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INDONESIA
Jurnal Media Gizi Indonesia (MGI)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 185 Documents
ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE OF CHILDREN WITH CYANOTIC AND NONCYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE Rahman, Mahrus; Utamayasa, I Ketut Alit; Hidayat, Taufiq; Irawan, Roedi; Elizabeth, Rina
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.1-6

Abstract

Impaired nutritional status is a frequent complication of congenital heart disease (CHD). Non cyanotic congenital heart disease (NC-CHD) have problem with lung overfl ow and heart failure. Consequences of Cyanotic congenital heart disease (C-CHD) are decrease pulmonary blood fl ow and prolong hypoxia. These conditions can have eff ect on nutritional status and outcome of surgery. This study aimed to compare anthropometric profi les of children with C-CHD and NC-CHD. Cross-sectional study conducted in 66 children, age 3 months until 5 years old who met inclusion criteria in Pediatric Cardiology Outpatient Unit Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya in November 2012. A total of 66 children, consisted of 26 children with C-CHD and 40 children NC-CHD included in study. We measure weight, length/height, head circumference, upper arm circumference, and skin fold thickness. We used Chi Square test for statistical analysis with Confi dence Interval 95%. Mean age of both groups was 27.82 ± 16.63 months. Majority of NC-CHD was Ventricular Septal Defect (28.6%) and C-CHD was Tetralogy of Fallot (21.4%). There were no signifi cant diff erence from weight for age, length for age weight for length, head circumference for age, mid upper arm circumference for age, mid upper arm circumference for age, and skin fold thickness for age between children with C-CHD and NC-CHD (p= 0.80; 0.98;0.54 0.29; 0.80; 0.53 respectively). There were no diff erence in anthropometric profi les among children with cyanotic congenital heart disease and non-cyanotic congenital heart disease in this study.
APAKAH PERILAKU DAN ASUPAN MAKAN BERLEBIH BERKAITAN DENGAN STRESS PADA MAHASISWA GIZI YANG MENYUSUN SKRIPSI?[WHETHER THERE IS A CORRELATION BETWEEN BEHAVIOR AND EXCESS FOOD INTAKE WITH THE STRESS IN NUTRITION STUDENT WHO PREPARING FOR THE UNDERGRADUATE THESIS?] Syarofi, Zuhairoh Naily; Muniroh, Lailatul
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.38-44

Abstract

College students have a high suceptibility to experience stress, especially those in last semester who write thesis. If stress not managed correctly, students could experienced negative behaviour like emotional over eating that could infl uence nutritional status. Those problems even occur in nutrition students who already had proper knowledge of health and nutrition practices. This research aims to analyze correlation between emotional over eating behaviour and intake with stress leves and scors of perceived stress scale among nutrition students who write thesis. This research was an observational analytic using cross sectional design. Subjects were 34 nutrition students taken by simple random sampling. Data were collected by perceived stress scale, eating appraisal due to emotion and stress (EADES), questionnaire, and 2 x 24hour food recall. Data were analyzed using Pearson and Spearman Correlation. Results showed correlation between stress level with emotional eating (p=0.008, r=-0.448), scores of perceived stress scale with energy intake (p=0.028, r=0.376), and fat intake (p=0.002, r=0.507). Conclusion of this study is high stress level can be a trigger for emotional eating as a coping strategy that leads to over intake in nutrition students who write thesis. Since food choice could be a problem when having stress, emotional eating can be balanced by perfomed a right food choice as daily intake needs.
HUBUNGAN PERILAKU PICKY EATER DENGAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN PROTEIN DAN LEMAK PADA ANAK PRASEKOLAH [CORRELATION OF PICKY EATER BEHAVIOR TO PROTEIN AND FAT INTAKE IN ADEQUACY PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN] Purnamasari, Aditia Rida; Adriani, Merryana
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.31-37

