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Aceh Journal of Animal Science
ISSN : 25029568     EISSN : 26228734     DOI : -
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Aceh Journal of Animal Science (Aceh J. Anim. Sci.) is an international peer-review journal published by Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University in collaboration with Indonesian Society for Oceanology (ISOI) of Aceh Chapter and supported by Institute of Graduate Studies Syiah Kuala University. The journal publishes Original Research Articles (full papers and short communications) and Review (full and mini-reviews) in all aspects of animal: genetics, breeding, veterinary, reproduction, nutrition, physiology, anatomy, diseases ecology and behavior, animal products (milk, meat, eggs and their by-products) and processing, and livestock economics. There are no publication charges for publication in the Aceh Journal of Animal Science (fully free of charges). The manuscript should be prepared in good English and has to proofread by a native speaker or professional proofreader. The proposed manuscript should be submitted through online submission and register at http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/AJAS/user/register, and submission by email is not permitted and will not be processed. After manuscript submitted, please proposed at least three potential reviewers (Name, Affiliation, and email address) to aceh.animal@gmail.com. The author should adhere to the Guide Line For Author strictly otherwise, the manuscript will be rejected without review. The proposed manuscript should not be previously published or be considered for any other journals, and should be free of plagiarism. The submitted manuscript will be initially screened by an editor to check the scope, language and suitability, and to detect plagiarism using Turnitin software. The journal publishes one volume and two issues (January - July & August - December) per year. The accepted manuscript will be online once the revised version has been received and approved by the editor in chief.
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Articles 58 Documents
Exploration and prevalence of gastrointestinal worm in buffalo from West Java, Central Java, East Java and Lombok, Indonesia Karim, Wahyudin Abd.; Farajallah, Achmad; Suryobroto, Bambang
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1: July 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (900.172 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.1.3566

Abstract

The studies of parasites in buffaloes have not been widely explored. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of gastrointestinal worm infection in buffaloes. The fresh faecal samples were collected from 89 buffaloes and observed by a modified McMaster technique. The faecal of buffaloes were collected in Bogor, Demak, East Java, and Lombok. The results of identification on gastrointestinal parasites show that there were one cestode and eight nematode. The total prevalence and infestation of cestodes and nematodes was found highest in Bogor. The prevalence and infestation of differences in geographical conditions were found highest in Bogor. The prevalence of gastrointestinal worm in males were highest than female, whereas for larger was found in females. The prevalence of gastrointestinal worms was found at age <1 year, whereas a larger infestation was found at the age of 1-5 years. The calculation of FEC in Bogor was 840 EPG, in Demak 375 EPG, in East Java 570 EPG and in Lombok 13 EPG. This study informed that there were nine genera of gastrointestinal worm found in Java and five genera in Lombok. Types larvae were found six i.e Strongyloides, Haemonchus, Cooperia, Oesophagostomum, Bunostomum and free living larvae.
Preliminary study on diminution level of RNA/DNA ratio in tissue of Labeo rohita by exposure to some endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) Verma, Rita; Singh, Atul K.; Jaiswal, Kamal
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1: July 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.934 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.1.3800

Abstract

Effects of EDCs particularly on RNA/DNA ratio are yet to be investigated to manage the effluents in natural waters. We investigated exposure effects of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) phthalic acid ester (PAE) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) on the RNA/DNA ratio in tissue of an Indian major carp Labeo rohita. Fish were exposed to pre-determined sublethal concentrations of phthalic acid ester (Di-methyl phthalate (DMP), di-butyl phthalate (DBP), and di-(2- ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and also HCH for determining the tissue RNA/DNA ratio after 30, 60 and 90 days of exposure in the doses of 0.2 mg L-1, 0.3 mg L-1, and 0.5 mg L-1 respectively. All these tested chemicals significantly (P<0.05) inhibited RNA/DNA ratio. The ratio gradually significantly (P<0.05) decreased after DEHP where it was 1.9±0.51 F1, 18=15.8 P=0.014 n=19; in case of DBP it was 1.92±0.62 F1, 20=6.5 P=0.012 n=19 and for HCH it was 0.94±0.21 F1, 18=18.08 P=0.0012 n=19 at treatments concentrations of 0.3 mg L-1 and 0.5 mg L-1, compared to control (2.9±0.2) after 90 days. However, there was no statistical significance (P>0.05) in RNA/DNA ratio after the DMP (F1, 20=2.4 P=0.15n=21) treatment.
Evaluation of the haematology and biochemistry of the silver catfish, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus as biomarker of environmental pollution in a tropical lagoon Ugwu, George C.; Soyinka, Olufemi O.
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1: July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.593 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.3.1.8732

