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Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
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ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman
ISSN : 19783183     EISSN : 23562218     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Education,
ISLAMICA: Journal of Islamic Studies is a biannually published journal in March and September. It covers various issues on the Islamic studies within such number of fields as Islamic education, Islamic thought, Islamic law, political Islam, and Islamic economics from social and cultural perspectives.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 472 Documents
Salafi dan Stigma Sesat-Radikal Redjosari, Slamet Muliono
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2019.13.2.305-324

Abstract

This article describes the dynamics of da‘wah movement of Salafis and their response to its stigmatization as being heretical and radical. The phenomenon of radical movements with their terrorist actions shapes the stigma of being radical to the Salafis. The spread and acceleration of the Salafi movement have put the da‘wah of the traditionalists in trouble. The stigma of Salafis as being radical and heretical results in the resistance against the Salafis to stop their da‘wah in many places. The stigmatization of the Salafis as being radical and intolerant drives the Salafis to show their identity as unidentical with the stigmatization. A number of persecution towards the Salafis is the implication of this stigma. This article is resulted from interviews with Salafi figures and d?‘?s who felt annoyed with the stigmatization. The appearance of Salafis which resembles those stigmatized as radicals lead to the emergence of public opinion that the Salafis are radical, while on the contrary, this article finds that the Salafis in fact fight against radical thoughts that lead to radical and terrorist actions.
Niz}?m al-Mulk dan Kontribusinya terhadap Pemikiran Politik Islam Fuad, Ahmad Nur
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 13 No. 1 (2018): September
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2018.13.1.139-163

Abstract

This article seeks to explore Niz}?m al-Mulk’s political career and his contribution to Islamic political thought. As a prominent waz?r of two Saljuq sultans, Alp Arslan and Malikshah, Niz}?m al-Mulk played an important role in running the government for almost 30 years. His adherence to Sunni theological doctrines and Shafi'i school of law has made him a defender of Sunnism against other sects like Ismailism. As a political figure and thinker, Niz}?m al-Mulk regarded justice and religion as a fundamental basis for state. In Siy?sat-n?ma, he elaborates many political bodies needed to build a strong state and government, such as waz?r, q?d}?, tax collectors, military, and intelligent agency. It can be argued that Niz}?m al-Mulk’s political thought as formulated in his work, Siy?sat-n?ma (the Book of Government), is based on his political and governmental experiences, his understanding of Islamic doctrines, and Persian political traditions.
Konstruksi Metodologi Fiqh al-Bukh?r? dan Kegagalan Pembentukan Mazhab Fathoni Hasyim, Muh.
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 14 No. 1 (2019): September
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2019.14.1.103-127

Abstract

The popularity of al-Bukh?r? as the expert of h}ad?th is indisputable; he reached his top figure; his name becomes a guarantee of his h}ad?th validity; besides, he is also well-known as the expert of Islamic law (faq?h). However, his expertise in Islamic law is often disregarded. In fact, the authority of al-Bukh?r? in Islamic law reaches its peak as an absolute mujtahid (mujtahid mut}}laq). This phenomenon raised some questions. Firstly, is al-Bukh?r? affiliated with one of the established Sunn? madhhabs? When a mujtahid has reached his absolute rank, he needs of his own fiqh methodology construct-ion, other than following another methodology. Secondly, does al-Bukh?r? have his own methodology? Frankly, an absolute mujtahid has an opportunity to establish his own madhhab ordained to his name. Thirdly, why is al-Bukh?r?’s madhhab unpopular among Sunn? maddhabs? This article found that al-Bukh?r? is not affiliated to certain madhhabs, then explored the methodology formation as well as other factors underlying the failure of formation of al-Bukh?r?’s madhhab.
Pemikiran Imre Lakatos (1922-1974) tentang Metodologi Program Riset dan Signifikansinya dalam Kajian Keislaman Aziz, Ahmad Amir
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.552 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.42-55