Abstract

Anak prasekolah membutuhkan zat gizi yang adekuat untuk pertumbuhan yang pesat. Perilaku pilih-pilih makan sering terjadi pada anak prasekolah. Perilaku ini akan mempengaruhi jenis makanan yang dikonsumsi menjadi kurang beragam. Apabila hal ini terjadi terus menerus akan mempengaruhi tingkat kecukupan zat gizi dan status gizi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan perilaku picky eater dengan tingkat kecukupan protein dan lemak pada anak prasekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa PAUD Anggrek 1 Siwalankerto Surabaya dengan jumlah sampel sebesar 73 siswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling yang dilakukan pada bulan Juli 2018. Pengumpulan data dengan wawancara menggunakan kuesioner karakteristik anak, perilaku picky eater, dan data recall 2×24 jam. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji statistik chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mayoritas anak prasekolah mengalami perilaku picky eater (58,9%). Picky eater tidak menentukan tingkat kecukupan protein (p= 0,400) maupun lemak (p=0,086). Anak prasekolah mengonsumsi susu lebih dari 3 kali sehari dan orang tua memberikan makanan yang kurang variatif kepada anak. Ibu atau pengasuh perlu memberikan makanan yang variatif secara berkala agar anak mengenal dan mudah menerima makanan serta mengurangi konsumsi susu yang berlebihan. PAUD Anggrek 1 perlu melakukan penyuluhan yang bekerja sama dengan puskesmas maupun universitas tentang penanganan perilaku picky eater yang tepat pada anak.
ENERGI, MAKRONUTRIEN, DAN CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS (CIMT) PADA REMAJA OBESITAS [ENERGY, MACRONUTRIENTS, AND CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS (CIMT) IN OBESE ADOLESCENTS] Widjaja, Nur Aisiyah; Irawan, Roedi; Ardiana, Meity; Hanindita, Meta Herdiana; Prihaningtyas, Rendi Aji
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.22-26

Abstract

Obesity prevalence is increasing in adolescents. Subclinical chronic infl ammation in obesity causes complication, such as atherosclerosis. Cardiovascular disease is one of the complications of obesity that causes premature death. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a subclinical marker of atherosclerosis which easily performed and noninvasive. Early detection of atherosclerosis can improved outcome. Healthy diet have a negative correlation with CIMT meanwhile high calori diet increase CIMT. This study aimed to examine the eff ect of energy and macronutrients intake on CIMT in obese adolescents. A cross sectional study was conducted on 59 adolescents aged 13-16 years old with obesity in pediatric clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital using consecutive sampling method. Dietary intake was obtained through 1 x 24 hours food recall. Anthropometric measurements include body height and weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated. Obesity is defi ned as BMI higher than 95th percentile based on age and gender (CDC 2000 curve). CIMT examination was performed using B mode ultrasonography on the neck. Statistical analysis was perfomed using mutiple linear regression to analyze the eff ect of total energy, fat, and carbohydrate on CIMT. There were 59 obese adolescents included in this study, consist of 27 (45.8%) female adolescents and 32 (54.2%) male adolescents. No eff ects of total energy, carbohydrate, and fat on CIMT was found in obese adolescents (p>0.05). Further research with more subjects and at least 2x24 hours food recall are needed to assess the eff ect of calories and macronutrients on CIMT in obese adolescents.
PERBEDAAN KONSUMSI ENERGI DAN ZAT GIZI MAKRO BERDASARKAN STATUS GIZI MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA[DIFF ERENCE OF ENERGY AND MACRONUTRIENTS CONSUMPTION BASED ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG STUDENT OF FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA ] Poetry, Mulki Auly; Nindya, Triska Susila; Buanasita, Annas
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.52-59