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to examine the haematological and biochemical parameters of the silver catfish, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, from the Makoko area of a polluted tropical lagoon such as Lagos Lagoon, to serve as a baseline data for the assessment of the health status of the fish and as reference point for future studies. The mean values of the haematological parameters analyzed were: blood haemoglobin, Hb (97.29±4.35g/L); pack cell volume, PCV (29.28±1.23%); red blood cell/total erythrocyte count, RBC (2.97±0.12T/L); white blood cell count, WBC (10.69±0.37g/L); mean cell volume, MCV (95.19±2.28fl); mean corpuscular haemoglobin, MCH (30.53±0.67pg), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, MCHC (33.32±0.38g/dl), and the differential leucocytes. While the mean values of the biochemical parameters were: aspartate transaminase, AST (66.06±6.12 IU/L); alanine transaminase, ALT (12.98±1.10 IU/L), and alkaline phosphatase, ALP (88.01±8.60 IU/L). The findings from this study gave an indication of stress on the health status of the fishes in this lagoon and there is need for proper management strategies to be adopted in monitoring the conditions of the faunal communities in the lagoon. The lagoon indeed showed signs of environmental stress, which eventually pose devastating effect on the health status of the fishes. These have an indirect effect on the coastal communities. There is therefore the need for periodic monitoring and enforcement of environmental laws by respective organisations to ensure health safety of the people especially in the coastal communities.
Length-weight relationships and condition factors of the whitespotted grouper Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus in the coastal waters of Padang City, Indonesia Bulanin, Usman; Masrizal, Masrizal; Muchlisin, Zainal A.
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1: July 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.93 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.1.6570

Abstract

The whitespotted grouper Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus is one of the commercial marine fish species occurred in the coastal waters of Padang city, Indonesia. The population of the whitespotted grouper has been declining over last decade. Unfortunately, there was a lack of information on the biology of this species was available. Hence, the objectives of the study were to examine the length-weight relationships and condition factors of the whitespotted grouper harvested from coastal waters of Padang city, Indonesia. The fish sampling was carried out from April to October 2013. The fish samples were weighed for total body weight and measured for total length. The result showed that the male grouper has W = (3.1538  10 –5) L 2.8613,  while the female has W= (3.8617  10–5)  L 2.8384. Both sexes male and female displayed the negative growth pattern.
Spectral analysis using Haar wavelet (original signal, denoised signal, residual signal) and source level (SL) for whistle sound of dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) in captivity Lubis, Muhammad Z.; Wulandari, Pratiwi Dwi; Pujiyati, Sri; Hestirianoto, Totok; Sultan, Keni; Mahdi, Dwi P. I.; Mujahid, Muhammad
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1: July 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1201.273 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.1.4121

Abstract

This study discussed about Haar wavelet with a view original signal, denoised signal, and residual signal with using fourth whistle sounds of dolphin (Tursiops aduncus). The study was conducted in Safari Park, Cisarua, Bogor Indonesia with 2 dolphins. The results showed differences in results Haar wavelet, this study proves that the Haar wavelet is suitable for the analysis of dolphin sounds, and its have frequency ranged 8-22 kHz. The highest value of the noised signal was smaller than residual signal. The highest of residual signal contained in the second whistle, while the lowest was whistle 1, it showed that the larger the signal denoised result residual signal generated using Haar wavelet. The frequency of source level value ranged 8500 Hz to 11800 Hz, with the highest SL value was 43.9 dB (brown cyrcle). The lowest of the frequency of Source Level (SL) value ranged between 15700 Hz to 17990 Hz, with the lowest SL value was 38.5 dB (brown cyrcle). Whistle 1, 2, 3, and 4 have a different value SL and every SL values obtained in 1,2,3, and 4 have differences noise, it shows the same target but SL value and the sound patterns remain distinct by looking at time duration of whistle sound. Beam pattern from an omni directional sound source (DI= 0 dB, cyan trace) and a directional source following the piston model (DI= 18 dB, black  trace) and beam pattern with 4 types signal have ranged value 70 º-180°, with highest intensity value was 60º.
Genotoxicity, haematological and growth performance of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed walnut Tetracarpidium conophorum leaves to substitute for rice bran Ayoola, Simeon Oluwatoyin; Bamiro, Adebola Afolashade
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2: December 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.729 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.2.6352