Abstract

Apart from Kuhn and Popper, Lakatos has become an important figure in thefield of Philosophy of Science for his scientific theories, which he calls researchprogrammes. For Lakatos, Popper’s theoretical falsification can be immensely dangerouswhen applied to the already established theories. On the other hand, in contrast to Kuhnwho assumed that a paradigm is by its nature immeasurable, Lakatos maintains that thecompeting scientific discoveries may in fact be compared between one another. To him,the main issues with regard to the logic of discovery cannot be dealt with satisfactorilyunless we do so within the framework of research programmes. The practicalimplementation of this would be that the hard core of this framework cannot be subjectedto modification -let alone- rejection. This hard core must in other words be protectedfrom what he terms falsification. Lakatos also maintains that what can be said as scientificis a series of theory, and not a single theory. This model of research programmes can infact be used in Islamic Studies in order to develop new theoretical principles that mayplay a role of convincing protective-belt on the one hand, and to find new premiseswhose discoveries can be used universally on the other
Penalaran Ta‘Lîilî dalam Hukum Islam: Telaah Corak Penalaran Hukum Islam dalam Upaya Penerapan Maqâşid al-Sharî‘ah Aibak, Kutbuddin
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.644 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.56-66

Abstract

 Ijtihâd is the third legal source of Islam whose object is all things about whichthe Qur’an and the Sunnah are silent (mâ lâ naşş  fih). From the perspective of the Uşûlal-Fiqh, there have been methods of ijtihâd put forward by the ‘Ulama, which includeqiyâs, istişlâh, istishâb and ‘urf. These methods in the final analysis, should be based onwhat is commonly known as maqâşid al-sharî‘ah (human interest) when put into practice.When ijtihad is undertaken furthermore, two modes of thinking are normally born out ofmaqâşid al-sharî‘ah, one of which being –and this is the focus of our analysis- the ta‘lîlîmode of thinking. The ta‘lîlî mode of thinking is about discovering the reasons (‘illah)behind certain religious rulings. It comes into existence as a result of the fact that thetexts of the Qur’an and the Sunnah always mention the reasons when issuing religiousrulings. And this has become the starting point of the mujtahids in resolving various legalissues that they face. They start by discovering first the reasons and then proceed to issuethe ruling. As far as the science of Uşûl al-Fiqh is concerned, qiyâs and istihsân belong tothis ta‘lîlî mode of thinking.
Model Interpretasi al-Qur’ân Abdullah Saeed Zaini, Achmad
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.461 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2011.6.1.25-36

Abstract

This article tries to deliver Abdullah Saeed’s idea on the new approach to inter pret the Qur’ân called contextualist approach. He proposes his ideas based on his finding that there is a gap between texts which have been understood literally by majority of ulama’ and socio-historical context of the Qur’ân at the time of revelation in the first/seventh century and the contemporary concerns and needs of Muslims today. Based on his expertise on hermeneutic, he proposes four stages: encounter with the world of the text, critical analysis, meaning for the first recipients and meaning for the present. The proposed idea should be appreciated even though it seems that it is a preliminary study which has to be elaborated into practical way.
Muhammadiyah dan Problema Hubungan Agama-Budaya Biyanto, Biyanto
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.568 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2010.5.1.88-99