Abstract

Daily consumption could aff ect nutritional status. Overconsumption lead to overweight, while less consumption lead to underweight, that could happens to college student who started early adult phase. Aim of this research was to investigate the diff erence of energy and macronutrients consumption among students of Faculty of Public Health Universitas Airlangga. This was an observational analytic research using cross sectional design. Sample was randomly chosen as much as 72 students. Data was collected using height and weight anthropometric measurement to determine nutritional status and 3x 24h food recall. Statistical test used was one way Anova for energy and carbohydrate consumption variables and Kruskall Wallis test for protein and fat consumption variables. The result indicated prevalence of underweight, normal, and overweight students were 16.7%, 45.8%, and 37.5% consecutively. Overweight students tend to have higher average of energy and carbohydrate consumption. However, most of students consumed enough protein and fat. There were diff erences of energy (p=0.008) and carbohydrate consumption (p=0.047) based on nutritional status among students. Overweight students need to reduce energy and macronutrient consumption as an eff ort to achieve normal nutritional status.
PARENT’S STRATEGY TO ATTRACT CHILDREN TO EAT, FEEDING DURATION, AND ITS RELATION TO WEIGHT FOR AGE Z-SCORE IN CHILDREN Polanunu, Masayu Ramadhani; Hudawarrahmah, Nanda; Hartojo, Hartojo; Hanindita, Meta Herdiana; Wijaya, Nur Aisiyah; Hidayati, Siti Nurul; Irawan, Roedi; Hidajat, Boerhan
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.27-30

Abstract

Appropriate feeding practices are critical for gaining and maintaining nutrition and development in children. Previous study in feeding practices indicated that inappropriateness in feeding practices had consequences in children?s growth and development. This study aimed to determine corelation between parents strategy to attract children to eat and feeding duration to weight for age z-score in children. This was a simple random sampling, cross-sectional study and held on April to June 2016 in Dr. Soetomo Hospital and Husada Utama Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Subjects in this study were children from 6 to 24 months. Feeding practice determined by interview with children?s parents which consisted parent?s strategy to attract children to eat, feeding duration, and then children were measured weight for age z-score using WHO chart. Statistical analysis used Spearman correlation test. Thirty children were enrolled, 50% were male, with median age 16.5 months (6-24 months). Parents strategy to attract children to eat (53.3% talking, 30% playing and 16.7% watching television) had correlated signifi cantly with weight for age (r= 0.35, p= 0.028). Meanwhile, 56.7% children with feeding duration more than 30 minutes and 43.3% children with time feeding duration less than 30 minutes. Feeding duration had no correlation with weight for age in children (r=-0.32, p=0.43). We conclude from this study that parents strategy to attract children to eat had signifi cant correlation to weight for age but feeding duration had no correlation with weight for age. This study implied that strategy to attract children to eat is necessity in children physical development. Meanwhile, feeding duration has no signifi cant implication. We recommended children must be persuaded as part of parents strategy in order to attract them to eat.
HUBUNGAN JENIS KELAMIN, PERILAKU MEROKOK, AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN HIPERTENSI PADA PEGAWAI KANTOR[CORRELATION OF SEX, SMOKING HABIT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HYPERTENSION AMONG OFFI CE EMPLOYEE] Garwahusada, Eganda; Wirjatmadi, R. Bambang
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2020): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v15i1.60-65

Abstract

Hypertension is known as the silent killer. Hypertension can be caused by non-modifi able factor such as gender and modifi able factor such as smoking habit and physical activity. Purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between gender, smoking habit, and physical activity with hypertension among offi ce employees in Provincial Public Health Offi ce of Central Java. This study used case control design. This case control study included 46 offi ce employee, divided into 23 cases and 23 controls who were taken using simple random sampling. Data were collected by interview, fi lling IPAQ questionnaire, and blood pressure measurement. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test. This study revealed that most of the employee are woman (54,3%), did not smoking (73,9%), and had a high physical activity level (65,2%). There was a signifi cant relationship between gender (p value=0.003, OR=8.229; 95% CI:2.175-31.132) and smoking habit (p value=0.019, OR=8.077; 95% CI=1.523-42.834) with hypertension. Whereas physical activity (p=0,122) was not in a signifi cant relationship with hypertension. It is concluded that male smoking employees tend to have hypertension. It is recommended for employees to stop smoking and increasing physical activity to reduce the risk of hypertension.
ANALISIS RISIKO KEJADIAN BERAT BAYI LAHIR RENDAH (BBLR) PADA PRIMIGRAVIDA Sholiha, Hidayatush; Sumarmi, Sri
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2015): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.247 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v10i1.57-63

Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) babies still become a problem in developing countries. LBW increase risk of mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of LBW in Probolinggo increased from 2011 to 2013. This study aims to analyze risk factors related to LBW in primigravidae. This study used case control design and purposive sampling technique. The variables include age of pregnant mothers, mother’s education level, family income, gestational age, frequency and quality of antenatal care, and food taboo. Data was analyzed using chi-square and multivariate regression logistic (α=0.05). Factors associated to LBW were the gestational age (p=0.000), age at pregnancy (p=0.030), and level of education (p=0.023). Regression logistic analysis showed that gestational age is a risk factor of LBW (OR= 66; CI 95% 8.197 to 531,391). Mother who gave birth at the age of preterm (<37 weeks gestation) have 66 times greater risk of having LBW baby in primigravidae compared to mothers who gave birth at the age of aterm. Mothers and brides’ woman are expected to avoid pregnancy at risk age (<20 years and >35 years) and the socialization of risk factors related to high risk of pregnancy is needed to reduce the risk of LBW.Keywords: gestational age, low birth weight, primigravidae
MEDIA PENDIDIKAN GIZI NUTRITION CARD BERPENGARUH TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN MAKANAN JAJANAN ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR Wahyuningsih, Ni Putu; Nadhiroh, Siti Rahayu; Adriani, Merryana
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2015): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.016 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v10i1.26-31

Abstract

Less knowledge related to street food among primary schoolchildren is one of problem that need an attention. An effort to tackle that problem is crucial, for example by giving nutrition education through educational media. This research aims to analyze differences in knowledge after intervention with nutrition card and whiteboard. The design study used was quasi experimental with pre test – post test control group. Sample in this study was fifth grade student with 27 primary schoolchildren in each group. Intervention was conducted for 1 month consist of 8 meetings and each meeting was done for over 30 minutes. Based on mann whitney test, result shows that there was a differences in knowledge (P<0,05) after nutrition education with a nutrition card. The conclusion from this study is nutrition card could knowledge about food street among primary schoolchildren. Wider socialization of this type of education is need to be done both in schoolchildren in SDN Keputih 245 as well as other schools.Keywords: nutrition card, nutrition education, primary school children
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SUAMI DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF PADA IBU ANGGOTA KELOMPOK PENDUKUNG ASI (KP-ASI) Oktalina, Ona; Muniroh, Lailatul; Adiningsih, Sri
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2015): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.231 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v10i1.64-70

Abstract

Breast milk is the best investment for children’s health and intelligence of. Exclusive breastfeeding is influenced by health behavior factors, one of which is a driving factor including husband and family support that is necessary for mothers to breastfeed exclusively. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between husband and family support with exclusive breastfeeding in breastfed mothers of KP-ASI members in Megaluh Jombang Public Health Center. This study is an observational analytic study with cross sectional design. Sample was breastfed mother who is participant of KP-ASI and had infants aged 6-12 months as much as 74 people selected using purposive sampling method. The data was collected through interview using a questionnaire. The result showed there was a correlation between family support and exclusive breastfeeding behavior (p = 0.011) but there was no correlation between husband support with exclusive breastfeeding behavior (p = 0.090). In conclusion, family support as reinforcing factor can motivate a mother to do exclusive breastfeeding. It is expected that all members of the family can provide support for mother to breastfeed exclusively and cadres can also invite mothers’ family members (parents, husband, siblings) to participate in the counseling (KP-ASI) activity and provide education regarding the importance of exclusive breastfeeding.Keywords: breastfeeding behavior, exclusive breastfeeding, family support, husband support

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