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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
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Articles 96 Documents
Validation Method Rapid Test COD in Water and Waste Water compare with Standard Method as Quality Asurance in Integrated Testing Laboratory-FMIPA of Sriwijaya University Yuniar, Yuniar; Wijayanti, Maria Siswi
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i1.18

Abstract

Portable COD test kit used for testing the COD because its low cost, less waste, contaminant free, efficient, simple and traceable to the international unit system. However the method has not yet accepted as a standard method, so it must be validated before applied in the laboratory according to the requirements of ISO / IEC 17025: 2017. In this study, the Rapid Test COD method vario Lovibond (M1) compared with the standard method APHA 5220D.4 (M2). The Rapid Test method modified used APHA reagents (M3) and vice versa (M4) were also studied. Evaluation based on precision values,  HorRat  whereas accuracy based on recovery value (R). Comparison of test results also conducted against Certified Reference Material values, and Z-score test. The precision test results for each method for both law range and high range gave HorRat values between 0.3-1.3 that meet the precision requirements. Accuracy testing also gave %R meeting the acceptance limit, even though M3 with the lowest %R is 94.17%. For comparison of results with CRM, the M3 method does not meet the acceptance limit, which is U∆ < ∆m. But the results of the Z-score Test all methods provide satisfactory accuracy
Study of Antioxidant Activities from Antihypertension Drug Plant of the Indralaya Area Metasari, Seni; Muharni, Muharni; Elfita, Elfita; Yohandini, Heni
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i1.22

Abstract

Ogan ethnic population in Indralaya, Ogan Ilir District, South Sumatra was known to have used several types of plants, there are Swietenia mahagoni, Averrhoa carambola, Syzygium samarangense, Musa acuminata, Nymphaea rubra, Syzygium polyanthum, and Andrographis paniculata for the treatment of hypertension. But, scientific information has not yet been found secondary metabolites that are responsible for providing these activities. The study began with the extraction of methanol from the seven types of plants using methanol as a solvent. Each thick extract was tested for its activity using the 1,1-diphenyl-1-picryllhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The extract which showed the highest activity (methanol extract) was subsequently carried out in vitro antihypertension test using the Angiotencyn Converting Enzyme (ACE) method. Antioxidant test results showed that the methanol extract from S. samarangense stem bark had the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 was 83.06 μg/mL. Antihypertension test of methanol extract from S. samarangense stem bark obtained IC50 ACE was 61.56 μg/mL. Based on the IC50 value, it shows that S. samarangense stem bark has potential as a source of antioxidant compounds as well as a source of antihypertension compounds. Keywords: Syzygium samarangense, stem bark, antioxidant, antihypertension
Corrosion Analysis On Internal Plastic Coating Drill Pipe 5 Inch 19.50 PPF Grade G-105 Oktora, Ario; Yusmartini, Eka Sri; Faizal, Muhammad
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 6, No 1 (2021): February 2021
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v6.i1.27

Abstract

In the oil, gas and geothermal drilling industry, the use of a drill pipe is vital for its use as an addition to the length of the drilling depth. Another function of the drill pipe is to channel high pressure drilling mud (drilling fluid / fluid) to the drill bit. During the drill pipe operation, several problems were encountered, such as broken, bent, and leaking or wash-out drill pipes. This is very detrimental to the company because the time to replace a new drill pipe will take a long time, and will disrupt the drilling program which will result in high drilling operational costs. This study analyzes the corrosion of the drill pipe which can cause damage to the drill pipe. The analysis on the drill pipe includes analysis of thickness, corrosion rate, remaining life, internal plastic coating damage, and SEM. The results show that the storage and use of drill pipes greatly affect the conductivity of the drill pipe.
Effect of Carbonization Time of Mesoporous Carbon in the Dyes Adsorption: Rhodamine B, Methylene Blue and Carmine Misriyani, Misriyani; Setianingsih, Tutik; Darjito, Darjito
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i1.1