Abstract

A plant has become a preferred source of protein for fish species in aquaculture. A twelve-week feeding trial was carried out in order to assess the effect of feeding walnut leaves on haematological and biochemical parameters as well as the genotoxicity level on Clarias gariepinus fingerlings as a bio-indicator of their health status and overall response of the fish towards the experimental diets. One hundred and fifty fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus of mean weight 6.90±0.2g were stocked randomly as ten fish per tank (52.5 X 33.5 X 21 cm3) in triplicate. Fish were fed to satiation and the water changed every day to maintain good water quality. Five experimental diets with 40% crude protein each were formulated; the control, without the test ingredient and the other four diets (test diets1, 2, 3 and 4) contained 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% inclusion respectively. The Control diet had the highest mean weight gain (P < 0.05) (118.8±17.3) among the entire group. A similar pattern was observed in specific growth rate. The least significant (P < 0.05) feed conversion ratio was recorded by the Control diet(0.68±0.03), the diet also recorded the best protein efficiency ratio (3.53±0.23).The genotoxicity test shows that some Micronucleus of the test diets were normal, lobed and binucleated nucleus compared to the Control diet. The fish fed with T. conophorum showed a significant difference in haematological values when compared to the values of fish fed the control diet. The fish fed with T. conophorum showed a significant difference in biochemical value when compared with control diet. There was a reduction in the biochemical values of the fish fed T. Conophorum with Cholesterol (2.20±0.05) Albumin (8.35±0.21) and Triglyceride (0.98±0.13) compared with the values of fish fed with the control diet with cholesterol (3.81±0.07) Albumin (12.35±2.33) and Triglyceride (7.29±7.02). It was concluded that using T. Conophorum leaves as feed for Clarias gariepinus enhances the growth of the fish. Therefore, partial replacement of feed T. Conophorum should be encouraged.
Water consumption rate of konkan kanyal goats (Capra hircus) fed finger millet straw supplemented with varying levels of dried poultry dropping based diets Bello, Abdulwaheed Adeyemi; Desai, Balakrishna Gunaji; Burte, Ramesh Ganu; Dandekar, Vishnu Sakhoram; Dhekale, Janarda Shamroa; Kumar, Shalu; Gebremedhin, Weldegerima Kide
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2: December 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.858 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.2.5339

Abstract

This study was conducted to estimate the water intake of konkan kanyal goats fed finger millet straw supplemented with varying levels of dried poultry droppings based diet. Thirty konkan kanyal goats aged above 12 months weighing 14.00-14.67 Kg were used in a randomized block design (RBD) experiment. The experimental goats were randomly assigned to five treatments (TI-T5). T1 were goats fed with 0 % dried poultry droppings based diets (DPDBD), T2 were fed with 20 % dried poultry droppings based diets (DPDBD), T3 were fed with 40 % dried poultry droppings based diets (DPDBD), T4 were fed with 60 % dried poultry droppings based diets (DPDBD), T5 were fed with 80 % dried poultry droppings based diets (DPDBD. Water was offered at 5 L per goats daily. Water and feed refusal were recorded on a daily basis before feeding in the morning. Feed and feaces samples were analyzed for proximate constituents. Live weight changes were also measured. Results revealed that treatment groups supplemented with dried poultry droppings based diets had superior water intake compared to the control group. Daily water intake of the experimental goats was 1.4, 2.2, 3.5, 2.7, and 1.7 L per head, respectively. Konkan kanyal goats fed finger millet straw supplemented with varying levels of dried poultry dropping based diets requires up to 3.5 L of water per head per day for optimum utilization of the feed.
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Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1: July 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.392 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.1.10588

Abstract

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Site and depth influence on coral reef structure and composition in Seribu Islands, Jakarta Fahlevy, Karizma; Khodijah, Siti; Nasrullah, Idham A.; Fathihatunnisa, Ridha; Subhan, Beginer; Madduppa, Hawis
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1: July 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.628 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.1.8212

Abstract

The coral reefs structure and composition are influenced by environmental condition and depth. Therefore, this study was conducted to find and examine the influence of depth against coral reef structures in Pramuka Island regions, Seribu Islands, located in the northern of Jakarta. The study was carried out from November to December 2016.The data was taken by using Line Intercept Transect Method which is laid 20 meters x 3 replication parallels with shoreline at the depth of 3 and 10 meters. There was a dominant of higher hard coral (HC) coverage recorded at the depth of 3 m and the lowest percentage located in West of Pramuka. Coral mortality index varied and ranged from 0.39 to 0.98. West of Pramuka Island dominant have the lowest value of average number of families, genera, and life form. Percentage of hard coral cover, coral mortality index, average number of family, genera, and life form differed significantly between sites. The different of depth only influencing the percentage of coral cover and average number of life form.
The preliminary study on feeding behavior of male and female little egret (Egretta garzetta) in mangrove and rice field habitats based on peck frequency Abdullah, Abdullah; Zahara, Intan; Wilson, Gaius
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1: July 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (531.024 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.1.4143

Abstract

The objective of  the present study was to study the differences in feeding behavior from peck frequency and type of diets, between male and female little egret (Egretta garzetta) in two different habitats, mangrove and rice fields of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia. Focal animal sampling was used to study the feeding behavior of randomly selected birds from 07.00 AM to 06.00 PM in July 2015. Statistical analysis was conducted using t-test to test for differences between male and female peck frequency and habitats. For the combined data of both males and females, the average peck frequency of little egret (E. garzetta) observed in the mangrove and rice fields was 238.8 and 226.2 respectively. Male E. garzetta peck frequency observed was 240 pecks in mangrove habitat while female peck frequency was 225 pecks in rice field habitat. The results of our study showed that there is a significant difference in the peck frequency of little egrets observed in the two habitats (mangrove and rice fields) and between male and female E. garzetta.