyrotaenia). The purpose of this study was to obtain scientific data related to the sex ratio of fish and length-weight relationships of R. argyrotaenia in Barito upstream at South Kalimantan. The study was conducted in the Barito upstream in South Kalimantan, on location 2o5736.10 S 114o537.92 E; 3o0107.86" S 114o4529.28 E. Taking of samples by the method of Ford-Walford plot lasts for one year with a fixed time interval decision which is one month. Data obtained by comparing the sex ratio between the number of male fish with the number of females and multiplied by 100%. To test the hypothesis difference in the number of male and female fish used chi-square analysis of the end. Analysis of length-weight relationship of fish with regression test and were calculated using a cubic pattern. The results showed that the ratio of fish R. argyrotaenia male and female is 3: 1 and the growth pattern of male and female fish are negative allometric.
In Seeking of Legal Protection : Local Workers in Wetland Area of Tanah Bumbu District. Barkatullah, Abdul Halim; ,, Ifrani; Hanifah, Lena
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.61

Abstract

Local worker is a crucial issue that challenges the capability of local government in protecting the community, particularly in developing district which the skills and education is poorly distributed. Globalization enforced penetration of non-local skilled workers (such as immigrants), and instead of having the technology transferred, it also threatened the unskilled local workers. Legal protection for local workers is highly needed to ensure the application of Pancasila’s social justice and to avoid massive unemployment in such area. The research situated in Tanah Bumbu District, South Borneo, Indonesia, which famed with its mining industry that attracted many workers, not only regionally, but also globally, to test their luck. However, not all locals taste the sweetness of the mining industry. Instead of providing new job vacancies for local workers, company tends to hire non-local workers due to their competency and ability to meet the company’s requirement. This has to be a concern of the local government, therefore this paper aimed to find the best solution in the form of local regulation to protect and empower local workers in Tanah Bumbu District, South Borneo, Indonesia.

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