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Contact Name
Heru Suryanto
Contact Email
jmest.journal@um.ac.id
Phone
+62341588528
Journal Mail Official
jmest.journal@um.ac.id
Editorial Address
3rd floor of H5 Bulding, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang Jl. Semarang 5 Malang, Jawa Timur, 65145 Telp 0341-588528 / 0341-551312 ext 298
Location
Kota malang,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN : 25800817     EISSN : 25802402     DOI : 10.17977
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) is a peer reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles and review articles in all areas of Mechanical Engineering and Basic Sciences
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 3, No 1 (2019)" : 6 Documents clear
THE EFFECT OF CHEMICAL PRETREATMENT PROCESS ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND POROSITY OF CELLULOSE BACTERIAL FILM Sutrisno, Tito Arif; Suryanto, Heru; Wulandari, Retno; Muhajir, M.; Zahari, S.M.Shahrul N.S.
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1322.495 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p008

Abstract

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural polymer which have superior properties, like high porosity, high purity, and high permeability. The study objective is to determine the influence of chemical pretreatment on tensile strength and the porosity of BC. The method was to make BC films from pineapple peel extract through fermentation process for 14 days. The pretreatment was conducted by immersion of BC in BmimCl, H2O2, and NaOH solution with a concentration of 2.5%; 5%; and 7.5 %, heated at 80 °C then dried in the oven, and the samples were then tested by a tensile test using ASTM-D636-V standard, morphology analysis using Scanning Electron Microscope, and porosity analysis. The results indicate that the tensile strength of control sample was 123 MPa, whereas after chemical pretreatment, the tensile strength was decreased with the greater reduction occurred using NaOH pretreatment compared than the other solutions that having a lower tensile strength of 8.54 MPa at 7.5 % of NaOH. The results of porosity show that the value increased after being treated chemically. The BC film porosity was 87.13% after  NaOH treatment of 7.5% while BC film untreated had porosity of 19.15%. This phenomenon was occurred due to the increasing pore, so the absorption of water increased.
THE CHARACTERISTIC OF OVERHANG OBJECT TO MATERIAL USAGE ON FDM 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY Bintara, Redyarsa Dharma; Aminnudin, Aminnudin; Prasetiyo, Dani; Arbianto, Ferian Rizki
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (985.154 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p035

Abstract

Fuse Deposition Modeling (FDM) 3D printing is one of additive manufacturing technology which physical 3D model is build up layer by layer. The support structure is almost involved on the process if overhang shape is met on the 3D model. It has main function to prevent the 3D printed model from collapsing. Commonly, the single material source of FDM 3D printer machine is to supply building two structure, structure of main 3D object and support structure. Hence, our goal optimizes the using of support material for reducing the main material usage. Furthermore, the sixteen of variation overhang angle is set to the 3D model. All models are printed into two kind of 3D printed model, printed model with support structure addition and without support addition. The weight of each 3D printed model is measured by weight scale with accuracy of tool is 10-4 g. Then the quality and the weight of 3D printed model are compared and analyzed. The result shows that the average overweight of 3D printed model with support structure addition is 40.41% than without support structure addition. Furthermore, there are several the 3D printed models without support structure that fail printed on variety model with 0° until 11° of overhang angle. The conclusion of this study is that the support structure can prevent the 3D printed model from collapsing but it does not need be built up if the overhang angle more than 11°.
STUDY ON THE THERMAL DISTORTION, HARDNESS AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF ST 37 STEEL PLATE JOINED USING FCAW Maijuansyah, Maijuansyah; Pradana, Yanuar Rohmat Aji; Jatisukamto, Gaguk; Solichin, Solichin
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1033.162 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p018