Abstract

Study of dyes adsorption (rhodamine B, methylene blue and carmine) by using mesoporous carbon synthesized at various carbonization time has been done. Purpose of this research was to understand influence of carbonization time to performance of the mesoporous carbon in dyes adsorption. In addition, adsorption performance of the mesoporous carbon and commercial carbon were compared. The adsorption test were conducted at conditions: 0.1 g of adsorbent, 25 mL of dyes solutions 100 ppm and shaking rate 125 rpm for 4 hour. Filtrate was used to determine remain concentration of the dyes with UV-visible spectrophotometry. Result of the research showed that the carbonization time from 1 to 3 hours  improved the adsorption, whereas from 3 to 5 hours decreased it. The best character of the mesoporous carbon was obtained at carbonization time of 3 hours with adsorption values of 96.43 ± 0.37 % for rhodamine-B, 38.80 ± 1.44 % for methylene blue and 48.51 ± 1.55 % for carmine. The adsorption values of the mesoporous carbon were 0.97 times for rhodamine B, 0.48 times for carmine, and 0.39 times for methylene blue compared with the commercial activated carbon.
Electrocoagulation Method to Reduce Pollutants in the Wastewater of Jumputan Fabric Industry Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari; Hajar, Ibnu; Ariyanti, Indri
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 3 (2020): October 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i3.71

Abstract

The existence of the textile industry in Indonesia is not only in the category of large and medium scale industries but also in small scale and some even in the home industry. These caused pollution mainly as a result of the dyeing of textiles. Dye not only occurs in industrial areas but also occurs in densely populated settlements. An attempt to treat the waste of the textile industry is needed to solve the environmental pollution. In this research, liquid waste was processed using the electrocoagulation method, and the expected concentration or hazard caused by waste was decreased and to fulfill the required environmental quality standard. Treatment of jumputan wastewater by electrocoagulation method using 4 aluminum electrodes 11x10.5 cm in size with MP-P configuration type (Monopolar-Paralel) for 120 minutes. The parameters measured in this study were chromium heavy metal content, TSS (Total Suspended Solid), TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), as well as changes in pH, color and turbidity values where the applied voltage variations were 10, 13, 15, 17, and 20 volts with variation of electrode distance used 1.5; 2.0; and 2.5 cm. The best condition for each parameter was obtained at a distance of 1.5 cm with a voltage of 20 volts. Effectiveness of electrocoagulation method to decrease turbidity value up to 99.84%; color 99.33%, chromium content of 62.5%; TSS 33.68%; TDS of 66.59% and raised the pH from 5.64 to 8.10, respectively.
Application of Nanosilica from Rice Husk Ash as Iron Metal (Fe) Adsorbent in Textile Wastewater Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari; Taufik, Muhammad; Bow, Yohandri; Fitria, Maryam Seyaski
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i1.7

Abstract

Heavy metals are considered hazardous to health if they accumulate excessively in the body. One way to remove iron metal ions by adsorption process uses adsorbents. In this study, removal of heavy metals such as ferrous metal (Fe) was adsorbed using an adsorbent in the form of nanosilica. Nanosilica is made from rice husk ash where rice husk ash contains 80-90% silica so that it can be utilized as a raw material in nanosilica synthesis. Synthesis of nanosilica was carried out using a solvent in the form of KOH with a variation of 1.5M concentration; 2.5M; 3.0M; 3.5M and 4.5M. The five types of nanosilica were applied to textile waste containing ferrous metal (Fe) with variations in a contact time of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 minutes. Waste containing iron metal that has been adsorbed was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) to see the remaining iron content. From the analysis of AAS produced the smallest iron concentration of 0.186 ppm in nanosilica with 1.5 M KOH solvent. Nanosilica with 1.5M KOH solvent was characterized using a Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) -Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) tool to obtain a surface morphological size of 0.44 µm with 28.95% SiO2 content. 
Synthesis of SnO2-Fe3O4 Nanocomposites using Hydrothermal Method Rizki, Widya Twiny; Hariani, Poedji Loekitowati; Rachmat, Addy; Said, Muhammad; Hairom, Nur Hanis Hayati
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 3 (2020): October 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i3.88