Abstract

This article deals with Muhammadiyah’s view of the inter-connection between religion and culture. Religion is a divine product while culture is a human invention. How these two different domains are inter-related will be a kind of formidable task to expose. To do this, the paper will discuss first the possible relation between Muhammadiyah and Salafiyah as far as theology is concerned. Many have contended that Muhammadiyah is an extension of this rabian theology. The paper will try to trace if there is any such theological relation between the two by appealing to some basic concepts that both Muhamadiyah and Salafiyah hold such as the concept of puritanism; that the Qur’an and the prophetic traditions are the sole sources for both religion and culture. But we also try to explore the unique aspect of each movement of which the other does not share. Thus, Muhammadiyah—unlike Salafiyah—has a good deal of awareness in culture and even adopts the “cultural approach” in propagating Islam. As a religious organization whose task lies mainly in calling people into Islam, Muhammadiyah has advocated what is commonly known as the “dakwah cultural”; a cultural approach in dakwah. For this purpose, Muhammadiyah has designed a guidebook on how “dakwah kultural” is carried out, its steps, and strategies. In writing his paper, we hope to shed a better light on the objective nature of Muhammadiyah and its view concerning religion and culture.
Konsep Self-Interest dan Maslahah dalam Rasionalitas Ekonomi Islam Nurohman, Dede
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.234 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2010.5.1.100-115

Abstract

Two important concepts in economics represent the main ideas that this paper is concerned with, namely the concept of self-interest and mas lah ah. These two concepts will be analyzed in the light of what is commonly known as the economic rationality. The rational dimension of economy is about the individual act in consumption and production. An act in consumption and production—like in any other acts—is called rational as long as it is line with one’s logic. When an act is done not in a proper concordance with logic, then the act is not rational. Pure Capitalism in which one would justify his/her acts of oppressing others economi cally for example, cannot be called rational because it is not logical and is not in a proper consonance with the ethical values. We argue therefore that the rational dimension coupled with its ethical apparatus must represent the heart of all economic activities if a healthy economic foundation is to be established. Here we contend that self-interest—as opposed to maslahah—hasno place whatsoever in the whole schemata of rational economy. On the contrary, mas lahah is an alternative for the already hegemonic system of global economy in which self-interest is its core. Maslahah ah is to do with society-interest and not self-interest. At the end, this paper is a critique against the global capitalistic economy that has failed to establish justice and equality for all.
Tumbuh Kembang Nilai-nilai Keislaman di Kalangan Siswa-Siswi SMA di Surabaya Utara Hartono, Hartono
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.4 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2010.5.1.129-141

Abstract

This paper discusses the highly controversial issues in the northern part of Surabaya; an issue that has attracted the attention of both parents and teachers alike, the issue of High School students’ attachment to the values of Islam. Many worried that given their attitude, these students have no concern whatsoever with the basic principles of Islam. This paper will show the otherwise by investigating carefully the notion of career choice among these students. This specific field of investigation has not received proportional attention from any field researcher apart from its significance both to the state of our education and moral conduct. The paper first argues that the attitude of these students is more complicated than many have assumed. It then tries to show that religious values are in fact the strongest determinants in students making their career choice. This theory comes as a serious challenge to many baseless assumptions that as a religion Islam has lost its influence over its younger followers. This research is done in different areas in the northern part of Surabaya. The questionnaires are distributed at random representing each area proportionally. The data are collected through these questionnaires based on the theory of Holland RIASEC.
Konsep dan Teori Kurikulum dalam Dunia Pendidikan Ahid, Nur
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.133 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.12-29

Abstract

The concept of curriculum develops along side with the development ofeducation. It is also varied according to schools of thought and the theories it upholds.The value of curriculum cannot be looked at only from the written document. It mustalso be judged from its implementation in the classes. Curriculum is not merely a writtenteaching plan. It is also a function that operates in the classes, a guideline and regulationsfor both the milieu and activities in these classes. For this reason, curriculum can beunderstood as a set of regulations that a student must undergo in order to achievecertain degree or certificate. In the meantime, theory is a set of statements that areorderly structured in a way that give functional meaning to a series of events. The theoryof curriculum includes: the concept of curriculum, its assignment, development, design,implementation and evaluation. There are three concepts however in relation to curriculum,namely (1) curriculum as a substance, (2) curriculum as a system, and (3) curriculum asa field of study. Concerning the later, curriculum has become the subject of study by theexperts in the field of education and teaching. The aim of curriculum as a field of studyis to develop a science of curriculum and its system.

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