Abstract

This study sets out to investigate the distortion angle, microstructure, and hardness of St 37 steel plate weld joint produced by FCAW using the welding current of 80, 110, and 140 A. By using flat position, CO2 and E71T-1 wire were utilized as a shielding gas and electrode filler, respectively. The distortion angle measurement was done on 3 different locations of the welded sample perpendicular to weld direction by using bevel protractor. The micro Vickers tests were then applied gradually at the cross-sectional surface with a distance of 0, 5, 10 and 15 mm from weld centreline using the load of 300 g for indentation time of 15 s. A series of microstructural observations were subsequently directed on cross-sectional weld joint regions including base metal, heat-affected zone (HAZ) and weld metal to investigate the microstructural transformation. From the results, it can be observed that increasing welding current can reduce the hardness at all indentation regions as well as inducing a higher level of thermal distortion occurred on a weld joint, especially at HAZ. The microstructural transformation was also observed at sample welded using various welding current. Both heat input and cooling rate subjected to the welded sample played an important role to characterize their properties.
PREPARATION OF CHITOSAN-POLYETHYLENE OXIDE-COLOCASIA ESCULENTA FLOUR NANOFIBERS USING ELECTROSPINNING METHOD Wardhani, Riesca Ayu Kusuma; Asri, Lia; Nasir, Muhamad; Purwasasmita, Bambang Sunendar
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.716 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p001

Abstract

Nanofibers have been prepared from the mixture of chitosan, polyethylene oxide (PEO) and Colocasia esculenta flour (CE flour) by using the electrospinning method. Two different nanofibers were formulated, containing chitosan-PEO and chitosan-PEO-CE flour. The higher concentration of PEO (3%chitosan-6%PEO) (w/v) resulted in more uniform chitosan-PEO electrospun nanofibers without beads. Chitosan-PEO-CE flour was prepared by addition of colloidal CE flour into the solution containing 3%chitosan-6%PEO with variation of the CE flour concentration of 5, 15 and 25% (w/v). Scanning Electron Microscopy demonstrated that the average diameter of chitosan-PEO nanofibers was 128±41 nm, whereas the diameter of chitosan-PEO-CE flour nanofibers was 159±45 nm. The diameters of nanofibers increased with the increase of CE flour content. Fourier transform infrared spectra demonstrate the presence characteristic peaks of chitosan, PEO and CE flour.
ELASTIC LINEAR ANALYSIS OF CONNECTING RODS FOR SINGLE CYLINDER FOUR STROKE PETROL ENGINES USING FINITE ELEMENT METHOD Lubis, Didin Zakariya; Andoko, Andoko
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1347.113 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p042

Abstract

A connecting rod is one of the most critical parts in engine assembly which transfers energy from the piston to the crankshaft. The connecting rod mainly undergoes tensile and compressive loading under engine cyclic process. The forces acting on the connecting rod are forces due to maximum combustion pressure and forces due to the inertia of the connecting rod. This research aimed to analyze the design of the connecting rod of single-cylinder four-stroke engines. This study used CAD software for modeling and structural design. Stresses generated across all the locations of the connecting rod were evaluated using FEA Software. Elastic linear analysis of model design was also performed. The simulation results in this study have led to the conclusion that failure occurred due to the incorrect selection of materials. Among all materials under study, AA 6061 is considered the most suitable material for use at high RPM. In fact, aluminum is preferable for use at high RPM.
COMPARISON STUDY OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF AL-SI ALLOY WITH AND WITHOUT NANOREINFORCE IRON OXIDE (FE2O3) Yazirin, Cepi; Puspitasari, Poppy; Arif, Muhamad Fatikul
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (852.07 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i12019p029

Abstract

Nanoreinforce materials such as ZnO, eggshell, Al2O3, TiO2, and ZrO2 have been shown to improve the mechanical properties of Al-Si alloy. Nanomaterial Fe2O3 has many applications as catalysts reaction in electronic devices, for example, semiconductor materials, paint formulations, lithium rechargeable batteries, and is often applied in industrial fields. It is known that Fe2O3 can be synthesized through the stirring process on machine and method used will involve several steps that relatively take a long time. In this study, Al-Si alloy reinforced by using nanomaterial Fe2O3 which sintered at a temperature of 600°C for 3 hours aimed to improve mechanical and morphological properties of Al-Si alloy. The method used was stir casting, where this method was known as flexible, simple, and economic. The result of reinforcing Al-Si alloy by using nanomaterial Fe2O3 had affected on the hardness level of Al-Si alloys as evidenced by the fracture morphology that was brittle and had a light reflection

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