Abstract

Synthesis of nanocomposite SnO2-Fe3O4 using the hydrothermal method was conducted in this study. The purpose of this study was to determine the best mass ratio in the synthesis of SnO2-Fe3O4. Nanocomposite SnO2-Fe3O4 were made with mass ratio (1:1), (1:2) and (2:1) were characterized using XRD and FTIR. The result of SnO2 characterization using XRD analysis was showed a sharp intensity peak at 2  = 26.5. The result of  Fe3O4 characterization using XRD analysis was showed a sharp intensity peak at 2  = 35.86. The XRD characterization result of SnO2-Fe3O4 (1:2) 2  = 26.74 and 34.08. Based on the XRD characterization, it can be concluded the best mass ratio for SnO2-Fe3O4 was (1:2). Characterization nanocomposite SnO2-Fe3O4 using FTIR showed the absorption band at 590 cm-1 is a characteristic peak of Sn-O and the absorption band at 563 cm-1 corresponds to Fe-O.
Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil using Induction Heating Technology Moulita, RA Nurul; Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari; Kalsum, Leila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v5.i1.13

Abstract

Kerupuk and kemplang industries produce at least 65 liters of waste cooking oil per production. One form of the application of science and technology in the field of new and renewable energy can be done in processing the waste oil from industrial production through the conversion process into one of the environmental friendly alternative fuels, biodiesel. Biodiesel production process can be carried out by various methods, such as utilizing induction heating technology. This technology has non-contact properties that do not interfere with the reactions that occur because of its application, which produces heat from the workpiece. This study uses waste cooking oil as raw material with variations in the molar ratios 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, and 1:7. The analysis showed that the maximum biodiesel production was used of 1: 7 molar ratio with 86.95% yield, 0.86 gr/cm3 of density, 5.73 cSt of viscosity, 190oC of flash point, and 0.44 mg-KOH/gr of acid number. The using this ratio produces maximum yield and following SNI.
Utilization of Bottom Ash Coal and Agarwood in Waste Water Treatment in Palembang Jumputan Fabric Hartati, Eis Sri; Dahlan, Muhammad Hatta; Sari, Tuti Indah
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 6, No 1 (2021): February 2021
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v6.i1.01

Abstract

Liquid waste is easily recognized because of the presence of dyes. Waste containing dyes can cause visual pollution and increase the risk of environmental and health damage. The aim of this study was to determine the operating conditions of the best jumputan liquid waste treatment using bottom ash batubara and agarwood with variations in feed flow rate (1, 2, and 3 l/minutes), filtration time (30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes), and treatment. The results of jumputan liquid waste treatment are compared with the parameters of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), and pH of clean water quality standards for jumputan industry businesses and/or activities regulated in the Governor’s of Sumatera Selatan Regulation Number 16 of 2005 concerning Wastewater Quality Standards. The initials analysis of jumputan liquid waste before processing showed that jumputan liquid waste did not meet these quality standards, except pH and turbidity levels. In this study, jumputan liquid waste was pre-treated using coal bottom ash and activated carbon, then filtered. Biodegradation of jumputan liquid waste by konvensional method. The best of BOD, COD, TSS, pH, and the percentage of color rejection in the study were obtained in the treatment of jumputan  liquid waste using bottom ash batubara and activated carbon at a 120 minutes filtration time and a 1 l/minutes feed flow rate namely BOD 5.98 mg/l, COD 15 mg/l, TSS 22.3 mg/l, pH 7.32, color 5 Pt-Co, and 0 NTU turbidity. The filtration with bottom ash coal  and agarwood can removed the coloring from dyes.
Optimization Of Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment By Applying RSM And ANN Said, Muhammad; Ba-Abbad, Muneer M; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.07

Abstract

AbstractThe optimization of the COD removal from palm oil mill effluent (POME) has done. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with Box Behken design consist of 17 runs. To determine whether the model was adequate for representing the experimental data; it was indicated by the ANNOVA table (p-value, lack of fit and R2 values).  The main factor influenced the COD removal was concentration and pH of POME.  The optimum conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 28.30% of POME concentration at pH 10.75 and TMP 0.69 kPa to yield 24.1372 mg/L of COD value. The results demonstrate that the response surface method effective to minimize the number of experiment. Keywords: POME; RO membrane; RSM; ANN; COD

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